Understanding single pion production reactions on free nucleons is the first step towards a correct description of these processes in nuclei, which are important for signal and background contributions in current and near future accelerator neutrino oscillation experiments. In this work, we reanalyz…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 053007] Published Fri Mar 24, 2017

]]>We extend the study of long-mode perturbations to other large-scale observables such as cosmic rulers, galaxy-number counts, and halo bias. The long mode is a pure gradient mode that is still outside an observer’s horizon. We insist that gradient-mode effects on observables vanish. It is also crucia…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 063519] Published Fri Mar 24, 2017

]]>We perform the first numerical simulations of necklaces in a non-Abelian gauge theory. Necklaces are composite classical solutions which can be interpreted as monopoles trapped on strings, rather generic structures in a Grand Unified Theory. We generate necklaces from random initial conditions, mode…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 063520] Published Fri Mar 24, 2017

]]>Conjectures play a central role in theoretical physics, especially those that assert an upper bound to some dimensionless ratio of physical quantities. In this paper we introduce a new such conjecture bounding the ratio of the magnetic moment to angular momentum in nature. We also discuss the curren…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 064040] Published Fri Mar 24, 2017

]]>The success of loop quantum cosmology to resolve classical singularities of homogeneous models has led to its application to the classical Schwarszchild black hole interior, which takes the form of a homogeneous Kantowski-Sachs model. The first steps of this were done in pure quantum mechanical term…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 064041] Published Fri Mar 24, 2017

]]>We analyze the gravitational radiation emitted from a particle in circular motion around a Schwarzschild black hole using the framework of quantum field theory in curved spacetime at tree level. The gravitational perturbations are written in a gauge-invariant formalism for spherically symmetric spac…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 064042] Published Fri Mar 24, 2017

]]>We study the momentum space entanglement between different energy modes of interacting scalar fields propagating in general ($D+1$)-dimensional flat space-time. As opposed to some of the recent works [V. Balasubramanian *et al.*, Phys. Rev. D **86**, 045014 (2012)], we use a Lorentz invariant normalized gro…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 065023] Published Fri Mar 24, 2017

]]>We study the motion of a string in the background of a Reissner-Nordstrom black hole, in both anti–de Sitter as well as asymptotically flat spacetimes. We describe the phase space of this dynamical system through the largest Lyapunov exponent, Poincaré sections and basins of attraction. We observe t…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 066014] Published Fri Mar 24, 2017

]]>Measurements of charm mixing and $CP$ violation parameters from the decay-time-dependent ratio of ${D}^{0}\to {K}^{+}{\pi}^{-}$ to ${D}^{0}\to {K}^{-}{\pi}^{+}$ decay rates and the charge-conjugate ratio are reported. The analysis uses $\overline{B}\to {D}^{*+}{\mu}^{-}X$, and charge-conjugate decays, where ${D}^{*+}\to {D}^{0}{\pi}^{+}$, and ${D}^{0}\to {K}^{\mp}{\pi}^{\pm}$. The $pp$ collision data are recorded by the…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 052004] Published Thu Mar 23, 2017

]]>The threshold behavior of ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}$ annihilation is considered in the channels ${B}_{s0}{\overline{B}}_{s}^{*}+\mathrm{c}.\mathrm{c}.$, ${B}_{s1}{\overline{B}}_{s}+\mathrm{c}.\mathrm{c}.$, and ${B}_{s1}{\overline{B}}_{s}^{*}+\mathrm{c}.\mathrm{c}.$, where ${B}_{s0}$ and ${B}_{s1}$ are the excited bottom-strange ${J}^{P}={0}^{+}$ and ${J}^{P}={1}^{+}$ mesons. It is argued that due to the heavy quark spin symmetry only one coherent combination of the first two channe…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 054017] Published Thu Mar 23, 2017

]]>We present a calculation of the rates for Higgs-boson decays to a vector heavy-quarkonium state plus a photon, where the heavy-quarkonium states are the $J/\psi $ and the $\mathrm{\Upsilon}(nS)$ states, with $n=1$, 2, or 3. The calculation is carried out in the light-cone formalism, combined with nonrelativistic QCD factoriz…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 054018] Published Thu Mar 23, 2017

]]>In this paper, we use the equation of state (EOS) of the $2+1$ flavors Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model to study the structure of compact stars. To avoid the ultraviolet divergence, we employ the proper-time regularization (PTR) with an ultraviolet cutoff. For comparison, we fix three sets of parameters…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 056018] Published Thu Mar 23, 2017

]]>Drawing from the advanced mathematics of noncommutative geometry, we model a “classical” Dirac fermion propagating in a curved spacetime. We demonstrate that the inherent causal structure of the model encodes the possibility of Zitterbewegung—the “trembling motion” of the fermion. We recover the wel…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 061701(R)] Published Thu Mar 23, 2017

]]>In this article, we present an example of an inhomogeneous cosmological model, which is inspired by the linear perturbation theory. The metric of this model can be described as the Einstein–de Sitter background with periodically distributed dust overdensities. The model construction enables applicat…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 063517] Published Thu Mar 23, 2017

]]>The gravitational waves measured at LIGO are presumed here to come from merging primordial black holes. We ask how these primordial black holes could arise through inflationary models while not conflicting with current experiments. Among the approaches that work, we investigate the opportunity for c…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 063518] Published Thu Mar 23, 2017

]]>Black holes offer an exciting area to explore the nature of quantum gravity. The classic work on Hawking radiation indicates that black holes should decay via quantum effects, but our ideas about how this might work at a technical level are incomplete. Recently Almheiri-Marolf-Polchinski-Sully (AMPS…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 064039] Published Thu Mar 23, 2017

]]>Supernova (SN) neutrinos can excite the nuclei of various detector materials beyond their neutron emission thresholds through charged current (CC) and neutral current (NC) interactions. The emitted neutrons, if detected, can be a signal for the supernova event. Here we present the results of our stu…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 065022] Published Thu Mar 23, 2017

]]>[Phys. Rev. D 95, 069904] Published Thu Mar 23, 2017

]]>The ${B}^{\pm}$ meson production asymmetry in $pp$ collisions is measured using ${B}^{+}\to {\overline{D}}^{0}{\pi}^{+}$ decays. The data were recorded by the LHCb experiment during Run 1 of the LHC at center-of-mass energies of $\sqrt{s}=7$ and 8 TeV. The production asymmetries, integrated over transverse momenta in the range $2<{p}_{\mathrm{T}}<30\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{GeV}/c$, a…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 052005] Published Wed Mar 22, 2017

]]>In this work, we use McGuire’s model to describe scattering of three spinless identical particles in one spatial dimension; we first present analytic solutions of Faddeev’s equation for scattering of three spinless particles in free space. The three particles interaction in finite volume is derived …

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 054508] Published Wed Mar 22, 2017

]]>In the framework of the effective field theory approach to heavy supersymmetry radiative corrections in the Higgs sector of the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) for the effective potential decomposition up to the dimension-six operators are calculated. Symbolic expressions for the thresh…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 055021] Published Wed Mar 22, 2017

]]>A model with ${L}_{\mu}-{L}_{\tau}$ gauge symmetry is the least constrained model as a resolution to the disagreement of the muon anomalous magnetic moment between the theoretical predictions and the experimental results. In this paper, we discuss how well the ${L}_{\mu}-{L}_{\tau}$ model can be constrained by looking for decays of …

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 055022] Published Wed Mar 22, 2017

]]>Light dark matter searches require new experimental approaches compared to the well-established nuclear-recoil techniques now in use. In this paper, the authors consider the potential to detect sub-MeV dark matter via multi-excitation modes in superfluid helium.

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 056019] Published Wed Mar 22, 2017

]]>The possibility of estimating the mass composition of primary cosmic rays above the knee of their energy spectrum through the study of high-energy gamma rays, muons, and neutrinos produced in the interactions of cosmic rays with solar ambient matter and radiation is explored. It is found that the th…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 063014] Published Wed Mar 22, 2017

]]>We study the differences and equivalences between the nonperturbative description of the evolution of cosmic structure furnished by the Szekeres dust models (a nonspherical exact solution of Einstein’s equations) and the dynamics of cosmological perturbation theory ($CPT$) for dust sources in a $\mathrm{\Lambda}\mathrm{CDM}$ b…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 064033] Published Wed Mar 22, 2017

]]>Compact objects with a light sphere such as black holes and wormholes can reflect light rays like a mirror. This gravitational lensing phenomenon is called retrolensing and it is an interesting tool to survey dark and compact objects with a light sphere near the solar system. In this paper, we calcu…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 064034] Published Wed Mar 22, 2017

]]>Gravitational lensing by the light sphere of compact objects like black holes and wormholes will give us information on the compact objects. In this paper, we provide an improved strong deflection limit analysis in a general asymptotically flat, static, spherically symmetric spacetime. The strong de…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 064035] Published Wed Mar 22, 2017

]]>We construct the membrane paradigm for black objects in Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet gravity in spacetime dimensions $\ge 5$. As in the case of general relativity, the horizon can be modeled as a membrane endowed with fluidlike properties. We derive the stress tensor for this membrane fluid and study the pertur…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 064036] Published Wed Mar 22, 2017

]]>We analytically construct an infinite number of trapped toroids in spherically symmetric Cauchy hypersurfaces of the Einstein equations. We focus on initial data which represent “constant density stars” momentarily at rest. There exists an infinite number of constant mean curvature tori, but we also…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 064037] Published Wed Mar 22, 2017

]]>We revisit the possibility that the Planck mass is spontaneously generated in scale-invariant scalar-tensor theories of gravity, typically leading to a “dilaton.” The fifth force, arising from the dilaton, is severely constrained by astrophysical measurements. We explore the possibility that nature …

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 064038] Published Wed Mar 22, 2017

]]>We study novel contributions to the partition function of the Maxwell system defined on a small compact manifold $\mathbb{M}$ with nontrivial mappings ${\pi}_{1}[U(1)]\cong \mathbb{Z}$. These contributions cannot be described in terms of conventional physical propagating photons with two transverse polarizations and instead emerge a…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 065018] Published Wed Mar 22, 2017

]]>A theory known as special Galileon has recently attracted considerable interest due to its peculiar properties. It has been shown that it represents an extremal member of the set of effective field theories with an enhanced soft limit. This property makes its tree-level $S$-matrix fully on-shell recon…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 065019] Published Wed Mar 22, 2017

]]>We study the spectrum and entanglement of phonons produced by temporal changes in homogeneous one-dimensional atomic condensates. To characterize the experimentally accessible changes, we first consider the dynamics of the condensate when varying the radial trapping frequency, separately studying tw…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 065020] Published Wed Mar 22, 2017

]]>We solve the Landau problem for charged particles on odd dimensional spheres ${S}^{2k-1}$ in the background of constant $\mathrm{SO}(2k-1)$ gauge fields carrying the irreducible representation ($\frac{I}{2},\frac{I}{2},\dots ,\frac{I}{2}$). We determine the spectrum of the Hamiltonian, the degeneracy of the Landau levels and give the eigenstates in t…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 065021] Published Wed Mar 22, 2017

]]>Motivated by the recent unified approach to the Smarr-like relation of anti-de Sitter (AdS) planar black holes in conjunction with the quasilocal formalism on conserved charges, we revisit the quantum statistical and thermodynamic relations of hairy AdS planar black holes. By extending the previous …

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 066012] Published Wed Mar 22, 2017

]]>We investigate in detail the ${m}^{2}=0$ Abelian Higgs model in ${\mathrm{AdS}}_{4}$, which is considered as the holographic dual of the most BCS-like superfluid. In homogeneous and isotropic superfluid solutions, we calculate the fourth-sound speeds, the square of which approaches $1/2$ with increasing chemical potential (…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 066013] Published Wed Mar 22, 2017

]]>We analyze direct dark matter detection experiments for $\lesssim 100\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{MeV}$ mass mediators with general interactions. We compare the nuclear recoil energy spectra from these interactions to the solar neutrino spectrum. A set of interactions that generate spectra similar to the neutrino background is identifie…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 051701(R)] Published Tue Mar 21, 2017

]]>The mass spectrum of $c\overline{b}$ states has been obtained using the phenomenological relativistic quark model (RQM) with coupled channel effects. The Hamiltonian used in the investigation has confinement potential and confined one gluon exchange potential (COGEP). In the frame work of the RQM, a study of ma…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 054016] Published Tue Mar 21, 2017

]]>We study mono-Higgs signatures emerging in the $B-L$ supersymmetric standard model induced by new channels not present in the minimal supersymmetric standard model, i.e., via topologies in which the mediator is either a heavy ${Z}^{\prime}$, with mass of $\mathcal{O}(2\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{TeV})$, or an intermediate ${h}^{\prime}$ (the lightest $CP$-even Higg…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 055019] Published Tue Mar 21, 2017

]]>We show that the photon-photon fusion process contributes significantly to the pair production of doubly charged Higgs bosons at the LHC at a level comparable to the Drell-Yan production. We reinterpret the ATLAS lower limit of 570 GeV (420 GeV) on the mass of ${\mathrm{\Delta}}_{L}^{\pm \pm}$ (${\mathrm{\Delta}}_{R}^{\pm \pm}$) arising from an $SU(2{)}_{L}$ trip…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 055020] Published Tue Mar 21, 2017

]]>We consider polarizable sheets, which recently received some attention, especially in the context of the dispersion interaction of thin sheets like graphene. These sheets are modeled by a collection of delta function potentials and resemble zero-range potentials, which are known in quantum mechanics…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 056017] Published Tue Mar 21, 2017

]]>Indirect detection of dark matter is a major avenue for discovery. However, baryonic backgrounds are diverse enough to mimic many possible signatures of dark matter. In this work, we study the newly proposed technique of dark matter velocity spectroscopy [E. G. Speckhard, K. C. Y. Ng, J. F. Beacom, …

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 063012] Published Tue Mar 21, 2017

]]>Neutrinos mix and have mass differences, so decays from one to another must occur. But how fast? The best direct limits on nonradiative decays, based on solar and atmospheric neutrinos, are weak, $\tau \gtrsim {10}^{-3}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{s}$ ($m/\mathrm{eV}$) or much worse. Greatly improved sensitivity, $\tau \sim 1{0}^{3}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{s}$ ($m/\mathrm{eV}$), will eventually be obtain…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 063013] Published Tue Mar 21, 2017

]]>We find new solutions to the five-dimensional Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton theory with cosmological constant where the dilaton field couples to the electromagnetic field as well as to the cosmological term with two different coupling constants. The five-dimensional spacetime is nonstationary and is a co…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 064030] Published Tue Mar 21, 2017

]]>A class of generalized Galileon cosmological models, which can be described by a pointlike Lagrangian, is considered in order to utilize Noether’s theorem to determine conservation laws for the field equations. In the Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker universe, the existence of a nontrivial conser…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 064031] Published Tue Mar 21, 2017

]]>We explicitly solved the anomaly-free quantum constraints proposed by Tomlin and Varadarajan for the weak Euclidean model of canonical loop quantum gravity, in a large subspace of the model’s kinematic Hilbert space, which is the space of the charge network states. In doing so, we first identified t…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 064032] Published Tue Mar 21, 2017

]]>We study the behavior of entanglement between different degrees of freedom of scattering fermions, based on an exemplary QED scattering process ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}\to {\mu}^{+}{\mu}^{-}$. The variation of entanglement entropy between two fermions from an initial state to the final state was computed, with respect to different entan…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 065017] Published Tue Mar 21, 2017

]]>Single top quark production is a powerful process to search for new physics signs. In this work we propose and investigate a search for top quark flavor-changing neutral currents (FCNCs) via a photon using direct single top quark production events in proton-proton collisions at the LHC at CERN. We s…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 054014] Published Mon Mar 20, 2017

]]>Observation of ${\tau}^{-}\to {\eta}^{(\prime )}{\pi}^{-}{\nu}_{\tau}$ decays at Belle-II would indicate either a manifestation of isospin symmetry breaking or genuine second class current (SCC) effects. The corresponding radiative ${\tau}^{-}\to {\eta}^{(\prime )}{\pi}^{-}{\nu}_{\tau}\gamma $ decay channels are not suppressed by $G$-parity considerations and may represent a serious background…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 054015] Published Mon Mar 20, 2017

]]>We show how successful supersymmetric hybrid inflation is realized in realistic models where the resolution of the minimal supersymmetric standard model $\mu $ problem is intimately linked with axion physics. The scalar fields that accompany the axion, such as the saxion, are closely monitored during and…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 055017] Published Mon Mar 20, 2017

]]>The long-standing anomaly in the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon indicates the presence of chirality violating new physics contributions. A possible solution involves scalar leptoquarks with left- and right-handed couplings to the top quark. Two such representations of scalar leptoquarks exist…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 055018] Published Mon Mar 20, 2017

]]>One of the most intriguing hints of a departure from the standard cosmological model is a large-scale dipolar power asymmetry in the cosmic microwave background (CMB). If not a statistical fluke, its origins must lie in the modulation of the position-space fluctuations via a physical mechanism, whic…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 063011] Published Mon Mar 20, 2017

]]>Critical overdensity ${\delta}_{c}$ is a key concept in estimating the number count of halos for different redshift and halo-mass bins, and therefore, it is a powerful tool to compare cosmological models to observations. There are currently two different prescriptions in the literature for its calculation, name…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 064029] Published Mon Mar 20, 2017

]]>We evaluate the quartic ghost and quark Green’s functions as well as the gluon-ghost, gluon-quark and ghost-quark four-point functions of quantum chromodynamics at one loop at the fully symmetric point in a linear covariant gauge. Similar expressions for the analogous Green’s functions in quantum el…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 065013] Published Mon Mar 20, 2017

]]>Precision studies of scattering processes at colliders provide powerful indirect constraints on new physics. We study the helicity structure of scattering amplitudes in the standard model (SM) and in the context of an effective Lagrangian description of beyond-the-SM (BSM) dynamics. Our analysis rev…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 065014] Published Mon Mar 20, 2017

]]>We consider radiative processes of an atom in a rotating black-hole background. We assume the atom, represented by a hypothetical two-level system, is coupled via a monopole interaction with a massless quantum scalar field prepared in each one of the usual physical vacuum states of interest. We cons…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 065015] Published Mon Mar 20, 2017

]]>There is a dilemma in constructing interacting scale invariant Euclidean field theories that are not conformal invariant. On one hand, scale invariance without conformal invariance seems more generic by requiring only a smaller symmetry. On the other hand, the existence of a nonconserved current wit…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 065016] Published Mon Mar 20, 2017

]]>We compute the two-loop QCD corrections to $qg\to Hq$ and $q\overline{q}\to Hg$ amplitudes mediated by loops of nearly massless quarks. These amplitudes provide the last missing ingredient required to compute the next-to-leading-order QCD corrections to the top-bottom interference contribution to the Higgs boson transv…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 054012] Published Fri Mar 17, 2017

]]>The phase diagram of strong interaction matter is analyzed utilizing the Nambu–Jona-Lasinio model. Special emphasis is placed on its dependence on an external magnetic field and isospin chemical potential. Using flavor mixing induced by instanton effects the influence of isospin breaking due to the …

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 054013] Published Fri Mar 17, 2017

]]>The Abelian Higgs model is studied on the lattice with charge conjugate boundary conditions. A locally gauge invariant operator for the charged scalar field is constructed, and the charged scalar particle mass is calculated in the Coulomb phase of the lattice model. Agreement is found with the mass …

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 054507] Published Fri Mar 17, 2017

]]>In scenarios where dark matter interacts differently with protons and neutrons (isospin-violating dark matter), the interpretation of the experimental limits on the dark matter spin-independent cross section may be significantly modified. On the one hand, the direct detection constraints are shifted…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 055015] Published Fri Mar 17, 2017

]]>Violation of $CP$ invariance is a quite relevant phenomenon that is found in the Standard Model, though in small amounts. This has been an incentive to look for high-energy descriptions in which $CP$ violation is increased, thus enhancing effects that are suppressed in the Standard Model, such as the el…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 055016] Published Fri Mar 17, 2017

]]>We explore the influence of finite-volume effects on cumulants of baryon/quark number fluctuations in a nonperturbative chiral model. In order to account for soft modes, we use the functional renormalization group in a finite volume, using a smooth regulator function in momentum space. We compare th…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 056015] Published Fri Mar 17, 2017

]]>We present the generalization to nonpositive definite spectral functions of a recently proposed Bayesian deconvolution approach (BR method). The novel prior used here retains many of the beneficial analytic properties of the original method; in particular, it allows us to integrate out the hyperpara…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 056016] Published Fri Mar 17, 2017

]]>We examine the hypothesis that inflation is primarily driven by vacuum energy at a scale indicated by gauge coupling unification. Concretely, we consider a class of hybrid inflation models wherein the vacuum energy associated with a grand unified theory condensate provides the dominant energy during…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 063516] Published Fri Mar 17, 2017

]]>It has been shown that the product of the entropies of the inner Cauchy and outer event horizon of the charged axisymmetric and stationary black holes is a universal formula, which is independent of the black hole’s mass. In this paper, we investigate this universality for the two kinds of rotating …

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 064027] Published Fri Mar 17, 2017

]]>We perform three-dimensional numerical relativity simulations of homogeneous and inhomogeneous expanding spacetimes, with a view toward quantifying nonlinear effects from cosmological inhomogeneities. We demonstrate fourth-order convergence with errors less than one part in $1{0}^{6}$ in evolving a flat, d…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 064028] Published Fri Mar 17, 2017

]]>[Phys. Rev. D 95, 069903] Published Fri Mar 17, 2017

]]>The present study is devoted for an improved analysis of the self-interference contribution of the electromagnetic dipole operator ${\mathcal{O}}_{7}$ to the double differential decay width $d\mathrm{\Gamma}/(d{s}_{1}d{s}_{2})$ for the inclusive $\overline{B}\to {X}_{s}\gamma \gamma $ process, where the kinematical variables ${s}_{1}$ and ${s}_{2}$ are defined as ${s}_{i}=({p}_{b}-{q}_{i}{)}^{2}/{m}_{b}^{2}$ with ${p}_{b}$…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 053006] Published Thu Mar 16, 2017

]]>The masses of the charged fermion and the mixing angles among quarks are observed to be strongly hierarchical, while analogous parameters in the neutrino sector appear to be structureless or anarchical. We develop a class of unified models based on $SU(5)$ symmetry that explains these differing featur…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 055014] Published Thu Mar 16, 2017

]]>We investigate the three-body system of $\pi \overline{K}{K}^{*}$ by using the fixed-center approximation to the Faddeev equation, taking the interaction between $\pi $ and $\overline{K}$, $\pi $ and ${K}^{*}$, and $\overline{K}$ and ${K}^{*}$ from the chiral unitary approach. The study is made assuming scattering of a $\pi $ on a $\overline{K}{K}^{*}$ cluster, which is known to generate…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 056014] Published Thu Mar 16, 2017

]]>We study the scalar-tensor theory of gravity profoundly in the action level as well as in the thermodynamic level. Contrary to the usual description in the literature about the equivalence in the two conformally connected frames, this paper addresses several incomplete inferences regarding it and me…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 064026] Published Thu Mar 16, 2017

]]>We consider deep inelastic scattering thought experiments in unitary conformal field theories. We explore the implications of the standard dispersion relations for the operator product expansion data. We derive positivity constraints on the operator product expansion coefficients of minimal-twist op…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 065011] Published Thu Mar 16, 2017

]]>We study the Casimir friction phenomenon in a system consisting of two flat, infinite, and parallel graphene sheets, which are coupled to the vacuum electromagnetic (EM) field. Those couplings are implemented, in the description we use, by means of specific terms in the effective action for the EM f…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 065012] Published Thu Mar 16, 2017

]]>[Phys. Rev. D 95, 069902] Published Thu Mar 16, 2017

]]>Using $1310.6\times 1{0}^{6}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}J/\psi $ and $447.9\times 1{0}^{6}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\psi (3686)$ events collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}$ collider, the branching fractions and the angular distributions of $J/\psi $ and $\psi (3686)$ decays to $\mathrm{\Lambda}\overline{\mathrm{\Lambda}}$ and ${\mathrm{\Sigma}}^{0}{\overline{\mathrm{\Sigma}}}^{0}$ final states are measured. The branching fractions are determined, with much improved p…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 052003] Published Wed Mar 15, 2017

]]>The crucial parameter in the current Monte Carlo models of high energy hadron-hadron interaction is the transverse momentum cutoff ${p}_{T0}$ for parton-parton interactions, which slowly grows with energy and regularizes the cross section. This modification of the collinear factorization formula goes beyon…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 054009] Published Wed Mar 15, 2017

]]>Yang-Mills (YM) theory and QCD are known to be renormalizable, but not ultraviolet (UV) finite, order by order, in perturbation theory. It is a fundamental question whether YM theory or QCD is UV finite, or only renormalizable, order by order, in the large-$N$ ’t Hooft or Veneziano expansions. We demo…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 054010] Published Wed Mar 15, 2017

]]>In this paper, we update the predictions for exclusive $J/\mathrm{\Psi}$, $\mathrm{\Psi}(2S)$, and $\mathrm{\Upsilon}$ photoproduction in proton-proton and nucleus-nucleus collisions at the Run 2 LHC energies obtained with the color dipole formalism and considering the impact-parameter color glass condensate model (bCGC) for the forward dipole-…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 054011] Published Wed Mar 15, 2017

]]>We study three possible ways to circumvent the sign problem in the O(3) nonlinear sigma model in $1+1$ dimensions. We compare the results of the worm algorithm to complex Langevin and multiparameter reweighting. Using the worm algorithm, the thermodynamics of the model is investigated, and continuum r…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 054506] Published Wed Mar 15, 2017

]]>[Phys. Rev. D 95, 059901] Published Wed Mar 15, 2017

]]>We study the cosmological evolution of a complex scalar field with a self-interaction potential $V(|\phi {|}^{2})$, possibly describing self-gravitating Bose-Einstein condensates, using a fully general relativistic treatment. We generalize the hydrodynamic representation of the Klein-Gordon-Einstein equations …

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 063515] Published Wed Mar 15, 2017

]]>We consider different spin supplementary conditions (SSC) for a spinning compact binary with the leading-order spin-orbit (SO) interaction. The Lagrangian of the binary system can be constructed, but it is acceleration-dependent in two cases of SSC. We rewrite the generalized Hamiltonian formalism p…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 064023] Published Wed Mar 15, 2017

]]>Numerical relativity is an essential tool in studying the coalescence of binary black holes (BBHs). It is still computationally prohibitive to cover the BBH parameter space exhaustively, making phenomenological fitting formulas for BBH waveforms and final-state properties important for practical app…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 064024] Published Wed Mar 15, 2017

]]>A physically plausible Lemaître-Tolman-Bondi collapse in the marginally bound case is considered. By “physically plausible,” we mean that the corresponding metric is ${\mathcal{C}}^{1}$ matched at the collapsing star surface and further that its *intrinsic* energy is, as due, stationary and finite. It is proved for th…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 064025] Published Wed Mar 15, 2017

]]>We consider deformations of a conformal field theory that explicitly break some global symmetries of the theory. If the deformed theory is still a conformal field theory, one can exploit the constraints put by conformal symmetry to compute broken currents anomalous dimensions. We consider several in…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 066011] Published Wed Mar 15, 2017

]]>The representation of the wave functions of the nucleon resonances within a relativistic framework is a complex task. In a nonrelativistic framework the orthogonality between states can be imposed naturally. In a relativistic generalization, however, the derivation of the orthogonality condition bet…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 054008] Published Tue Mar 14, 2017

]]>In supersymmetric models with radiatively driven naturalness and light Higgsinos, the top squarks may lie in the 0.5–3 TeV range, and thus, only a fraction of natural parameter space is accessible to LHC searches. We outline the range of top squark and lightest SUSY particle masses preferred by elec…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 055012] Published Tue Mar 14, 2017

]]>A thorough account of electromagnetic interactions of massive neutrinos in the theoretical formulation of low-energy elastic neutrino-electron scattering is given. The formalism of neutrino charge, magnetic, electric, and anapole form factors defined as matrices in the mass basis is employed under t…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 055013] Published Tue Mar 14, 2017

]]>Muon pairs can be produced in the annihilation of ultrahigh energy (UHE, $E\gtrsim 1{0}^{18}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{eV}$) photons with low energy cosmic background radiation in the intergalactic space, giving birth to neutrinos. Although the branching ratio of muon pair production is low, products of other channels, which are mainly el…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 063010] Published Tue Mar 14, 2017

]]>We study general class of small-field axion inflations, which are the mixture of polynomial and sinusoidal functions suggested by the natural and axion monodromy inflations. The axion decay constants leading to the successful axion inflations are severely constrained in order not to spoil the big ba…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 063514] Published Tue Mar 14, 2017

]]>We study an anisotropic inflationary scenario in teleparallel gravity. We consider a model where the inflaton is nonminimally coupled both to torsion and a vector field, which can lead to anisotropic inflation. In the weak-coupling limit, our results coincide with the results obtained in the general…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 064020] Published Tue Mar 14, 2017

]]>We present an asymptotically flat and stationary multiblack lens solution with biaxisymmetry of $U(1)\times U(1)$ as a supersymmetric solution in the five-dimensional minimal ungauged supergravity. We show that the spatial cross section of each degenerate Killing horizon admits different lens space topologi…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 064021] Published Tue Mar 14, 2017

]]>We study the properties of compact stars in the Randall-Sundrum type-II braneworld (BW) model. To this end, we solve the braneworld generalization of the stellar structure equations for a static fluid distribution with spherical symmetry considering that the spacetime outside the star is described b…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 064022] Published Tue Mar 14, 2017

]]>We discuss the computation of holographic entanglement entropy for interface conformal field theories. The fact that globally well-defined Fefferman-Graham coordinates are difficult to construct makes the regularization of the holographic theory challenging. We introduce a simple new cutoff procedur…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 066009] Published Tue Mar 14, 2017

]]>Euclidean field theories admit more general deformations than usually discussed in quantum field theories because of mixing between rotational symmetry and internal symmetry (also known as topological twist). Such deformations may be relevant, and if the subsequent renormalization group flow leads t…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 066010] Published Tue Mar 14, 2017

]]>Differential cross sections for a $W$ boson produced in association with jets are measured in a data sample of proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 8 TeV recorded with the CMS detector and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $19.6\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\mathrm{fb}}^{-1}$. The $W$ bosons are identified through th…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 052002] Published Mon Mar 13, 2017

]]>Hadronic form factors for semileptonic decay of the ${\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{c}$ are calculated in a nonrelativistic quark model. The full quark model wave functions are employed to numerically calculate the form factors to all relevant orders in ($1/{m}_{c}$, $1/{m}_{s}$). The form factors obtained satisfy relationships expected from the…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 053005] Published Mon Mar 13, 2017

]]>Motivated by a diphoton anomaly observed by ATLAS and CMS we develop an SFitter analysis for a combined electroweak-Higgs sector, and a scalar portal at the LHC. The theoretical description is based on the linear effective Lagrangian for the Higgs and gauge fields, combined with an additional single…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 055011] Published Mon Mar 13, 2017

]]>We investigate the potential of high-energy astrophysical events, from which both massless and massive signals are detected, to probe fundamental physics. In particular, we consider how strong gravitational lensing can induce time delays in multimessenger signals from the same source. Obvious messen…

[Phys. Rev. D 95, 063512] Published Mon Mar 13, 2017

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