The semiexclusive channel ${\nu}_{\mu}+\mathrm{CH}\to {\mu}^{-}{\pi}^{0}+\text{nucleon}(\mathrm{s})$ is analyzed using MINERvA exposed to the low-energy NuMI ${\nu}_{\mu}$ beam with spectral peak at ${E}_{\nu}\simeq 3\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{GeV}$. Differential cross sections for muon momentum and production angle, ${\pi}^{0}$ kinetic energy and production angle, and for squared four-momentum transfer are rep...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 072003] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>We study the production of a Higgs boson in association to a top-antitop pair at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). We show how precise predictions for the differential distributions with respect to the transverse momentum of the Higgs boson, to the invariant mass of the top-antitop-Higgs system and t...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 073005] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>A framework to include triple collinear splitting functions into parton showers is presented, and the implementation of flavor-changing next-to-leading-order (NLO) splitting kernels is discussed as a first application. The correspondence between the Monte Carlo integration and the analytic computati...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 074017] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>We consider forward inclusive production of two quarks in the high energy p-A collisions in the color-glass-condensate formalism. We demonstrate that the production cross section is determined by the convolution of the proton generalized double transverse momentum-dependent distribution functions wi...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 074018] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>We investigate the chiral symmetry and its spontaneous breaking at finite temperature and in an external magnetic field with four-fermion interactions of different channels. Quantum and thermal fluctuations are included within the functional renormalization group approach, and properties of the set ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 074019] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>Perturbative QCD in the small Bjorken-$x$ limit can be formulated as an effective theory known as the color glass condensate (CGC) formalism. The CGC formalism takes into account the dynamics of large gluon densities at small $x$ and has been successfully applied to deep inelastic scattering (DIS) and p...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 074020] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>Mixed action lattice QCD with Borici-Creutz valence quarks on a staggered sea is investigated. The counterterms in Borici-Creutz action are fixed nonperturbatively to restore the broken parity and time symmetries. When symmetries are restored, the usual signatures of partial quenching are recovered....

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 074505] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>In an $SU(3{)}_{c}\times SU(2{)}_{L}\times SU(2{)}_{R}\times U(1{)}_{B-L}$ left-right symmetric framework, we present a new leptogenesis scenario parametrized by the Dirac neutrino mass matrix. Benefiting from the parity symmetry motivated to solve the strong $CP$ problem, the dimensionless couplings of the mirror fields are identified with...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 075024] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>Angular momentum plays very important roles in the formation of primordial black holes in the matter-dominated phase of the Universe if it lasts sufficiently long. In fact, most collapsing masses are bounced back due to centrifugal force, since angular momentum significantly grows before collapse. F...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 083517] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>We study the cosmological particle creation in the tachyon inflation based on the D-brane dynamics in the Randall-Sundrum (RSII) model extended to include matter in the bulk. The presence of matter modifies the warp factor which results in two effects: a modification of the RSII cosmology and a modi...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 083518] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>The observed dipole anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature is much larger than the fluctuations observed on smaller scales, and it is dominated by the kinematic contribution from the Doppler boosting of the monopole due to our motion with respect to the CMB rest frame. In ad...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 083519] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>Continuum spectrum from black hole accretion disc holds enormous information regarding the strong gravity regime around the black hole and hence about the nature of gravitational interaction in extreme situations. Since in such strong gravity regime the dynamics of gravity should be modified from th...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 084035] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>In this paper, we study the deflection of light by a class of charged wormholes within the context of the Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton theory. The primordial wormholes are predicted to exist in the early universe, where inflation is driven by the dilaton field. We perform our analysis through optical ge...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 084036] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>Anti-de Sitter black holes exhibit van der Waals-type phase transition. In the *extended* phase-space formalism, the critical exponents for any spacetime metric are identical to the standard ones. Motivated by this fact, we give a general expression for the Helmholtz free energy near the critical poin...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 084037] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>We show how masses for singlet fermions can be generated by interactions with a D-particle model of space-time foam inspired by brane theory. It has been shown previously by one of the authors (N. E. M.) that such interactions may generate dynamically small masses for charged fermions via the recoil...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 086012] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>A notion of localization of information within quantum subsystems plays a key role in describing the physics of quantum systems, and in particular is a *prerequisite* for discussing important concepts such as entanglement and information transfer. While subsystems can be readily defined for finite qua...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 086013] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>Based on gauge-gravity duality, by using holographic entanglement entropy, we have done a phenomenological study to probe the confinement-deconfinement phase transition in the holographic model resembling quantum chromodynamics with two massless flavors and three colors. Our outcomes are in perfect ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 086014] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>We calculate several differential distributions for the production of charm and dijets. Both single-parton scattering (SPS) and double-parton scattering (DPS) contributions are calculated in the ${k}_{T}$-factorization approach. The Kimber-Martin-Ryskin unintegrated parton distributions are used in our cal...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 074013] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>We evaluate the production cross sections of $X(3872)$ at the LHC and Tevatron at NLO in ${\alpha}_{s}$ in NRQCD by assuming that the short-distance production proceeds dominantly through its ${\chi}_{c1}^{\prime}$ component in our ${\chi}_{c1}^{\prime}-{D}^{0}{\overline{D}}^{*0}$ mixing model for $X(3872)$. The outcomes of the fits to the CMS ${p}_{T}$ distribution can well a...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 074014] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>We investigate the ultraviolet and infrared fixed point structure of gauge-Yukawa theories featuring a single gauge coupling, Yukawa coupling and scalar self-coupling. Our investigations are performed using the two loop gauge beta function, one loop Yukawa beta function, and one loop scalar beta fun...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 074015] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>A new QCD sum rule determination of the leading order hadronic vacuum polarization contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, ${a}_{\mu}^{\mathrm{hvp}}$, is proposed. This approach combines data on ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}$ annihilation into hadrons, perturbative QCD and lattice QCD results for the first derivative of the el...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 074016] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>Effective Polyakov line actions are a powerful tool to study the finite temperature behavior of lattice gauge theories. They are much simpler to simulate than the original lattice model and are affected by a milder sign problem, but it is not clear to which extent they really capture the rich spectr...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 074503] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>We find that the quark propagator constructed from the domain-wall fermion operator has ${L}_{s}-1$ extra poles as well as the pole that realizes the physical quark in the continuum limit. We show the energy-momentum dispersion relation for the physical and unphysical poles of Möbius domain-wall fermions i...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 074504] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>We define a focus point (FP) asymmetry, ${A}_{\mathrm{FP}}$, obtained by integrating the normalized transverse momentum distribution of either lepton produced in the Drell-Yan (DY) process below and above a point where a variety of popular ${Z}^{\prime}$ models all have the same magnitude. For a given ${Z}^{\prime}$ mass the position of t...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 075019] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>We discuss several phenomenological implications of very special relativity (VSR). It is assumed that there is a small violation of Lorentz invariance, and the true symmetry group of nature is a subgroup called SIM(2). This symmetry group postulates the existence of a fundamental or preferred direct...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 075020] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>We did a model independent phenomenological study of baryogenesis via leptogenesis, neutrinoless double beta decay (NDBD) and charged lepton flavor violation (CLFV) in a generic left-right symmetric model (LRSM) where neutrino mass originates from the type $\mathrm{I}+\text{type II}$ seesaw mechanism. We studied the ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 075021] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>We identify the differential cross sections for $t\overline{t}$ production and the total cross section for Higgs production through gluon fusion as the processes in which the two effective operators describing the leading nonstandard interactions of the top quark with the gluon can be disentangled and studied i...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 075022] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>We study the effect of nonstandard interactions (NSIs) on the propagation of neutrinos through the Earth’s matter and how it affects the hierarchy sensitivity of the DUNE experiment. We emphasize the special case when the diagonal NSI parameter ${\epsilon}_{ee}=-1$, nullifying the standard matter effect. We show ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 075023] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>The ${K}_{3}$ quantity, introduced in a context of the Leggett-Garg inequality violation, is studied for the neutrino oscillations in matter with a phenomenologically modeled dissipative environment. It is shown that the ${K}_{3}$ function acquires different values depending on whether the neutrino is a Dirac or ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 076008] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>A next-to-leading order correction to the high-energy factorization limit of radiation spectrum from an ultra-relativistic electron scattering in an external field is evaluated. Generally, it does not express through scattering characteristics, and accounts for smoothness of the crossover between th...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 076009] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>The momentum signatures of created pairs in the multiphoton regime in strong fields are investigated and obvious vortex patterns that are constituted of the quasi-Archimedian spirals are found when considering two opposite-handedness circularly polarized fields. Distinguished from the familiar Ramse...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 076010] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>[Phys. Rev. D 96, 079901] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>In hierarchical searches for continuous gravitational waves, clustering of candidates is an important post-processing step because it reduces the number of noise candidates that are followed up at successive stages [J. Aasi *et al.*, Phys. Rev. Lett. **88**, 102002 (2013); B. Behnke, M. A. Papa, and R. Pr...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 082003] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>We consider a baryogenesis scenario via the oscillation of right-handed neutrinos with Majorana masses of the order of GeV, which are also responsible for neutrino masses by the seesaw mechanism. We study how the initial condition alters the prediction of the present baryon asymmetry by this mechani...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 083010] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>The analysis of signals in directional dark matter (DM) detectors typically assumes that the directions of nuclear recoils can be measured in the Galactic rest frame. However, this is not possible with all directional detection technologies. In nuclear emulsions, for example, the recoil events must ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 083011] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>We discuss the feasibility of using astrophysical observations of white dwarfs as probes of fundamental physics. We quantify the effects of varying fundamental couplings on the white dwarf mass-radius relation in a broad class of unification scenarios, both for the simple case of a polytropic stella...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 083012] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>Dipolar dark matter is an alternative model motivated by the challenges faced by the standard cold dark matter model to describe the right phenomenology at galactic scales. A promising realization of dipolar dark matter was recently proposed in the context of massive bigravity theory. The model cont...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 083512] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>Prior change is discussed in observational constraints studies of nonlocally modified gravity, where a model characterized by a modification of the form $\sim {m}^{2}R{\square}^{-2}R$ to the Einstein-Hilbert action was compared against the base $\mathrm{\Lambda}\mathrm{CDM}$ one in a Bayesian way. It was found that the competing modified gravity ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 083513] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>We point out a unique mechanism to produce the relic abundance for the glueball dark matter from a gauged $\mathrm{SU}(N{)}_{d}$ hidden sector which is bridged to the standard model sector through heavy vectorlike quarks colored under gauge interactions from both sides. A necessary ingredient of our assumption is t...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 083514] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>We update the search for features in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) power spectrum due to transient reductions in the speed of sound, using Planck 2015 CMB temperature and polarization data. We enlarge the parameter space to much higher oscillatory frequencies of the feature, and define a rob...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 083515] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>Observations indicate that large-scale anomalies exist in the fluctuations of the cosmic microwave background. In these anomalies, the hemispherical power amplitude asymmetry has a correlation length comparable to that of the observable universe. We propose that a topological defect created by spont...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 083516] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>Earlier it was shown that the entropy of an ideal gas, contained in a box and moving in a gravitational field, develops an area dependence when it approaches the horizon of a static, spherically symmetric spacetime. Here we extend the above result in two directions; viz., to (a) the stationary axisy...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 084030] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>We consider a nonlocal gravity model motivated by nonperturbative quantum gravity studies. This model, if correct, suggests the existence of strong IR relevant effects which can lead to an interesting late time cosmology. We implement the IR modification directly in the effective action. We show tha...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 084031] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>We provide the first explicit proposal for all microstates of generic black holes in three dimensions (of Bañados-Teitelboim-Zanelli type): black hole microstates, termed “horizon fluff,” are a particular class of near horizon soft hairs which have zero energy as measured by the horizon observer and...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 084032] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>We develop a unified description, via the Boltzmann equation, of damping of gravitational waves by matter, incorporating collisions. We identify two physically distinct damping mechanisms—collisional and Landau damping. We first consider damping in flat spacetime, and then generalize the results to ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 084033] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>Consider a dynamic general relativistic spacetime in which the proper infinitesimal interval along one spatial coordinate direction decreases monotonically with time, while the corresponding intervals increase along other spatial directions. In a system undergoing such complete anisotropic collapse/...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 084034] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>We reexamine canonical quantization of the gauged Rarita-Schwinger theory using the extended theory, incorporating a dimension $\frac{1}{2}$ auxiliary spin-$\frac{1}{2}$ field $\mathrm{\Lambda}$, in which there is an exact off-shell gauge invariance. In $\mathrm{\Lambda}=0$ gauge, which reduces to the original unextended theory, our results agree with th...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 085005] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>We investigate the holographic Smarr relation beyond the large $N$ limit. By making use of the holographic dictionary, we find that the bulk correlates of subleading $1/N$ corrections to this relation are related to the couplings in Lovelock gravity theories. We likewise obtain a holographic equation of...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 086008] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>We examine the four-dimensional path integral for Euclidean quantum gravity in the context of the EPRL-FK spin foam model. The state sum is restricted to certain symmetric configurations which resemble the geometry of a flat homogeneous and isotropic universe. The vertex structure is specially chose...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 086009] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>The sigma model of closed strings spinning in the $\eta $ deformation of ${\mathrm{AdS}}_{5}\times {S}^{5}$ leads to an integrable deformation of the one-dimensional Neumann-Rosochatius mechanical system. In this article we construct general solutions to this system that can be written in terms of elliptic functions. The solutions ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 086010] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>We study the time development of strongly coupled $\mathcal{N}=4$ supersymmetric Yang Mills (SYM) theory on cosmological Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) backgrounds via the AdS/CFT correspondence. We implement the cosmological background as a boundary metric fulfilling the Friedmann equation with a four-dimens...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 086011] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>Jet energy scale measurements and their systematic uncertainties are reported for jets measured with the ATLAS detector using proton-proton collision data with a center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=13\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{TeV}$, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $3.2\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\mathrm{fb}}^{-1}$ collected during 2015 at the LHC. Jets are reco...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 072002] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

]]>In this paper we study the dependence of Bose-Einstein correlations on the multiplicity of an event. We find that events with large multiplicity stem from the production of several-parton showers, while the additional production of small multiplicity in the central rapidity region (central diffracti...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 074011] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

]]>Pseudorapidity and azimuthal three-particle correlations are studied based on a correlated-cluster model of multiparticle production. The model provides a common framework for correlations in proton-proton and heavy-ion collisions allowing easy comparison with the measurements. It is shown that azim...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 074012] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

]]>We investigate the possibility of testing supergravity unified models with scalar masses in the range 50–100 TeV and much lighter gaugino masses at the Large Hadron Collider. The analysis is carried out under the constraints that models produce the Higgs boson mass consistent with experiment and als...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 075015] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

]]>Distinguishing the Dirac and Majorana nature of neutrinos remains one of the most important tasks in neutrino physics. By assuming that the ${\tau}^{-}\to {\pi}^{-}{\mu}^{-}{e}^{+}\nu (\text{or}\overline{\nu})$ decay is resonantly enhanced by the exchange of an intermediate mass sterile neutrino $N$, we show that the energy spectrum of emitted pions and ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 075016] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

]]>We consider the noncommutative Standard Model that contains Lorentz symmetry violation as a subset of the Standard Model extension. We introduce a constant electromagnetic field as a background to derive mutual relations between the free parameters of both theories. As the Lorentz violation paramete...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 075017] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

]]>The first hint of the neutrino mass hierarchy is believed to come from the long-baseline experiment $\mathrm{NO}\nu \mathrm{A}$. Recent results from $\mathrm{NO}\nu \mathrm{A}$ shows a mild preference towards the $CP$ phase ${\delta}_{13}=-90\xb0$ and normal hierarchy. Fortunately this is the favorable area of the parameter space which does not suffer from the ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 075018] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

]]>We present a simple model of defects embedded in flat spacetime, where the model is designed to maintain Lorentz invariance over large length scales. Even without remnant Lorentz violation, there are still effects from these spacetime defects on the propagation of physical fields, notably mass gener...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 076007] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

]]>The statistical significance of a candidate gravitational-wave (GW) event is crucial to the prospects for a confirmed detection, or for its selection as a candidate for follow-up electromagnetic observation. To determine the significance of a GW candidate, a ranking statistic is evaluated and compar...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 082002] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

]]>The attenuation effect is the effect of weakening contributions to the oscillation signal from remote structures of the matter density profile. The effect is a consequence of integration over the neutrino energy within the energy resolution interval. Structures of a density profile situated at dista...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 083009] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

]]>A detailed perturbative construction of globally regular, asymptotically anti–de Sitter (AdS) time-periodic solutions of Einstein’s equations with a negative cosmological constant (AdS geons) is presented. Starting with the most general superposition of the $l=2$ even parity (scalar) eigenmodes of AdS...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 084027] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

]]>Impulsive, nondiverging, Petrov-Segre type-N gravitational wave solutions to a general massive three-dimensional gravity in the de Sitter, anti–de Sitter, and flat Minkowski backgrounds are constructed in a unified manner by using the exterior algebra of differential forms.

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 084028] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

]]>We study the heat capacity of a static system of self-gravitating radiations analytically in the context of general relativity. To avoid the complexity due to a conical singularity at the center, we excise the central part and replace it with a regular spherically symmetric distribution of matters o...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 084029] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

]]>All pieces of concrete evidence for phenomena outside the standard model (SM)—neutrino masses and dark matter—are consistent with the existence of new degrees of freedom that interact very weakly, if at all, with those in the SM. We propose that these new degrees of freedom organize themselves into ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 075010] Published Thu Oct 12, 2017

]]>We demonstrate analytically and numerically the existence of geodesically complete singularities in quintessence and scalar-tensor quintessence models with scalar field potential of the form $V(\varphi )\sim |\varphi {|}^{n}$ with $0<n<1$. In the case of quintessence, the singularity which occurs at $\varphi =0$, involves diverg...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 084024] Published Thu Oct 12, 2017

]]>The canonical formulation of higher-order theories of gravity can only be accomplished by introducing additional degrees of freedom, namely, the extrinsic curvature tensor ${K}_{ij}$. Consequently, to match Cauchy data with the boundary data, terms in addition to the three-space metric ${h}_{ij}$ must also be fix...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 084025] Published Thu Oct 12, 2017

]]>We investigate the internal structure and the mass-radius relation of neutron stars in a recently proposed scalar-tensor theory dubbed asymmetron in which a massive scalar field undergoes spontaneous scalarization inside neutron stars. We focus on the case where the Compton wavelength is shorter tha...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 084026] Published Thu Oct 12, 2017

]]>We study the dihadron fragmentation functions (DiFF) of longitudinally polarized quarks into pion pairs. The quark-jet framework is used to model the sequential hadronization of a polarized quark into hadrons, where the polarization transfer to the remnant quark in each hadron emission step is calcu...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 074010] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

]]>We compute the decay widths for the neutral and singly-charged Higgs bosons in the Georgi-Machacek model into the final states $\gamma \gamma $, $Z\gamma $, and $W\gamma $. These decays are most phenomenologically interesting for the fermiophobic custodial fiveplet states ${H}_{5}^{0}$ and ${H}_{5}^{\pm}$ when their masses are below threshold for dec...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 075013] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

]]>T-odd correlations in $Wj$ production at the LHC have been studied recently as a way to measure a phase produced by QCD at NLO by Frederix *et al.* [T-odd Asymmetry in $\mathrm{W}+\text{jet}$ Events at the LHC, Phys. Rev. Lett. **113**, 152001 (2014)]. That study found that the induced asymmetry could be observed with $20\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\mathrm{fb}}^{...}$

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 075014] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

]]>Compensated isocurvature perturbations (CIPs) are primordial fluctuations that balance baryon and dark-matter isocurvature to leave the total matter density unperturbed. The effects of CIPs on the cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropies are similar to those produced by weak lensing of the CMB...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 083508] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

]]>Constraining the dark energy (DE) equation of state, ${w}_{\mathrm{DE}}$, is one of the primary science goals of ongoing and future cosmological surveys. In practice, with imperfect data and incomplete redshift coverage, this requires making assumptions about the evolution of ${w}_{\mathrm{DE}}$ with redshift $z$. These assumptions ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 083509] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

]]>Axions arise in many theoretical extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, in particular the “string axiverse.” If the axion masses, ${m}_{a}$, and (effective) decay constants, ${f}_{a}$, lie in specific ranges, then axions contribute to the cosmological dark matter and dark energy densities. We compu...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 083510] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

]]>Models of inflationary magnetogenesis with a coupling to the electromagnetic action of the form ${f}^{2}{F}_{\mu \nu}{F}^{\mu \nu}$, are known to suffer from several problems. These include the strong coupling problem, the backreaction problem and also strong constraints due to the Schwinger effect. We propose a model which r...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 083511] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

]]>We study the simplest superstring bit model at finite $N$ using the characters of the $SU(N)$ group. We obtain exact, analytic expressions for small $N$ partition functions and Gaussian approximations for them in the high-temperature limit for all $N$. We use numerical evidence to identify two temperature r...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 086006] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

]]>We show the AdS/CFT correspondence between the conformal partial wave and the geodesic Witten diagram with antisymmetric exchange. To this end, we introduce the embedding space formalism for antisymmetric fields in anti-de Sitter. Then, we prove that the geodesic Witten diagram satisfies the conform...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 086007] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

]]>The LHCb Collaboration has recently reported a $2.5\sigma $ discrepancy with respect to the predicted value in a test of lepton universality in the ratio ${R}_{{K}^{*}}=\mathrm{BR}(B\to {K}^{*}{\mu}^{+}{\mu}^{-})/\mathrm{BR}(B\to {K}^{*}{e}^{+}{e}^{-})$. Coupled with an earlier observation of a similar anomaly in ${R}_{K}$, this has generated significant excitement. A number of new ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 075012] Published Tue Oct 10, 2017

]]>We study the pair-production process in the presence of two counterpropagating linearly polarized short laser pulses. By means of a nonperturbative technique, we take into account the full coordinate dependence of the external field going beyond the dipole and standing-wave approximations. In partic...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 076006] Published Tue Oct 10, 2017

]]>We assess the utility of an optimization-based data assimilation (D.A.) technique for treating the problem of nonlinear neutrino flavor transformation in core-collapse supernovae. D.A. uses measurements obtained from a physical system to estimate the state variable evolution and parameter values of ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 083008] Published Tue Oct 10, 2017

]]>We explore whether perturbative interacting fixed points in matter systems can persist under the impact of quantum gravity. We first focus on semisimple gauge theories and show that the leading order gravity contribution evaluated within the functional Renormalization Group framework preserves the p...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 084021] Published Tue Oct 10, 2017

]]>We construct traversable thin-shell wormholes which are asymptotically Ads/dS applying the cut and paste procedure for the case of an acoustic metric created by a relativistic Bose-Einstein condensate. We examine several definitions of the flare-out condition along with the violation or not of the e...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 084022] Published Tue Oct 10, 2017

]]>The Horndeski Lagrangian brings together all possible interactions between gravity and a scalar field that yield second-order field equations in four-dimensional spacetime. As originally proposed, it only addresses phenomenology without torsion, which is a non-Riemannian feature of geometry. Since t...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 084023] Published Tue Oct 10, 2017

]]>It has been found recently that the vacuum state of quantum electrodynamics (QED) is infinitely degenerate. The authors exploit this fact and show that any non-trivial scattering process in QED is necessarily accompanied by a transition among the degenerate vacua, making the scattering amplitude finite at low energy scales (infrared finite).

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 085002] Published Tue Oct 10, 2017

]]>We derive the trace and diffeomorphism anomalies of the Schrödinger field minimally coupled to the Newton-Cartan background using Fujikawa’s path integral approach. This approach, in particular, enables us to calculate the one-loop contributions due to all the fields of the Newton-Cartan structure. ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 085003] Published Tue Oct 10, 2017

]]>The ${\mathbb{RP}}^{3}$ geon and the Schwarzschild black hole are two black hole spacetimes which differ only behind the event horizon. We show that the thermal Hawking radiation emanating from the two black holes contains nontrivial correlations, that these correlations contain information about their interiors, a...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 085004] Published Tue Oct 10, 2017

]]>The half-BPS boundary conditions preserving $\mathcal{N}=(2,2)$ and $\mathcal{N}=(0,4)$ supersymmetry in 3d $\mathcal{N}=4$ supersymmetric gauge theories are examined. The BPS equations admit decomposition of the bulk supermultiplets into specific boundary supermultiplets of preserved supersymmetry. Nahm-like equations arise in the ve...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 086005] Published Tue Oct 10, 2017

]]>The authors propose an innovative scenario that can explain the matter-antimatter asymmetry. The proposal is based on a low-scale baryogenesis model, in which Majorana fermions mediate heavy baryon-antibaryon oscillations. The authors investigate ways in which some of these new Majorana fermions may be produced at colliders.

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 075009] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>Recently there has been interest in the correlation between $R({D}^{*})$ and the branching ratio (BR) of ${B}_{c}^{-}\to \tau \overline{\nu}$ in models with a charged scalar ${H}^{\pm}$. Any enhancement of $R({D}^{*})$ by ${H}^{\pm}$ alone (in order to agree with current data) also enhances $\mathrm{BR}({B}_{c}^{-}\to \tau \overline{\nu})$, for which there has been no direct search at hadron coll...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 075011] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>The width of the ${f}_{1}(1285)\to {e}^{+}{e}^{-}$ decay is calculated in the vector meson dominance model. The result depends on the relative phase between two coupling constants describing ${f}_{1}\to {\rho}^{0}\gamma $ decay. The width $\mathrm{\Gamma}({f}_{1}\to {e}^{+}{e}^{-})$ is estimated to be $\simeq 0.07\u20130.19\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{eV}$. Direct ${f}_{1}$ production in ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}$ collisions is discussed, and t...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 076004] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>We advocate the use of on-shell constrained ${M}_{2}$ variables in order to mitigate the combinatorial problem in supersymmetry-like events with two invisible particles at the LHC. We show that in comparison to other approaches in the literature, the constrained ${M}_{2}$ variables provide superior ansätze for th...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 076005] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>We study BPS bound states of little strings in a limit where they realize monopole strings in five dimensional gauge theories. The latter have gauge group $U(M{)}^{N}$ and arise from compactification of (1,0) little string theories of type ${A}_{M-1}\times {A}_{N-1}$. We find evidence that the partition function of a certai...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 081901(R)] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>Spherically symmetric relativistic stars with a polytropic equation of state (EoS), which possess local pressure anisotropy, are considered within the framework of general relativity. The generalized Lane-Emden equations are derived for the arbitrary anisotropy parameter $\mathrm{\Delta}={p}_{t}-{p}_{r}$ (${p}_{t}$ and ${p}_{r}$ being the...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 083007] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>Gravitational waves can be used to test general relativity (GR) in the highly dynamical strong-field regime. Scalar-tensor theories of gravity are natural alternatives to GR that can manifest nonperturbative phenomena in neutron stars (NSs). One such phenomenon, known as dynamical scalarization, occ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 084019] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>In this paper we study a numerical implementation for the initial boundary value formulation for the generalized conformal field equations. We propose a formulation which is well suited for the study of the long-time behavior of perturbed exact solutions such as a Schwarzschild or even a Kerr black ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 084020] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>For a field theory with a gravitational dual, we study holographic fidelity susceptibility for two states related by a deformation of a relevant operator. To do so, we study the backreaction of a massive scalar field on the asymptotic behavior of the metric in an Einstein gravity coupled to a massiv...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 086004] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>We use the covariant spectator theory with an effective quark-antiquark interaction, containing Lorentz scalar, pseudoscalar, and vector contributions, to calculate the masses and vertex functions of, simultaneously, heavy and heavy-light mesons. We perform least-square fits of the model parameters,...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 074007] Published Fri Oct 06, 2017

]]>The electromagnetic probe has proven to be a very efficient way to access the three-dimensional structure of the nucleon, particularly thanks to the exclusive Compton processes. We explore the hard photoproduction of a large invariant mass diphoton in the kinematical regime where the diphoton is nea...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 074008] Published Fri Oct 06, 2017

]]>We solve the Faddeev equations for the bound state problem of three particles to study different three-body systems containing open flavor heavy mesons: $\overline{D}NN$, $BNN$, $\overline{D}\overline{D}N$ and $BBN$. We use a coupled-channel formalism considering the $S$-wave spin excitations of the constituent hadrons: ${\overline{D}}^{*}$, ${B}^{*}$, and $\mathrm{\Delta}$ whe...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 074009] Published Fri Oct 06, 2017

]]>We study the possibility of probing different texture zero neutrino mass matrices at the long baseline neutrino experiment DUNE, particularly focusing on its sensitivity to the octant of atmospheric mixing angle ${\theta}_{23}$ and leptonic Dirac $CP$ phase ${\delta}_{\mathrm{cp}}$. Assuming a diagonal charged lepton basis and Majora...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 075006] Published Fri Oct 06, 2017

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