A composite metallic foil (Al/Mg/Al) has been exposed to intense sub-100 fs free electron laser (FEL) pulses and driven to ultrafast massive photoionization. The resulting nonequilibrium state of matter has been monitored through absorption spectroscopy across the ${L}_{2,3}$ edge of Mg as a function of th…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 011101(R)] Published Fri Jul 31, 2015

]]>Small quantum absorption refrigerators have recently attracted renewed attention. Here we present a missing design of a two-qubit fridge, the main feature of which is that one of the two machine qubits is itself maintained at a temperature colder than the cold bath. This is achieved by “reversing” t…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012136] Published Fri Jul 31, 2015

]]>We study the model of a supercooled liquid for which the equation of motion for the coarse-grained density $\rho (\mathbf{x},t)$ is the nonlinear diffusion equation originally proposed by Dean and Kawasaki, respectively, for Brownian and Newtonian dynamics of fluid particles. Using a Martin-Siggia-Rose (MSR) field…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012325] Published Fri Jul 31, 2015

]]>Recently, the similarity of the functional network of the brain and the Ising model was investigated by Chialvo [Nat. Phys. **6**, 744 (2010)]. This similarity supports the idea that the brain is a self-organized critical system. In this study we derive a functional network of the two-dimensional Bak-Ta…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012822] Published Fri Jul 31, 2015

]]>Incomplete mixing of reactive solutes is well known to slow down reaction rates relative to what would be expected from assuming perfect mixing. In purely diffusive systems, for example, it is known that small initial fluctuations in reactant concentrations can lead to reactant segregation, which in…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012922] Published Fri Jul 31, 2015

]]>The propagation of an electromagnetic wave in a uniaxial ferromagnetic nanowire under the spin transfer torque effect is widely investigated in the soliton frame. The magnetization dynamics of the ferromagnetic nanowire is governed by the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert (LLG) equation coupled to the Maxwell…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012923] Published Fri Jul 31, 2015

]]>We report the capillary flow enhancement in rectangular polymer microchannels, when one of the channel walls is a deformable polymer membrane. We provide detailed insight into the physics of elastocapillary interaction between the capillary flow and elastic membrane, which leads to significant impro…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 013024] Published Fri Jul 31, 2015

]]>A lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) of multicomponent diffusion is developed to examine multicomponent, noncontinuum mass diffusion in porous media. An additional collision interaction is proposed to mimic the Knudsen diffusion caused by the collision interaction between gas molecules and solid pore wa…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 013025] Published Fri Jul 31, 2015

]]>We model both the photostationary state and dynamics of an illuminated, photosensitive, glassy liquid crystalline sheet. To illustrate the interplay between local tilt $\theta $ of the sheet, effective incident intensity, curvature, and dynamics, we adopt the simplest variation of local incident light inten…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 013206] Published Fri Jul 31, 2015

]]>[Phys. Rev. E 92, 019906] Published Fri Jul 31, 2015

]]>We examine experimentally the deformation of flexible, microscale helical ribbons with nanoscale thickness subject to viscous flow in a microfluidic channel. Two aspects of flexible microhelices are quantified: the overall shape of the helix and the viscous frictional properties. The frictional coef…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 011004(R)] Published Thu Jul 30, 2015

]]>It is intriguing how multiple molecular motors can perform coordinated and synchronous functions, which is essential in various cellular processes. Recent studies on skeletal muscle might have shed light on this issue, where rather precise motor force regulation was partly attributed to the specific…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012723] Published Thu Jul 30, 2015

]]>We introduce a single-channel opening in a random Hamiltonian and a quantized chaotic map: localization on the opening occurs as a sensible deviation of the wave-function statistics from the predictions of random matrix theory, even in the semiclassical limit. Increasing the coupling to the open cha…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012921] Published Thu Jul 30, 2015

]]>The nonlinear stability of the asymptotic suction boundary layer is studied numerically, searching for finite-amplitude solutions that bifurcate from the laminar flow state. By changing the boundary conditions for disturbances at the plate from the classical no-slip condition to more physically soun…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 013022] Published Thu Jul 30, 2015

]]>The interaction of a small-wavelength multimodal perturbation with a large-wavelength inclined interface perturbation is investigated for the reshocked Richtmyer-Meshkov instability using three-dimensional simulations. The ares code, developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, was used for …

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 013023] Published Thu Jul 30, 2015

]]>Beginning with the exact equations of the Bogoliubov-Born-Green-Kirkwood-Yvon hierarchy, we obtain the density, momentum, and stress tensor-moment equations. We close the moment equations with two closures, one that guarantees an equilibrium state given by density-functional theory and another that …

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 013107] Published Thu Jul 30, 2015

]]>The authors study the structure of a system of soft particles in two dimensions. Using density functional theory and Brownian dynamics simulations, they show the existence of a phase in which some particles are localized on lattice sites while others are mobile, and of a metastable quasicrystalline phase with twelvefold symmetry.

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012324] Published Wed Jul 29, 2015

]]>The translocation of polymers through a small pore into crowded media with dynamic attractive nanoparticles is simulated. Results show that the nanoparticles at the *trans* side can affect the translocation by influencing the free-energy landscape and the diffusion of polymers. Thus the translocation …

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012603] Published Wed Jul 29, 2015

]]>Quantitative modeling of fluctuations of each phenotype is a crucial step towards a fundamental understanding of noise propagation through various phenotypic transition cascades. The theoretical formulas for noise propagation in various phenotypic transition cascades are derived by using the linear …

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012721] Published Wed Jul 29, 2015

]]>Understanding the conditions ensuring the persistence of a population is an issue of primary importance in population biology. The first theoretical approach to the problem dates back to the 1950s with the Kierstead, Slobodkin, and Skellam (KiSS) model, namely a continuous reaction-diffusion equatio…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012722] Published Wed Jul 29, 2015

]]>A generalization of the 3D Euler-Voigt-$\alpha $ model is obtained by introducing derivatives of arbitrary order $\beta $ (instead of 2) in the Helmholtz operator. The $\beta \to \infty $ limit is shown to correspond to Galerkin truncation of the Euler equation. Direct numerical simulations (DNS) of the model are performed with r…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 013020] Published Wed Jul 29, 2015

]]>The rapid evaporation and explosive boiling of a van der Waals (vdW) liquid drop in microgravity is simulated numerically in two-space dimensions using the method of smoothed particle hydrodynamics. The numerical approach is fully adaptive and incorporates the effects of surface tension, latent heat…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 013021] Published Wed Jul 29, 2015

]]>We propose a Monte Carlo algorithm for the free energy calculation based on configuration space sampling. An upward or downward temperature scan can be used to produce $F\left(T\right)$. We implement this algorithm for the Ising model on a square lattice and triangular lattice. Comparison with the exact free ene…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 013310] Published Wed Jul 29, 2015

]]>[Phys. Rev. E 92, 019905] Published Wed Jul 29, 2015

]]>We address here a few classical lattice spin models, involving $n$-component unit vectors $\left(n=2,3\right)$, associated with a $D$-dimensional lattice ${\mathbb{Z}}^{D},D=1,2$, and interacting via a pair potential restricted to nearest neighbors and being isotropic in spin space, i.e., defined by a function of the scalar product…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012135] Published Tue Jul 28, 2015

]]>Experiments on a thin layer of cohesive wet granular matter under vertical vibrations reveal kink-separated domains that collide with the container at different phases. Due to the strong cohesion arising from the formation of liquid bridges between adjacent particles, the domains move collectively u…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012202] Published Tue Jul 28, 2015

]]>Several experiments over the years have shown that the earth's magnetic field is essential for orientation in birds' migration. The most promising explanation for this orientation is the photo-stimulated radical pair (RP) mechanism. In order to define a reference frame for the orientation task radic…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012720] Published Tue Jul 28, 2015

]]>Understanding information transmission across a network is a fundamental task for controlling and manipulating both biological and manmade information-processing systems. Here we show how topological resonant-like amplification effects in scale-free networks of signaling devices are drastically redu…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012821] Published Tue Jul 28, 2015

]]>We analyze quasiperiodic partially synchronous states in an ensemble of Stuart-Landau oscillators with global nonlinear coupling. We reveal two types of such dynamics: in the first case the time-averaged frequencies of oscillators and of the mean field differ, while in the second case they are equal…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012919] Published Tue Jul 28, 2015

]]>Parameter estimation in ordinary differential equations (ODEs) has manifold applications not only in physics but also in the life sciences. When estimating the ODE parameters from experimentally observed data, the modeler is frequently concerned with the question of parameter identifiability. The so…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012920] Published Tue Jul 28, 2015

]]>We introduce a simple lattice model in which percolation is constructed on top of critical percolation clusters, and find compelling numerical evidence that it can be repeated recursively any number $n$ of generations. In two dimensions, we determine the percolation thresholds up to $n=5$. The correspon…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 010103(R)] Published Mon Jul 27, 2015

]]>Biopolymers are characterized by heterogeneous interactions, and usually perform their biological tasks forming contacts within domains of limited size. Combining polymer theory with a replica approach, we study the scaling properties of the probability of contact formation in random heteropolymers …

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 010702(R)] Published Mon Jul 27, 2015

]]>We consider practical synchronization on complex dynamical networks under linear feedback control designed by optimal control theory. The control goal is to minimize global synchronization error and control strength over a given finite time interval, and synchronization error at terminal time. By ut…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 010903(R)] Published Mon Jul 27, 2015

]]>We report on chemoconvective pattern formation phenomena observed in a two-layer system of miscible fluids filling a vertical Hele-Shaw cell. We show both experimentally and theoretically that the concentration-dependent diffusion coupled with frontal acid-base neutralization can give rise to the fo…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 011003(R)] Published Mon Jul 27, 2015

]]>We present a finite-size scaling analysis of the droplet condensation-evaporation transition of a lattice gas (in two and three dimensions) and a Lennard-Jones gas (in three dimensions) at fixed density. Parallel multicanonical simulations allow sampling of the required system sizes with precise equ…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012134] Published Mon Jul 27, 2015

]]>We study collections of self-propelled rods (SPR) moving in two dimensions for packing fractions less than or equal to 0.3. We find that in the thermodynamical limit the SPR undergo a phase transition between a disordered gas and a novel phase-separated system state. Interestingly, (global) orientat…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012322] Published Mon Jul 27, 2015

]]>We investigate segregation phenomena of particles driven in opposite directions with Brownian dynamics simulations. The particles interact via a repulsive potential and are confined in three-dimensional hard-walled pipes with quadratic cross sections. In a systematic finite-size study, the pipe leng…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012323] Published Mon Jul 27, 2015

]]>According to classical grain growth laws, grain growth is driven by the minimization of surface energy and will continue until a single grain prevails. These laws do not take into account the lattice anisotropy and the details of the microscopic rearrangement of mass between grains. Here we consider…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012409] Published Mon Jul 27, 2015

]]>The three-compartmental demographic model by Korotaeyv-Malkov-Khaltourina, connecting population size, economic surplus, and education level, is considered from the point of view of dynamical systems theory. It is shown that there exist two integrals of motion, which enables the system to be reduced…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012718] Published Mon Jul 27, 2015

]]>The Luria-Delbrück experiment is a cornerstone of evolutionary theory, demonstrating the randomness of mutations before selection. The distribution of the number of mutants in this experiment has been the subject of intense investigation during the past 70 years. Despite this considerable effort, mo…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012719] Published Mon Jul 27, 2015

]]>We consider paths in weighted and directed temporal networks, introducing tools to compute sets of paths of high probability. We quantify the relative importance of the most probable path between two nodes with respect to the whole set of paths and to a subset of highly probable paths that incorpora…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012818] Published Mon Jul 27, 2015

]]>Inspired by the fact that people have diverse propensities to punish wrongdoers, we study a spatial public goods game with defectors and different types of punishing cooperators. During the game, cooperators punish defectors with class-specific probabilities and subsequently share the associated cos…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012819] Published Mon Jul 27, 2015

]]>A key ingredient in social contagion dynamics is reinforcement, as adopting a certain social behavior requires verification of its credibility and legitimacy. Memory of nonredundant information plays an important role in reinforcement, which so far has eluded theoretical analysis. We first propose a…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012820] Published Mon Jul 27, 2015

]]>Previous studies of quantum chaotic scattering established a connection between classical dynamics and quantum transport properties: Integrable or mixed classical dynamics can lead to sharp conductance fluctuations but chaos is capable of smoothing out the conductance variations. Relativistic quantu…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012918] Published Mon Jul 27, 2015

]]>Viscous fingering formation in flat Hele-Shaw cells is a classical and widely studied fluid mechanical problem. We examine the development of viscous fluid fingering on a two-dimensional surface of constant negative Gaussian curvature, the hyperbolic plane ${H}^{2}$. A perturbative mode-coupling formalism …

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 013018] Published Mon Jul 27, 2015

]]>Thermocapillary (Marangoni) convection in a thin film on a plate oscillating with a frequency ranging from ultralow to high is considered. By adjusting the vibration amplitude, the impact of the vibration is kept non-negligible. Using the long-wave approximation framework, the amplitude equations ar…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 013019] Published Mon Jul 27, 2015

]]>We use one- and two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations to demonstrate that the propagation of an ultraintense laser $(I={10}^{19}\phantom{\rule{4.pt}{0ex}}\text{W}/{\mathrm{cm}}^{2})$ in critical density plasma can be interfered with by a high density plasma wall region generated at the propagation front. When the electron flow speed of the wall …

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 013106] Published Mon Jul 27, 2015

]]>Origami-based design offers a promising technique to develop materials whose mechanical properties can be tuned by crease patterns introduced to thin sheets. This work proposes a general framework for analyzing the mechanics of origami tessellations as a crystalline material by connecting geometry to more conventional analysis of elasticity in solid-state structures.

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 013205] Published Mon Jul 27, 2015

]]>A modified phase-field-crystal (PFC) model is proposed to describe solid-liquid phase transitions by reconstructing the correlation function. The effects of fitting parameters of our modified PFC model on the bcc-liquid phase diagram, numerical stability, and solid-liquid interface properties during…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 013309] Published Mon Jul 27, 2015

]]>We use our quantum Gibbs ensemble Monte Carlo algorithm to perform computer experiments for the two-phase coexistence of a hydrogen-helium mixture. Our results are in quantitative agreement with the experimental results of Sneed, Streett, Sonntag, and Van Wylen. The difference between our results an…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012133] Published Fri Jul 24, 2015

]]>A discrete-time random process is described, which can generate bursty sequences of events. A Bernoulli process, where the probability of an event occurring at time $t$ is given by a fixed probability $x$, is modified to include a memory effect where the event probability is increased proportionally to …

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012817] Published Fri Jul 24, 2015

]]>The dynamics of an annular layer of low-viscosity liquid inside a rapidly rotating horizontal cylinder is experimentally studied. Under gravity, the liquid performs forced azimuthal oscillations in the cavity frame. We examined the stability of the two-dimensional azimuthal flow and discovered two n…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 013016] Published Fri Jul 24, 2015

]]>We study the influence of turbulence on upward motion of phytoplankton. Interaction with the flow is described by the Pedley-Kessler model considering spherical microorganisms. We find a range of parameters when the upward drift is only weakly perturbed or when turbulence completely randomizes the d…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 013017] Published Fri Jul 24, 2015

]]>Dual-frequency modes of the dust acoustic surface waves propagating at the interface between a nonmagnetized multicomponent Lorentzian dusty plasma and a vacuum are investigated, including nonthermal and positron effects. The dispersion relation is kinetically derived by employing the specular refle…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 013105] Published Fri Jul 24, 2015

]]>We study the effect of freeze-thaw cycling on the packing fraction of equal spheres immersed in water. The water located between the grains experiences a dilatation during freezing and a contraction during melting. After several cycles, the packing fraction converges to a particular value ${\eta}_{\infty}=0.595$ i…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 010202(R)] Published Thu Jul 23, 2015

]]>Percolation of site trimers ($k$-mers with $k=3$) is investigated in a detailed way making use of an analytical model based on renormalization techniques in this problem. Results are compared to those obtained here by means of extensive computer simulations. Five different deposition possibilities for s…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012129] Published Thu Jul 23, 2015

]]>A body in a free-molecular gas accelerated by a constant external force is considered on the basis of kinetic theory. The body is an infinitely long rectangular hollow column with one face removed, and thus it has a squarish $\mathsf{U}$-shaped cross section. The concave part of the body points toward the dire…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012130] Published Thu Jul 23, 2015

]]>By taking full advantage of the dynamic property imposed by the detailed balance condition, we derive a new refined unified fluctuation theorem (FT) for general stochastic thermodynamic systems. This FT involves the joint probability distribution functions of the final phase-space point and a thermo…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012131] Published Thu Jul 23, 2015

]]>The equivalence of thermodynamic ensembles is at the heart of statistical mechanics and central to our understanding of equilibrium states of matter. Recently, a formal connection has been established between the dynamics of open quantum systems and statistical mechanics in an extra dimension: an op…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012132] Published Thu Jul 23, 2015

]]>Differential capacitance (DC) data have been widely used to characterize the structure of electrolyte solutions near charged interfaces and as experimental validation of models for electrolyte structure. Fixing a large class of models of electrolyte free energy that incorporate finite-volume effects…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012321] Published Thu Jul 23, 2015

]]>Using Monte Carlo computer simulations we explore the self-assembly and ordering behavior of a hybrid, soft magnetic system consisting of small magnetic nanospheres in a liquid-crystalline (LC) matrix. Inspired by recent experiments with colloidal rod matrices, we focus on conditions where the spher…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 010501(R)] Published Wed Jul 22, 2015

]]>Stochastic thermodynamics is formulated for variables that are odd under time reversal. The invariance under spatial rotation of the collision rates due to the isotropy of the heat bath is shown to be a crucial ingredient. An alternative detailed fluctuation theorem is derived, expressed solely in t…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012127] Published Wed Jul 22, 2015

]]>We numerically construct slowly relaxing local operators in a nonintegrable spin-1/2 chain. Restricting the support of the operator to $M$ consecutive spins along the chain, we exhaustively search for the operator that minimizes the Frobenius norm of the commutator with the Hamiltonian. We first show …

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012128] Published Wed Jul 22, 2015

]]>Emulsions consisting of droplets immersed in a fluid are typically unstable since they coarsen over time. One important coarsening process is Ostwald ripening, which is driven by the surface tension of the droplets. Stability of emulsions is relevant not only in complex fluids but also in biological…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012317] Published Wed Jul 22, 2015

]]>Yielding transitions in athermal amorphous materials undergoing steady-state shear flow resemble critical phenomena. Historically, they have been described by the Herschel-Bulkley rheological formula, which implies singular behaviors at yield points. In this paper, I examine this class of phenomena …

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012318] Published Wed Jul 22, 2015

]]>We numerically demonstrate the transition from the isotropic liquid to the tetratic phase with quasilong-range tetratic alignment order (i.e., with nearly parallel or perpendicular aligned rods), for the cold two-dimensional (2D) short spherocylinder system before crystallization and investigate the…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012319] Published Wed Jul 22, 2015

]]>We have conducted extremely long molecular dynamics simulations of glasses to microsecond times, which close the gap between experimental and atomistic simulation time scales by two to three orders of magnitude. Static, thermal, and structural properties of silica glass are reported for glass coolin…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012320] Published Wed Jul 22, 2015

]]>The transition from stick to slip at a dry frictional interface occurs through the breaking of microjunctions between the two contacting surfaces. Typically, interactions between junctions through the bulk lead to rupture fronts propagating from weak and/or highly stressed regions, whose junctions b…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012408] Published Wed Jul 22, 2015

]]>The internal dynamics of active gels both in artificial (*in vitro*) model systems and inside the cytoskeleton of living cells has been extensively studied with experiments of recent years. These dynamics are probed using tracer particles embedded in the network of biopolymers together with molecular …

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012716] Published Wed Jul 22, 2015

]]>We theoretically investigate the membrane fluctuations of red blood cells with focus laid on the role of the cytoskeleton, viewing the system as a membrane coupled to a sparse spring network. This model is exactly solvable and enables us to examine the coupling strength dependence of the membrane un…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012717] Published Wed Jul 22, 2015

]]>The average economic agent is often used to model the dynamics of simple markets, based on the assumption that the dynamics of a system of many agents can be averaged over in time and space. A popular idea that is based on this seemingly intuitive notion is to dampen electric power fluctuations from…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012815] Published Wed Jul 22, 2015

]]>We propose a general nonlinear analytical framework to study the effect of an external stimulus in the internal state of a population of moving particles. This novel scheme allows us to study a broad range of excitation transport phenomena. In particular, considering social systems, it gives insight…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012816] Published Wed Jul 22, 2015

]]>We study numerically the development of chimera states in networks of nonlocally coupled oscillators whose limit cycles emerge from a Hopf bifurcation. This dynamical system is inspired from population dynamics and consists of three interacting species in cyclic reactions. The complexity of the dyna…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012915] Published Wed Jul 22, 2015

]]>The responses of soft-mode turbulence, a kind of spatiotemporal chaos seen in electroconvection of a nematic liquid crystal, to alternating-current magnetic fields is investigated to uncover the dynamical properties of spatiotemporal chaos. The dynamical responses can be measured by an order paramet…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012916] Published Wed Jul 22, 2015

]]>In this paper, a simple and constructive method is presented to find the generalized perturbation $(n,M)$-fold Darboux transformations (DTs) of the modified nonlinear Schrödinger (MNLS) equation in terms of fractional forms of determinants. In particular, we apply the generalized perturbation $(1,N-1)$-…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012917] Published Wed Jul 22, 2015

]]>A method to approximately close the dynamic cavity equations for synchronous reversible dynamics on a locally treelike topology is presented. The method builds on (a) a graph expansion to eliminate loops from the normalizations of each step in the dynamics and (b) an assumption that a set of auxilar…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 010102(R)] Published Tue Jul 21, 2015

]]>We revisit the light or heat-induced changes in topography of initially flat sheets of a solid that elongate or contract along patterned in-plane director fields. For radial or azimuthal directors, negative Gaussian curvature is generated—so-called “anticones.” We show that azimuthal material displa…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 010401(R)] Published Tue Jul 21, 2015

]]>We analyze the critical connectivity of systems of penetrable $d$-dimensional spheres having size distributions in terms of weighed random geometrical graphs, in which vertex coordinates correspond to random positions of the sphere centers, and edges are formed between any two overlapping spheres. Edg…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012126] Published Tue Jul 21, 2015

]]>Recent theoretical advances predict the existence, deep into the glass phase, of a novel phase transition, the so-called *Gardner transition*. This transition is associated with the emergence of a complex free energy landscape composed of many marginally stable sub-basins within a glass metabasin. In …

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012316] Published Tue Jul 21, 2015

]]>Vesiculation of mature red blood cells (RBCs) contributes to removal of defective patches of the erythrocyte membrane. In blood disorders, which are related to defects in proteins of the RBC membrane, vesiculation of the plasma membrane is intensified. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explai…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012715] Published Tue Jul 21, 2015

]]>We define auto- and cross-correlation functions capable of capturing dynamical characteristics induced by local phase-space structures in a general dynamical system. These correlation functions are calculated in the standard map for a range of values of the nonlinearity parameter $k$. Using a model of…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012914] Published Tue Jul 21, 2015

]]>Ability to characterize the heat transfer in flowing gases is important for a wide range of applications involving micro- and nanoscale devices. Gas flows away from the continuum limit can be captured using the Boltzmann equation, whose analytical solution poses a formidable challenge. An efficient …

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 013307] Published Tue Jul 21, 2015

]]>A polymer chain pinned in space exerts a fluctuating force on the pin point in thermal equilibrium. The average of such fluctuating force is well understood from statistical mechanics as an entropic force, but little is known about the underlying force distribution. Here, we introduce two phase spac…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 013308] Published Tue Jul 21, 2015

]]>A water cylinder deposited on a heated channel levitates on its own generated vapor film owing to the Leidenfrost effect. This experimental setup permits the study of the one-dimensional propagation of surface waves in a free-to-move liquid system. We report the observation of gravity-capillary wave…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 011002(R)] Published Mon Jul 20, 2015

]]>The non-Markovian stochastic dynamics involving Lévy flights and a potential in the form of a harmonic and nonlinear oscillator is discussed. The subordination technique is applied and the memory effects, which are nonhomogeneous, are taken into account by a position-dependent subordinator. In the n…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012125] Published Mon Jul 20, 2015

]]>We report a type of colloidal gel, induced by a minute incremental addition of mutually attractive small particles (size $\sim 12$ nm) to a suspension of highly charged large particles (size $\sim 500$ nm). The gel's morphological behavior does not follow the typical power-law scaling for fractal clusters. Its …

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012313] Published Mon Jul 20, 2015

]]>Using numerical simulations, we characterized the behavior of an elastic membrane immersed in an active fluid. Our findings reveal a nontrivial folding and re-expansion of the membrane that is controlled by the interplay of its resistance to bending and the self-propulsion strength of the active com…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012314] Published Mon Jul 20, 2015

]]>Recent studies have shown that double-stranded DNA can collapse in the presence of a strong electric field. Here we provide an in-depth study of the collapse of DNA under weak confinement in microchannels as a function of buffer strength, driving frequency, applied electric-field strength, and molec…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012714] Published Mon Jul 20, 2015

]]>Taking into account the fact that overload failures in real-world functional networks are usually caused by extreme values of temporally fluctuating loads that exceed the allowable range, we study the robustness of scale-free networks against cascading overload failures induced by fluctuating loads.…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012814] Published Mon Jul 20, 2015

]]>A method for the estimation of the Lyapunov exponent corresponding to enslaved phase dynamics from time series has been proposed. It is valid for both nonautonomous systems demonstrating periodic dynamics in the presence of noise and coupled chaotic oscillators and allows us to estimate precisely en…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012913] Published Mon Jul 20, 2015

]]>Molecular dynamics results are reported for the thermodynamic properties of supercritical water using examples of both rigid $\left(\mathrm{TIP}4\mathrm{P}\text{/}2005\right)$ and flexible $\left(\mathrm{TIP}4\mathrm{P}\text{/}2005\mathrm{f}\right)$ transferable interaction potentials. Data are reported for pressure, isochoric and isobaric heat capacities, the thermal expansion coef…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012124] Published Fri Jul 17, 2015

]]>Granular systems present surprisingly complicated dynamics. In particular, nonlinear interactions and energy dissipation play important roles in these dynamics. Usually (but admittedly not always), constant coefficients of restitution are introduced phenomenologically to account for energy dissipati…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012201] Published Fri Jul 17, 2015

]]>We study a three-strategy spatial evolutionary prisoner's dilemma game with imitation and logit update rules. Players can follow the always-cooperating, always-defecting or the win-stay-lose-shift (WSLS) strategies and gain their payoff from games with their direct neighbors on a square lattice. The…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012813] Published Fri Jul 17, 2015

]]>In data-based reconstruction of complex networks, dynamical information can be measured and exploited to generate a functional network, but is it a true representation of the actual (structural) network? That is, when do the functional and structural networks match and is a perfect matching possible…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012912] Published Fri Jul 17, 2015

]]>Intermittency of Lagrangian velocity and acceleration is a key to understanding transport in complex systems ranging from fluid turbulence to flow in porous media. High-resolution optical particle tracking in a three-dimensional (3D) porous medium provides detailed 3D information on Lagrangian veloc…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 013015] Published Fri Jul 17, 2015

]]>We investigated the appearance of Chern-Simons terms in electrodynamics at the surface or interface of materials. The requirement of locality, gauge invariance, and renormalizability in this model is imposed. Scattering and reflection of electromagnetic waves in three different homogeneous layers of…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 013204] Published Fri Jul 17, 2015

]]>Methods for forecasting time series are a critical aspect of the understanding and control of complex networks. When the model of the network is unknown, nonparametric methods for prediction have been developed, based on concepts of attractor reconstruction pioneered by Takens and others. In this Ra…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 010902(R)] Published Thu Jul 16, 2015

]]>We obtain explicit susceptibilities for the countable infinity of phase transition temperatures of Müller-Hartmann-Zitartz on a Cayley tree. The susceptibilities are a product of the zeroth spin with the sum of an appropriate set of averages of spins on the outermost layer of the tree. A clear physi…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012122] Published Thu Jul 16, 2015

]]>A modified Ginzburg-Landau model with a screened nonlocal interaction in the quartic term is treated via Wilson's renormalization-group scheme at one-loop order to explore the critical behavior of the paramagnetic-to-ferromagnetic phase transition in perovskite manganites. We find the Fisher exponen…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012123] Published Thu Jul 16, 2015

]]>The temperature dependence of the dynamics of water inside microporous activated carbon fibers (ACF) is investigated by means of incoherent elastic and quasielastic neutron-scattering techniques. The aim is to evaluate the effect of increasing pore size on the water dynamics in these primarily hydro…

[Phys. Rev. E 92, 012312] Published Thu Jul 16, 2015

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