This paper presents a model of aggregation in which collisions between the particles and clusters can lead to shattering of the clusters with a certain probability. The authors obtain the phase diagram of this process, observe a phase transition depending on the shattering probability, and show how, in one of the regimes, the initial conditions of the system crucially affect its evolution.

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042138] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>A continuous approximation framework for general nonlinear stochastic as well as deterministic discrete maps is developed. For the stochastic map with uncorelated Gaussian noise, by successively applying the Itô lemma, we obtain a Langevin type of equation. Specifically, we show how nonlinear maps g...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042139] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>In this work we analyze the ground-state properties of the $s=1/2$ one-dimensional axial next-nearest-neighbor Ising model in a transverse field using the quantum fidelity approach. We numerically determined the fidelity susceptibility as a function of the transverse field ${B}_{x}$ and the strength of the n...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042140] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>We study the isothermal Brownian dynamics of a particle in a system with spatially varying diffusivity. Due to the heterogeneity of the system, the particle's mean displacement does not vanish even if it does not experience any physical force. This phenomenon has been termed “noise-induced drift,” a...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042141] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>We have experimentally quantified the temporal structural diversity from the coordinate fluctuations of a laser beam propagating through isotropic optical turbulence. The main focus here is on the characterization of the long-range correlations in the wandering of a thin Gaussian laser beam over a s...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042207] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>Fifty years ago Arthur Winfree proposed a deeply influential mean-field model for the collective synchronization of large populations of phase oscillators. Here we provide a detailed analysis of the model for some special, analytically tractable cases. Adopting the thermodynamic limit, we derive an ...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042208] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>Complex networks are usually characterized in terms of their topological, spatial, or information-theoretic properties and combinations of the associated metrics are used to discriminate networks into different classes or categories. However, even with the present variety of characteristics at hand ...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042304] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>The theory of irreversible thermodynamics for arbitrarily curved lipid membranes is presented here. The coupling between elastic bending and irreversible processes such as intramembrane lipid flow, intramembrane phase transitions, and protein binding and diffusion is studied. The forms of the entrop...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042409] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>We present a comprehensive Monte Carlo study of domain growth in the random-bond $XY$ model with nonconserved kinetics. The presence of quenched disorder slows down domain growth in $d=2,3$. In $d=2$, we observe power-law growth with a disorder-dependent exponent on the time scales of our simulation. In $d...$

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042127] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>In this paper we address the stability of a low-dissipation (LD) heat engine (HE) under maximum power conditions. The LD system dynamics are analyzed in terms of the contact times between the engine and the external heat reservoirs, which determine the amount of heat exchanged by the system. We stud...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042128] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>Systems with interacting degrees of freedom play a prominent role in stochastic thermodynamics. Our aim is to use the concept of detached path probabilities and detached entropy production for bipartite Markov processes and elaborate on a series of special cases including measurement-feedback system...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042129] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>We investigate the efficiency of an isothermal Brownian work-to-work converter engine, composed of a Brownian particle coupled to a heat bath at a constant temperature. The system is maintained out of equilibrium by using two external time-dependent stochastic Gaussian forces, where one is called lo...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042130] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>We introduce a quantum Monte Carlo method at finite temperature for interacting fermionic models in the canonical ensemble, where the conservation of the particle number is enforced. Although general thermodynamic arguments ensure the equivalence of the canonical and the grand-canonical ensembles in...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042131] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>Starting from the physical problem associated with the Lorentzian transformation of a Poisson-Kac process in inertial frames, the concept of space-time-modulated stochastic processes is introduced for processes possessing finite propagation velocity. This class of stochastic processes provides a two...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042132] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>The relativistic analysis of stochastic kinematics is developed in order to determine the transformation of the effective diffusivity tensor in inertial frames. Poisson-Kac stochastic processes are initially considered. For one-dimensional spatial models, the effective diffusion coefficient measured...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042133] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>We propose a rocking ratchet designed as a symmetric quantum two-state system driven by a single periodic harmonic force and influenced symmetrically by thermal fluctuations. We show that the necessary broken symmetry can dynamically be achieved by a thermal environment that couples to the energy di...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042134] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>In this paper we solve the inverse problem for the Curie-Weiss model and its multispecies version when multiple thermodynamic states are present as in the low temperature phase where the phase space is clustered. The inverse problem consists of reconstructing the model parameters starting from confi...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042135] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>Two self-contained diffusion formulations, in the form of coupled stochastic differential equations, are developed for the temporal evolution of state densities over an ensemble of Markov chains evolving independently under a common transition rate matrix. Our first formulation derives from Kurtz's ...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042136] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>We use scale invariant scattering theory to exactly determine the lines of renormalization group fixed points invariant under the permutational symmetry ${S}_{q}$ in two dimensions, and we show how one of these scattering solutions describes the ferromagnetic and square lattice antiferromagnetic critical l...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042137] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>The Fedoriuk-Maslov catastrophe theory of caustics and turning points is extended to solve the bifurcation problems by the improved stationary phase method (ISPM). The trace formulas for the radial power-law (RPL) potentials are presented by the ISPM based on the second- and third-order expansion of...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042206] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>There have been several spectral bounds for the percolation transition in networks, using spectrum of matrices associated with the network such as the adjacency matrix and the nonbacktracking matrix. However, they are far from being tight when the network is sparse and displays clustering or transit...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042303] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>There have been increasing reports that the diffusion coefficient of macromolecules depends on time and fluctuates randomly. Here a method is developed to elucidate this fluctuating diffusivity from trajectory data. Time-averaged mean-square displacement (MSD), a common tool in single-particle-track...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042501] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>The force fluctuations experienced by a boundary wall subjected to a lid-driven cavity flow are investigated by means of numerical simulations based on the discrete-element method. The time-averaged dynamics inside the cavity volume and the resulting steady force on the wall are governed by the boun...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042906] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>The interaction of dense plasmas with an intense laser under a strong external magnetic field has been investigated. When the cyclotron frequency for the ambient magnetic field is higher than the laser frequency, the laser's electromagnetic field is converted to the whistler mode that propagates alo...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043209] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>Models of bacterial growth tend to be “irreversible,” allowing for the number of bacteria in a colony to increase but not to decrease. By contrast, models of molecular self-assembly are usually “reversible,” allowing for the addition and removal of particles to a structure. Such processes differ in ...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042126] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

]]>Self-organizing behavior has been widely reported in both natural and artificial systems, typically distinguishing between temporal organization (synchronization) and spatial organization (swarming). Swarming has been experimentally observed in systems of magnetotactic bacteria under the action of e...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042408] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

]]>Is an active glass different from a conventional passive glass? To address this, we study the dynamics of a dense binary mixture of soft dumbbells, each subject to an active propulsion force and thermal fluctuations. This dense assembly shows dynamical arrest, first to a translational and then to a ...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042605] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

]]>We summarize and numerically compare two approaches for modeling and simulating the dynamics of dry granular matter. The first one, the discrete-element method via penalty (DEM-P), is commonly used in the soft matter physics and geomechanics communities; it can be traced back to the work of Cundall ...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042905] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

]]>The dynamics of a film climbing the outside of a vertical cylinder under the competing effects of a thermally driven surface tension gradient and gravity is examined through numerical simulations of a thin-film model for the film height. The model, including boundary conditions, depends on three par...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043107] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

]]>Collisional damping of electron plasma waves, the primary damping for high phase velocity waves, is proportional to the electron-ion collision rate, ${\nu}_{\mathrm{ei},\mathrm{th}}$. Here, it is shown that the damping rate normalized to ${\nu}_{\mathrm{ei},\mathrm{th}}$ depends on the charge state, $Z$, on the magnitude of ${\nu}_{\mathrm{ei},\mathrm{th}}$ and the wave number $k$ i...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043208] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

]]>Analogies between fluid flows and granular flows are useful because they pave the way for continuum treatments of granular media. However, in practice it is impossible to predict under what experimental conditions the dynamics of fluids and granulates are qualitatively similar. In the case of unstea...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 040901(R)] Published Thu Oct 12, 2017

]]>We define stochastic bridges as conditional distributions of stochastic paths that leave a specified point in phase-space in the past and arrive at another one in the future. These can be defined relative to either forward or backward stochastic differential equations and with the inclusion of arbit...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042123] Published Thu Oct 12, 2017

]]>We show that eigenenergies and energy eigenstates play different roles in the equilibration process of an isolated quantum system. Their roles are revealed numerically by exchanging the eigenenergies between an integrable model and a nonintegrable model. We find that the structure of eigenenergies o...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042124] Published Thu Oct 12, 2017

]]>We derive a kinetic equation for rarefied diatomic gases whose molecules have a permanent dipole moment. Estimating typical parameters of such gases, we show that quantum effects cannot be neglected when describing the rotation of molecules, which we thus approximate by quantum rotators. The intermo...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042125] Published Thu Oct 12, 2017

]]>We report on experiments aiming at characterizing erosion and deposition processes on a tilted granular bed. We investigate the existence of the neutral angle, that is, the critical angle at which erosion exactly balances accretion after the passage of a granular avalanche of a finite mass. Experime...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042904] Published Thu Oct 12, 2017

]]>We present a theory of electrostatic fluctuations in two-component plasmas where electrons and ions are described by Maxwellian distribution functions at unequal temperatures. Based on the exact solution of the Landau kinetic equation, that includes electron-electron, electron-ion, and ion-ion colli...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043207] Published Thu Oct 12, 2017

]]>[Phys. Rev. E 96, 049902] Published Thu Oct 12, 2017

]]>We study energy transport in the paradigmatic Hamiltonian mean-field (HMF) model and other related long-range interacting models using molecular dynamics simulations. We show that energy diffusion in the HMF model is subdiffusive in nature, which confirms a recently obtained intriguing result that, ...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042121] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

]]>Crackling noise can be initiated by competing or coexisting mechanisms. These mechanisms can combine to generate an approximate scale invariant distribution that contains two or more contributions. The overall distribution function can be analyzed, to a good approximation, using maximum-likelihood m...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042122] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

]]>In an elliptic billiard, we find avoided level crossings taking place over wide ranges, which are of a Demkov type for generations of eigenfunctions localized on an islands chain and its pair unstable periodic orbit. For a proof of the existence of avoided level crossings, first, we show that the qu...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042205] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

]]>We propose a model for the mechanical behavior of protein materials. Based on a limited number of experimental macromolecular parameters (persistence and contour length) we obtain the macroscopic behavior of keratin fibers (human, cow, and rabbit hair), taking into account the damage and residual st...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042407] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

]]>We analyzed the effect of confinement on the effective diffusion of a run-and-tumble *E. coli*-like flagellated microswimmer. We used a simulation protocol where the run phases are obtained via a fully resolved swimming problem, i.e., Stokes equations for the fluid coupled with rigid-body dynamics for...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042603] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

]]>The mechanism of diffusing diffusivity predicts that, in environments where the diffusivity changes gradually, the displacement distribution becomes non-Gaussian, even though the mean-square displacement grows linearly with time. Here, we report single-particle tracking measurements of the diffusion...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042604] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

]]>This paper presents a fundamental theory of nanobubble formation and induced force in confined nanochannels. It is shown that nanobubble formation between hydrophobic plates can be predicted from their surface tension and geometry, with estimated values for the surface free energy and the force acti...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042802] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

]]>The Enskog kinetic theory for moderately dense gas-solid suspensions under simple shear flow is considered as a model to analyze the rheological properties of the system. The influence of the environmental fluid on solid particles is modeled via a viscous drag force plus a stochastic Langevin-like t...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042903] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

]]>Properties of helium atoms in the solid phase are investigated using the multiweight diffusion Monte Carlo method. Two different importance function transformations are used in two series of independent calculations. The kinetic energy is estimated for both the solid and liquid phases of ${}^{4}\mathrm{He}$. We est...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043306] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

]]>[Phys. Rev. E 96, 049901] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

]]>mRNA delivery into cells forms the basis for one of the new and promising ways to treat various diseases. Among suitable carriers, lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) with a size of about 100 nm are now often employed. Despite high current interest in this area, the understanding of the basic details of LNP-...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042406] Published Tue Oct 10, 2017

]]>A study of ice formation in stationary turbulent conditions is carried out in various limit regimes of crystal growth, supercooling, and ice entrainment at the water surface. Analytical expressions for the temperature, salinity, and ice concentration mean profiles are provided, and the role of fluct...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043106] Published Tue Oct 10, 2017

]]>Understanding the transport properties of charged particle beams is important not only from a fundamental point of view but also due to its relevance in a variety of applications. A theoretical model is established in this article, to model the interaction of a tenuous positively charged ion beam wi...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043206] Published Tue Oct 10, 2017

]]>We study several aspects of the recently introduced fixed-phase spinor diffusion Monte Carlo method, in particular, its relation to the fixed-node method and its potential use as a general approach for electronic structure calculations. We illustrate constructions of spinor-based wave functions with...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043305] Published Tue Oct 10, 2017

]]>We explore the phase diagram of Ising spins on one-dimensional chains that criss-cross in two perpendicular directions and that are connected by interchain couplings. This system is of interest as a simpler, classical analog of a quantum Hamiltonian that has been proposed as a model of magnetic beha...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042108] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>Anomalous (non-Fourier) heat transport is no longer just a theoretical issue since it has been observed experimentally in a number of low-dimensional nanomaterials, such as SiGe nanowires, carbon nanotubes, and others. To understand these anomalous behaviors, exploring the microscopic origin of norm...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042109] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>We study two different forms of fluctuation-dissipation processes generating anomalous relaxations to equilibrium of an initial out-of-equilibrium condition, the former being based on a stationary although very slow correlation function and the latter characterized by the occurrence of crucial event...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042112] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>We analyze perturbative dynamics of a composite system consisting of a quantum mechanical system and an environment by the renormalization group (RG) method. The solution obtained from the RG method has no secular terms and approximates the exact solution for a long time interval. Moreover, the RG m...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042113] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>We present a method for the separation of superimposed, independent, autocorrelated components from noisy multichannel measurement. The presented method simultaneously reconstructs and separates the components, taking all channels into account, and thereby increases the effective signal-to-noise rat...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042114] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>We present extensive numerical simulations of Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld (BTW) sandpile model on the hypercubic lattice in the upper critical dimension ${D}_{u}=4$. After re-extracting the critical exponents of avalanches, we concentrate on the three- and two-dimensional (2D) cross sections seeking for the induce...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042115] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>We use invasion percolation to compute numerical values for bond and site percolation thresholds ${p}_{c}$ (existence of an infinite cluster) and ${p}_{u}$ (uniqueness of the infinite cluster) of tesselations $\{P,Q\}$ of the hyperbolic plane, where $Q$ faces meet at each vertex and each face is a $P$-gon. Our values are...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042116] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>A Boltzmann-like kinetic equation for a quasi-two-dimensional gas of hard spheres is derived. The system is confined between two parallel hard plates separated a distance between one and two particle diameters. An entropy Lyapunov function for the equation is identified. In addition to the usual Bol...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042117] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>We investigate the distribution of potential and kinetic energy in stationary states of the linearly damped stochastic oscillator driven by Lévy noises. In the long time limit distributions of kinetic and potential energies of the oscillator follow the power-law asymptotics and do not fulfill the eq...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042118] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>A result of great theoretical and experimental interest, the Jarzynski equality predicts a free energy change $\mathrm{\Delta}F$ of a system at inverse temperature $\beta $ from an ensemble average of nonequilibrium exponential work, i.e., $\langle {e}^{-\beta W}\rangle ={e}^{-\beta \mathrm{\Delta}F}$. The number of experimental work values needed to reach a given accura...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042119] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>Conserved lattice-gas models in one dimension exhibit absorbing state phase transition (APT) with simple integer exponents $\beta =1=\nu =\eta $, whereas the same on a ladder belong to directed percolation (DP) universality. We conjecture that additional stochasticity in particle transfer is a relevant perturbati...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042120] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>Understanding the influence of the structure of a dispersal network on the species persistence and modeling a realistic species dispersal in nature are two central issues in spatial ecology. A realistic dispersal structure which favors the persistence of interacting ecological systems was studied [M...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042202] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>A positive Lyapunov exponent is the most convincing signature of chaos. However, existing methods for estimating the Lyapunov exponent from a time series often give unreliable estimates because they trace the time evolution of the distance between a pair of initially neighboring trajectories in phas...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042203] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>We report numerical investigations of wave turbulence in a vibrating plate. The possibility to implement advanced measurement techniques and long-time numerical simulations makes this system extremely valuable for wave turbulence studies. The purely 2D character of dynamics of the elastic plate make...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042204] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>The permeability of the bacterial outer membrane, enclosing Gram-negative bacteria, depends on the interactions of the outer, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) layer, with surrounding ions and molecules. We present a coarse-grained model for describing how cationic amphiphilic molecules (e.g., antimicrobial ...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042405] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>We investigate the nonlinear evolution of the morphological deformation of a solid-liquid interface of a binary melt under rapid solidification conditions near two absolute stability limits. The first of these involves the complete stabilization of the system to cellular instabilities as a result of...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042801] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>In this paper, we address the interaction of zero-order acoustic Bessel beams as an acoustic manipulation tool, with an active spherical shell, as a carrier in drug, agent, or material delivery systems, in order to investigate the controllability of exerted acoustic radiation force as the driver. Th...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043001] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>It is well known that Brownian motion can be described using Langevin equation. In this paper we extend the application of the Langevin equation to the Rayleigh-Bénard (RB) flow, assuming that each molecule in the system is a Brownian particle colliding with its surrounding molecules. The phenomenon...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043104] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>Inertial flow in porous media occurs in many situations of practical relevance among which one can cite flows in column reactors, in filters, in aquifers, or near wells for hydrocarbon recovery. It is characterized by a deviation from Darcy's law that leads to a nonlinear relationship between the pr...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043105] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>We describe a model for the study of the interaction of short x-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) pulses with large finite samples. Hydrodynamics is solved in one-dimensional planar geometry with consideration of the electron-ion energy exchange and of the possible elastoplastic behavior. From a time-d...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043205] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>We have derived a hypernetted-chain-like (HNC-like) approximate closure of the Ornstein-Zernike equation for multibody dissipative particle dynamics (MDPD) system in which the classic closures are not directly practicable. We first point out that the Percus's method is applicable to MDPD system in w...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043303] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>It is difficult to obtain a core sample and information for digital core reconstruction of mature sandstone reservoirs around the world, especially for an unconsolidated sandstone reservoir. Meanwhile, reconstruction and division of clay minerals play a vital role in the reconstruction of the digita...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043304] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>A solvable, minimal model of diffusion in the presence of a reversible adsorption site is investigated. We show that the diffusive particles are influenced by the adsorbing site on transient times when they have anomalous subdiffusive behavior. However, the particle dispersion law crosses over to th...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042106] Published Fri Oct 06, 2017

]]>We develop a functional renormalization group (FRG) approach for the two-dimensional $XY$ model by combining the lattice FRG proposed by Machado and Dupuis [Phys. Rev. E **82**, 041128 (2010)] with a duality transformation that explicitly introduces vortices via an integer-valued field. We show that the h...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042107] Published Fri Oct 06, 2017

]]>We propose a geometrical characterization of amorphous liquid structures that suppress crystallization by competing locally with crystalline order. We introduce for this purpose the *crystal affinity* of a liquid, a simple measure of its propensity to accumulate local crystalline structures on cooling...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042602] Published Fri Oct 06, 2017

]]>We present numerical solutions to the Landau-de Gennes free-energy model under the one-constant approximation for systems of single and double spherical colloidal particles immersed in an otherwise uniformly aligned nematic liquid crystal. A perfect homeotropic surface anchoring of liquid-crystal mo...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042702] Published Fri Oct 06, 2017

]]>The manner in which transport properties vary over the entire parameter-space of coupling and magnetization strength is explored. Four regimes are identified based on the relative size of the gyroradius compared to other fundamental length scales: the collision mean free path, Debye length, distance...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043202] Published Fri Oct 06, 2017

]]>Recent theory has demonstrated a novel physics regime for magnetic reconnection in high-energy-density plasmas where the magnetic field is advected by heat flux via the Nernst effect. Here we elucidate the physics of the electron dissipation layer in this regime. Through fully kinetic simulation and...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043203] Published Fri Oct 06, 2017

]]>Oscillation of particles in a dust crystal formed in a low-pressure radio-frequency gas discharge under microgravity conditions is studied. Analysis of experimental data obtained in our previous study shows that the oscillations are highly isotropic and nearly homogeneous in the bulk of a dust cryst...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043204] Published Fri Oct 06, 2017

]]>We study the temperature dependence of static and dynamic responses of Coulomb interacting particles in two-dimensional confinements across the crossover from solid- to liquid-like behaviors. While static correlations that investigate the translational and bond orientational order in the confinement...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042105] Published Thu Oct 05, 2017

]]>Modified drop weight impact tests were performed on $\mathrm{Si}{\mathrm{O}}_{2}$–ethylene glycol concentrated suspensions. Counterintuitive impact-induced solidlike behavior and elasticity, causing significant deceleration and rebound of the impactor, were observed. We provide evidence that the observed large deceleration ...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042601] Published Thu Oct 05, 2017

]]>The decay of energy within particulate media subjected to an impulse is an issue of significant scientific interest, but also one with numerous important practical applications. In this paper, we study the dynamics of a granular system exposed to energetic impulses in the form of discrete taps from ...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042902] Published Thu Oct 05, 2017

]]>The phenomenon associated with inhomogeneous distribution of electron density is known as a charge ordering. In this work, we study the zero-bandwidth limit of the extended Hubbard model, which can be considered as a simple effective model of charge ordered insulators. It consists of the on-site int...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042104] Published Wed Oct 04, 2017

]]>The hierarchical product of networks represents a natural tool for building large networks out of two smaller subnetworks: a primary subnetwork and a secondary subnetwork. Here we study the dynamics of diffusion and synchronization processes on hierarchical products. We apply techniques previously u...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042302] Published Wed Oct 04, 2017

]]>Anisotropic collective patterns occur frequently in the morphogenesis of two-dimensional biofilms. These patterns are often attributed to growth regulation mechanisms and differentiation based on gradients of diffusing nutrients and signaling molecules. Here, we employ a model of bacterial growth dy...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042401] Published Wed Oct 04, 2017

]]>The short-time dynamics of bacterial chromosomal loci is a mixture of subdiffusive and active motion, in the form of rapid relocations with near-ballistic dynamics. While previous work has shown that such rapid motions are ubiquitous, we still have little grasp on their physical nature, and no posit...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042402] Published Wed Oct 04, 2017

]]>The kinetic equations of DNA replication are shown to be exactly solved in terms of *iterated function systems*, running along the template sequence and giving the statistical properties of the copy sequences, as well as the kinetic and thermodynamic properties of the replication process. With this me...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042403] Published Wed Oct 04, 2017

]]>Sharks, birds, bats, turtles, and many other animals can detect magnetic fields. Aside from using this remarkable ability to exploit the terrestrial magnetic field map to sense direction, a subset is also able to implement a version of the so-called geophysical positioning system. How do these anima...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042404] Published Wed Oct 04, 2017

]]>The motions of an unsteady circular-disk squirmer and a spherical squirmer have been investigated in the presence of a no-slip infinite wall and a background shear flow in order to clarify the similarities and differences between two- and three-dimensional motions. Despite the similar bifurcation st...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043103] Published Wed Oct 04, 2017

]]>It has been observed previously that the physical behaviors of Schmidt number (Sc) and Prandtl number (Pr) of an energy-conserving dissipative particle dynamics (eDPD) fluid can be reproduced by the temperature-dependent weight function appearing in the dissipative force term. In this paper, we prop...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043302] Published Wed Oct 04, 2017

]]>We discuss the optimal matching solution for both the assignment problem and the matching problem in one dimension for a large class of convex cost functions. We consider the problem in a compact set with the topology both of the interval and of the circumference. Afterwards, we assume the points' p...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042102] Published Tue Oct 03, 2017

]]>In most studies for the quantification of the third law of thermodynamics, the minimum temperature which can be achieved with a long but finite-time process scales as a negative power of the process duration. In this article, we use our recent complete solution for the optimal control problem of the...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042103] Published Tue Oct 03, 2017

]]>Calamitic liquid crystals based on 5-phenyl-pyrimidine derivatives have been designed, synthesized, and characterized. The 5-phenyl pyrimidine core was functionalized with a chiral (*R*,*R*)-2,3-epoxyhexoxy chain on one side and either siloxane or perfluoro terminated chains on the opposite side. The on...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042701] Published Tue Oct 03, 2017

]]>The mechanical and transport properties of jammed materials originate from an underlying percolating network of contact forces between the grains. Using extensive simulations we investigate the force-percolation transition of this network, where two particles are considered as linked if their interp...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042901] Published Tue Oct 03, 2017

]]>The Leidenfrost transition leads a boiling system to the boiling crisis, a state in which the liquid loses contact with the heated surface due to excessive vapor generation. Here, using experiments of liquid droplets boiling on a heated surface, we report a phenomenon, termed oscillating boiling, at...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043102] Published Tue Oct 03, 2017

]]>The networks of veins and arteries on the chorionic plate of the human placenta are analyzed in terms of Voronoi cells derived from these networks. Two groups of placentas from the United States are studied: a population cohort with no prescreening, and a cohort from newborns with an elevated risk o...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 040401(R)] Published Mon Oct 02, 2017

]]>We study multiagent logit-rule-driven evolutionary games on a square lattice whose pair interactions are composed of a maximal number of nonoverlapping elementary coordination games describing Ising-type interactions between just two of the available strategies. Using Monte Carlo simulations we inve...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042101] Published Mon Oct 02, 2017

]]>The interactions of multiple solitons show different properties with two-soliton interactions. For the difficulty of deriving multiple soliton solutions, it is rare to study multiple soliton interactions analytically. In this paper, three-soliton interactions in inhomogeneous optical fibers, which a...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042201] Published Mon Oct 02, 2017

]]>Variability on external conditions has important consequences for the dynamics and the organization of biological systems. In many cases, the characteristic timescale of environmental changes as well as their correlations play a fundamental role in the way living systems adapt and respond to it. A p...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042301] Published Mon Oct 02, 2017

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