The NEMO-3 experiment measured the half-life of the $2\nu \beta \beta $ decay and searched for the $0\nu \beta \beta $ decay of ${}^{116}\mathrm{Cd}$. Using 410 g of ${}^{116}\mathrm{Cd}$ installed in the detector with an exposure of 5.26 y, ($4968\pm 74$) events corresponding to the $2\nu \beta \beta $ decay of ${}^{116}\mathrm{Cd}$ to the ground state of ${}^{116}\mathrm{Sn}$ have been observed with a signal …

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 012007] Published Tue Jan 17, 2017

]]>Combining the recently reported electric dipole moment (EDM) of the ${}^{199}\mathrm{Hg}$ atom due to breaking of parity and time-reversal symmetries with the improved relativistic atomic calculations, precise limits on the tensor-pseudotensor (T-PT) electron-nucleus (e-N) coupling coefficient and the nuclear Schif…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 013002] Published Tue Jan 17, 2017

]]>We evaluate the partial decay widths for the semileptonic ${\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{b}\to {\overline{\nu}}_{l}l{\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{c}(2595)$ and ${\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{b}\to {\overline{\nu}}_{l}l{\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{c}(2625)$ decays from the perspective that these two ${\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{c}^{*}$ resonances are dynamically generated from the $DN$ and ${D}^{*}N$ interaction with coupled channels. We find that the ratio of the rates obtained for these two reaction…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014015] Published Tue Jan 17, 2017

]]>Satisfactory description of data by hydrodynamics-motivated models, as has been reported recently by experimental collaborations at the LHC, confirm “collectivity” in high-multiplicity proton-proton $(pp)$ collisions. Notwithstanding this, a detailed study of high-multiplicity $pp$ data in other approac…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014016] Published Tue Jan 17, 2017

]]>At the LHC, dileptonic events may turn up new physics interacting with quarks and leptons. The poster child for this scenario is a resonant ${Z}^{\prime}$, much anticipated in ${\ell}^{+}{\ell}^{-}$ invariant mass spectra. However, *angular* spectra of dileptons may play an equal or stronger role in discovering a nonresonant speci…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 015011] Published Tue Jan 17, 2017

]]>We suggest two alternative schemes to predict lepton mixing angles as well as $CP$ violating phases from a discrete flavor symmetry group combined with $CP$ symmetry. In the first scenario, the flavor and $CP$ symmetry is broken to the residual groups of the structure ${Z}_{2}\times CP$ in the neutrino and charged lep…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 015012] Published Tue Jan 17, 2017

]]>[Phys. Rev. D 95, 019903] Published Tue Jan 17, 2017

]]>The long-standing problem of whether the cosmological constant affects directly the deflection of light caused by a gravitational lens is reconsidered. We use a new approach based on the Hawking quasilocal mass of a sphere grazed by light rays and on its splitting into local and cosmological parts. …

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 023509] Published Tue Jan 17, 2017

]]>The spatially closed Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker model in loop quantum cosmology admits two inequivalent consistent quantizations: one based on expressing the field strength in terms of the holonomies over closed loops and another using a connection operator and open holonomies. Using the ef…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 023510] Published Tue Jan 17, 2017

]]>We consider $P({\varphi}^{I},{X}^{IJ})$ theories of multifield inflation and ask the question of how to define the adiabatic and entropy perturbations, widely used in calculating the curvature and isocurvature power spectra, in this general context. It is found that when the field perturbations propagate with differe…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 023511] Published Tue Jan 17, 2017

]]>Huge electromagnetic fields are known to be present during the late stages of the dynamics of supernovae. Thus, when dealing with electrodynamics in this context, the possibility may arise to probe nonlinear theories (generalizations of the Maxwellian electromagnetism). We firstly solve Einstein fie…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 025011] Published Tue Jan 17, 2017

]]>We investigate whether the beta function of the finite-$N$ Gross-Neveu model, as calculated up to the four-loop level, exhibits evidence for an infrared zero. As part of our analysis, we calculate and analyze Padé approximants to this beta function and evaluate effects of scheme dependence. From our s…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 025012] Published Tue Jan 17, 2017

]]>In this paper we extend our recent nonperturbative functional renormalization group analysis of Reggeon field theory to the interactions of Pomeron and Odderon fields. We establish the existence of a fixed point and its universal properties, which exhibits a novel symmetry structure in the space of …

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014013] Published Fri Jan 13, 2017

]]>We derive the medium-induced, *fully coherent* soft gluon radiation spectrum associated with the hard forward scattering of an energetic parton off a nucleus, in the saturation formalism within the Gaussian approximation for the relevant correlators of Wilson lines and for finite number of colors. The…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014014] Published Fri Jan 13, 2017

]]>We determine quark mass dependent order $a$ improvement terms of the form ${b}_{J}am$ for nonsinglet scalar, pseudoscalar, vector and axialvector currents using correlators in coordinate space on a set of Coordinated Lattice Simulations ensembles. These have been generated employing nonperturbatively improve…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014505] Published Fri Jan 13, 2017

]]>We take the JUNO experiment as an example to explore nuclearites in the future large liquid scintillator detector. Comparing to the previous calculations, the visible energy of nuclearites across the liquid scintillator will be reestimated for the liquid scintillator based detector. Then the JUNO se…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 015010] Published Fri Jan 13, 2017

]]>A spherically symmetric collapsing scalar field model is discussed with a dissipative fluid which includes a heat flux. This vastly general matter distribution is analyzed at the expense of a high degree of symmetry in the space-time, that of conformal flatness and self-similarity. Indeed collapsing…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024015] Published Fri Jan 13, 2017

]]>Any recipe to grow black hole hair has to circumvent no-hair theorems by violating some of their assumptions. Recently discovered hairy black hole solutions exist due to the fact that their scalar fields don’t inherit the symmetries of the spacetime metric. We present here a general analysis of the …

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024016] Published Fri Jan 13, 2017

]]>The effects of a nonminimally coupled curvature-matter model of gravity on a perturbed Minkowski metric are presented. The action functional of the model involves two functions ${f}^{1}(R)$ and ${f}^{2}(R)$ of the Ricci scalar curvature $R$. This work expands upon previous results, extending the framework developed…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024017] Published Fri Jan 13, 2017

]]>We discuss a supersymmetric generalization of the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) model. These are quantum mechanical models involving $N$ Majorana fermions. The supercharge is given by a polynomial expression in terms of the Majorana fermions with random coefficients. The Hamiltonian is the square of the sup…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 026009] Published Fri Jan 13, 2017

]]>Recently Witten introduced a type IIB brane construction with certain boundary conditions to study knot invariants and Khovanov homology. The essential ingredients used in his work are the topologically twisted $\mathcal{N}=4$ Yang-Mills theory, localization equations and surface operators. In this paper we ext…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 026010] Published Fri Jan 13, 2017

]]>We have carried out a phenomenological analysis of the latest deep virtual Compton scattering experimental data based on the generalized parton distribution formalism. This allows us to extract the dependence of the spatial size of the proton on the quark’s longitudinal momentum. This results in the…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 011501(R)] Published Thu Jan 12, 2017

]]>The relaxion mechanism elegantly solves the Higgs hierarchy problem, but it requires that the early Universe experiences a long inflation phase with a small energy scale since the settle down of the relaxion needs to take place during inflation. In this paper, unlike the original one, we consider an…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 015009] Published Thu Jan 12, 2017

]]>We perform a comprehensive study of the dark energy equation of state (EoS) utilizing the model-independent Gaussian processes (GP). Using a combination of the Union 2.1 data set, the 30 newly added H(z) cosmic chronometer data points and Planck’s shift parameter, we modify the usual GaPP code and p…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 023508] Published Thu Jan 12, 2017

]]>The classical approach to spacetime singularities leads to a simplified dynamics in which spatial derivatives become unimportant compared to time derivatives, and thus each spatial point essentially becomes uncoupled from its neighbors. This uncoupled dynamics leads to sharp features (called “spikes…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024014] Published Thu Jan 12, 2017

]]>The LHCb collaboration has identified four new structures in B+ decays that are likely to be tetraquark states. These tetraquark systems contain neither of the light $u$ and $d$ quarks.

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 012002] Published Wed Jan 11, 2017

]]>We construct the three-flavor Lorentz-invariant meson-baryon chiral Lagrangians at the order ${p}^{4}$, with which a full one-loop investigation may be performed. One obtains 540 independent terms. The processes with the minimal number of mesons and photons to which this order of Lagrangians may contribute…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014012] Published Wed Jan 11, 2017

]]>The Kalb-Ramond field, identifiable with bulk torsion in a five-dimensional Randall Sundrum (RS) scenario, has Chern-Simons interactions with gauge bosons, from the requirement of gauge anomaly cancellation. Its lowest Kaluza Klein (KK) mode on the visible 3-brane can be identified with a spin-0 $CP$-…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 015007] Published Wed Jan 11, 2017

]]>The observation of a protophobic 16.7 MeV vector boson has been reported by a ${}^{8}\mathrm{Be}$ nuclear transition experiment. Such a new particle could mediate between the Standard Model and a dark sector, which includes the dark matter. In this paper, we show some simple models of the dark matter which satisfy …

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 015008] Published Wed Jan 11, 2017

]]>A deep connection has been recently established between soft theorems and symmetries at null infinity in gravity and gauge theories, recasting the former as Ward identities of the latter. In particular, different orders (in the frequency of the soft particle) in the soft theorems are believed to be …

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 021701(R)] Published Wed Jan 11, 2017

]]>The recent discovery of gravitational waves from merging black holes has generated interest in primordial black holes as a possible component of dark matter. In this paper, we show that pulsar timing may soon have sufficient data to constrain $1\u20131000\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{M}_{\odot}$ primordial black holes (PBHs) via the nondetec…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 023002] Published Wed Jan 11, 2017

]]>So far, direct detection searches have come up empty handed in their quest for dark matter (DM). Meanwhile, asteroseismology arises as a complementary tool to study DM, as its accumulation in a star can enhance energy transport by providing a conduction mechanism, producing significant changes in th…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 023507] Published Wed Jan 11, 2017

]]>We consider a model belonging to the class of gravities with dynamical torsion. The model is free of ghosts and gradient instabilities about Minkowski and torsionless Einstein backgrounds. We find that at zero cosmological constant, the model admits a self-accelerating solution with a non-Riemannian…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024013] Published Wed Jan 11, 2017

]]>The present work contributes to the study of nonequilibrium aspects of the Casimir forces with the introduction of squeezed states in the calculations. Throughout this article two main results can be found, being both strongly correlated. Primarily, the more formal result involves the development of…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 025009] Published Wed Jan 11, 2017

]]>We consider finite charge density geometries which interpolate between ${\mathrm{AdS}}_{2}\times {\mathbb{R}}^{2}$ in the infrared and ${\mathrm{AdS}}_{4}$ in the ultraviolet, while traversing an intermediate regime of anisotropic Lifshitz scaling and hyperscaling violation. We work with Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton models and only turn on a background e…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 026007] Published Wed Jan 11, 2017

]]>We compute one-loop free energy for $D=4$ Vasiliev higher spin gravities based on Konstein-Vasiliev algebras $hu(m;n|4)$, $ho(m;n|4)$, or $husp(m;n|4)$ and subject to higher spin-preserving boundary conditions, which are conjectured to be dual to the $U(N)$, $O(N)$ or $USp(N)$ singlet sectors, respectively, of fr…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 026008] Published Wed Jan 11, 2017

]]>The first observation of the rare decay ${B}_{s}^{0}\to \varphi {\pi}^{+}{\pi}^{-}$ and evidence for ${B}^{0}\to \varphi {\pi}^{+}{\pi}^{-}$ are reported, using $pp$ collision data recorded by the LHCb detector at center-of-mass energies $\sqrt{s}=7$ and 8 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $3\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\mathrm{fb}}^{-1}$. The branching fractions in the ${\pi}^{+}{\pi}^{-}$ invariant mass range $400\dots $

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 012006] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017

]]>We compute the twist-three fragmentation contribution to the transverse single spin asymmetry (SSA) in light hadron production ${p}^{\uparrow}p\to hX$ and ${p}^{\uparrow}A\to hX$ including the gluon saturation effect in the unpolarized nucleon/nucleus. Together with the results in our previous paper, this completes the full evaluati…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014008] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017

]]>By considering the 3-3-1 and the left-right symmetric models as low-energy effective theories of the $SU(3{)}_{C}\otimes SU(3{)}_{L}\otimes SU(3{)}_{R}$ (for short $[SU(3){]}^{3}$) gauge group, alternative versions of these models are found. The new neutral gauge bosons of the universal 3-3-1 model and its flipped versions are presented…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014009] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017

]]>The recent experimental results of the LHCb Collaboration suggested the existence of pentaquark states with a charmonium. To understand the structure of the states, a dynamical calculation of 5-quark systems with quantum numbers $I{J}^{P}=\frac{1}{2}(\frac{1}{2}{)}^{\pm}$, $\frac{1}{2}(\frac{3}{2}{)}^{\pm}$ and $\frac{1}{2}(\frac{5}{2}{)}^{\pm}$ is performed in the framework of the c…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014010] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017

]]>We present a comprehensive analysis of the spacelike nucleon electromagnetic form factors and their flavor decomposition within the framework of light-front (LF) holographic QCD (LFHQCD) We show that the inclusion of the higher Fock components $|qqqq\overline{q}\u27e9$ has a significant effect on the spin-flip elast…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014011] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017

]]>We study in-medium spectral properties of charmonia in the vector and pseudoscalar channels at nonzero momenta on quenched lattices, especially focusing on their dispersion relation and the weight of the peak. We measure the lattice Euclidean correlation functions with nonzero momenta on the anisotr…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014504] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017

]]>After the discovery of the Higgs boson and the rather precise measurement of all electroweak boson’s masses the local structure of the electroweak symmetry breaking potential is already quite well established. However, despite being a key ingredient to a fundamental understanding of the underlying m…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 015006] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017

]]>The Casimir effect is a measure of the vacuum energy of a quantum field theory. For a certain class of supersymmetric superconformal field theories in four dimensions, the authors compute the holographic Casimir energy using gravity solutions, and show that it matches the field theory calculations, which is in accord to the AdS/CFT correspondence.

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 021902(R)] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017

]]>In modern high precision optical instruments, such as in gravitational wave detectors or frequency references, thermally induced fluctuations in the reflective coatings can be a limiting noise source. This noise, known as coating thermal noise, can be reduced by choosing materials with low mechanica…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 022001] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017

]]>We forecast the future constraints on scale-dependent parametrizations of galaxy bias and their impact on the estimate of cosmological parameters from the power spectrum of galaxies measured in a spectroscopic redshift survey. For the latter we assume a wide survey at relatively large redshifts, sim…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 023505] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017

]]>We consider, in the context of a braneworld cosmology, the motion of the Universe coupled to a four-form gauge field, with constant field strength, defined in higher dimensions. It is found, under rather general initial conditions, that in this situation there is a period of exponential inflation co…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 023506] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017

]]>Following an intriguing heuristic argument of Bekenstein, many researches have suggested during the last four decades that quantized black holes may be characterized by discrete radiation spectra. Bekenstein and Mukhanov (BM) have further argued that the emission spectra of quantized ($3+1$)-dimension…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024012] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017

]]>We continue the presentation of the pragmatic mode-sum regularization (PMR) method for computing the renormalized stress-energy tensor (RSET). We show in detail how to employ the $t$-splitting variant of the method, which was first presented for ${\u27e8{\varphi}^{2}\u27e9}_{\text{ren}}$, to compute the RSET in a stationary, asymptotic…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 025007] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017

]]>We present a calculation of the decay rate of the electroweak vacuum, fully including all gravitational effects and a possible nonminimal Higgs-curvature coupling $\xi $, and using the three-loop Standard Model effective potential. Without a nonminimal coupling, we find that the effect of the gravitation…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 025008] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017

]]>It is possible to find initial states for gravitational collapse whose entropy approximately saturates the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of the final black hole. The prototypical example of such a state is that envisaged by Zurek and Thorne, and also by Susskind: for a black hole of mass $M$, a number $\sim {M}^{\mathrm{\dots}}$

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 026006] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017

]]>We present a measurement of top quark polarization in $t\overline{t}$ pair production in $p\overline{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1.96\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{TeV}$ using data corresponding to $9.7\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\mathrm{fb}}^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity recorded with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We consider final states containing a lepton and at least three j…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 011101(R)] Published Mon Jan 09, 2017

]]>We report new constraints on flavor-changing nonstandard neutrino interactions from the MINOS long-baseline experiment using ${\nu}_{e}$ and ${\overline{\nu}}_{e}$ appearance candidate events from predominantly ${\nu}_{\mu}$ and ${\overline{\nu}}_{\mu}$ beams. We used a statistical selection algorithm to separate ${\nu}_{e}$ candidates from background events, enablin…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 012005] Published Mon Jan 09, 2017

]]>The scaling behavior of the order parameter at the chiral phase transition, the so-called magnetic equation of state, of strongly interacting matter is studied within effective models. We explore universal and nonuniversal structures near the critical point. These include the scaling functions, the …

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014007] Published Mon Jan 09, 2017

]]>Following a recent proposal by Cooper and Zwanziger, we investigate via $SU(2)$ lattice simulations the effect on the Coulomb gauge propagators and on the Gribov-Zwanziger confinement mechanism of selecting the Gribov copy with the smallest nontrivial eigenvalue of the Faddeev-Popov operator, i.e., th…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014503] Published Mon Jan 09, 2017

]]>We study supersymmetric (SUSY) models derived from the ten-dimensional SUSY Yang-Mills theory compactified on magnetized orbifolds, with nonvanishing Fayet-Iliopoulos (FI) terms induced by magnetic fluxes in extra dimensions. Allowing the presence of FI-terms relaxes a constraint on flux configurati…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 015005] Published Mon Jan 09, 2017

]]>[Phys. Rev. D 95, 019901] Published Mon Jan 09, 2017

]]>[Phys. Rev. D 95, 019902] Published Mon Jan 09, 2017

]]>We investigate how the consistency relations of large-scale structures are modified when the initial density field is not Gaussian. We consider both scenarios where the primordial density field can be written as a nonlinear functional of a Gaussian field and more general scenarios where the probabil…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 023504] Published Mon Jan 09, 2017

]]>The relation between loop quantum gravity (LQG) and tensor networks is explored from the perspectives of the bulk-boundary duality and holographic entanglement entropy. We find that the LQG spin-network states in a space $\mathrm{\Sigma}$ with boundary $\partial \mathrm{\Sigma}$ is an exact holographic mapping similar to the proposal in […

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024011] Published Mon Jan 09, 2017

]]>[Phys. Rev. D 95, 029901] Published Mon Jan 09, 2017

]]>[Phys. Rev. D 95, 029902] Published Mon Jan 09, 2017

]]>[Phys. Rev. D 95, 029903] Published Mon Jan 09, 2017

]]>An inclusive search for supersymmetry using razor variables is performed in events with four or more jets and no more than one lepton. The results are based on a sample of proton-proton collisions corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $2.3\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\mathrm{fb}}^{-1}$ collected with the CMS experiment at a center-of…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 012003] Published Fri Jan 06, 2017

]]>Proton decay is not allowed in the Standard Model but is a signature prediction of Grand Unified Theories (GUTs). The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration reports results from its rigorous search for proton decay in two channels. The non-observation of proton decay sets new lower bounds on the proton lifetime and imposes stringent constraints on possible GUT and other Beyond the Standard Model scenarios.

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 012004] Published Fri Jan 06, 2017

]]>We present a calculation of $H+j$ at next-to-leading order including the effect of a finite top mass. Where possible we include the complete dependence on ${m}_{t}$. This includes the leading order amplitude, the infrared poles of the two-loop amplitude and the real radiation amplitude. The remaining finite …

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014004] Published Fri Jan 06, 2017

]]>The mass spectra of the $\varphi \varphi $ and $J/\psi \varphi $ states in the decay ${B}_{s}^{0}\to J/\psi \varphi \varphi $ recently observed by LHCb are calculated in the model which takes into account the ${J}^{P}={0}^{+},{0}^{-},{2}^{+}$ intermediate resonances ${R}_{1}$, ${R}_{2}$ in the $\varphi \varphi $ channel and the ${J}^{P}={1}^{+}$ ones, ${X}_{1}$, ${X}_{2}$, in the $J/\psi \varphi $ channel. When obtaining the expressions for the ef…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014005] Published Fri Jan 06, 2017

]]>Recently LHCb experiments confirmed the findings of the two ${P}_{c}$ states in the ${\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{b}^{0}\to J/\psi p{\pi}^{-}$ decays. In the present work, we investigate both the ${\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{b}^{0}\to J/\psi {K}^{-}p$ and the ${\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{b}^{0}\to J/\psi p{\pi}^{-}$ decays, continuing the investigations of our former works on the interactions of $J/\psi N$ with its coupled channels by considering th…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014006] Published Fri Jan 06, 2017

]]>One of the simplest extensions of the Standard Model (SM) is the addition of a scalar gauge singlet, $S$. If $S$ is not forbidden by a symmetry from mixing with the Standard Model Higgs boson, the mixing will generate non-SM rates for Higgs production and decays. In general, there could also be unknown …

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 015004] Published Fri Jan 06, 2017

]]>Motivated by the discovery of the nonthermal Fermi bubble features both below and above the Galactic plane, we investigate a scenario in which these bubbles are formed through galacto-centric outflow. Cosmic rays (CR) both diffusing and advecting within a galactic breeze outflow, interacting with th…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 023001] Published Fri Jan 06, 2017

]]>We examine the possibility that dark matter consists of charged massive particles (CHAMPs) in view of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropies. The evolution of cosmological perturbations of CHAMPs with other components is followed in a self-consistent manner, without assuming that CHAMPs …

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 023502] Published Fri Jan 06, 2017

]]>Blue axion isocurvature perturbations are both theoretically well motivated and interesting from a detectability perspective. These power spectra generically have a break from the blue region to a flat region. Previous investigations of the power spectra were analytic, which left a gap in the predic…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 023503] Published Fri Jan 06, 2017

]]>We study seven-branes in $O(1{0}^{15})$ four-dimensional F-theory compactifications where seven-brane moduli must be tuned in order to achieve non-Abelian gauge symmetry. The associated compact spaces $B$ are the set of all smooth weak Fano toric threefolds. By a study of fine-star-regular triangulations of …

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 026005] Published Fri Jan 06, 2017

]]>The covariant spectator quark model, tested before in a variety of electromagnetic baryon excitations, is applied here to the ${\gamma}^{*}N\to {N}^{*}(1520)$ reaction in the timelike regime. The transition form factors are first parametrized in the spacelike region in terms of a valence quark core model together with …

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014003] Published Thu Jan 05, 2017

]]>We present results of the numerical simulation of the two-dimensional Thirring model at finite density and temperature. The severe sign problem is dealt with by deforming the domain of integration into complex field space. This is the first example where a fermionic sign problem is solved in a quant…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014502] Published Thu Jan 05, 2017

]]>The extended Higgs sector, such as by a second Higgs doublet of type II, provides portals to the dark sector which contain missing particles at the LHC, e.g., dark matter particles. In this paper, working in the simplified model and taking into consideration the wide decay-width effect of the mediat…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 015003] Published Thu Jan 05, 2017

]]>Numerical studies of gravitational collapse to black holes make use of apparent horizons, which are intrinsically foliation dependent. We expose the problem and discuss possible solutions using the Hawking-Hayward quasilocal mass. In spherical symmetry, we present a physically sensible approach to t…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024008] Published Thu Jan 05, 2017

]]>We consider gravitational wave production by bubble collisions during a cosmological first-order phase transition. In the literature, such spectra have been estimated by simulating the bubble dynamics, under so-called thin-wall and envelope approximations in a flat background metric. However, we sho…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024009] Published Thu Jan 05, 2017

]]>In Abbott *et al.* [Phys. Rev. X **6**, 041014 (2016)], the properties of the first gravitational wave detected by LIGO, GW150914, were measured by employing an effective-one-body (EOB) model of precessing binary black holes whose underlying dynamics and waveforms were calibrated to numerical-relativity (…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024010] Published Thu Jan 05, 2017

]]>Recently, the existence of a candidate $a$-function for renormalizable theories in three dimensions was demonstrated for a general theory at leading order and for a scalar-fermion theory at next-to-leading order. Here we extend this work by constructing the $a$-function at next-to-leading order for an $\mathcal{N}\dots $

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 025005] Published Thu Jan 05, 2017

]]>We study, as a model of Lorentz symmetry breaking, the quantization and renormalization of an extension of QED in a flat spacetime where the photons and electrons propagate differently and do not share the same lightcone. We will refer to this model as bimetric QED (BIMQED). As a preliminary we disc…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 025006] Published Thu Jan 05, 2017

]]>Using the explicit string scattering calculation and the linear T-dual ward identity, we evaluate the string theory disc amplitude of one Ramond-Ramond field ${C}^{(p+1)}$ and two Neveu-Schwarz B-fields in the presence of a single ${D}_{p}$-brane in type $IIB$ string theory. From this amplitude we extract the $O({\alpha}^{\prime 2}\dots $

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 026004] Published Thu Jan 05, 2017

]]>We report the first search for the ${J}^{PC}={0}^{--}$ glueball in $\mathrm{\Upsilon}(1S)$ and $\mathrm{\Upsilon}(2S)$ decays with data samples of $(102\pm 2)\times 1{0}^{6}$ and $(158\pm 4)\times 1{0}^{6}$ events, respectively, collected with the Belle detector. No significant signals are observed in any of the proposed production modes, and the 90% credibility level upper lim…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 012001] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017

]]>Radiative corrections to elastic electron proton scattering are analyzed in effective field theory. A new factorization formula identifies all sources of large logarithms in the limit of large momentum transfer, ${Q}^{2}\gg {m}_{e}^{2}$. Explicit matching calculations are performed through two-loop order. A renormali…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 013001] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017

]]>We address the general features of event-by-event fluctuations of the multiplicity of gluons produced in the scattering of a dilute hadron off a large nucleus at high energy in the fragmentation region of the dilute hadron. We relate these fluctuations to the stochasticity of the number of quanta co…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014001] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017

]]>Coupled Dokshitzer-Gribov-Lipatov-Altarelli-Parisi equations involving singlet quark and gluon distributions are explored by a Taylor expansion at small $x$ as two first-order partial differential equations in two variables: Bjorken $x$ and $t$ ($t=ln\frac{{Q}^{2}}{{\mathrm{\Lambda}}^{2}}$). The system of equations are then solved by Lagran…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014002] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017

]]>We study a toy version of a grand-unified theory on the lattice: An $SU(3)$ gauge theory, which experiences a Brout-Englert-Higgs effect due to a single Higgs field in the fundamental representation. This yields a perturbative breaking pattern $SU(3)\to SU(2)$. We investigate the singlet vector channel, fi…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014501] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017

]]>The light dark matter ($\simeq 1\u201330\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{MeV}$) particles pair produced in electron-positron annihilation ${e}^{-}{e}^{+}\stackrel{\gamma}{\to}\chi \overline{\chi}$ inside the supernova core can take away the energy released in the supernova SN1987A explosion. Working within the formalism of $q$-deformed statistics [with the average value of the supernovae core …

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 015001] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017

]]>A model is presented in which $\mathcal{O}(10\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{TeV})$ stop masses, typically required by the Higgs boson mass in supersymmetric models, do not originate from soft supersymmetry breaking terms that would drive the Higgs mass squared parameter to large negative values but rather from the mixing with vectorlike par…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 015002] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017

]]>The Hamilton-Jacobi formalism as a powerful method is being utilized to reconsider the warm inflationary scenario, where the scalar field as the main component driving inflation interacts with other fields. Separating the context into strong and weak dissipative regimes, the goal is followed for two…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 023501] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017

]]>Atom interferometry is currently developing rapidly, which is now reaching sufficient precision to motivate laboratory tests of general relativity. Thus, it is extremely significant to develop a general relativistic model for atom interferometers. In this paper, we mainly present an analytical deriv…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024002] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017

]]>A recently presented general procedure to find static and axially symmetric, interior solutions to the Einstein equations is extended to the stationary case, and applied to find an interior solution for the Kerr metric. The solution, which is generated by an anisotropic fluid, verifies the energy co…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024003] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017

]]>An exact solution is obtained for the gravitational bending of light in static, spherically symmetric metrics which includes the Schwarzschild–de Sitter spacetime and also the Mannheim-Kazanas metric of conformal Weyl gravity. From the exact solution, we obtain a small-bending-angle approximation fo…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024004] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017

]]>We obtain a perturbative solution for rotating charged black holes in five-dimensional Einstein-Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory with a negative cosmological constant. We start from a small undeformed Kerr-AdS solution and use the electric charge as a perturbative parameter to build up black holes with e…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024005] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017

]]>For many years, researchers have tried to glean hints about quantum gravity from black hole thermodynamics. However, black hole thermodynamics suffers from the problem of universality—at leading order, several approaches with different microscopic degrees of freedom lead to Bekenstein-Hawking entrop…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024006] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017

]]>The motion of a particle near a horizon of a spherically symmetric static black hole is shown to possess a universal Lyapunov exponent of chaos bounded by its surface gravity. To probe the horizon, we introduce an electromagnetic or scalar force to the particle so that it does not fall into the hori…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024007] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017

]]>We develop scattering theory in a noncommutative space defined by an $su(2)$ coordinate algebra. By introducing a positive operator valued measure as a replacement for strong position measurements, we are able to derive explicit expressions for the probability current, differential and total cross sec…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 025003] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017

]]>In this paper we propose a method to study the functional renormalization group (FRG) at finite chemical potential. The method consists of mapping the FRG equations within the Fermi surface into a differential equation defined on a rectangle with zero boundary conditions. To solve this equation we u…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 025004] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017

]]>It has been found that surface operators have a significant role in Alday-Gaiotto-Tachikawa (AGT) relation. This duality is an outstanding consequence of $M$-theory, but it is actually encoded into the brane web for which the topological string can work. From this viewpoint, the surface defect in AGT …

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 026001] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017

]]>Within the twistorial parametrization of loop quantum gravity, we investigate the consequences of choosing a spacelike normal vector in the linear simplicity constraints. The amplitudes for the SU(2) boundary states of loop quantum gravity, given by most of the current spin foam models, are construc…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 026002] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017

]]>