Validation of the effective conversion method in the reactor antineutrino flux calculation is examined using the *ab initio* calculation of the electron and antineutrino spectra from the state-of-the-art nuclear database. It turns out that neglecting the shape variation of beta decay branches between ...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 053005] Published Fri Sep 13, 2019

]]>A continuum approach to the three-valence-quark bound-state problem in quantum field theory, employing parametrizations of the necessary kernel elements, is used to compute the spectrum and Poincaré-covariant wave functions for all $\mathrm{flavor}\text{\u2212}SU(3)$ octet and decuplet baryons and their first positive-par...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 054009] Published Fri Sep 13, 2019

]]>In 2010 the first extraction of the proton charge radius from muonic hydrogen was found to be 5 standard deviations away from the regular hydrogen value. Eight years later, this proton radius puzzle is still unresolved. One of the most promising avenues to resolve the puzzle is by a muon-proton scat...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 054010] Published Fri Sep 13, 2019

]]>We consider an initially at rest colored particle which is struck by an ultrarelativistic nucleus. The particle is treated classically with respect to both its motion and its color charge. The nucleus is treated as a sheet of colored glass within the context of the color glass condensate framework. ...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 054011] Published Fri Sep 13, 2019

]]>The influence of finite-volume effects on dynamical chiral symmetry breaking of thermal ${\mathrm{QED}}_{3}$ is investigated. We show that the chiral symmetry gets restored at all temperatures when the size of system is less than some certain value ${L}_{c}^{\prime}=189$; the critical temperature of chiral phase transition genera...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 054012] Published Fri Sep 13, 2019

]]>Stimulated by the newly observed ${\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{b}(6146{)}^{0}$ and ${\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{b}(6152{)}^{0}$ resonances, we investigate the strong decays of the low-lying singly bottom baryons within the quark pair creation model. Considering their masses and decay modes, we tentatively assign these states as the $\lambda $-mode ${\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{b}(2S)$, ${\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{b}(1D)$, ${\mathrm{\Sigma}}_{b}(2S)$, and ${\mathrm{\Sigma}}_{b}...$

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 054013] Published Fri Sep 13, 2019

]]>We study a discrete flavor symmetric scenario for neutrino mass and dark matter under the circumstances where such global discrete symmetries can be explicitly broken at the Planck scale, possibly by gravitational effects. Such explicit breaking of discrete symmetries mimic as Planck suppressed oper...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 055014] Published Fri Sep 13, 2019

]]>Anomalies in semileptonic $B$ decays could indicate new physics beyond the standard model (SM). There is an older puzzle in nonleptonic $B\to \pi K$ decays. The new particles, leptoquarks and diquarks, required to solve the semileptonic and the nonleptonic puzzles can also generate neutrino masses and mixing ...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 055015] Published Fri Sep 13, 2019

]]>The new $\gamma n\to {K}^{0}\mathrm{\Lambda}$ data obtained from the CLAS and MAMI collaborations are analyzed by employing an effective Lagrangian method. The constructed model can describe all available experimental data in both $\gamma p\to {K}^{+}\mathrm{\Lambda}$ and $\gamma n\to {K}^{0}\mathrm{\Lambda}$ channels, simultaneously. The background part of the model is built from the appro...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 056008] Published Fri Sep 13, 2019

]]>We assess and compare different methods for including leading threshold logarithms at next-to-leading power in prompt photon production at hadron colliders, for both the direct and parton fragmentation mechanisms. We do this in addition to next-to-leading logarithmic threshold and joint resummation ...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 056009] Published Fri Sep 13, 2019

]]>We analyze the onset of inflation for a simple single-field model when the system begins with significant inhomogeneities on length scales shorter than the initial Hubble radius. We incorporate certain nonlinear interactions among the coupled degrees of freedom by using the nonperturbative Hartree a...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 063512] Published Fri Sep 13, 2019

]]>We study the evolution of a spatially flat Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker universe for chaotic and Starobinsky potentials in the framework of modified loop quantum cosmologies. These models result in a nonsingular bounce as in loop quantum cosmology, but with far more complex modified Friedmann...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 063513] Published Fri Sep 13, 2019

]]>Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have recently been demonstrated on synthetic data to improve upon the precision of cosmological inference. In particular, they have the potential to yield more precise cosmological constraints from weak lensing mass maps than the two-point functions. We present t...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 063514] Published Fri Sep 13, 2019

]]>We study the orbital evolution of eccentric binary neutron stars. The motion follows a quasi-Keplarian orbit with perturbations due to tidal couplings. We find that the tidal interaction between stars contributes to orbital precession in addition to the post-Newtonian procession. The coupling betwee...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 064023] Published Fri Sep 13, 2019

]]>We study the constraints on alternative theories of gravity that can be determined by multiband observations of gravitational wave signals emitted from binary black hole coalescences. We focus on three types of General Relativity modifications induced by a generalized Brans-Dicke theory and two clas...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 064024] Published Fri Sep 13, 2019

]]>We study (covariant) scalar-vector-tensor (SVT) perturbations of infinite derivative gravity (IDG), at the quadratic level of the action, around conformally flat, covariantly constant curvature backgrounds that are *not* maximally symmetric spacetimes (MSS). This extends a previous analysis of perturb...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 064022] Published Thu Sep 12, 2019

]]>We present a new measurement of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix element $|{V}_{cb}|$ from ${B}^{0}\to {D}^{*-}{\ell}^{+}{\nu}_{\ell}$ decays, reconstructed with the full Belle data set of $711\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\mathrm{fb}}^{-1}$ integrated luminosity. Two form factor parametrizations, originally conceived by the Caprini-Lellouch-Neubert (CLN) and the Boyd, Grinste...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 052007] Published Wed Sep 11, 2019

]]>For neutrino propagation in matter, we show that the Jarlskog invariant, which controls the size of true $CP$ violation in neutrino oscillation appearance experiments, factorizes into three pieces: the vacuum Jarlskog invariant times two simple two-flavor matter resonance factors that control the matt...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 053004] Published Wed Sep 11, 2019

]]>We give a further study on chiral phase diagram in the improved soft-wall AdS/QCD model with $2+1$ flavors. The equations of motion for the octet pseudoscalar, vector, and axial-vector mesons are derived to compute the octet meson spectra and relevant decay constants, by which the model parameters are...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 054008] Published Wed Sep 11, 2019

]]>We study the $\theta $ dependence of the continuum limit of 2D $U(N)$ gauge theories defined on compact manifolds, with special emphasis on spherical ($g=0$) and toroidal ($g=1$) topologies. We find that the coupling between $U(1)$ and $SU(N)$ degrees of freedom survives the continuum limit, leading to observable dev...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 054502] Published Wed Sep 11, 2019

]]>A novel realization of the gravity-mediated supersymmetry breaking is presented, taking into account a continuous global $R$ symmetry. Consistently with it, we employ a linear superpotential for the hidden-sector superfield and a Kähler potential parametrizing the $SU(1,1)/U(1)$ Kähler manifold with con...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 055013] Published Wed Sep 11, 2019

]]>We investigate the observed pentaquark candidates ${P}_{c}(4312)$, ${P}_{c}(4440)$, and ${P}_{c}(4457)$ from the latest LHCb measurement, as well as four possible spin partners in the ${\overline{D}}^{(*)}{\mathrm{\Sigma}}_{c}^{*}$ system predicted from the heavy quark spin symmetry with the hadronic molecule scenarios. Similar to the previous calculation on...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 056005] Published Wed Sep 11, 2019

]]>In 2010, ${\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{c\overline{c}}^{*}$ states were predicted as the strange number $S=-1$ partners of ${N}_{c\overline{c}}^{*}$, which are well known now as the ${P}_{c}$ states and observed experimentally by the LHCb Collaboration. We analyze the decay behaviors of ${\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{c\overline{c}}$ as $S$-wave hadronic molecules within the effective Lagrangian framework by a simil...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 056006] Published Wed Sep 11, 2019

]]>We present the method of numerical optimization for the perturbative series using the renormalization group in quantum chromodynamics. We apply our approach to the perturbation series in ${\alpha}_{s}$ for the coefficient function ${C}_{\mathrm{Bjp}}({\alpha}_{s})$ of the Bjorken sum rule for the polarized deep inelastic lepton-hadron s...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 056007] Published Wed Sep 11, 2019

]]>The background photon temperature $\overline{T}$ is one of the fundamental cosmological parameters, and it is often set equal to the precise measurement ${\u27e8T\u27e9}^{\mathrm{obs}}$ of the comic microwave background (CMB) temperature by the COBE Far Infrared Absolute Spectrometer (FIRAS). However, even in future CMB experiments, $\overline{T}$ ...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 063510] Published Wed Sep 11, 2019

]]>I show that a generic quantum phenomenon can drive cosmic acceleration without the need for dark energy or modified gravity. When treating the universe as a quantum system, one typically focuses on the scale factor [of a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) spacetime] and ignores many other degrees of f...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 063511] Published Wed Sep 11, 2019

]]>The geometry of small causal diamonds is systematically studied, based on three distinct constructions that are common in the literature, namely the geodesic ball, the Alexandrov interval and the light cone cut. The causal diamond geometry is calculated perturbatively using Riemann normal coordinate...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 064020] Published Wed Sep 11, 2019

]]>We show that the solution corresponding to the gravitational field of a point particle at rest in $2+1$ nonprojectable Hořava is exactly the same as $2+1$ general relativity with the same source. In general relativity this solution is well known, it is a flat cone whose deficit angle is proportional to ...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 064021] Published Wed Sep 11, 2019

]]>This paper reports on the search for heavy neutrinos with masses in the range $140<{M}_{N}<493\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{MeV}/{\mathrm{c}}^{2}$ using the off-axis near detector ND280 of the T2K experiment. These particles can be produced from kaon decays in the standard neutrino beam and then subsequently decay in ND280. The decay modes un...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 052006] Published Tue Sep 10, 2019

]]>The rare decay channels of the Higgs boson to heavy quarkonium offer vital opportunities to explore the coupling of Higgs to heavy quarks. We study the semiexclusive decay channels of the Higgs boson to heavy quarkonia, i.e., ${H}^{0}\to |(Q\overline{{Q}^{\prime}})[n]\u27e9+\overline{Q}{Q}^{\prime}$ (${Q}^{(\prime )}=c$ or $b$ quark) within the nonrelativistic quantum...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 053002] Published Tue Sep 10, 2019

]]>We study the potential of the LHCb experiment to discover, for the first time, the ${\mu}^{+}{\mu}^{-}$ true muonium bound state. We propose a search for the vector ${1}^{3}{S}_{1}$ state, $\mathcal{TM}$, which kinetically mixes with the photon and dominantly decays to ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}$. We demonstrate that a search for $\eta \to \gamma \mathcal{TM}$, $\mathcal{TM}\to {e}^{+}{e}^{-}$ in a displaced v...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 053003] Published Tue Sep 10, 2019

]]>The worldline representation of quantum field theory is a powerful framework for the computation of perturbative multileg Feynman amplitudes. In particular, in gauge theories, it provides an efficient way, via point particle Grassmann functional integrals, to compute spinor and color traces in these...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 054007] Published Tue Sep 10, 2019

]]>The scotogenic type I and type III seesaw models are good candidates to explain the existence of neutrino masses and dark matter simultaneously. However, since triplet fermions have $SU(2)$ gauge interaction, they cannot be out of equilibrium before the electroweak symmetry breaking. Thus, leptogenesi...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 055008] Published Tue Sep 10, 2019

]]>We analyze the ultraviolet to infrared evolution and nonperturbative properties of asymptotically free $\mathrm{SU}(N)\otimes \mathrm{SU}(N-4)\otimes \mathrm{U}(1)$ chiral gauge theories with ${N}_{f}$ copies of chiral fermions transforming according to $([2{]}_{N},1{)}_{N-4}+([\overline{1}{]}_{N},[\overline{1}{]}_{N-4}{)}_{-(N-2)}+(1,(2{)}_{N-4}{)}_{N}$, where $[k{]}_{N}$ and $(k{)}_{N}$ denote the antisymmetric and ...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 055009] Published Tue Sep 10, 2019

]]>We highlight a new connection between the Standard Model hierarchy problem and the dark matter sector. The key piece is the relaxion field, which besides scanning the Higgs mass and setting the electroweak scale also constitutes the observed dark matter abundance of the Universe. The relaxation mech...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 055010] Published Tue Sep 10, 2019

]]>Novel leptophilic neutral currents can be tested at upcoming neutrino oscillation experiments using two complementary processes, neutrino trident production and neutrino-electron ($\nu -e$) elastic scattering. Considering generic anomaly-free $U(1)$ extensions of the Standard Model, we discuss the characte...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 055012] Published Tue Sep 10, 2019

]]>In the framework of the color-magnetic interaction model, we systematically calculate the mass splittings for the $S$-wave triply heavy pentaquark states with the configuration $qqQQ\overline{Q}$ $(Q=c,b;\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}q=u,d,s)$. Their masses are estimated and their stabilities are discussed according to possible rearrangement de...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 056004] Published Tue Sep 10, 2019

]]>We calculate the shot noise induced in the anisotropies of the astrophysical gravitational-wave background by finite sampling of both the galaxy distribution and the compact binary coalescence event rate. This leads to a white noise term in the angular power spectrum ${C}_{\ell}$, for which we derive a simple...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 063508] Published Tue Sep 10, 2019

]]>We study observational constraints on a specific dark energy model in the framework of Gleyzes-Langlois-Piazza-Vernizzi theories, which extends the Galileon ghost condensate (GGC) to the domain of beyond Horndeski theories. In this model, we show that the Planck cosmic microwave background (CMB) dat...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 063509] Published Tue Sep 10, 2019

]]>Horndeski gravity is the most general scalar tensor theory, with a single scalar field, leading to second-order field equations and after the GW170817 it has been severely constrained. Since this theory is very important in modified gravity, it is then worth studying possible similar theories starti...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 064018] Published Tue Sep 10, 2019

]]>We initiate the development of a horizon-based initial (or rather final) value formalism to describe the geometry and physics of the near-horizon spacetime: data specified on the horizon and a future ingoing null boundary determine the near-horizon geometry. In this initial paper we restrict our att...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 064019] Published Tue Sep 10, 2019

]]>We consider an electromagnetic waveguide with a time-dependent propagation speed $v(t)$ as an analog for cosmological particle creation. In contrast to most previous studies which focus on the number of particles produced, we calculate the corresponding two-point correlation function. For a small step...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 065003] Published Tue Sep 10, 2019

]]>In a recent Letter, we have pointed out that the linearized Einstein gravity in de Sitter (dS) spacetime, besides the spacetime symmetries generated by the Killing vectors and the evident gauge symmetry, also possesses a hitherto “hidden” local (gaugelike) symmetry which becomes anomalous on the qua...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 066012] Published Tue Sep 10, 2019

]]>${Z}_{c}(4430)$ discovered by the Belle Collaboration and confirmed by the LHCb Collaboration in ${\overline{B}}^{0}\to \psi (2S){K}^{-}{\pi}^{+}$ is generally considered to be a charged charmoniumlike state that includes minimally two quarks and two antiquarks. ${Z}_{c}(4200)$ found in ${\overline{B}}^{0}\to J/\psi {K}^{-}{\pi}^{+}$ by Belle is also a good candidate of a charged cha...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 051502(R)] Published Mon Sep 09, 2019

]]>This work reports a precise measurement of the reactor antineutrino flux using 2.2 million inverse beta decay (IBD) events collected with the Daya Bay near detectors in 1230 days. The dominant uncertainty on the neutron detection efficiency is reduced by 56% with respect to the previous measurement ...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 052004] Published Mon Sep 09, 2019

]]>We report the first measurement of the inclusive jet and the dijet longitudinal double-spin asymmetries, ${A}_{LL}$, at midrapidity in polarized $pp$ collisions at a center-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s}=510\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{GeV}$. The inclusive jet ${A}_{LL}$ measurement is sensitive to the gluon helicity distribution down to a gluon momentum fr...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 052005] Published Mon Sep 09, 2019

]]>The next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard model (NMSSM) naturally provides a 125 GeV Higgs boson without the need for large loop corrections from multi–tera electron volt stop quarks. Furthermore, the NMSSM provides an electroweak scale dark matter candidate consistent with all experimental data, ...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 055007] Published Mon Sep 09, 2019

]]>Generically, the effective coupling between the dark matter and an atom scales with the number of constituents in the atom, resulting in the effective coupling being proportional to the mass of the atom. In this limit, when the momentum transfer is also small, we show that the leading term in the sc...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 055011] Published Mon Sep 09, 2019

]]>The universality of the QCD equation of state near the critical point is expressed by mapping pressure as a function of temperature $T$ and baryon chemical potential $\mu $ in QCD to Gibbs free energy as a function of reduced temperature $r$ and magnetic field $h$ in the Ising model. The mapping parameters are...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 056003] Published Mon Sep 09, 2019

]]>By utilizing the $\mathrm{AdS}/\mathrm{CFT}$ correspondence, we explore the dynamics of strongly coupled superfluid vortices in a disk with constant angular velocity at a finite temperature. Each vortex in the vortex lattice is quantized with vorticity $n=1$ by the direct inspection of their phases. As the angular veloci...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 061901(R)] Published Mon Sep 09, 2019

]]>The gravitating Julia-Zee dyon is a particle-like solution with both electric and magnetic charge. It is found in the Einstein-Yang-Mills-Higgs system of $SU(2)$ with a scalar field in the adjoint representation coupled to gravity. Within the magnetic ansatz this system is reduced from describing dyon...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 063003] Published Mon Sep 09, 2019

]]>This article explores the properties (amplitude and shape) of the angular power spectrum of the anisotropies of the astrophysical gravitational wave background (AGWB) focusing on the signatures of the astrophysical models describing subgalactic physics. It demonstrates that while some parameters hav...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 063004] Published Mon Sep 09, 2019

]]>We analyze nine years of pass 8 *Fermi*-LAT data in the 60–500 MeV range and determine flux upper limits (ULs) for 17 gamma-ray dark pulsars as a probe of axions produced by nucleon-nucleon Bremsstrahlung in the pulsar core. Using a previously published axion decay gamma-ray photon flux model for puls...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 063005] Published Mon Sep 09, 2019

]]>We investigate the formation, gravitational clustering, and interactions of solitons in a self-interacting, nonrelativistic scalar field in an expanding universe. Rapid formation of a large number of solitons is driven by attractive self-interactions of the field, whereas the slower clustering of so...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 063507] Published Mon Sep 09, 2019

]]>Testing gravity theory in the strong field region becomes a reality due to the observations of gravitational waves and black hole shadows. In this paper, we discuss how to constrain the possible deviations of the classical general relativity with the image of M87* observed by the Event Horizon Teles...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 064011] Published Mon Sep 09, 2019

]]>The direct detection of gravitational waves (GWs) opened a new chapter in the modern cosmology to probe possible deviations from the general relativity (GR) theory. In the present work, we investigate for the first time the modified GW form propagation from the inspiraling of compact binary systems ...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 064012] Published Mon Sep 09, 2019

]]>Searches for continuous gravitational waves from known pulsars so far have been targeted at or near the spin frequency or double the spin frequency of each pulsar, appropriate for mass quadrupole emission. But some neutron stars might radiate strongly through current quadrupoles via $r$-modes, which o...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 064013] Published Mon Sep 09, 2019

]]>We study fixed points of isometries of the higher-dimensional Kerr-NUT-(A)dS spacetimes that form generalizations of symmetry axes. It turns out that, in the presence of nonzero NUT charges, some parts of the symmetry axes are necessarily singular and their intersections are surrounded by regions wi...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 064014] Published Mon Sep 09, 2019

]]>Effective theory of fluctuations based on underlying symmetry plays a very important role in understanding the low energy phenomena. Using this powerful technique we study the fluctuation dynamics, keeping in mind the following central question: does the effective theory of black holes provide any i...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 064015] Published Mon Sep 09, 2019

]]>In this article, we explore both numerically and analytically how the dynamical environments of mildly relativistic binaries evolve with increasing the general relativity factor $\gamma $ (the normalized inverse of the binary size measured in the units of the gravitational radius corresponding to the total ...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 064016] Published Mon Sep 09, 2019

]]>Wyman’s less known static and spherically symmetric solution of the Einstein-Klein-Gordon equations and its recent generalization for a positive cosmological constant are discussed, showing that they contain central naked singularities. By mapping back to the Jordan frame, we obtain the conformal co...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 064017] Published Mon Sep 09, 2019

]]>To describe charged particles interacting with the quantized electromagnetic field, we show the differences of working in the so-called generalized and the true Coulomb gauges. We find an explicit gauge transformation between them for the case of the electromagnetic field operators quantized near a ...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 065002] Published Mon Sep 09, 2019

]]>We study $\mathcal{N}=4$ super Yang-Mills theory on the Coulomb branch (cSYM) in the strong coupling limit by using the $\mathrm{AdS}/\mathrm{CFT}$ correspondence. The dual geometry is the rotating black 3-brane Type IIB supergravity solution with a single nonzero rotation parameter ${r}_{0}$ which sets a fixed mass scale corresponding t...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 066010] Published Mon Sep 09, 2019

]]>We study $\mathcal{N}=4$ super Yang-Mills theory on the Coulomb branch (cSYM) by using its Type IIB supergravity dual. We compute the transport coefficients and hard probe parameters of $\mathcal{N}=4$ cSYM at finite temperature $T$. We use the rotating black 3-brane solution of Type IIB supergravity with a single nonzero ro...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 066011] Published Mon Sep 09, 2019

]]>The OPERA experiment has conclusively observed the appearance of tau neutrinos in the muon neutrino CNGS beam. Exploiting the OPERA detector capabilities, it was possible to isolate high purity samples of ${\nu}_{e}$, ${\nu}_{\mu}$ and ${\nu}_{\tau}$ charged current weak neutrino interactions, as well as neutral current weak inter...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 051301(R)] Published Fri Sep 06, 2019

]]>A search for vectorlike leptons in multilepton final states is presented. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of $77.4\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\mathrm{fb}}^{-1}$ of proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2016 and 2017. Events are categorized by the ...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 052003] Published Fri Sep 06, 2019

]]>A resonance-like structure as narrow as 10 MeV is observed in the ${K}^{-}p$ invariant mass distributions in ${\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{c}^{+}\to p{K}^{-}{\pi}^{+}$ at Belle. Based on the large data sample of about 1.5 million events and the small bin width of just 1 MeV for the ${K}^{-}p$ invariant mass spectrum, the narrow peak is found precisely lying at ...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 054006] Published Fri Sep 06, 2019

]]>The Thirring model is an interacting fermion theory with current-current interaction. The model in $1+2$ dimensions has applications in condensed-matter physics to describe the electronic excitations of Dirac materials. Earlier investigations with Schwinger-Dyson equations, the functional renormalizat...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 054501] Published Fri Sep 06, 2019

]]>We consider a modified cosmological history in which the presence of beyond-the-Standard-Model physics causes the weak gauge sector, $\mathrm{SU}(2{)}_{L}$, to confine before it is Higgsed. Under the assumption of chiral symmetry breaking, quark and lepton weak doublets form condensates that break the global symmet...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 055005] Published Fri Sep 06, 2019

]]>The LHC search for the charged Higgs boson in the intermediate-mass range (${M}_{{H}^{\pm}}\sim {m}_{t}$) is actively being performed after the next-to-leading order calculation of the total production cross section of $pp\to {H}^{\pm}{W}^{\mp}b\overline{b}$. In the decay part, only the $\tau \nu $ mode is mainly concerned because of the experimental difficul...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 055006] Published Fri Sep 06, 2019

]]>General metric theories of gravity in four-dimensional spacetimes can contain at most six polarization modes (two spin-0, two spin-1, and two spin-2) of gravitational waves (GWs). It has been recently shown that, using four GW noncoaligned detectors, a direct test of the spin-1 modes can be done in ...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 064010] Published Fri Sep 06, 2019

]]>In this paper, we investigate the holographic complexity in the charged Taub-NUT-AdS black holes with Misner strings present in the Einstein-Maxwell gravity. We show that differing from the normal black holes, where the late-time complexity growth rate is determined only by the quantities at outer a...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 066007] Published Fri Sep 06, 2019

]]>We examine the achronal averaged null energy condition (ANEC) for a class of conformal field theories (CFT) at strong coupling in curved spacetime. By applying the $\mathrm{AdS}/\mathrm{CFT}$ duality, we find holographic models which violate the achronal ANEC for $3+1$ and $4+1$-dimensional boundary theories. In our model,...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 066008] Published Fri Sep 06, 2019

]]>We investigate the possibility of enhancement of the effective axion decay constant in well-controlled constructions in string theory. To this end, we study the dynamics of axions arising in the compactifications of type IIA string theory on Calabi-Yau orientifolds with background fluxes (with nonpe...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 066009] Published Fri Sep 06, 2019

]]>Charged-current antineutrino interactions on a hydrocarbon scintillator in the MINERvA detector are used to study activity from their final-state neutrons. To ensure that most of the neutrons are from the primary interaction, rather than hadronic reinteractions in the detector, the sample is limited...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 052002] Published Thu Sep 05, 2019

]]>In this follow up of arXiv:1812.04663 we analyze the generalized $CP$ symmetries of the charged lepton mass matrix compatible with the complex version of the tribimaximal (TBM) lepton mixing pattern. These symmetries are used to “revamp” the simplest TBM *Ansatz* in a systematic way. Our generalized pat...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 053001] Published Thu Sep 05, 2019

]]>We predict the twist-2 transverse momentum dependent parton distribution functions (TMDs) of the pion, namely the unpolarized quark TMD, ${f}_{1}(x,{k}_{\perp})$, and the transversely polarized quark TMD, also known as the Boer-Mulders function, ${h}_{1}^{\perp}(x,{k}_{\perp})$, using a holographic light-front pion wavefunction with dyna...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 054005] Published Thu Sep 05, 2019

]]>We present a unified relaxion solution to the five major outstanding issues in particle physics: Higgs mass naturalness, dark matter, matter-antimatter asymmetry, neutrino masses and the strong $CP$ problem. The only additional field content in our construction with respect to standard relaxion models...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 055003] Published Thu Sep 05, 2019

]]>We propose a new physics scenario in which the decay of a very heavy dark-matter candidate which does not interact with the neutrino sector could explain the two anomalous events recently reported by the Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna Collaboration. The model is composed of two components of ...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 055004] Published Thu Sep 05, 2019

]]>We revisit the problem of plane monochromatic gravitational waves impinging upon a Schwarzschild black hole using complex angular momentum techniques. By extending our previous study concerning scalar and electromagnetic waves [A. Folacci and M. Ould El Hadj, Phys. Rev. D **99**, 104079 (2019)], we prov...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 064009] Published Thu Sep 05, 2019

]]>$S\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}w\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}a\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}m\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}p\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}l\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}a\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}n\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}d$ conditions are usually conjectures that divide apparently consistent (anomaly free) quantum field theories into those which can emerge from a quantum gravitational theory (the $l\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}a\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}n\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}d\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}s\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}c\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}a\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}p\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}e$), and those which cannot and therefore lie in the so-called $s\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}w\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}a\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}m\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}p\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}l\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}a\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}n\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}d$. Here the authors $d\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}e\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}r\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}i\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}v\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}e$ swampland conditions for certain supergravity theories from the consistency of sources (branes) for the fields in these theories, and assign a number of a priori consistent theories to the swampland, thus starting a program for a deeper understanding of swampland conditions.

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 066006] Published Thu Sep 05, 2019

]]>We study unequal rapidity correlators in the stochastic Langevin picture of Jalilian-Marian–Iancu–McLerran–Weigert–Leonidov–Kovner (JIMWLK) evolution in the color glass condensate effective field theory. We discuss a diagrammatic interpretation of the long-range correlators. By separately evolving t...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 054003] Published Wed Sep 04, 2019

]]>The stochastic gravitational-wave background is a superposition of sources that are either too weak or too numerous to detect individually. In this study, we present the results from a cross-correlation analysis on data from Advanced LIGO’s second observing run (O2), which we combine with the result...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 061101(R)] Published Wed Sep 04, 2019

]]>We perform an unmodeled search for persistent, directional gravitational wave (GW) sources using data from the first and second observing runs of Advanced LIGO. We do not find evidence for any GW signals. We place limits on the broadband GW flux emitted at 25 Hz from point sources with a power law s...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 062001] Published Wed Sep 04, 2019

]]>Dynamically formed compact object binaries may still be eccentric while in the LIGO/Virgo band. For a neutron star (NS) in an eccentric binary, the fundamental modes (f-modes) are excited at the pericenter, transferring energy from the orbit to oscillations in the NS. We model this system by couplin...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 063001] Published Wed Sep 04, 2019

]]>Compensated isocurvature perturbations (CIPs) are opposite spatial fluctuations in the baryon and dark matter density. They can be generated for example in the curvaton model in the early Universe but are difficult to observe because their gravitational imprint nearly cancels. We therefore propose a...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 063503] Published Wed Sep 04, 2019

]]>We investigate the bounds on the sum of neutrino masses in a cosmic-acceleration scenario where the equation of state $w(z)$ of dark energy (DE) is constructed in a model-independent way, using a basis of principal components (PCs) that are allowed to cross the phantom barrier $w(z)=-1$. We find that th...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 063504] Published Wed Sep 04, 2019

]]>Several approaches to quantum gravity suggest that Lorentz invariance will be broken at high energy. This can lead to modified dispersion relations for wave propagation, which can be concretely realized in effective field theories where the equation of motion involves higher order spatial derivative...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 064002] Published Wed Sep 04, 2019

]]>Gravitational wave observations of eccentric binary black hole mergers will provide unequivocal evidence for the formation of these systems through dynamical assembly in dense stellar environments. The study of these astrophysically motivated sources is timely in view of electromagnetic observations...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 064003] Published Wed Sep 04, 2019

]]>Multispinning higher dimensional Kerr-AdS black holes admit the stable small-large black hole phase transition of van der Waals type. In this paper, we study the exact critical phenomena and phase structure in five-dimensional spacetime. First, we examine the thermodynamic laws in the reduced parame...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 064004] Published Wed Sep 04, 2019

]]>We report development of a code to calculate the scalar self-force on a scalar-charged particle moving on generic bound orbits in the Kerr spacetime. The scalar self-force model allows rapid development of computational techniques relevant to generic gravitational extreme-mass-ratio inspirals (EMRIs...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 064008] Published Wed Sep 04, 2019

]]>The study of stability of gravitational perturbations in higher derivative gravity has shown that at the linear level the massive unphysical ghost is not generated from vacuum if the initial seed of metric perturbation has frequency essentially below the Planck threshold. The mathematical knowledge ...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 066004] Published Wed Sep 04, 2019

]]>Compactifying M-theory on a manifold of ${G}_{2}$ holonomy gives a UV complete 4D theory. It is supersymmetric, with soft supersymmetry breaking via gaugino condensation that simultaneously stabilizes all moduli and generates a hierarchy between the Planck and the Fermi scale. It generically has gauge matt...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 066005] Published Wed Sep 04, 2019

]]>Based on our previous QCD sum rule studies on hidden-charm pentaquark states, we discuss possible interpretations of the ${P}_{c}(4312)$, ${P}_{c}(4440)$, and ${P}_{c}(4457)$, which were recently observed by LHCb. Our results suggest that the ${P}_{c}(4312)$ can be well interpreted as the $[{\mathrm{\Sigma}}_{c}^{++}{\overline{D}}^{-}]$ bound state with ${J}^{P}=1/{2}^{-}$, wh...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 051501(R)] Published Tue Sep 03, 2019

]]>The PICO experiment uses bubble chambers filled with superheated ${\mathrm{C}}_{3}{\mathrm{F}}_{8}$ for spin-dependent weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP) dark matter searches. One of the main sources of background in these detectors is alpha particles from decays of environmental ${}^{222}\mathrm{Rn}$, which nucleate bubbles that are vi...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 052001] Published Tue Sep 03, 2019

]]>We discuss production of $c\overline{c}$-pairs within ${k}_{T}$-factorization approach (off-shell initial partons) with unintegrated parton distribution functions (uPDFs). We present a consistent prescription which merges the standard leading-order (LO) ${k}_{T}$-factorization calculations for this process with tree-level ne...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 054001] Published Tue Sep 03, 2019

]]>In a chromomagnetic model, we analyze the properties of the newly observed ${P}_{c}(4457{)}^{+}$, ${P}_{c}(4440{)}^{+}$, and ${P}_{c}(4312{)}^{+}$ states. We estimate the masses of the $(uud{)}_{{8}_{c}}(c\overline{c}{)}_{{8}_{c}}$ and $(uds{)}_{{8}_{c}}(c\overline{c}{)}_{{8}_{c}}$ pentaquark states by considering the isospin breaking effects. Their values are determined by calculating mass distan...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 054002] Published Tue Sep 03, 2019

]]>We conjecture that ${Z}_{c}^{-}(4100)$ found by the LHCb group from a Dalitz plot analysis of ${B}^{0}\to {\eta}_{c}{K}^{+}{\pi}^{-}$ decay is the charge conjugate of ${Z}_{1}^{+}(4050)$ observed in ${\chi}_{c1}{\pi}^{+}$ distribution from the Belle collaboration. Some interesting conclusions are inferred from this assumption. The ${Z}_{2}^{+}(4250)$ would be assigned to be ...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 054004] Published Tue Sep 03, 2019

]]>All extensions of the standard model that generate Majorana neutrino masses at the electroweak scale introduce some heavy mediators, either fermions and/or scalars, weakly coupled to leptons. Here, by “heavy,” we mean implicitly the mass range between a few 100 GeV up to, say, roughly 2 TeV, such th...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 055001] Published Tue Sep 03, 2019

]]>In a recent work, we emphasized that an excess in trilepton events plus missing energy observed by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC could be interpreted as a signal of low-energy supersymmetry. In such a scenario the lightest neutralino mass is approximately ${m}_{\chi}\simeq 60\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{GeV}$ and the direct dark matter dete...

[Phys. Rev. D 100, 055002] Published Tue Sep 03, 2019

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