We study phase transition properties of the two-dimensional $q$-state clock model by an extensive Monte Carlo simulation. By analyzing the Binder ratio and its temperature derivative, we confirm that the two-dimensional $q$-state clock model exhibits two distinct Kosterlitz-Thouless phase transitions fo…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034138] Published Fri Sep 30, 2022

]]>Active Brownian motion commonly assumes spherical overdamped particles. However, self-propelled particles are often neither symmetric nor overdamped yet underlie random fluctuations from their surroundings. Active Brownian motion has already been generalized to include asymmetric particles. Separate…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034616] Published Fri Sep 30, 2022

]]>Networks with as many mechanical constraints as degrees of freedom and no redundant constraints are minimally rigid or isostatic. Isostatic networks are relevant in the study of network glasses, soft matter, and sphere packings. Because of being at the verge of mechanical collapse, they have anomalo…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 035001] Published Fri Sep 30, 2022

]]>Recent experiments have demonstrated the generation of coherent mechanical oscillations in a suspended carbon nanotube, which are driven by an electric current through the device above a certain voltage threshold, in close analogy with a lasing transition. We investigate this phenomenon from the per…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, L032104] Published Fri Sep 30, 2022

]]>How do near-bankruptcy events in the past affect the dynamics of stock-market prices in the future? Specifically, what are the long-time properties of a time-local exponential growth of stock-market prices under the influence of stochastically occurring economic crashes? Here, we derive the ensemble…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034137] Published Thu Sep 29, 2022

]]>Structural balance theory is an established framework for studying social relationships of friendship and enmity. These relationships are modeled by a signed network whose energy potential measures the level of imbalance, while stochastic dynamics drives the network toward a state of minimum energy …

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034321] Published Thu Sep 29, 2022

]]>Kinetic simulations of collisionless (or weakly collisional) plasmas using the Vlasov equation are often infeasible due to high-resolution requirements and the exponential scaling of computational cost with respect to dimension. Recently, it has been proposed that matrix product state (MPS) methods,…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 035208] Published Thu Sep 29, 2022

]]>The regime of self-compression has been proposed for plasma-based backward Raman amplification upon a flying focus. By using a pumping focus moving with a speed equal to the group velocity of stimulated Raman backscattering (SRBS), only a short part of SRBS which always synchronizes with the flying …

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 035209] Published Thu Sep 29, 2022

]]>The concept of curvature in Riemannian geometry can be used to study equilibrium thermodynamics. In this paper, the authors analyze the Ricci curvature for several simple model fluids and examine the behavior of two boundary lines in the fluids’ phase diagrams.

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034136] Published Wed Sep 28, 2022

]]>Successful intracellular delivery of nucleic acids (NAs) hinges on many factors, one of them being NAs’ efficacious escape from endosomes. As competent NA vectors, $p\mathrm{H}$-responsive gemini surfactants (GSs) might achieve high efficacy by facilitating endosomal escape. However, how the GSs assist the esc…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034408] Published Wed Sep 28, 2022

]]>We study the interactions of two or more solitary waves in the Adlam-Allen model describing the evolution of a (cold) plasma of positive and negative charges, in the presence of electric and transverse magnetic fields. In order to show that the interactions feature an exponentially repulsive nature,…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034209] Published Tue Sep 27, 2022

]]>How microorganisms swim depends on the friction they experience under both translational and rotational motion. An experimental study of helical bacteria shows how various friction coefficients depend on the shape of the bacteria, and shows that cell body rotation could significantly contribute to cellular propulsion.

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034407] Published Tue Sep 27, 2022

]]>In this paper, the prototypical process of the normal impact of dense agglomerates is investigated using the discrete element method–boundary element method coupled simulations. The agglomerate consists of 50 charged particles with the surface energy equal to $10\phantom{\rule{0.28em}{0ex}}\mathrm{mJ}/{\mathrm{m}}^{2}$. The particles are assumed to be…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034905] Published Tue Sep 27, 2022

]]>Applying constant tensile stress to a piece of amorphous solid results in a slow extension, followed by an eventual rapid mechanical collapse. This “creep” process is of paramount engineering concern, and as such was the subject of study in a variety of materials, for more than a century. Predictive…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034906] Published Tue Sep 27, 2022

]]>Boundary conditions for the Boltzmann equation are investigated on the basis of a kinetic model for gas-surface interactions. The model takes into account gas and physisorbed molecules interacting with a surface potential and colliding with phonons. The potential field is generated by fixed crystal …

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 035306] Published Tue Sep 27, 2022

]]>We explore the effect of stochastic resetting on the first-passage properties of the Feller process. The Feller process can be envisioned as space-dependent diffusion, with diffusion coefficient $D\left(x\right)=x$, in a potential $U\left(x\right)=x(\frac{x}{2}-\theta )$ that owns a minimum at $\theta $. This restricts the process to the positive …

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034133] Published Mon Sep 26, 2022

]]>We study a $p$-spin model with ferromagnetic coupling and quenched random crystal fields for $p\ge 3$ for spin-1 systems. We find that the model has lines of first-order transitions at finite temperature $\left(T\right)$ for all $p\ge 3$. For bimodal distribution of the random crystal field these lines meet at a *triple poin…*

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034134] Published Mon Sep 26, 2022

]]>We introduce heat engines working in the nanoregime that allow one to extract a finite amount of deterministic work. Using the resource theory approach to themodynamics, we show that the efficiency of these cycles is strictly smaller than Carnot's, and we associate this difference with a fundamental…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034135] Published Mon Sep 26, 2022

]]>Hypergraphs and simplical complexes both capture the higher-order interactions of complex systems, ranging from higher-order collaboration networks to brain networks. One open problem in the field is what should drive the choice of the adopted mathematical framework to describe higher-order networks…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034319] Published Mon Sep 26, 2022

]]>In this work, we investigate the temporal evolution of the degree of a given vertex in a network by mapping the dynamics into a random walk problem in degree space. We analyze when the degree approximates a preestablished value through a parallel with the first-passage problem of random walks. The m…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034320] Published Mon Sep 26, 2022

]]>Hydrogen evolution in acidic aqueous electrolytes was recently found to be characterized by a carpet of microbubbles covering the microelectrode and feeding the growth of the main bubbles by coalescence. Besides this, oscillatory behavior of the main bubbles was observed prior to departure. Extendin…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 035105] Published Mon Sep 26, 2022

]]>For renewal-reward processes with a power-law decaying waiting time distribution, anomalously large probabilities are assigned to atypical values of the asymptotic processes. Previous works have revealed that this anomalous scaling causes a singularity in the corresponding large deviation function. …

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034130] Published Fri Sep 23, 2022

]]>The Mpemba effect is the phenomenon in which the system with high initial temperature cools faster than the system with low initial temperature when all other conditions are the same. A theoretical model of the Mpemba effect through the canonical first-order phase transition is proposed in this pape…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034131] Published Fri Sep 23, 2022

]]>We investigate how site dilution, as would be introduced by immunization, affects the properties of the active-to-absorbing nonequilibrium phase transition in the paradigmatic susceptible-infectious-recovered (SIR) model on regular cubic lattices. According to the Harris criterion, the critical beha…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034132] Published Fri Sep 23, 2022

]]>Some mosquitoes are vectors for disease transmission to human populations. *Aedes aegypti*, the main vector for dengue in Argentina, mainly breeds in artificial containers as it is strongly adapted to urban environments. This highlights the relevance of understanding human social behavior to design su…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034405] Published Fri Sep 23, 2022

]]>The motion of colloidal species on an out-of-thermal equilibrium surface is studied experimentally by optical microscopy. Water droplets of size in the micrometer range, spontaneously formed at a spherical-like interface between water and oil, are the colloidal species. The interface appears as a co…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034615] Published Fri Sep 23, 2022

]]>We study closed systems of particles that are subject to stochastic forces in addition to the conservative forces. The stochastic equations of motion are set up in such a way that the energy is strictly conserved at all times. To ensure this conservation law, the evolution equation for the probabili…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034129] Published Thu Sep 22, 2022

]]>Stochastic resetting causes kinetic phase transitions, whereas its underlying physical mechanism remains to be elucidated. We here investigate the anomalous transport of a particle moving in a chaotic system with a stochastic resetting and a rough potential and focus on how the stochastic resetting,…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034208] Published Thu Sep 22, 2022

]]>The role of waning immunity in basic epidemic models on networks has been undervalued while being noticeably fundamental for real epidemic outbreaks. One central question is which mean-field approach is more accurate in describing the epidemic dynamics. We tackled this problem considering the suscep…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034317] Published Thu Sep 22, 2022

]]>The basic reproduction number ${\mathcal{R}}_{0}$ is a standard indicator of infection control in epidemiology. Although ${\mathcal{R}}_{0}$ has been studied extensively for deterministic epidemic models, it has not been formulated accurately for models adopting network structures. Here, we extend a four-compartment model that inclu…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034318] Published Thu Sep 22, 2022

]]>We have explored a variety of synchronization domains and observed phase-flip transition in a pair of coupled 1-pentanol drops as a function of the volume mismatch. Both experimental observations and numerical studies are presented. The experiments were carried out in a rectangular channel in a ferr…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034614] Published Thu Sep 22, 2022

]]>We have studied the localization of waves in a one-dimensional lattice consisting of impurities where the spacing between consecutive impurities can take certain values with given probabilities. In general, such a distribution of impurities induces correlations in the disorder. In particular, with a…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034128] Published Wed Sep 21, 2022

]]>The adsorption of a single $\mathit{AB}$ random copolymer (RC) chain onto an inhomogeneous $ab$ surface with a regular periodic pattern is studied theoretically. The problem is considered within the simplest model of a partially directed random walk in two dimensions by using the method of generating functions a…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034501] Published Wed Sep 21, 2022

]]>The discharge of elongated particles from a silo with rotating bottom is investigated numerically. The introduction of a slight transverse shear reduces the flow rate $Q$ by up to 70% compared with stationary bottom, but the flow rate shows a modest increase by further increasing the external shear. F…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034904] Published Wed Sep 21, 2022

]]>Low-temperature gaseous plasmas exhibit great potential in designing tunable and reconfigurable electromagnetic devices. In this paper, based on an overdense-underdense core-shell plasma structure, tunable Kerker-type invisibility for a radiation-enhanced electrically small antenna is achieved, wher…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 035207] Published Wed Sep 21, 2022

]]>Self-propelled rods are a facet of the field of active matter relevant to many physical systems ranging in scale from shaken granular media and bacterial alignment to the flocking dynamics of animals. In this paper we develop a model for nematic alignment of self-propelled rods interacting through b…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034613] Published Tue Sep 20, 2022

]]>We propose two different approaches for introducing the information temperature of binary $N\mathrm{th}$-order Markov chains. The first approach is based on a comparison of Markov sequences with equilibrium Ising chains at given temperatures. The second approach uses probabilities of finite-length subsequences…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034127] Published Mon Sep 19, 2022

]]>Atom-optics kicked rotor represents an experimentally reliable version of the paradigmatic quantum kicked rotor system. In this system, a periodic sequence of kicks are imparted to the cold atomic cloud. After a short initial diffusive phase the cloud settles down to a stationary state due to the on…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034207] Published Mon Sep 19, 2022

]]>In this article we develop an algorithm for the efficient simulation of electrolytes in the presence of physical boundaries. In previous work the discrete ion stochastic continuum overdamped solvent (DISCOS) algorithm was derived for triply periodic domains, and was validated through ion-ion pair co…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 035104] Published Mon Sep 19, 2022

]]>Investigating the potential benefits of the use of magnetic fields in inertial confinement fusion experiments has given rise to experimental platforms like the Magnetized Liner Inertial Fusion approach at the Z-machine (Sandia National Laboratories) or its laser-driven equivalent at OMEGA (Laborator…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 035206] Published Mon Sep 19, 2022

]]>The phase-transition behavior of the NP-hard vertex-cover (VC) combinatorial optimization problem is studied numerically by linear programming (LP) on ensembles of random graphs. As the basic Simplex (SX) algorithm suitable for such LPs may produce incomplete solutions for sufficiently complex graph…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 035305] Published Mon Sep 19, 2022

]]>In this Letter, we discuss how flow inhomogeneity affects the self-diffusion behavior in granular flows. Whereas self-diffusion scalings have been well characterized in the past for homogeneous shearing, the effect of shear localization and nonlocality of the flow has not been studied. We, therefore…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, L032901] Published Mon Sep 19, 2022

]]>Stochastic resetting can be naturally understood as a renewal process governing the evolution of an underlying stochastic process. In this work, we formally derive well-known results of diffusion with resets from a renewal theory perspective. Parallel to the concepts from renewal theory, we introduc…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034126] Published Fri Sep 16, 2022

]]>Many dynamical processes of complex systems can be understood as the dynamics of a group of nodes interacting on a given network structure. However, finding such interaction structure and node dynamics from time series of node behaviors is tough. Conventional methods focus on either network structur…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034315] Published Fri Sep 16, 2022

]]>Information propagation on networks is a central theme in social, behavioral, and economic sciences, with important theoretical and practical implications, such as the influence maximization problem for viral marketing. Here we consider a model that unifies the classical independent cascade models a…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034316] Published Fri Sep 16, 2022

]]>By performing dynamic Monte Carlo simulations, we investigate the microrheology of isotropic suspensions of hard-core colloidal cuboids. In particular, we infer the local viscoelastic behavior of these fluids by studying the dynamics of a probe spherical particle that is incorporated in the host pha…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034612] Published Fri Sep 16, 2022

]]>We experimentally study the unjamming dynamics of strongly compressed particle rafts confined between two fixed walls and two movable barriers. The back barrier is made of an elastic band, whose deflection indicates the local stress. The front barrier is pierced by a gate, whose opening triggers loc…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034903] Published Fri Sep 16, 2022

]]>Thermocapillary convection is a common flow in space. Experiments regarding thermocapillary convection were previously carried out in a large-scale liquid bridge with a diameter of 20 mm on the Tiangong-2 space station, and the transition process to chaos was systematically studied. Under microgravi…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 035103] Published Fri Sep 16, 2022

]]>The engineering features of transmitting mediums and their impact on different characteristics of a quantum system play a significant role in the efficient performance of nonlocal protocols. For this purpose, the dynamics of open quantum systems and coupling mediums remain a pathway. In this work, w…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034122] Published Thu Sep 15, 2022

]]>We have studied the critical properties of the three-dimensional random anisotropy Heisenberg model by means of numerical simulations using the Parallel Tempering method. We have simulated the model with two different disorder distributions, cubic and isotropic ones, with two different anisotropy st…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034123] Published Thu Sep 15, 2022

]]>We investigate the dependence on the search space dimension of statistical properties of random searches with Lévy $\alpha $-stable and power-law distributions of step lengths. We find that the probabilities to return to the last target found $\left({P}_{0}\right)$ and to encounter faraway targets $\left({P}_{L}\right)$, as well as the associ…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034124] Published Thu Sep 15, 2022

]]>We introduce and analytically and numerically study a simple model of interagent competition, where underachievement is strongly discouraged. We consider $N\gg 1$ particles performing independent Brownian motions on the line. Two particles are selected at random and at random times, and the particle clos…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034125] Published Thu Sep 15, 2022

]]>We study the scenario in which traveling pulses emerge in a prototypical type-I one-dimensional excitable medium, which exhibits two different routes to excitable behavior, mediated by a homoclinic (saddle-loop) and a saddle-node on the invariant cycle bifurcations. We characterize the region in par…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034206] Published Thu Sep 15, 2022

]]>Bacterial growth and division generally occur by the process known as binary fission, in which the cells grow polarly until they divide into two daughter cells. Although this process is affected by factors that introduce stochastic variability in both growth rate and daughter cell length, the fact i…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034402] Published Thu Sep 15, 2022

]]>The mechanics of biological tissues mainly proceeds from the cell cortex rheology. A direct, explicit link between cortex rheology and tissue rheology remains lacking, yet would be instrumental in understanding how modulations of cortical mechanics may impact tissue mechanical behavior. Using an ord…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034403] Published Thu Sep 15, 2022

]]>Many bacteria have the ability to move towards sources of oxygen. The authors’ experiments show that for such motion the response to an oxygen gradient scales as a power law with the oxygen concentration, which is in good agreement with existing models based on the biochemistry of bacterial membrane receptors.

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034404] Published Thu Sep 15, 2022

]]>We calculate the configurational entropy of colloidal particles in a confined geometry interacting as hard disks using Monte Carlo integration. In particular, we consider systems with three kinds of boundary conditions: hard, periodic, and spherical. For small to moderate packing fraction $\varphi $ values, …

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034609] Published Thu Sep 15, 2022

]]>Microdroplets driven by the Marangoni effect are known to continue to swim for hours despite their simple composition. This swimming microdroplet changes its motion from straight to curvilinear and further to chaotic as the Péclet number increases. In this study, we investigate the effect of externa…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034610] Published Thu Sep 15, 2022

]]>The mechanical nonlinear response of dense Brownian suspensions of polymer gel particles is studied experimentally and by means of numerical simulations. It is shown that the response to the application of a constant shear rate depends on the previous history of the suspension. When the flow starts …

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034611] Published Thu Sep 15, 2022

]]>Rydberg atom arrays have recently emerged to be a promising platform for the exploration of exotic quantum phases of matter and quantum phenomena. In this work, we map out the ground-state phase diagram of Rydberg atoms on a honeycomb lattice as a function of the Rydberg blockade radius and the lase…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034121] Published Wed Sep 14, 2022

]]>Flocking in $d=2$ is a genuine nonequilibrium phenomenon for which irreversibility is an essential ingredient. We study a class of minimal flocking models whose only source of irreversibility is self-propulsion and use the entropy production rate (EPR) to quantify the departure from equilibrium across…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034608] Published Wed Sep 14, 2022

]]>In this paper, we provide a mathematical description of the onset of instability for buoyancy-driven flow around a cone. The self-similar solutions of the basic flow are derived, where the ambient fluid and the cone have independent temperature gradients. The linear instability properties are invest…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 035102] Published Wed Sep 14, 2022

]]>In this paper, we study the transport properties (percolation and conductivity) of a two-dimensional structure created by depositing dimers on a one-dimensional substrate where multilayer deposition is allowed. Specifically, we are interested in studying how the mentioned properties vary as a functi…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034120] Published Tue Sep 13, 2022

]]>Personal income distribution may exhibit a two-class structure, such that the lower income class of the population (85–98%) is described by exponential Boltzmann-Gibbs distribution, whereas the upper income class (2–15%) has a Pareto power-law distribution. We propose a method, based on a theoretica…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034313] Published Tue Sep 13, 2022

]]>Understanding how the interplay between higher-order and multilayer structures of interconnections influences the synchronization behaviors of dynamical systems is a feasible problem of interest, with possible application in essential topics such as neuronal dynamics. Here, we provide a comprehensiv…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034314] Published Tue Sep 13, 2022

]]>The thermodynamic nonequilibrium (TNE) effects in a coalescence process of two initially static bubbles under thermal conditions are investigated by a discrete Boltzmann model. The spatial distributions of the typical nonequilibrium quantity, i.e., nonorganized momentum fluxes (NOMFs), during evolut…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 035101] Published Tue Sep 13, 2022

]]>The nonlinear excitation of zonal flows (ZFs) generated by the ion-temperature-gradient turbulence in a tokamak plasma is investigated by using the global gyrokinetic code nlt. It is found that ZFs are initially driven by the nonlinear self-interaction of the eigenmode. In the nonlinear saturation, …

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 035205] Published Tue Sep 13, 2022

]]>[Phys. Rev. E 106, 039901] Published Tue Sep 13, 2022

]]>Probabilistic cellular automata provide a simple framework for exploring classical nonequilibrium processes. Recently, quantum cellular automata have been proposed that rely on the propagation of a one-dimensional quantum state along a fictitious discrete time dimension via the sequential applicatio…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, L032103] Published Tue Sep 13, 2022

]]>While there are many physical processes showing subdiffusion and some useful particle models for understanding the underlying mechanisms have been established, a systematic study of subdiffusive energy transport is still lacking. Here we present convincing evidence that, in the range of system size …

[Phys. Rev. E 106, L032201] Published Tue Sep 13, 2022

]]>Heat and noise control is essential for the continued development of quantum technologies. For this purpose, a particularly powerful tool is the heat rectifier, which allows for heat transport in one configuration of two baths but not the reverse. Here we propose a class of rectifiers that exploits …

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034116] Published Mon Sep 12, 2022

]]>Using combinatorial optimization techniques we study the critical properties of the two- and three-dimensional Ising models with uniformly distributed random antiferromagnetic couplings $(1\le {J}_{i}\le 2)$ in the presence of a homogeneous longitudinal field, $h$, at zero temperature. In finite systems of linear …

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034117] Published Mon Sep 12, 2022

]]>Recent works have established universal entanglement properties and demonstrated validity of single-particle eigenstate thermalization in quantum-chaotic quadratic Hamiltonians. However, a common property of all quantum-chaotic quadratic Hamiltonians studied in this context so far is the presence of…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034118] Published Mon Sep 12, 2022

]]>The kinetic equation for anisotropic motion-by-curvature is ill posed when the surface energy is strongly anisotropic. In this case, corners or edges are present on the Wulff shape, which span a range of missing orientations. In the sharp-interface problem the surface energy is augmented with a curv…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034119] Published Mon Sep 12, 2022

]]>In this paper, results concerning the phenomenon of adiabatic trapping into resonance for a class of quasi-integrable maps and Hamiltonians with a time-dependent exciter are presented and discussed in detail. The applicability of the results about trapping efficiency for Hamiltonian systems to the m…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034204] Published Mon Sep 12, 2022

]]>In the brain, common inputs play an important role in eliciting synchronous firing in the assembly of neurons. However, common inputs are usually unknown to observers. If an unobserved common input can be reconstructed only from outputs, it would be beneficial to the understanding of communication i…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034205] Published Mon Sep 12, 2022

]]>We present a benchmark study of autonomous, chemical agents exhibiting associative learning of an environmental feature. Associative learning systems have been widely studied in cognitive science and artificial intelligence but are most commonly implemented in highly complex or carefully engineered …

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034401] Published Mon Sep 12, 2022

]]>When exposed to an external magnetic field, 2D layers of spherical superparamagnetic colloids form specific structures which depend on the features of the external field. If the magnetic field is constant along time, superparamagnetic colloids self-organize into chains oriented in the direction of t…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034606] Published Mon Sep 12, 2022

]]>The electrostatic force on a spherical particle near a planar surface is calculated for the cases of a uniform electric field applied in either normal or tangential direction to the surface. The particle and suspending media are assumed to be weakly conducting, so that that the leaky dielectric mode…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034607] Published Mon Sep 12, 2022

]]>One of the unusual liquid crystalline phases exhibited by some compounds with bent-core (BC) molecules is designated as $\mathrm{Sm}A{P}_{R}$, in which transverse polarization (**P**) of smectic layers with upright molecules has a *random* orientational distribution. Most of such compounds undergo a transition to the $\mathrm{Sm}A{\dots}_{}$

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034702] Published Mon Sep 12, 2022

]]>Electron-beam plasma interaction has long been a topic of great interest. Despite the success of the quasilinear and weak turbulence theories, their validities are limited by the requirements of a sufficiently dense mode spectrum and a small wave amplitude. In this paper, we extensively study the co…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 035203] Published Mon Sep 12, 2022

]]>The superlubric-pinned transition in the depinning dynamics of a two-dimensional (2D) solid dusty plasma modulated by 2D triangular periodic substrates is investigated using Langevin dynamical simulations. When the lattice structure of the 2D solid dusty plasma perfectly matches the triangular subst…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 035204] Published Mon Sep 12, 2022

]]>When a plane electromagnetic wave impinges on a diffraction grating or other periodic structures, reflected and transmitted waves propagate away from the structure in different radiation channels. A diffraction anomaly occurs when the outgoing waves in one or more radiation channels vanish. Zero ref…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 035304] Published Mon Sep 12, 2022

]]>Thermodynamics strongly restricts the direction of heat flow in static macroscopic thermal diffusive systems. To overcome this constraint, spatiotemporal modulated systems are used instead. Here, we unveil the underlying geometric heat pump effect in macroscopic driven thermal diffusion, which is cr…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, L032102] Published Mon Sep 12, 2022

]]>Bistable biological regulatory systems need to cope with stochastic noise to fine tune their function close to bifurcation points. Here, we study stability properties of this regime in generic systems to demonstrate that cooperative interactions buffer system variability, hampering noise-induced reg…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, L032402] Published Mon Sep 12, 2022

]]>Dynamical simulation of the cascade failures on the Europe and United States (U.S.) high-voltage power grids has been done via solving the second-order Kuramoto equation. We show that synchronization transition happens by increasing the global coupling parameter $K$ with metasatble states depending on…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034311] Published Fri Sep 09, 2022

]]>Centrality measures quantify the importance of a node in a network based on different geometric or diffusive properties, and focus on different scales. Here, we adopt a geometrical viewpoint to define a multiscale centrality in networks. Given a metric distance between the nodes, we measure the cent…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034312] Published Fri Sep 09, 2022

]]>Extracting environmental forces from noisy data is a common yet challenging task in complex physical systems. Machine learning (ML) represents a robust approach to this problem, yet is mostly tested on simulated data with known parameters. Here we use supervised ML to extract the electrostatic, diss…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 035303] Published Fri Sep 09, 2022

]]>Extracting physical parameters that cannot be directly measured from an observed data set remains a great challenge in several fields of science and physics. In many of these problems, the construction of a physical model from waveforms is hampered by the phase ambiguity of the recorded wave fronts.…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034113] Published Thu Sep 08, 2022

]]>We apply Selberg's trace formula to solve problems in hyperbolic band theory, a recently developed extension of Bloch theory to model band structures on experimentally realized hyperbolic lattices. For this purpose we incorporate the higher-dimensional crystal momentum into the trace formula and eva…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034114] Published Thu Sep 08, 2022

]]>We have developed an analytical theory for a simple model of liquid water. We apply Wertheim's thermodynamic perturbation theory (TPT) and integral equation theory (IET) for associative liquids to the rose model, which is among the simplest models of water. The particles interact through rose potent…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034115] Published Thu Sep 08, 2022

]]>The lack of signed random networks in standard balance studies has prompted us to extend the Hamiltonian of the standard balance model. Random networks with tunable parameters are suitable for better understanding the behavior of standard balance as an underlying dynamics. Moreover, the standard bal…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034309] Published Thu Sep 08, 2022

]]>We propose a new centrality incorporating two classical node-level centralities, the degree centrality and the information centrality, which are considered as local and global centralities, respectively. These two centralities have expressions in terms of the graph Laplacian $L$, which motivates us to…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034310] Published Thu Sep 08, 2022

]]>We characterize a system of hard spheres with a simple collision rule that breaks time-reversal symmetry but conserves energy. The collisions lead to an achiral, isotropic, and homogeneous stationary state whose properties are determined in simulations and compared to an approximate theory originall…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034604] Published Thu Sep 08, 2022

]]>The motility-induced phase separation exhibited by active particles with repulsive interactions is well known. We show that the interaction softness of active particles destabilizes the highly ordered dense phase, leading to the formation of a porous cluster which spans the system. This *soft limit* c…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034605] Published Thu Sep 08, 2022

]]>We derive the coarse-graining (CG) equations of incompressible Hall magnetohydrodynamic (HMHD) turbulence to investigate the local (in space) energy transfer rate as a function of the filtering scale $\ell $. First, the CG equations are space averaged to obtain the analytical expression of the mean cascad…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 035202] Published Thu Sep 08, 2022

]]>We discuss a field-theoretical approach to liquids, solids, and glasses, published recently [Phys. Rev. E **105**, 034108 (2022)], which aims to describe these materials in a common formalism. We argue that such a formalism contradicts the known hydrodynamic theory of classical liquids. In particular, t…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 036601] Published Thu Sep 08, 2022

]]>We reply to the Comment by Bryk *et al.* [Phys Rev. E **106**, 036601 (2022)] on our paper [Phys. Rev. E **105**, 024602 (2022)].

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 036602] Published Thu Sep 08, 2022

]]>One-dimensional particle chains are fundamental models to explain anomalous thermal conduction in low-dimensional solids such as nanotubes and nanowires. In these systems the thermal energy is carried by phonons, i.e., propagating lattice oscillations that interact via nonlinear resonance. The avera…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034110] Published Wed Sep 07, 2022

]]>We introduce an alternative way to understand the decomposition of a quantum system into interacting parts and show that it is natural in several physical models. This enables us to define a reduced density operator for a working system interacting with a thermal bath that is consistent with the inc…

[Phys. Rev. E 106, 034111] Published Wed Sep 07, 2022

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