An external periodic (Floquet) drive is believed to bring any initial state to the featureless infinite temperature state in generic nonintegrable isolated quantum many-body systems in the thermodynamic limit, irrespective of the driving frequency $\mathrm{\Omega}$. However, numerical or analytical evidence either …

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 030401] Published Wed Jul 17, 2024

]]>We introduce twisted unitary $t$-groups, a generalization of unitary $t$-groups under a twisting by an irreducible representation. We then apply representation theoretic methods to the Knill-Laflamme error correction conditions to show that twisted unitary $t$-groups automatically correspond to quantum co…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 030602] Published Wed Jul 17, 2024

]]>In this Letter, we construct a supersymmetric model, obtained by deforming $\mathcal{N}=2$ anti–de Sitter $\mathit{D}=3$ supergravity through a chiral vector component of the torsion. Moreover, we study the existence of supersymmetric states of such theory by inspecting the presence of Killing spinors on a specific bosoni…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 031602] Published Wed Jul 17, 2024

]]>We construct a kinetic model for matter-radiation interactions whose hydrodynamic gradient expansion can be computed analytically up to infinite order in derivatives, in the fully nonlinear regime, and for arbitrary flows. The frequency dependence of the opacity of matter is chosen to mimic the rela…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 032302] Published Wed Jul 17, 2024

]]>We present the experimental realization of a continuous dynamical decoupling scheme which suppresses leading frequency shifts in a multi-ion frequency reference based on ${}^{40}{\mathrm{Ca}}^{+}$. By near-resonant magnetic coupling of the ${{}^{2}\mathrm{S}}_{1/2}$ and ${{}^{2}\mathrm{D}}_{5/2}$ Zeeman sublevels using radio-frequency dressing fields, engineere…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 033203] Published Wed Jul 17, 2024

]]>We investigate interfacial instability in a lifting Hele-Shaw cell by experiments and theory. We characterize the unexplored transition from stable to unstable patterns under a wide range of controlling parameters. Surprisingly, we find that the perturbation growth rate-based criterion for the onset…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 034003] Published Wed Jul 17, 2024

]]>The pressures at which some elements start superconducting are so high that making detailed measurements of the transition has been impossible—until now.

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 036002] Published Wed Jul 17, 2024

]]>The exotic quantum Griffiths singularity associated with the superconductor-metal transition driven by magnetic field has been observed in nickelate thin films.

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 036003] Published Wed Jul 17, 2024

]]>We show that non-Abelian anyons can emerge from an Abelian topologically ordered system subject to local time-periodic driving. This is illustrated with the toric-code model, as the canonical representative of a broad class of Abelian topological spin liquids. The Abelian anyons in the toric code in…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 036601] Published Wed Jul 17, 2024

]]>Electron spins confined in silicon quantum dots are promising candidates for large-scale quantum computers. However, the degeneracy of the conduction band of bulk silicon introduces additional levels dangerously close to the window of computational energies, where the quantum information can leak. T…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 037001] Published Wed Jul 17, 2024

]]>[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 039902] Published Wed Jul 17, 2024

]]>An interesting problem in the field of quantum error correction involves finding a physical system that hosts a “passively protected quantum memory,” defined as an encoded qubit coupled to an environment that naturally wants to correct errors. To date, a quantum memory stable against finite-temperat…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 030601] Published Tue Jul 16, 2024

]]>We present simulations of stochastic fluid dynamics in the vicinity of a critical endpoint belonging to the universality class of the Ising model. This study is motivated by the challenge of modeling the dynamics of critical fluctuations near a conjectured critical endpoint in the phase diagram of q…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 032301] Published Tue Jul 16, 2024

]]>Nuclear hyperfine mixing (NHM) is a distinctive effect through which nuclear properties and dynamics can be efficiently controlled. Traditionally, the scientific consensus has predominantly associated NHM with its pronounced impact on ${}^{229}\mathrm{Th}$, owing to the existence of its low-lying isomeric state. Ho…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 032501] Published Tue Jul 16, 2024

]]>Excess “micromotion” of trapped ions due to the residual radio-frequency (rf) trapping field at their location is often undesirable and is usually carefully minimized. Here, we induce precise amounts of excess micromotion on individual ions by adjusting the local static electric field they experienc…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 033201] Published Tue Jul 16, 2024

]]>We conducted a joint theoretical and experimental study to investigate the collisional dissipation of molecular alignment. By comparing experimental measurements to the quantum simulations, the nonsecular effect in the collision dissipation of molecular alignment was unveiled from the gas-density-de…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 033202] Published Tue Jul 16, 2024

]]>We report the observation of symmetry protected two-photon coherence time of biphotons generated from backward spontaneous four-wave mixing in laser-cooled ${}^{87}\mathrm{Rb}$ atoms. When biphotons are nondegenerate, nonsymmetric photonic absorption loss results in exponential decay of the temporal waveform of the…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 033601] Published Tue Jul 16, 2024

]]>With an extremely high dimensionality, the spatial degree of freedom of entangled photons is a key tool for quantum foundation and applied quantum techniques. To fully utilize the feature, the essential task is to experimentally characterize the multiphoton spatial wave function including the entang…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 033602] Published Tue Jul 16, 2024

]]>Pebbles that are slightly curved—rather than completely flat—exert the highest impact forces when dropped onto a watery surface.

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 034002] Published Tue Jul 16, 2024

]]>Using a detailed simulation, researchers reveal how climate change will affect the regional dynamics of the conveyor-belt-like circulation of water through the Atlantic Ocean.

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 034201] Published Tue Jul 16, 2024

]]>Wave-particle resonance, a ubiquitous process in the plasma universe, occurs when resonant particles observe a constant wave phase to enable sustained energy transfer. Here, we present spacecraft observations of simultaneous Landau and anomalous resonances between oblique whistler waves and the same…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 035201] Published Tue Jul 16, 2024

]]>Bound states in the continuum (BICs), which are confined optical modes exhibiting infinite quality factors and carrying topological polarization configurations in momentum space, have recently sparked significant interest across both fundamental and applied physics. Here, we show that breaking time-…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 036201] Published Tue Jul 16, 2024

]]>[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 039901] Published Tue Jul 16, 2024

]]>Upcoming high-sensitivity observations of the cosmic microwave background will be able to place limits on the inflaton coupling in a given model of cosmic inflation. (Image credit: Lina Drewes)

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 031001] Published Mon Jul 15, 2024

]]>A new method takes advantage of the relation between observables in four-dimensional supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories and the Trace-Widom distribution to perform an expansion in the coupling constant that includes nonperturbative corrections.

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 031601] Published Mon Jul 15, 2024

]]>In strong-field laser-matter interactions, energetic electrons can be created by photoemission and a subsequent rescattering and can attain energy as much as 10 times the ponderomotive potential (${U}_{p}$) of the laser field. Here, we show that with the unique combination of infrared laser sources (exploi…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 033801] Published Mon Jul 15, 2024

]]>The influence of chaotic capillary waves on the time-averaged shape of a liquid volume is studied experimentally and theoretically. In that context, a liquid film containing a stable hole is subjected to Faraday waves. The waves induce a shrinkage of the hole compared to the static film, which can b…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 034001] Published Mon Jul 15, 2024

]]>A uniform superfluid response in superconducting quasi-2D Pd-intercalated ErTe${}_{3}$ was observed using scanning SQUID susceptometry, which suggests quantum phase fluctuations that may suppress ${T}_{c}$.

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 036001] Published Mon Jul 15, 2024

]]>Single or multiple plasmon-assisted tunneling processes can be observed by measuring the energy spectrum of a double quantum dot, demonstrating a new platform for studying electronic quantum optics and for developing plasmonic cavity quantum electrodynamics.

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 036301] Published Mon Jul 15, 2024

]]>It is of fundamental importance to characterize the intrinsic properties, like the topological end states, in the on-surface synthesized graphene nanoribbons (GNRs), but the strong electronic interaction with the metal substrate usually smears out their characteristic features. Here, we report our a…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 036401] Published Mon Jul 15, 2024

]]>The recently discovered ferroelectric nematic (${N}_{F}$) liquid crystals (LC) have been reported to show an extraordinarily large value of the real part of the dielectric constant (${\u03f5}^{\prime}>{10}^{3}$) at low frequencies. However, it was argued by Clark *et al.* in Phys. Rev. Res. **6**, 013195 (2024) that what was measu…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 038101] Published Mon Jul 15, 2024

]]>The emergence of quantum mechanics and general relativity has transformed our understanding of the natural world significantly. However, integrating these two theories presents immense challenges, and their interplay remains untested. Recent theoretical studies suggest that the single-photon interfe…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 020201] Published Fri Jul 12, 2024

]]>Strongly interacting massive particles $\pi $ have been advocated as prominent dark matter candidates when they regulate their relic abundance through odd-numbered $3\pi \to 2\pi $ annihilation. We show that successful freeze-out may also be achieved through *even-numbered* interactions $XX\to \pi \pi $ once bound states $X$ amon…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 021003] Published Fri Jul 12, 2024

]]>Dark photons have emerged as promising candidates for dark matter, and their search is a top priority in particle physics, astrophysics, and cosmology. We report the first use of a tunable niobium superconducting radio-frequency cavity for a scan search of dark photon dark matter with innovative dat…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 021005] Published Fri Jul 12, 2024

]]>The Fermi function $F(Z,E)$ accounts for QED corrections to beta decays that are enhanced at either small electron velocity $\beta $ or large nuclear charge $Z$. For precision applications, the Fermi function must be combined with other radiative corrections and with scale- and scheme-dependent hadronic matrix…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 021803] Published Fri Jul 12, 2024

]]>The production of $\mathrm{\Upsilon}(2S)$ and $\mathrm{\Upsilon}(3S)$ mesons in lead-lead (Pb-Pb) and proton-proton ($pp$) collisions is studied in their dimuon decay channel using the CMS detector at the LHC. The $\mathrm{\Upsilon}(3S)$ meson is observed for the first time in Pb-Pb collisions, with a significance above 5 standard deviations. The ratios …

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 022302] Published Fri Jul 12, 2024

]]>We demonstrate a new temperature record for image-current mediated sympathetic cooling of a single proton in a cryogenic Penning trap by laser-cooled ${}^{9}{\mathrm{Be}}^{+}$. An axial mode temperature of 170 mK is reached, which is a 15-fold improvement compared to the previous best value. Our cooling technique is app…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 023002] Published Fri Jul 12, 2024

]]>The piecewise linearity condition on the total energy with respect to the total magnetization of finite quantum systems is derived using the infinite-separation-limit technique. This generalizes the well-known constancy condition, related to static correlation error, in approximate density functiona…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 026404] Published Fri Jul 12, 2024

]]>Quantum entanglement marks a definitive feature of topological states. However, the entanglement spectrum remains insufficiently explored for topological states without a bulk energy gap. Using a combination of field theory and numerical techniques, we accurately calculate and analyze the entangleme…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 026601] Published Fri Jul 12, 2024

]]>Understanding dephasing mechanisms of strong-field-driven excitons in condensed matter is essential for their applications in quantum-state manipulation and ultrafast optical modulations. However, experimental access to exciton dephasing under strong-field conditions is challenging. In this study, u…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 026901] Published Fri Jul 12, 2024

]]>Experiments on a bed of plastic beads reveal a temperature-dependent stiffening over time, which appears to be related to molecular-scale deformations.

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 028203] Published Fri Jul 12, 2024

]]>Kinetic traps are a notorious problem in equilibrium statistical mechanics, where temperature quenches ultimately fail to bring the system to low energy configurations. Using multifarious self-assembly as a model system, we introduce a mechanism to escape kinetic traps by utilizing nonreciprocal int…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 028301] Published Fri Jul 12, 2024

]]>We investigate a generic source of stochastic gravitational wave background due to the parametric resonance of oscillating scalar fields in the early Universe. By systematically analyzing benchmark models through lattice simulations and considering a wide range of parameters, we demonstrate that suc…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 021004] Published Thu Jul 11, 2024

]]>Electron neutrinos produced by proton–proton collisions at the LHC have been experimentally observed.

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 021802] Published Thu Jul 11, 2024

]]>The rotational properties of the transfermium nuclei are investigated in the full deformation space by implementing a shell-model-like approach in the cranking covariant density functional theory on a three-dimensional lattice, where the pairing correlations, deformations, and moments of inertia are…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 022501] Published Thu Jul 11, 2024

]]>The nuclear two-photon or double-gamma ($2\gamma $) decay is a second-order electromagnetic process whereby a nucleus in an excited state emits two gamma rays simultaneously. To be able to directly measure the $2\gamma $ decay rate in the low-energy regime below the electron-positron pair-creation threshold, we com…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 022502] Published Thu Jul 11, 2024

]]>Precision measurements of anomalous spin-dependent interactions are often hindered by magnetic noise and other magnetic systematic effects. Atomic comagnetometers use the distinct spin precession of two species and have emerged as important tools for effectively mitigating the magnetic noise. Nevert…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 023202] Published Thu Jul 11, 2024

]]>Random vacancies in a graphene monolayer induce defect states that are known to form a narrow impurity band centered around zero energy at half filling. We use a space-resolved formulation of the quantum metric and establish a strong enhancement of the electronic correlations in this impurity band. …

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 026002] Published Thu Jul 11, 2024

]]>We study the motion (translational, vibrational, and rotational) of a diatomic impurity immersed in an electron liquid and exposed to electronic current. An approach based on the linear response time-dependent density functional theory combined with the Ehrenfest dynamics leads to a system of linear…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 026301] Published Thu Jul 11, 2024

]]>The Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE) can provide an accurate description of low-energy optical spectra of insulating crystals—even when excitonic effects are important. However, due to high computational costs it is only possible to include a few bands in the BSE Hamiltonian. As a consequence, the diel…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 026403] Published Thu Jul 11, 2024

]]>The two-channel Kondo lattice likely hosts a rich array of phases, including hastatic order, a channel symmetry breaking heavy Fermi liquid. We revisit its one-dimensional phase diagram using density matrix renormalization group and, in contrast to previous work, find algebraic hastatic orders gener…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 026503] Published Thu Jul 11, 2024

]]>Van der Waals heterostructures have recently emerged as an exciting platform for investigating the effects of strong electronic correlations, including various forms of magnetic or electrical orders. Here, we perform an unbiased exact diagonalization study of the effects of interactions on topologic…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 026801] Published Thu Jul 11, 2024

]]>As quantum devices become more complex and the requirements on these devices become more demanding, it is crucial to be able to verify the performance of such devices in a scalable and reliable fashion. A cornerstone task in this challenge is quantifying how close an experimentally prepared quantum …

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 020402] Published Wed Jul 10, 2024

]]>We provide practical and powerful schemes for learning properties of a quantum state using a small number of measurements. Specifically, we present a randomized measurement scheme modulated by the depth of a random quantum circuit in one spatial dimension. This scheme interpolates between two known …

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 020602] Published Wed Jul 10, 2024

]]>We theoretically formulate and experimentally demonstrate a secure scheme for semi-device-independent quantum random number generation by utilizing Leggett-Garg inequality violations, within a loophole-free photonic architecture. The quantification of the generated randomness is rigorously estimated…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 020802] Published Wed Jul 10, 2024

]]>A theoretical analysis suggests that higher derivative gravity theories display signs of UV completeness.

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 021604] Published Wed Jul 10, 2024

]]>Real-time visualization of molecular transformations is a captivating yet challenging frontier of ultrafast optical science and physical chemistry. While ultrafast x-ray and electron diffraction methods can achieve the needed subangstrom spatial resolution, their temporal resolution is still limited…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 023201] Published Wed Jul 10, 2024

]]>An optical lattice clock with a 19-digit frequency accuracy results from the precise evaluation of the dynamic component of the clock transition’s blackbody radiation shift.

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 023401] Published Wed Jul 10, 2024

]]>The interaction between relativistic intense laser pulses and near-critical-density targets has been sought after in order to increase the efficiency of laser-plasma energy coupling, particularly for laser-driven proton acceleration. To achieve the density regime for high-repetition-rate application…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 025001] Published Wed Jul 10, 2024

]]>Gyrokinetic tokamak plasmas can exhibit intrinsic toroidal rotation driven by the residual stress. While most studies have attributed the residual stress to the parallel-momentum flux from the turbulent $\mathit{E}\times \mathit{B}$ motion, the parallel-momentum flux from the drift-orbit motion (denoted ${\mathrm{\Pi}}_{\parallel}^{D}$) and the $\mathit{E}\times \mathit{B}$-mome…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 025101] Published Wed Jul 10, 2024

]]>In solid state systems, group representation theory is powerful in characterizing the behavior of quasiparticles, notably the energy degeneracy. While conventional group theory is effective in answering *yes-or-no* questions related to symmetry breaking, its application to determining the magnitude of…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 026402] Published Wed Jul 10, 2024

]]>We perform accurate numerical experiments with fully connected one hidden layer neural networks trained with a discretized Langevin dynamics on the MNIST and CIFAR10 datasets. Our goal is to empirically determine the regimes of validity of a recently derived Bayesian effective action for shallow arc…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 027301] Published Wed Jul 10, 2024

]]>An irreversible algorithm utilizing collective particle swaps outperforms known Monte Carlo methods for configuration space sampling during the glassy slowing of dynamics in disordered systems.

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 028202] Published Wed Jul 10, 2024

]]>Quantum synchronization is crucial for understanding complex dynamics and holds potential applications in quantum computing and communication. Therefore, assessing the thermodynamic resources required for finite-time synchronization in continuous-variable systems is a critical challenge. In the pres…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 020401] Published Tue Jul 09, 2024

]]>The vacuum beam guide (VBG) presents a completely different solution for quantum channels to overcome the limitations of existing fiber and satellite technologies for long-distance quantum communication. With an array of aligned lenses spaced kilometers apart, the VBG offers ultrahigh transparency o…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 020801] Published Tue Jul 09, 2024

]]>Flavor-dependent neutrino transport is described by a well-known kinetic equation for occupation-number matrices in flavor space. However, in the context of fast flavor conversion, we identify an unforeseen predicament: the pivotal self-induced exponential growth of small inhomogeneities strongly vi…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 021002] Published Tue Jul 09, 2024

]]>Dark matter that interacts with itself could extract significant momentum from a binary supermassive black hole system, causing the black holes to merge.

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 021401] Published Tue Jul 09, 2024

]]>We propose a new type of wave function for the Universe computed from the Euclidean path integral, with asymptotically anti–de Sitter (AdS) boundary conditions. In the semiclassical limit, it describes a Euclidean (half-)wormhole geometry, exhibiting a local maximum of the scale factor at the surfac…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 021501] Published Tue Jul 09, 2024

]]>Recent work has shown that loop corrections from massless particles generate $\frac{3}{2}\mathrm{log}{T}_{\text{Hawking}}$ corrections to black hole entropy which dominate the thermodynamics of cold near-extreme charged black holes. Here we adapt this analysis to near-extreme Kerr black holes. Like ${\mathrm{AdS}}_{2}\times {S}^{2}$, the near-horizon extrem…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 021601] Published Tue Jul 09, 2024

]]>A wealth of information on multiloop string amplitudes is encoded in fermionic two-point functions known as Szegö kernels. Here we show that cyclic products of any number of Szegö kernels on a Riemann surface of arbitrary genus may be decomposed into linear combinations of modular tensors on moduli …

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 021602] Published Tue Jul 09, 2024

]]>In theories with conserved dipole moment, isolated charged particles (fractons) are immobile, but dipoles can move. We couple these dipoles to the fracton gauge theory and analyze the universal infrared structure. This uncovers an observable double kick memory effect which we relate to a novel dipol…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 021603] Published Tue Jul 09, 2024

]]>We prove that all tree-level $n$-point supergluon (scalar) amplitudes in ${\mathrm{AdS}}_{5}$ can be recursively constructed, using factorization and flat-space limit. Our method is greatly facilitated by a natural $R$-symmetry basis for planar color-ordered amplitudes, which reduces the latter to “partial amplitudes” …

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 021605] Published Tue Jul 09, 2024

]]>Using data samples collected with the BESIII detector operating at the BEPCII storage ring, the cross section of the inclusive process ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}\to \eta +X$, normalized by the total cross section of ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}\to \text{hadrons}$, is measured at eight center-of-mass energy points from 2.0000 to 3.6710 GeV. These are the first mea…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 021901] Published Tue Jul 09, 2024

]]>In the high-energy limit, soft gluons can be approximately described by quasiclassical gluon fields. It is well known that the gluon field is a pure gauge field on the transverse plane at eikonal order. We derived the complete next-to-eikonal order solutions of the classical Yang-Mills equations for…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 021902] Published Tue Jul 09, 2024

]]>The ALICE Collaboration reports the measurement of semi-inclusive distributions of charged-particle jets recoiling from a high transverse momentum (high ${p}_{\mathrm{T}}$) hadron trigger in proton-proton and central Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{{s}_{\mathrm{NN}}}=5.02\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{TeV}$. A data-driven statistical method is used to mitigate the large u…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 022301] Published Tue Jul 09, 2024

]]>Color centers integrated with nanophotonic devices have emerged as a compelling platform for quantum science and technology. Here, we integrate tin-vacancy centers in a diamond waveguide and investigate the interaction with light at the single-photon level in both reflection and transmission. We obs…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 023603] Published Tue Jul 09, 2024

]]>Turbulence in stratified and rotating turbulent flows is characterized by an interplay between waves and eddies, resulting in continuous exchanges between potential and kinetic energy. Here, we study how these processes affect the turbulent energy cascade from large to small scales, which manifests …

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 024101] Published Tue Jul 09, 2024

]]>Counterflow superfluidity in a system with $N\ge 3$ components is distinctively different from the $N=2$ case. The key feature is the difference between the number ($N$) of elementary vortex excitations and the number ($N-1$) of independent branches of phonon modes, that is, the number of superfluid modes is l…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 026001] Published Tue Jul 09, 2024

]]>A controlled bond expansion approach to simulate quantum dynamics resolves the numerical difficulty of the standard time-dependent variational principle method for matrix product states, where dominant projection errors spoil the numerical accuracy.

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 026401] Published Tue Jul 09, 2024

]]>Identification of a continuous phase transition between the plaquette valence-bond solid phase and the antiferromagnetic phase accompanied by an emergent O(4) symmetry strongly suggests a deconfined quantum critical point in the ground state phase diagram of the extended Shastry-Sutherland model.

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 026502] Published Tue Jul 09, 2024

]]>Strain-controlled criticality governs the elasticity of jamming and fiber networks. While the upper critical dimension of jamming is believed to be ${d}_{u}=2$, non-mean-field exponents are observed in numerical studies of 2D and 3D fiber networks. The origins of this remains unclear. In this study we prop…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 028201] Published Tue Jul 09, 2024

]]>A fundamental question about biomolecular condensates is how distinct condensates can emerge from the interplay of different components. Here we present a minimal model of droplet differentiation where phase separated droplets demix into two types with different chemical modifications triggered by e…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 028402] Published Tue Jul 09, 2024

]]>A central challenge in the verification of quantum computers is benchmarking their performance as a whole and demonstrating their computational capabilities. In this Letter, we find a universal model of quantum computation, Bell sampling, that can be used for both of those tasks and thus provides an…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 020601] Published Mon Jul 08, 2024

]]>Primordial black holes (PBHs) and the violation of the null energy condition (NEC) have significant implications for our understanding of the very early Universe. We present a novel approach to generate PBHs via the NEC violation in a single-field inflationary scenario. In our scenario, the Universe…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 021001] Published Mon Jul 08, 2024

]]>We propose a novel method to significantly enhance the signal rate in qubit-based dark matter detection experiments with the help of quantum interference. Various quantum sensors possess ideal properties for detecting wavelike dark matter, and qubits, commonly employed in quantum computers, are exce…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 021801] Published Mon Jul 08, 2024

]]>Sequential ionization of fullerene cluster ions $({\mathrm{C}}_{60}{)}_{n}^{+}$ within multiply charged helium nanodroplets leads to the intriguing phenomenon of forming and stabilizing doubly and triply charged fullerene oligomers. While the formation of doubly charged dimers $({\mathrm{C}}_{60}{)}_{2}^{2+}$ has been predicted in earlier studies…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 023001] Published Mon Jul 08, 2024

]]>Hong-Ou-Mandel interference is an intrinsic quantum phenomenon that goes beyond the possibilities of classical physics, and enables numerous applications in quantum information science. While the photon-photon interaction is fundamentally limited to the bosonic nature of photons and the restricted p…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 023601] Published Mon Jul 08, 2024

]]>A levitating microparticle is observed to recoil when a nucleus embedded in the particle decays—opening the door to future searches of invisible decay products.

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 023602] Published Mon Jul 08, 2024

]]>The flapping instability of the film squeezed between underwater colliding bubbles is the primary mechanism for submicron droplet formation.

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 024001] Published Mon Jul 08, 2024

]]>The large exchange energy observed when flipping a spin in the ferromagnetic phase of MoS${}_{2}$, as determined from the optical emission spectrum, suggests very stable ferromagnetic ordering.

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 026501] Published Mon Jul 08, 2024

]]>The leaf vein network is a hierarchical vascular system that transports water and nutrients to the leaf cells. The thick primary veins form a branched network, while the secondary veins can develop closed loops forming a well-defined cellular structure. Through extensive analysis of a variety of dis…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 028401] Published Mon Jul 08, 2024

]]>We develop the mathematics needed to treat the interaction of geometry and stress at any isotropic spacetime singularity. This enables us to handle the Einstein equations at the initial singularity and characterize allowed general relativistic stress-energy tensors. Their leading behaviors are dicta…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 011401] Published Wed Jul 03, 2024

]]>The first search for singly produced narrow resonances decaying to three well-separated hadronic jets is presented. The search uses proton-proton collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $138\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\mathrm{fb}}^{-1}$ at $\sqrt{s}=13\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{TeV}$, collected at the CERN LHC. No significant deviations from the backgrou…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 011801] Published Wed Jul 03, 2024

]]>To search for low-energy resonant structures in isospin $T=3/2$ three-body systems, we have performed the experiments ${}^{3}\mathrm{H}(t,{}^{3}\mathrm{He})3n$ and ${}^{3}\mathrm{He}({}^{3}\mathrm{He},t)3p$ at intermediate energies. For the $3n$ experiment, we have newly developed a thick Ti-${}^{3}\mathrm{H}$ target that has the largest tritium thickness among targets of this …

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 012501] Published Wed Jul 03, 2024

]]>An experiment uncovers the role played by gravity in Ostwald ripening, a spontaneous thermodynamic process responsible for many effects such as the recrystallization of ice cream.

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 018201] Published Wed Jul 03, 2024

]]>It is well known that the set of statistics that can be observed in a Bell-type experiment is limited by quantum theory. Unfortunately, tools are missing to identify the precise boundary of this set. Here, we propose to study the set of quantum statistics from a dual perspective. By considering all …

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 010201] Published Tue Jul 02, 2024

]]>In the realm of fault-tolerant quantum computing, stabilizer operations play a pivotal role, characterized by their remarkable efficiency in classical simulation. This efficiency sets them apart from nonstabilizer operations within the quantum computational theory. In this Letter, we investigate the…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 010202] Published Tue Jul 02, 2024

]]>Digital quantum simulation relies on Trotterization to discretize time evolution into elementary quantum gates. On current quantum processors with notable gate imperfections, there is a critical trade-off between improved accuracy for finer time steps, and increased error rate on account of the larg…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 010603] Published Tue Jul 02, 2024

]]>Pulsar timing arrays perform Bayesian posterior inference with expensive Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods. Given a dataset of $\sim 10\u2013100$ pulsars and $\mathcal{O}({10}^{3})$ timing residuals each, producing a posterior distribution for the stochastic gravitational wave background (SGWB) can take days to a week. T…

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 011402] Published Tue Jul 02, 2024

]]>Researchers have made the most precise measurement to date of the excited nuclear state of thorium-229, a candidate isotope for an ultraprecise nuclear clock.

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 133, 013201] Published Tue Jul 02, 2024

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