We have studied the mass spectra of the hidden-charm/bottom $qc\overline{q}\overline{c}$, $sc\overline{s}\overline{c}$ and $qb\overline{q}\overline{b}$, $sb\overline{s}\overline{b}$ tetraquark states with ${J}^{PC}={0}^{++}$ and ${2}^{++}$ in the framework of QCD sum rules. We construct ten scalar and four tensor interpolating currents in a systematic way and calculate the mass spectra for these tetraqua...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 114017] Published Fri Dec 15, 2017

]]>We present a theoretical study of the $\gamma \gamma \to \pi \eta $ process from the threshold up to 1.4 GeV in the $\pi \eta $ invariant mass. For the s-wave ${a}_{0}(980)$ resonance state we adopt a dispersive formalism using a coupled-channel Omnès representation, while the d-wave ${a}_{2}(1320)$ state is described as a Breit-Wigner resonance...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 114018] Published Fri Dec 15, 2017

]]>In most multicomponent dark-matter scenarios, two classes of processes generically contribute to event rates at experiments capable of probing the nature of the dark sector. The first class consists of “diagonal” processes involving only a single species of dark-matter particle—processes analogous t...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 115009] Published Fri Dec 15, 2017

]]>In this paper the authors point out that a basic assumption made in calculating the thermal production of dark matter, namely the existence of local thermal equilibrium during the freeze out of annihilating dark matter particles, need not always hold. They then provide two methods for dealing with such a situation.

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 115010] Published Fri Dec 15, 2017

]]>The vector leptoquark representation, ${U}_{\mu}=(3,1,2/3)$, was recently identified as an exceptional single mediator model to address experimental hints on lepton flavor universality violation in semileptonic $B$-meson decays, both in neutral ($b\to s\mu \mu $) and charged ($b\to c\tau \nu $) current processes. Nonetheless, it is ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 115011] Published Fri Dec 15, 2017

]]>We study the cosmological effects of adding terms of higher order in the usual energy-momentum tensor to the matter Lagrangian of general relativity. This is in contrast to most studies of higher-order gravity which focus on generalizing the Einstein-Hilbert curvature contribution to the Lagrangian....

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 123517] Published Fri Dec 15, 2017

]]>In the expanding universe, two interacting fields are no longer in thermal contact when the interaction rate becomes smaller than the Hubble expansion rate. After decoupling, two subsystems are usually treated separately in accordance with equilibrium thermodynamics and the thermodynamic entropy giv...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 123518] Published Fri Dec 15, 2017

]]>Inspired by the interpretation of the cosmological constant from the boundary gauge theory, we here treat it as the number of colors $N$ and its conjugate quantity as the associated chemical potential $\mu $ in the black hole side. Then the thermodynamics and the chemical potential for a five-dimensional c...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 124018] Published Fri Dec 15, 2017

]]>We investigate properties of self-gravitating isorotating Skyrmions in the generalized Einstein-Skyrme model with higher-derivative terms in the matter field sector. These stationary solutions are axially symmetric, regular, and asymptotically flat. We provide a detailed account of the branch struct...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 125006] Published Fri Dec 15, 2017

]]>[Phys. Rev. D 96, 129901] Published Fri Dec 15, 2017

]]>This work deals with form factors of the energy-momentum tensor (EMT) of spin-0 particles and the unknown particle property $D$ term related to the EMT, and it is divided into three parts. The first part explores free, weakly and strongly interacting theories to study EMT form factors with the followi...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 114013] Published Thu Dec 14, 2017

]]>Assuming that the pion-pion scattering amplitude and its absorptive part are analytic inside an ellipse in the complex $t$ plane with foci $t=0$, $u=0$ and right extremity $t=4{m}_{\pi}^{2}+\epsilon $, ($\epsilon >0$)—except for cuts prescribed by the Mandelstam representation for $t\ge 4{m}_{\pi}^{2}$, $u\ge 4{m}_{\pi}^{2}$, and bounded by ${s}^{N}$ on the boundary o...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 114014] Published Thu Dec 14, 2017

]]>We exploit a conjectured continuity between super Yang-Mills on ${\mathbb{R}}^{3}\times {\mathbb{S}}^{1}$ and pure Yang-Mills to study $k$-strings in the latter theory. As expected, we find that Wilson-loop correlation functions depend on the N-ality of a representation $\mathcal{R}$ to the leading order. However, the next-to-leading order correcti...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 114015] Published Thu Dec 14, 2017

]]>Studies of the reaction $\gamma \pi \to \pi \pi $, in the context of the ongoing Primakoff program of the COMPASS experiment at CERN, give access to the radiative couplings of the $\rho (770)$ and ${\rho}_{3}(1690)$ resonances. We provide a vector-meson-dominance estimate of the respective radiative width of the ${\rho}_{3}$, ${\mathrm{\Gamma}}_{{\rho}_{3}\to \pi \gamma}=48(18)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{keV}$...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 114016] Published Thu Dec 14, 2017

]]>We study Dirac fermionic dark matter (DM, ${\chi}^{0}$) and confront it with recent data. To evade the stringent direct search limits from PandaX-II, XENON1T, and LUX experiments, the quantum numbers of the Dirac DM are taken to be ${I}_{3}=Y=0$ to remove the tree-level $Z$-exchange diagram. Loop amplitudes can contri...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 115006] Published Thu Dec 14, 2017

]]>We examine the top squark (stop) and gluino reach of the proposed 33 TeV energy upgrade of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC33) in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) with light Higgsinos and relatively heavy electroweak gauginos. In our analysis, we assume that stops decay to Higgsinos vi...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 115008] Published Thu Dec 14, 2017

]]>Under conditions prevailing in certain classes of compact astrophysical systems, the active magnetosphere of a rotating black hole becomes charge starved, giving rise to the formation of a spark gap in which plasma is continuously produced. The plasma production process is accompanied by curvature a...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 123006] Published Thu Dec 14, 2017

]]>The nature of the $\gamma $-ray emission from the Fermi bubbles is unknown. Both hadronic and leptonic models have been formulated to explain the peculiar $\gamma $-ray signal observed by the Fermi-LAT between 0.1–500 GeV. If this emission continues above $\sim 30\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{TeV}$, hadronic models of the Fermi bubbles would provide...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 123007] Published Thu Dec 14, 2017

]]>We present numerical measurements of the power spectrum response function of the gravitational growth of cosmic structures, defined as the functional derivative of the nonlinear spectrum with respect to the linear counterpart, based on 1400 cosmological simulations. We develop a simple analytical mo...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 123515] Published Thu Dec 14, 2017

]]>We explore the use of the galaxy bispectrum induced by the nonlinear gravitational evolution as a possible probe to test general scalar-tensor theories with second-order equations of motion. We find that time dependence of the leading second-order kernel is approximately characterized by one paramet...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 123516] Published Thu Dec 14, 2017

]]>In the present work, we investigate evolving wormhole configurations described by a constant redshift function in Einstein-Cartan theory. The matter content consists of a Weyssenhoff fluid along with an anisotropic matter which together generalize the anisotropic energy momentum tensor in general re...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 124017] Published Thu Dec 14, 2017

]]>We investigate graviton radiation in gravitational scattering at small impact parameters $b<R\equiv 2G\sqrt{s}$ and extreme energies $s\gg {M}_{P}^{2}$, a regime in which classical collapse is thought to occur, and thus radiation may be suppressed also. Here however, by analyzing the soft-based representation of radiation r...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 126008] Published Thu Dec 14, 2017

]]>A measurement of the shape of the differential decay rate and the associated Isgur-Wise function for the decay ${\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{b}^{0}\to {\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{c}^{+}{\mu}^{-}{\overline{\nu}}_{\mu}$ is reported, using data corresponding to $3\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\mathrm{fb}}^{-1}$ collected with the LHCb detector in proton-proton collisions. The ${\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{c}^{+}{\mu}^{-}{\overline{\nu}}_{\mu}(+\mathrm{anything})$ final states are reconstructed through th...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 112005] Published Wed Dec 13, 2017

]]>Many excited charmed strange baryons such as ${\mathrm{\Xi}}_{c}(2790)$, ${\mathrm{\Xi}}_{c}(2815)$, ${\mathrm{\Xi}}_{c}(2930)$, ${\mathrm{\Xi}}_{c}(2980)$, ${\mathrm{\Xi}}_{c}(3055)$, ${\mathrm{\Xi}}_{c}(3080)$, and ${\mathrm{\Xi}}_{c}(3123)$ have been observed. In order to understand their internal structure and to determine their spin parities, the strong decay properties of these baryons as possible $P$-wave excited ${\mathrm{\Xi}}_{c}$ c...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 114009] Published Wed Dec 13, 2017

]]>We calculate the contribution of the nonperturbative Pauli couplings in the quark-photon and quark-gluon vertices to the single-spin asymmetries (SSAs) in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering (SIDIS). We describe the nucleon using the spectator model with scalar and axial-vector diquarks. Both o...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 114010] Published Wed Dec 13, 2017

]]>We study the long-distance properties of quantum chromodynamics in the Landau gauge in an expansion in powers of the three-gluon, four-gluon, and ghost-gluon couplings, but without expanding in the quark-gluon coupling. This is motivated by two observations. First, the gauge sector is well described...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 114011] Published Wed Dec 13, 2017

]]>We study the behavior of strongly interacting matter under a uniform intense external magnetic field in the context of nonlocal extensions of the Polyakov–Nambu–Jona-Lasinio model. A detailed description of the formalism is presented, considering the cases of zero and finite temperature. In particul...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 114012] Published Wed Dec 13, 2017

]]>Cosmic rays have extremely high particle energies (up to $1{0}^{20}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{eV}$) and can be used to search for violations of Lorentz invariance. We consider isotropic nonbirefringent Lorentz violation in the photon sector for the case of a photon velocity larger than the maximum attainable velocity of the standar...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 116011] Published Wed Dec 13, 2017

]]>We study the effects of high magnetic fields on the structure and on the geometry of the crust in neutron stars. We find that the crust geometry is substantially modified by the magnetic field inside the star. We build stationary and axis-symmetric magnetized stellar models by using well-known equat...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 123005] Published Wed Dec 13, 2017

]]>We study preheating in models where a scalar inflaton is directly coupled to a non-Abelian $SU(2)$ gauge field. In particular, we examine ${m}^{2}{\varphi}^{2}$ inflation with a conformal, dilatonlike coupling to the non-Abelian sector. We describe a numerical scheme that combines lattice gauge theory with standard fin...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 123512] Published Wed Dec 13, 2017

]]>We investigate constraints on scalar dark matter (DM) by analyzing the Lyman-$\alpha $ forest, which probes structure formation at medium and small scales, and also by studying its cosmological consequences at high and low redshift. For scalar DM that constitutes more than 30% of the total DM density, we ob...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 123514] Published Wed Dec 13, 2017

]]>It is usually believed that MOND can describe the galactic rotational curves with only baryonic matter and without any dark matter very well, while the $\mathrm{\Lambda}\mathrm{CDM}$ model is expected to have difficulty in reproducing MOND-like behavior. Here, we use EAGLE’s data to learn whether the $\mathrm{\Lambda}\mathrm{CDM}$ model can reproduce...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 124016] Published Wed Dec 13, 2017

]]>The bipartite entanglement entropy of a segment of length $l$ in $1+1$-dimensional conformal field theories (CFT) follows the formula $S=\frac{c}{3}\mathrm{ln}l+\gamma $, where $c$ is the central charge of the CFT and $\gamma $ is a cutoff-dependent constant which diverges in the absence of an ultraviolet cutoff. According to this formula...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 126007] Published Wed Dec 13, 2017

]]>We introduce parametrizations of hadronic three-body $B$ and $D$ weak decay amplitudes that can be readily implemented in experimental analyses and are a sound alternative to the simplistic and widely used sum of Breit-Wigner type amplitudes, also known as the isobar model. These parametrizations can be...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 113003] Published Tue Dec 12, 2017

]]>The accuracy of the Gounaris-Sakurai pion electromagnetic form factor model at the elastic region, in which just the ${\rho}^{0}(770)$ resonance appears, is investigated by the particular analysis of the most accurate P-wave isovector $\pi \pi $ scattering phase shift ${\delta}_{1}^{1}(t)$ data, obtained by the Garcia-Martin-Kamińs...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 113004] Published Tue Dec 12, 2017

]]>We investigate the interplay between the (light-light quark) chiral condensate and heavy-light quark condensate induced by the QCD Kondo effect, which is described by an effective Lagrangian with four-point interactions and the mean-field approximation. We find that the appearance of Kondo condensat...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 114007] Published Tue Dec 12, 2017

]]>We calculate at the leading order in ${\alpha}_{s}$ the QCD amplitude for exclusive neutrino production of a ${D}^{*}$ or ${D}_{s}^{*}$ charmed vector meson on a nucleon. We work in the framework of the collinear QCD approach where generalized parton distributions (GPDs) factorize from perturbatively calculable coefficient func...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 114008] Published Tue Dec 12, 2017

]]>A recently developed variational resummation technique, incorporating renormalization group properties consistently, has been shown to solve the scale dependence problem that plagues the evaluation of thermodynamical quantities, e.g., within the framework of approximations such as in the hard-therma...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 116009] Published Tue Dec 12, 2017

]]>We study M1-transitions involving mesons: ${B}_{c}(1s)$, ${B}_{c}^{*}(1s)$, ${B}_{c}(2s)$, ${B}_{c}^{*}(2s)$, ${B}_{c}(3s)$, and ${B}_{c}^{*}(3s)$ in the relativistic independent quark (RIQ) model based on a flavor independent average potential in the scalar-vector harmonic form. The transition form factor for ${B}_{c}^{*}\to {B}_{c}\gamma $ is found to have analytical con...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 116010] Published Tue Dec 12, 2017

]]>Binary black hole (BBH) mergers provide a prime source for current and future interferometric gravitational wave observatories. Massive BBH mergers may often take place in plasma-rich environments, leading to the exciting possibility of a concurrent electromagnetic (EM) signal observable by traditio...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 123003] Published Tue Dec 12, 2017

]]>The ideal magnetohydrodynamic theorem on the conservation of the magnetic connections between plasma elements is generalized to relativistic plasmas in curved spacetime. The connections between plasma elements, which are established by a covariant connection equation, display a particularly complex ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 123004] Published Tue Dec 12, 2017

]]>We present a Bayesian reconstruction algorithm that infers the three-dimensional large-scale matter distribution from the weak gravitational lensing effects measured in the image shapes of galaxies. The algorithm is designed to also work with non-Gaussian posterior distributions which arise, for exa...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 123510] Published Tue Dec 12, 2017

]]>Delensing, the removal of the limiting lensing $B$-mode background, is crucial for the success of future cosmic microwave background (CMB) surveys in constraining inflationary gravitational waves (IGWs). In recent work, delensing with large-scale structure tracers has emerged as a promising method bot...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 123511] Published Tue Dec 12, 2017

]]>We compute the running of the spectrum of cosmological perturbations in string gas cosmology, making use of a smooth parametrization of the transition between the early Hagedorn phase and the later radiation phase. We find that the running has the same sign as in simple models of single scalar field...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 123513] Published Tue Dec 12, 2017

]]>Rotating neutron stars are subject to an instability driven by gravitational waves - the so-called r-mode. Can the presence of a magnetic field damp the growth of the instability and stop the production of gravitational waves? The authors answer the question in the negative.

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 124008] Published Tue Dec 12, 2017

]]>Scalar tensor theories can be expressed in different frames, such as the commonly used Einstein and Jordan frames, and it is generally accepted that cosmological observables are the same in these frames. We revisit this by making a detailed side-by-side comparison of the quantities and equations in ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 124009] Published Tue Dec 12, 2017

]]>We compute the exact Hamiltonian (and corresponding Dirac brackets) for a spinning particle with gravimagnetic moment $\kappa $ in an arbitrary gravitational background. The case $\kappa =0$ corresponds to the Mathisson-Papapetrou-Tulczyjew-Dixon (MPTD) equations. $\kappa =1$ leads to modified MPTD equations with improved ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 124013] Published Tue Dec 12, 2017

]]>Trumpet geometries play an important role in numerical simulations of black hole spacetimes, which are usually performed under the assumption of asymptotic flatness. Our Universe is not asymptotically flat, however, which has motivated numerical studies of black holes in asymptotically de Sitter spa...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 124014] Published Tue Dec 12, 2017

]]>We consider the first-order phase transition of a charged anti–de Sitter black hole and introduce a new dimensionless parameter, $\omega =(\mathrm{\Delta}S/\pi {Q}^{2}{)}^{2}$. The parametric solutions of the two reduced volumes are obtained. Each volume is described by a piecewise analytic function. The demarcation point is located ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 124015] Published Tue Dec 12, 2017

]]>We construct the first analytic examples of topologically nontrivial solutions of the ($3+1$)-dimensional $U(1)$ gauged Skyrme model within a finite box in ($3+1$)-dimensional flat space-time. There are two types of gauged solitons. The first type corresponds to gauged Skyrmions living within a finite vol...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 125005] Published Tue Dec 12, 2017

]]>Solvability of the ubiquitous quantum harmonic oscillator relies on a spectrum generating $\mathfrak{osp}(1|2)$ superconformal symmetry. We study the problem of constructing all quantum mechanical models with a hidden $\mathfrak{osp}(1|2)$ symmetry on a given space of states. This problem stems from interacting higher spin m...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 126005] Published Tue Dec 12, 2017

]]>We calculate the branching ratios and polarization fractions of the $B\to {a}_{1}{b}_{1}$ decays in the perturbative QCD(pQCD) approach at leading order, where ${a}_{1}({b}_{1})$ stands for the axial-vector ${a}_{1}(1260)[{b}_{1}(1235)]$ state. By combining the phenomenological analyses with the perturbative calculations, we find the fol...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 113002] Published Mon Dec 11, 2017

]]>We consider a linear sigma model describing $2{N}_{f}^{2}$ bosons ($\sigma $, ${\mathbf{a}}_{\mathbf{0}}$, ${\eta}^{\prime}$ and $\mathbf{\pi}$) as an approximate effective theory for a $SU(3)$ local gauge theory with ${N}_{f}$ Dirac fermions in the fundamental representation. The model has a renormalizable $U({N}_{f}{)}_{L}\otimes U({N}_{f}{)}_{R}$ invariant part, which has an approximate $O(2{N}_{f}^{2})$ symmetry...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 114507] Published Mon Dec 11, 2017

]]>In the presence of nonstandard neutrino interactions (NSI), oscillation data are affected by a degeneracy which allows the solar mixing angle to be in the second octant (also known as the dark side) and implies a sign flip of the atmospheric mass-squared difference. This leads to an ambiguity in the...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 115007] Published Mon Dec 11, 2017

]]>The evolution of electromagnetic and thermodynamic fields in a nonideal fluid is studied in the framework of ultrarelativistic transverse magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), which is essentially characterized by electric and magnetic fields being transverse to the fluid velocity and translational invariance...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 116008] Published Mon Dec 11, 2017

]]>[Phys. Rev. D 96, 119901] Published Mon Dec 11, 2017

]]>We present an analytical waveform family describing gravitational waves (GWs) from the inspiral, merger, and ringdown of nonspinning black-hole binaries including the effect of several nonquadrupole modes [$(\ell =2,m=\pm 1),(\ell =3,m=\pm 3),(\ell =4,m=\pm 4)$ apart from $(\ell =2,m=\pm 2)$]. We first construct spin-weighted sphe...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 124010] Published Mon Dec 11, 2017

]]>We establish an analogy between superconductor-metal interfaces and the quantum physics of a black hole, using the proximity effect. We show that the metal-superconductor interface can be thought of as an event horizon and Andreev reflection from the interface is analogous to the Hawking radiation i...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 124011] Published Mon Dec 11, 2017

]]>An important hurdle to be faced by any model proposing a resolution to the cosmological constant problem is Weinberg’s venerable no go theorem. This theorem states that no local field equations including classical gravity can have a flat Minkowski solution for generic values of the parameters; in ot...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 124012] Published Mon Dec 11, 2017

]]>We consider the transport of conserved charges in spatially inhomogeneous quantum systems with a discrete lattice symmetry. We analyze the retarded two-point functions involving the charges and the associated currents at long wavelengths, compared to the scale of the lattice, and, when the dc conduc...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 125003] Published Mon Dec 11, 2017

]]>The Atiyah-Patodi-Singer (APS) index theorem attracts attention for understanding physics on the surface of materials in topological phases. The mathematical setup for this theorem is, however, not directly related to the physical fermion system, as it imposes on the fermion fields a nonlocal bounda...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 125004] Published Mon Dec 11, 2017

]]>We study universality of geometric gauge sectors in the string landscape in the context of F-theory compactifications. A finite time construction algorithm is presented for $\frac{4}{3}\times 2.96\times {10}^{755}$ F-theory geometries that are connected by a network of topological transitions in a connected moduli space. High ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 126006] Published Mon Dec 11, 2017

]]>A noncommutative extension of an ideal (Hamiltonian) fluid model in $3+1$ dimensions is proposed. The model enjoys several interesting features: it allows a multiparameter central extension in Galilean boost algebra (which is significant being contrary to the existing belief that a similar feature can...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 111901(R)] Published Fri Dec 08, 2017

]]>A search for dark matter in association with a Higgs boson decaying to two photons is presented. This study is based on data collected with the ATLAS detector, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $36.1\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\mathrm{fb}}^{-1}$ of proton-proton collisions at the LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV in 2015 ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 112004] Published Fri Dec 08, 2017

]]>We study the mass spectra and radiative decays of doubly heavy baryons within the diquark picture in a relativized quark model. The mass of the ${J}^{P}=1/{2}^{+}$ ${\mathrm{\Xi}}_{cc}$ ground state is predicted to be 3606 MeV, which is consistent with the mass of ${\mathrm{\Xi}}_{cc}^{++}(3621)$ newly observed by the LHCb Collaboration. The predict...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 114006] Published Fri Dec 08, 2017

]]>Smoothing of field configurations is highly important for precision calculations of physical quantities on the lattice. We present a cooling method based on stochastic quantization with a built-in UV momentum cutoff. The latter is implemented via a UV-regularized, hence colored, noise term. Our meth...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 114505] Published Fri Dec 08, 2017

]]>Using the example of a two-dimensional four-fermion lattice field theory we demonstrate that Feynman diagrams can generate a mass gap when massless fermions interact via a marginally relevant coupling. We introduce an infrared cutoff through the finite system size so that the perturbation series for...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 114506] Published Fri Dec 08, 2017

]]>In this paper we study the direct $CP$ asymmetry of the doubly Cabibbo-suppressed decay mode ${D}^{0}\to {K}^{+}{\pi}^{-}$ within standard model and two Higgs doublet model with generic Yukawa structure. In the standard model we derive the corrections to the tree level amplitude, generated from the box and dipenguin diagra...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 115005] Published Fri Dec 08, 2017

]]>We update the experimental moments for the charm quark as computed in [J. H. Kühn, M. Steinhauser, and C. Sturm, Nucl. Phys. **B778**, 192 (2007)] and used in [K. G. Chetyrkin, J. H. Kühn, A. Maier, P. Maierhöfer, P. Marquard, M. Steinhauser, and C. Sturm, Phys. Rev. D **80**, 074010 (2009), K. Chetyrkin, J...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 116007] Published Fri Dec 08, 2017

]]>We present a new method for probing the hadronic interaction models at ultrahigh energy and extracting details about mass composition. This is done using the time profiles of the signals recorded with the water-Cherenkov detectors of the Pierre Auger Observatory. The profiles arise from a mix of the...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 122003] Published Fri Dec 08, 2017

]]>We report results of a deep all-sky search for periodic gravitational waves from isolated neutron stars in data from the first Advanced LIGO observing run. This search investigates the low frequency range of Advanced LIGO data, between 20 and 100 Hz, much of which was not explored in initial LIGO. T...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 122004] Published Fri Dec 08, 2017

]]>We present a new veto procedure to distinguish between continuous gravitational wave (CW) signals and the detector artifacts that can mimic their behavior. The veto procedure exploits the fact that a long-lasting coherent disturbance is less likely than a real signal to exhibit a Doppler modulation ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 124007] Published Fri Dec 08, 2017

]]>The decays of ${\chi}_{c2}\to {K}^{+}{K}^{-}{\pi}^{0}$, ${K}_{S}{K}^{\pm}{\pi}^{\mp}$, and ${\pi}^{+}{\pi}^{-}{\pi}^{0}$ are studied with the $\psi (3686)$ data samples collected with the Beijing Spectrometer (BESIII). For the first time, the branching fractions of ${\chi}_{c2}\to {K}^{*}\overline{K}$, ${\chi}_{c2}\to {a}_{2}^{\pm}(1320){\pi}^{\mp}/{a}_{2}^{0}(1320){\pi}^{0}$, and ${\chi}_{c2}\to \rho (770{)}^{\pm}{\pi}^{\mp}$ are measured. Here, ${K}^{*}\overline{K}$ denotes both ${K}^{*\pm}{K}^{\mp}$ and its isospin...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 111102(R)] Published Thu Dec 07, 2017

]]>We propose a new approach to circumvent the sign problem in which the integration path is optimized to control the sign problem. We give a trial function specifying the integration path in the complex plane and tune it to optimize the cost function which represents the seriousness of the sign proble...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 111501(R)] Published Thu Dec 07, 2017

]]>The current status of electroweak radiative corrections to the muon anomalous magnetic moment is discussed. Asymptotic expansions for some important electroweak two-loop top quark triangle diagrams are illustrated and extended to higher order. Results are compared with the more general integral repr...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 113001] Published Thu Dec 07, 2017

]]>The quantitative knowledge of heavy nuclei’s partonic structure is currently limited to rather large values of momentum fraction $x$—robust experimental constraints below $x\sim {10}^{-2}$ at low resolution scale ${Q}^{2}$ are particularly scarce. This is in sharp contrast to the free proton’s structure which has been ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 114005] Published Thu Dec 07, 2017

]]>We report a comprehensive analysis of the light and strange disconnected-sea quarks contribution to the nucleon magnetic moment, charge radius, and the electric and magnetic form factors. The lattice QCD calculation includes ensembles across several lattice volumes and lattice spacings with one of t...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 114504] Published Thu Dec 07, 2017

]]>The flavor-changing rare decay $B\to {K}^{*}(\to K\pi ){\ell}^{+}{\ell}^{-}$ is one of the most studied modes due to its sensitivity to physics beyond the standard model, and several discrepancies have come to light among the plethora of observables that are measured. In this paper, we revisit the analogous baryonic decay mode ${\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{b}\to \mathrm{...}$

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 116005] Published Thu Dec 07, 2017

]]>The signaling between two observers in $3+1$ dimensional flat spacetime coupled locally to a nonlocal field is considered. We show that in the case where two observers are purely timelike related—so that an exchange of on-shell massless quanta cannot occur—signaling is still possible because of a viol...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 116006] Published Thu Dec 07, 2017

]]>We construct closed-form gravitational waveforms (GWs) with tidal effects for the coalescence of binary neutron stars. The method relies on a new set of eccentricity-reduced and high-resolution numerical relativity (NR) simulations and is composed of three steps. First, tidal contributions to the GW...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 121501(R)] Published Thu Dec 07, 2017

]]>We present results of searches for vector and pseudoscalar bosonic super-weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs), which are dark matter candidates with masses at the keV-scale, with the XENON100 experiment. XENON100 is a dual-phase xenon time projection chamber operated at the Laboratori Nazion...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 122002] Published Thu Dec 07, 2017

]]>Quantum complexity is conjectured to probe inside of black hole horizons (or wormholes) via gauge gravity correspondence. In order to have a better understanding of this correspondence, we study time evolutions of complexities for Abelian pure gauge theories. For this purpose, we discretize the $U(1)$...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 126001] Published Thu Dec 07, 2017

]]>We study the long wavelength excitations in rotating QCD fluid in the presence of an external magnetic field at finite vector and axial charge densities. We consider the fluctuations of vector and axial charge currents coupled to energy and momentum fluctuations and compute the $SO(3)$ covariant dispe...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 126002] Published Thu Dec 07, 2017

]]>How the transverse M5-branes are described in the matrix-model formulations of M-theory has been a long-standing problem. We consider this problem for M-theory on the maximally supersymmetric pp-wave geometry, which admits transverse spherical M5-branes with zero light-cone energy. By using the loca...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 126003] Published Thu Dec 07, 2017

]]>We derive the extended renormalized entanglement entropy and the Fisher information metric in the case of closed bosonic strings in a homogeneous plane wave background. Our investigations are conducted within the framework of thermo field dynamics. The formalism is also illustrated in the example of...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 126004] Published Thu Dec 07, 2017

]]>We show that there is an inconsistency in the class of solutions obtained in Phys. Rev. D **95**, 084037 (2017). This inconsistency is due to the approximate relation between Lagrangian density and its derivative for nonlinear electrodynamics. We present an algorithm to obtain new classes of solutions.

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 128502] Published Thu Dec 07, 2017

]]>Using the data samples of $(1310.6\pm 7.2)\times {10}^{6}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}J/\psi $ events and $(448.1\pm 2.9)\times {10}^{6}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\psi (3686)$ events collected with the BESIII detector, we search for the rare decays $J/\psi \to {D}^{0}{e}^{+}{e}^{-}+\mathrm{c}.\mathrm{c}.$ and $\psi (3686)\to {D}^{0}{e}^{+}{e}^{-}+\mathrm{c}.\mathrm{c}.$ No significant signals are observed and the corresponding upper limits on the branching fractions at th...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 111101(R)] Published Wed Dec 06, 2017

]]>We present an analysis of strong two-body decays of the ${a}_{1}(1420)$ with ${J}^{PC}={1}^{++}$ recently reported by the COMPASS Collaboration at CERN. Following the interpretation of the COMPASS Collaboration that the ${a}_{1}$ is an unusual state with a four-quark $q\overline{q}s\overline{s}$ structure we consider two possible configurations f...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 114004] Published Wed Dec 06, 2017

]]>We entertain the possibility that neutrino masses and dark matter (DM) originate from a common composite dark sector. A minimal effective theory can be constructed based on a dark $SU(3{)}_{D}$ interaction with three flavors of massless dark quarks; electroweak symmetry breaking gives masses to the dark qu...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 115003] Published Wed Dec 06, 2017

]]>The strong $CP$ problem is known to be solved by imposing Peccei-Quinn (PQ) symmetry. However, the domain wall problem caused by the spontaneous breaking of its remnant discrete subgroup could make models invalid in many cases. We propose a model in which the PQ charge is assigned quarks so as to esca...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 115004] Published Wed Dec 06, 2017

]]>The next generation of CMB experiments (CMB Stage-4) will produce a Sunyaev-Zel’dovich (SZ) cluster catalog containing $\sim {10}^{5}$ objects, two orders of magnitudes more than currently available. In this paper, we discuss the detectability of the polarized signal generated by scattering of the CMB quadrupo...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 123509] Published Wed Dec 06, 2017

]]>The collision of black holes and the emission of gravitational radiation in higher-dimensional spacetimes are of interest in various research areas, including the gauge-gravity duality, the TeV gravity scenarios evoked for the explanation of the hierarchy problem, and the large-dimensionality limit ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 124006] Published Wed Dec 06, 2017

]]>We search for the ${J}^{PC}={0}^{--}$ and ${1}^{+-}$ light tetraquark states with masses up to $2.46\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{GeV}/{c}^{2}$ in $\mathrm{\Upsilon}(1S)$ and $\mathrm{\Upsilon}(2S)$ decays with data samples of $(102\pm 2)$ million and $(158\pm 4)$ million events, respectively, collected with the Belle detector. No significant signals are observed in any of the studied production mo...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 112002] Published Tue Dec 05, 2017

]]>Transverse momentum spectra of charged pions, kaons, and protons are measured in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{TeV}$ with the CMS detector at the LHC. The particles, identified via their energy loss in the silicon tracker, are measured in the transverse momentum range of ${p}_{\mathrm{T}}\approx 0.1\u20131.7\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{GeV}/c$ and rapi...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 112003] Published Tue Dec 05, 2017

]]>The Bessel-inspired behavior of parton densities at small Bjorken $x$ values, obtained in the case of the flat initial conditions for Dokshitzer-Gribov-Lipatov-Altarelli-Parisi evolution equations, is used along with “frozen” and analytic modifications of the strong coupling constant to study the so-c...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 114002] Published Tue Dec 05, 2017

]]>Strong decays of ${\mathrm{\Xi}}_{c}$ baryons with radial or orbital $\lambda $- and $\rho $-mode excitations with positive parity have been studied in a ${}^{3}{P}_{0}$ model. As candidates of these kinds of excited charmed strange baryons, possible configurations and ${J}^{P}$ quantum numbers of ${\mathrm{\Xi}}_{c}(2930)$, ${\mathrm{\Xi}}_{c}(2980)$, ${\mathrm{\Xi}}_{c}(3055)$, ${\mathrm{\Xi}}_{c}(3080)$, and ${\mathrm{\Xi}}_{c}(3123)$ ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 114003] Published Tue Dec 05, 2017

]]>The very high precision of current measurements and theory predictions of spectral lines in few-electron atoms allows us to efficiently probe the existence of exotic forces between electrons, neutrons and protons. We investigate the sensitivity to new spin-independent interactions in transition freq...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 115002] Published Tue Dec 05, 2017

]]>The dynamical diquark picture asserts that exotic hadrons can be formed from widely separated colored diquark or triquark components. We use the Born-Oppenheimer (BO) approximation to study the spectrum of states thus constructed, both in the basis of diquark spins and in the basis of heavy quark-an...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 116003] Published Tue Dec 05, 2017

]]>In this article, we provide analytical expressions for the photon polarization tensor in pulsed Hermite- and Laguerre-Gaussian laser beams. Our results are based on a locally constant field approximation of the one-loop Heisenberg-Euler effective Lagrangian for quantum electrodynamics. Hence, by con...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 116004] Published Tue Dec 05, 2017

]]>The HAWC experiment reports the first ground-based measurement of the all-particle cosmic-ray spectrum in the 10-500 TeV energy range. This data overlaps with direct measurements made by balloon-borne detectors as well as those of other higher energy air-shower detectors. This closes an important gap between these different experiments.

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 122001] Published Tue Dec 05, 2017

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