We analyze within the framework of resonance chiral theory the $\u27e8S{A}_{\mu}{A}_{\nu}\u27e9$ and $\u27e8S{V}_{\mu}{V}_{\nu}\u27e9$ three-point Green functions, where $S$, ${A}_{\mu}$ and ${V}_{\mu}$ are short for scalar, axial-vector and vector $SU(3)$ hadronic currents. We construct the necessary Lagrangian such that the Green functions fulfill the asymptotic constra...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 114015] Published Thu Jun 20, 2019

]]>The strong decays of the pseudoscalar and scalar double-charmed tetraquarks ${T}_{cc;\overline{u}\overline{d}}^{+}$ and ${\tilde{T}}_{cc;\overline{u}\overline{d}}^{+}$ are investigated in the framework of the QCD sum rule method. The mass and coupling of these exotic four-quark mesons are calculated in the framework of the QCD two-point sum rule approach by taking ...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 114016] Published Thu Jun 20, 2019

]]>The search for typical length scales, eventually diverging at a critical point, is a major goal for lattice approaches looking for a continuum theory of quantum gravity. Within the simplicial Monte Carlo approach known as causal dynamical triangulations, we study the spectrum of the Laplace operator...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 114506] Published Thu Jun 20, 2019

]]>A quadratic Leibniz algebra $(\mathbb{V},[\xb7,\xb7],\kappa )$ gives rise to a canonical Yang-Mills type functional $S$ over every space-time manifold. The gauge fields consist of 1-forms $A$ taking values in $\mathbb{V}$ and 2-forms $B$ with values in the subspace $\mathbb{W}\subset \mathbb{V}$ generated by the symmetric part of the bracket. If the Leibniz bracket...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 115026] Published Thu Jun 20, 2019

]]>A quantitatively reliable theoretical description of the dynamics of fluctuations in nonequilibrium is indispensable in the experimental search for the QCD critical point by means of ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions. In this paper we consider the fluctuations of the net-baryon density which be...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 116015] Published Thu Jun 20, 2019

]]>We study the confinement phase transition in SU(2) Yang-Mills theory, based on a statistical ensemble model of correlated instanton-dyons. We show for the first time that such a model provides a quantitative description, in light of the lattice data, for the temperature dependence of the order param...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 114013] Published Wed Jun 19, 2019

]]>We have studied the $\gamma p\to \eta \varphi p$ reaction within the effective Lagrangian approach by considering the contribution of the intermediate state $\varphi (2170)$ production, and the background contributions of $t$-channel ${\pi}^{0}$ and $\eta $ mesons exchanges with the intermediate states $N$ and $N(1535)$. Our calculations show that th...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 114014] Published Wed Jun 19, 2019

]]>We report on lattice QCD calculations of the nucleon isovector axial, scalar, and tensor charges. Our calculations are performed on two $2+1$-flavor ensembles generated using a 2-HEX-smeared Wilson-clover action at the physical pion mass and lattice spacings $a\approx 0.116$ and 0.093 fm. We use a wide range o...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 114505] Published Wed Jun 19, 2019

]]>A beyond the standard model theory that respects parity symmetry at short distances is known to provide a solution to the strong $CP$ problem without the need for an axion, while keeping the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa phase unconstrained. In this paper we present a supersymmetric SO(10) grand unified e...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 115025] Published Wed Jun 19, 2019

]]>Motivated by the recently proposed de Sitter swampland conjecture, a formally same condition imposed instead on the *convex* and *real* exact effective potential is contemplated. Compared to the original conjecture, the modified condition admits a broader class of low-energy effective theories such as t...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 116013] Published Wed Jun 19, 2019

]]>There exists a clear physical motivation for theoretical studies of the vacuum instability related to the production of electron-positron pairs from a vacuum due to strong external electric fields. Various nonperturbative (with respect to the external fields) calculation methods were developed. Some...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 116014] Published Wed Jun 19, 2019

]]>[Phys. Rev. D 99, 119902] Published Wed Jun 19, 2019

]]>In Einstein’s general relativity, gravity is mediated by a massless spin-2 metric field, and its extension to include a mass for the graviton has profound implications for gravitation and cosmology. In 2002, Finn and Sutton [1] used the gravitational-wave (GW) backreaction in binary pulsars, and pro...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123015] Published Wed Jun 19, 2019

]]>A major goal of modern cosmology is the detection of $B$-modes in the cosmic microwave background polarization originated from primordial gravitational waves. Their detection not only could provide substantial evidence for primordial inflation but also could shed light on its physical nature. Under th...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123522] Published Wed Jun 19, 2019

]]>We investigate classically nonsingular bounces caused by dark energy. In the presence of positive spatial curvature, vacuum energy, either in the form of a cosmological constant or a scalar field potential, allows for an open set of initial conditions leading to nonsingular bounces, without any viol...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123523] Published Wed Jun 19, 2019

]]>We propose a simple but novel cosmological scenario where both the Planck mass and the dark energy scale emerge from the same super-Hubble quantum fluctuations of a nonminimally coupled ultralight scalar field during primordial inflation. The current cosmic and Solar System observations constrain th...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123524] Published Wed Jun 19, 2019

]]>We investigate Palatini $f(\mathcal{R},{\mathcal{L}}_{m},{\mathcal{R}}_{\mu \nu}{T}^{\mu \nu})$ modified theories of gravity. As such, the metric and affine connection are treated as independent dynamical fields, and the gravitational Lagrangian is made a function of the Ricci scalar $\mathcal{R}$, the matter Lagrangian density ${\mathcal{L}}_{m}$, and a “matter-curvature scalar” ${\mathcal{R}}_{\mu \nu}{\mathrm{...}}^{}$

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 124027] Published Wed Jun 19, 2019

]]>Recent work has analyzed how deformations due to the insertion of a defect in a flat hexagonal lattice affect the ground state structure of an interacting fermion field theory. Such modifications result in an increase of the order parameter in the vicinity of the defect and can be explained by a kir...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 125010] Published Wed Jun 19, 2019

]]>We consider $\kappa $-deformed relativistic quantum phase space and possible implementations of the Lorentz algebra. There are two ways of performing such implementations. One is a simple extension where the Poincaré algebra is unaltered, while the other is a general extension where the Poincaré algebra is ...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 126012] Published Wed Jun 19, 2019

]]>Neutron production in giga electron volt–scale neutrino interactions is a poorly studied process. We have measured the neutron multiplicities in atmospheric neutrino interactions in the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory experiment and compared them to the prediction of a Monte Carlo simulation using geni...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 112007] Published Tue Jun 18, 2019

]]>We report the observation and study of the decay $J/\psi \to \varphi \eta {\eta}^{\prime}$ using $1.3\times 1{0}^{9}$ $J/\psi $ events collected with the BESIII detector. Its branching fraction, including all possible intermediate states, is measured to be $(2.32\pm 0.06\pm 0.16)\times {10}^{-4}$. We also report evidence for a structure, denoted as $X$, in the $\varphi {\eta}^{\prime}$ mass s...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 112008] Published Tue Jun 18, 2019

]]>We first extend our formulation for the calculation of $\pi $- and $\sigma $-meson screening masses to the case of finite chemical potential $\mu $. We then consider the $\mathrm{imaginary}\text{\u2212}\mu $ approach, which is an extrapolation method from an imaginary chemical potential ($\mu =i{\mu}_{\mathrm{I}}$) to a real one ($\mu ={\mu}_{\mathrm{R}}$). The feasibility of the met...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 114010] Published Tue Jun 18, 2019

]]>The weak phase $\gamma $ is extracted from three-body charmless decays of $B$ mesons following a method proposed by Bhattacharya, *et al.* The result is obtained by combining the *BABAR* amplitude analyses for the processes ${B}^{0}\to {K}^{+}{\pi}^{0}{\pi}^{-}$, ${B}^{0}\to {K}_{\text{}S}^{0}{\pi}^{+}{\pi}^{-}$, ${B}^{0}\to {K}_{\text{}S}^{0}{K}_{\text{}S}^{0}{K}_{\text{}S}^{0}$, ${B}^{0}\to {K}^{+}{K}_{\text{}S}^{0}{K}^{-}$, and ${B}^{+}\to {K}^{+}{\pi}^{+}{\pi}^{-}$, under the assumption of $\mathrm{SU}...$

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 114011] Published Tue Jun 18, 2019

]]>We estimate the number of quark jets in QCD multijet final states at hadron colliders. In the estimation, we develop the calculation of jet rates into that of quark jet rates. From the calculation, we estimate the improvement on the signal-to-background ratio for a signal semianalytically by applyin...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 114012] Published Tue Jun 18, 2019

]]>We consider a scenario in which an extra bottom Yukawa coupling can drive electroweak baryogenesis in the general two-Higgs doublet model. It is found that the new bottom Yukawa coupling with $\mathcal{O}(0.1)$ in magnitude can generate the sufficient baryon asymmetry without conflicting existing data. We point...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 115022] Published Tue Jun 18, 2019

]]>We investigate the top quark anomalous flavor changing neutral current (FCNC) $tqg$ interactions to probe limits on the couplings ${\zeta}_{c}$ and ${\zeta}_{u}$ through the $qg\to l\nu b$ signal suprocess at an FCC-hh collider with center of mass energy of 100 TeV. To separate the signal from relevant Standard Model background pr...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 115023] Published Tue Jun 18, 2019

]]>Dark photons are interesting as potential mediators between the dark matter sector and the fields of the Standard Model (SM). The interaction of the dark photon, described by a broken $U(1{)}_{D}$ gauge symmetry, with the SM is usually generated at the one-loop level via kinetic mixing through the existenc...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 115024] Published Tue Jun 18, 2019

]]>We demonstrate a method to systematically obtain eigenvalues and eigenstates of a many-body Hamiltonian describing collective neutrino oscillations. The method is derived from the Richardson-Gaudin framework, which involves casting the eigenproblem as a set of coupled nonlinear “Bethe ansatz equatio...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123013] Published Tue Jun 18, 2019

]]>Neutrinos play a critical role of transporting energy and changing the lepton density within corecollapse supernovae and neutron star mergers. The quantum kinetic equations (QKEs) combine the effects of neutrino-matter interactions treated in classical Boltzmann transport with the neutrino flavor-ch...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123014] Published Tue Jun 18, 2019

]]>Fast radio bursts (FRBs) are highly dispersed and probably extragalactic radio flashes with millisecond duration. Recently, the Canadian Hydrogen Intensity Mapping Experiment (using the CHIME/FRB instrument) has reported detections of 13 FRBs during a pre-commissioning phase. It is more exciting tha...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123517] Published Tue Jun 18, 2019

]]>Though we have entered an era of high precision cosmology the form of the quintessence potentials still remain arbitrary. In this work we explore the interacting quintessence models considering a parametrization of the quintessence potentials and tried to constrain the form of potentials using the r...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123520] Published Tue Jun 18, 2019

]]>Generalized ideas of unified dark matter and dark energy in the context of dynamical space time theories with a diffusive transfer of energy are studied. The dynamical space-time theories introduce a vector field whose equation of motion guarantees a conservation of a certain energy momentum tensor,...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123521] Published Tue Jun 18, 2019

]]>The incompressible Navier-Stokes (NS) equation is known to govern the hydrodynamic limit of essentially any fluid, and its rich nonlinear structure has critical implications in both mathematics and physics. The employability of the methods of Riemannian geometry to the study of hydrodynamical flows ...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 124024] Published Tue Jun 18, 2019

]]>Stability criteria of nearly extreme black holes in the perturbations level is one of the interesting issues in gravitational systems. Considering the nearly extreme conformal–de Sitter black holes, in this paper, we obtain an exact relation for the quasinormal modes of scalar perturbations. As a st...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 124025] Published Tue Jun 18, 2019

]]>Modified theories of gravity are often built such that they contain general relativity as a limiting case. This inclusion property implies that the Kerr metric is common to many families of theories. For example, all analytic $f(R)$ theories with vanishing constant term admit the Kerr solution. In any...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 124026] Published Tue Jun 18, 2019

]]>A recently introduced concept of complexity for relativistic fluids is extended to the vacuum solutions represented by the Bondi metric. A complexity hierarchy is established, ranging from the Minkowski spacetime (the simplest one) to gravitationally radiating systems (the more complex). Particularl...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 124028] Published Tue Jun 18, 2019

]]>Quantum corrections to Lorentz- and $CPT$-violating QED in flat spacetime produce unusual radiative corrections, which can be finite but of undetermined magnitude. The corresponding radiative corrections in a gravitational theory are even stranger, since the term in the fermion action involving a pref...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 125009] Published Tue Jun 18, 2019

]]>We present a detailed study of the helicity-dependent and helicity-independent collinear parton distribution functions (PDFs) of the nucleon, using the quasi-PDF approach. The lattice QCD computation is performed employing twisted mass fermions with a physical value of the light quark mass. We give ...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 114504] Published Mon Jun 17, 2019

]]>Particles in a yet unexplored dark sector with sufficiently large mass and small gauge coupling may form purely gravitational atoms (quantum gravitational bound states) with a rich phenomenology. In particular, we investigate the possibility of having an observable signal of gravitational waves or u...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123011] Published Mon Jun 17, 2019

]]>Core-collapse supernovae (CCSNe) are a potential source for ground-based gravitational wave detectors, as their predicted emission peaks in the detectors’ frequency band. Typical searches for gravitational wave bursts reconstruct signals using wavelets. However, as CCSN signals contain multiple comp...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123012] Published Mon Jun 17, 2019

]]>In the standard big bang model the Universe starts in a radiation dominated era, where the gravitational perturbations are described by second order differential equations, which generally have two orthogonal sets of solutions. One is the so-called growing (cosine) mode and the other is the decaying...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123518] Published Mon Jun 17, 2019

]]>In order to search for the linelike signals in the Fermi-LAT data, we have analyzed totally 49152 regions of interest (ROIs) that cover the whole sky. No ROI displays a line signal with test statistic (TS) value above 25, while for 50 ROIs weak linelike excesses with $\mathrm{TS}>16$ are presented. The intr...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123519] Published Mon Jun 17, 2019

]]>Quantum field theory on anti–de Sitter spacetime requires the introduction of boundary conditions at its conformal boundary, due essentially to the absence of global hyperbolicity. Here we calculate the renormalized stress-energy tensor ${T}_{\mu \nu}$ for a scalar field $\varphi $ on the Poincaré patch of ${\mathrm{AdS}}_{2}$ and stud...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 125008] Published Mon Jun 17, 2019

]]>Certain forms of Lorentz violation in the photon sector are difficult to bound directly, since they are “vacuum orthogonal”—meaning they do not change the solutions of the equations of motion in vacuum. However, these very same terms have a unique tendency to contribute large radiative corrections t...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 111701(R)] Published Fri Jun 14, 2019

]]>We report measurements of the production cross sections of charged pions, kaons, and protons as a function of fractional energy, the event-shape variable called thrust, and the transverse momentum with respect to the thrust axis. These measurements access the transverse momenta created in the fragme...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 112006] Published Fri Jun 14, 2019

]]>Using the left-right symmetric model as an illustrative example, we suggest a simple and straightforward way of constraining the ${W}^{\prime}$ mass directly from the decay of the Higgs boson to two photons. The proposed method is generic and applicable to a diverse range of models with a ${W}^{\prime}$-boson that couples ...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 115021] Published Fri Jun 14, 2019

]]>The authors investigate the nonlinear dynamics of a far-from-equilibrium weakly coupled plasma undergoing a certain hydrodynamic expansion – Bjorken expansion. By using an asymptotic perturbative power series of the one-particle distribution function, they develop a new non-perturbative dynamical renormalization scheme that goes beyond the linear response theory. As a result, this provides a new description for the transport coefficients in regimes far from equilibrium.

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 116012] Published Fri Jun 14, 2019

]]>In this work we perform a dynamical analysis of a broad class of nonminimally coupled real scalar fields in the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) spacetime framework. The first part of our study concerns the dynamics of an unspecified positive potential in a spatially curved FRW spacetime, for which ...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123516] Published Fri Jun 14, 2019

]]>Existing constraints on the graviton mass from gravitational-wave detections rely on the phase difference developed between different frequencies during the propagation. Effects on the quasinormal mode frequencies of the black-hole ringdown due to the graviton mass are often ignored. While perturbat...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 124023] Published Fri Jun 14, 2019

]]>This paper is devoted to the construction of the renormalized quantum stress energy tensor ${\u27e8{T}_{\mu}^{\nu}\u27e9}_{\mathrm{ren}}$ for a massive scalar field with arbitrary coupling to the gravitational field of a pointlike global monopole, using the Schwinger-DeWitt approximation, up to second order in the inverse mass $\mu $ of the ...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 125007] Published Fri Jun 14, 2019

]]>We study the bending of gravitons that pass near a massive object like the Sun, using scattering amplitudes in which the Sun is represented by a massive scalar particle. Our results complete previous work on the bending angles of massless spin-0, $\mathrm{spin}\text{\u2212}\frac{1}{2}$ and spin-1 particles [N. E. J. Bjerrum-Bohr, ...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 126008] Published Fri Jun 14, 2019

]]>We give a holographic argument in favor of the AdS Penrose inequality, which conjectures a lower bound on the total mass in terms of the area of apparent horizons. This inequality is often viewed as a test of cosmic censorship. We further find a connection between the area law for apparent horizons ...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 126009] Published Fri Jun 14, 2019

]]>We investigate the fate of the classical singularity in a collapsing dust cloud. For this purpose, we quantize the marginally bound Lemaître-Tolman-Bondi model for spherically symmetric dust collapse by considering each dust shell in the cloud individually, taking the outermost shell as a representa...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 126010] Published Fri Jun 14, 2019

]]>We explicitly analyze $O({\alpha}^{\prime})$ corrections to heterotic supergravity on toroidal orbifolds and their resolutions, which play important roles in string phenomenology as well as moduli stabilization. Using a conformal factor ansatz that is valid only for four-dimensional geometries, we obtain a closed ex...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 126011] Published Fri Jun 14, 2019

]]>In scale-invariant theories of gravity the Planck mass ${M}_{P}$, which appears due to spontaneous symmetry breaking, can be the only scale at the classical level. It was argued that the second scale can be generated by a quantum nonperturbative gravitational effect. The new scale, associated with the Higg...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 115018] Published Thu Jun 13, 2019

]]>Dark photon is a massive vector particle which couples to the physical photon through the kinetic mixing term. Such particles, if they exist, are produced in photon beams and, in particular, in laser radiation. Because of the oscillations between the physical photon and the dark photon, the latter m...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 115019] Published Thu Jun 13, 2019

]]>We present the effects of vectorlike fermions (VLFs) on the stability of the Higgs electroweak vacuum, using the renormalization group improved Higgs effective potential. We review the calculation of the one-loop beta-functions of the standard model couplings, paying particular attention to the ferm...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 115020] Published Thu Jun 13, 2019

]]>In the perturbative QCD approach, we study the direct $CP$ violation in the decay of ${\overline{B}}_{s}^{0}\to \rho (\omega )\varphi \to {\pi}^{+}{\pi}^{-}\varphi $ via isospin symmetry breaking. An interesting mechanism involving the charge symmetry violating between $\rho $ and $\omega $ is applied to enlarge the $CP$ violating asymmetry. We find that the $CP$ violation can be e...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 116009] Published Thu Jun 13, 2019

]]>Approximate solutions of the Dirac equation are found for ultrarelativistic particles moving in a periodic potential, which depends only on one coordinate, transverse to the largest component of the momentum of the incoming particle. As an example, we employ these solutions to calculate the radiatio...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 116010] Published Thu Jun 13, 2019

]]>We explore the convergence of the light-front coupled-cluster (LFCC) method in the context of two-dimensional quenched scalar Yukawa theory. This theory is simple enough for higher-order LFCC calculations to be relatively straightforward. The quenching is to maintain stability; the spectrum of the f...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 116011] Published Thu Jun 13, 2019

]]>Searches for continuous gravitational waves from rapidly spinning neutron stars normally assume that the star rotates about one of its principal axes of moment of inertia, and hence the gravitational radiation emits only at twice the spin frequency of the star, $2{f}_{\star}$. The superfluid interior of a star...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123010] Published Thu Jun 13, 2019

]]>We show results for the expected reach of the network of experiments that is being set up globally with the aim of detecting the “invisible” axion, in light of a nonstandard thermal history of the universe. Assuming that the axion is the dark matter, we discuss the reach of a successful detection by...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123513] Published Thu Jun 13, 2019

]]>The combination of the power spectrum and bispectrum is a powerful way of breaking degeneracies between galaxy bias and cosmological parameters, enabling us to maximize the constraining power from galaxy surveys. Recent cosmological constraints treat the power spectrum and bispectrum on an uneven fo...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123514] Published Thu Jun 13, 2019

]]>Leveraging the baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) feature present in clustering 2-point statistics, we aim to measure cosmological distances independently of the underlying background cosmological model. However this inference is complicated by late-time nonlinearities that introduce model and trace...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123515] Published Thu Jun 13, 2019

]]>Nonaxisymmetric, fast-spinning unknown neutron stars in binary systems may emit continuous gravitational waves (nearly monochromatic long-duration signals) which can be detected by ground-based detectors like LIGO and Virgo. In this paper we present a new pipeline, called *BinarySkyHough*, that can ca...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 124019] Published Thu Jun 13, 2019

]]>The imposition of a constraint between the metric tensor elements in both three- and four-dimensional, rotating anti–de Sitter (AdS) space-times is shown to reduce the number of independent equations of motion and to result in new families of solutions to the equations of motion. For the geometries ...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 124021] Published Thu Jun 13, 2019

]]>Spontaneous scalarization is a mechanism that endows relativistic stars and black holes with a nontrivial configuration only when their spacetime curvature exceeds some threshold. The standard way to trigger spontaneous scalarization is via a tachyonic instability at the linear level, which is event...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 124022] Published Thu Jun 13, 2019

]]>We study the thermodynamic properties of a warped ${\mathrm{AdS}}_{3}$ black hole within the framework of thermodynamic information geometry. Our analysis focuses on finding the set of proper thermodynamic Riemannian metrics on the space of equilibrium states, together with the conditions for local and global therm...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 126007] Published Thu Jun 13, 2019

]]>We report a search for $X(3872)$ and $X(3915)$ in ${B}^{+}\to {\chi}_{c1}{\pi}^{0}{K}^{+}$ decays. We set an upper limit of $\mathcal{B}({B}^{+}\to X(3872){K}^{+})\times \mathcal{B}(X(3872)\to {\chi}_{c1}{\pi}^{0})<8.1\times {10}^{-6}$ and $\mathcal{B}({B}^{+}\to X(3915){K}^{+})\times \mathcal{B}(X(3915)\to {\chi}_{c1}{\pi}^{0})<3.8\times {10}^{-5}$ at 90% confidence level. We also measure $\mathcal{B}(X(3872)\to {\chi}_{c1}{\pi}^{0})/\mathcal{B}(X(3872)\to J/\psi {\pi}^{+}{\pi}^{-})<0.97$ at 90% confidence level. The re...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 111101(R)] Published Wed Jun 12, 2019

]]>The process ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}\to {\pi}^{+}{\pi}^{-}{\pi}^{0}\eta $ is studied in the center-of-mass energy region below 2 GeV with the SND detector at the VEPP-2000 ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}$ collider. The following four intermediate states contribute to this process: $\omega \eta $, $\varphi \eta $, ${a}_{0}(980)\rho $, and a structureless ${\pi}^{+}{\pi}^{-}{\pi}^{0}\eta $ state. We measure the total ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}\to {\pi}^{+}{\pi}^{-}{\pi}^{0}\eta $ cross se...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 112004] Published Wed Jun 12, 2019

]]>Using an ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}$ annihilation data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $3.19\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\mathrm{fb}}^{-1}$ and collected at a center-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s}=4.178\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{GeV}$ with the BESIII detector, we measure the absolute branching fractions $\mathcal{B}({D}_{s}^{+}\to {K}_{S}^{0}{K}^{+})=(1.425\pm 0.03{8}_{\mathrm{stat}.}\pm 0.03{1}_{\mathrm{syst}.})\%$ and $\mathcal{B}({D}_{s}^{+}\to {K}_{L}^{0}{K}^{+})=\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}(1.485\pm 0.03{9}_{\mathrm{stat}.}\pm \mathrm{0....}$

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 112005] Published Wed Jun 12, 2019

]]>In this work we propose a renormalizable model based on the $SU(5)$ gauge group where neutrino mass originates at the two-loop level without extending the fermionic content of the Standard Model (SM). Unlike the conventional $SU(5)$ models, in this proposed scenario, neutrino mass is intertwined with th...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 115016] Published Wed Jun 12, 2019

]]>We provide a UV safe trinification theory in which the Standard Model is embedded. Using recently developed large number-of-flavor techniques, safety is achieved by adding to the theory gauged vectorlike fermions. We find that all gauge, scalar quartic, and Yukawa couplings achieve an interacting ul...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 115017] Published Wed Jun 12, 2019

]]>We discuss the electroproduction of a pseudoscalar (${0}^{-+}$) meson or a scalar (${0}^{++}$) meson off the scalar target. The most general formulation of the differential cross section for the ${0}^{-+}$ or ${0}^{++}$ meson process involves only one or two hadronic form factors, respectively, on a scalar target. The Rosenblu...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 116008] Published Wed Jun 12, 2019

]]>We analyze some relevant semiclassical and quantum features of the implementation of polymer quantum mechanics to the phenomenology of the flat isotropic Universe. We firstly investigate a parallelism between the semiclassical polymer dynamics of the flat isotropic Universe, as reduced to the effect...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123509] Published Wed Jun 12, 2019

]]>Current constraints on energy injection in the form of energetic particles before the epoch of recombination using CMB spectral distortions assume that all energy goes into $y$ and $\mu $-type distortions. We revisit these constraints with exact calculations of the spectral distortions by evolving the elec...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123510] Published Wed Jun 12, 2019

]]>Ultralight hidden-photon dark matter produces an oscillating electric field in the early Universe plasma, which in turn induces an electric current in its ionized component whose dissipation results in heat transfer from the dark matter to the plasma. This will affect the global 21 cm signal from th...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123511] Published Wed Jun 12, 2019

]]>We develop a method for computing series expansions for solutions to ordinary differential equations when the asymptotic form contains both linear and logarithmic terms. Such situations are common in primordial cosmology when considering series expansions out of a singularity in the equations arisin...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123512] Published Wed Jun 12, 2019

]]>Recently, it was argued that charged anti–de Sitter (AdS) black holes admit critical behavior, without extending phase space, similar to the Van der Waals fluid system in the ${Q}^{2}-\mathrm{\Psi}$ plans where $\mathrm{\Psi}=1/v$ (the conjugate of ${Q}^{2}$) is the inverse of the specific volume [Dehyadegari *et al.*, Phys. Lett. B **768**, 02...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 124017] Published Wed Jun 12, 2019

]]>Pure ${R}^{2}$ gravity has been shown to be equivalent to Einstein gravity with nonzero cosmological constant and a massless scalar field when restricted Weyl symmetry is spontaneously broken. We show that the Palatini formulation of pure ${R}^{2}$ gravity is equivalent to Einstein gravity with a nonzero cosmolog...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 124018] Published Wed Jun 12, 2019

]]>We investigate the implications of string swampland criteria for alternative theories of gravity. Even though this has not rigorously been proven, there is some evidence that exact de Sitter solutions with a positive cosmological constant cannot be successfully embedded into string theory, and that ...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 124020] Published Wed Jun 12, 2019

]]>We study $N=1$ globally supersymmetric theories on runaway backgrounds arising from scalar potentials with a slope characterized by a scale $M=|V/{V}^{\prime}|$. We find that, under mild assumptions, there always exists a massive Goldstino in the low-energy effective theory. In the simplest models, the effective ...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 126004] Published Wed Jun 12, 2019

]]>We examine the proposal that the dimensional reduction of the effective action of perturbative string theory on a circle should be invariant under $T$-duality transformations. The $T$-duality transformations are the standard Buscher rules plus some higher covariant derivatives. By explicit calculations ...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 126005] Published Wed Jun 12, 2019

]]>We investigated the distinction between two kinds of “complexity equals action” (CA) conjecture counting methods which are separately provided by Brown *et al.* and Lehner *et al.* separately. For the late-time CA complexity growth rate, we show that the difference between two counting methods only come...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 126006] Published Wed Jun 12, 2019

]]>The CMS Collaboration presents the to-date most precise measurement of the Higgs boson width and coupling to two vector bosons. The latter is found to be consistent with standard model expectations.

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 112003] Published Tue Jun 11, 2019

]]>We analyze $D$ decays to two pseudoscalars $(\pi ,K)$ assuming the dominant source of $\mathrm{SU}(3{)}_{F}$ breaking lies in final state interactions. We obtain an excellent agreement with experimental data and are able to predict $CP$ violation in several channels based on current data on branching ratios and ${\mathrm{\Delta}\mathrm{A}}_{CP}$. We als...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 113001] Published Tue Jun 11, 2019

]]>Inspired by the observation of the pentaquark states ${P}_{c}(4312)$, ${P}_{c}(4440)$, and ${P}_{c}(4457)$ at LHCb, photoproduction of these three ${P}_{c}$ states via the interaction $\gamma p\to J/\psi p$ is investigated in an effective Lagrangian approach. The $t$-channel Pomeron exchange diffractive process is considered as the main backgr...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 114007] Published Tue Jun 11, 2019

]]>Dark matter (DM) could couple to Standard Model (SM) particles through a light mediator and this could be responsible for the observed DM abundances through $f\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}r\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}e\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}e\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}z\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}e-i\phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}n$. Here, the authors identify an additional production channel through the decay of photons that have acquired an in-medium plasma mass. They contribute to the relic abundance, lowering by an order of magnitude the target cross-section for the lowest dark matter masses.

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 115009] Published Tue Jun 11, 2019

]]>We explore the discovery prospect of the doubly-charged component of an $SU(2{)}_{L}$-triplet scalar at the future ${e}^{-}p$ collider FCC-eh, proposed to operate with an electron beam energy of 60 GeV and a proton beam energy of 50 TeV. We consider the associated production of the doubly-charged Higgs boson alon...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 115015] Published Tue Jun 11, 2019

]]>We develop a new approach for calculating the spin-independent two-neutrino exchange potential (2NEP) between nonrelativistic fermions which places emphasis on the neutrino vacuum state, an area of theoretical interest in recent years. The 2NEP is a natural probe of fundamental issues of neutrino ph...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 116006] Published Tue Jun 11, 2019

]]>We demonstrate the use of the matrix element method (MEM) for the measurement of masses, widths, and couplings in the case of single or pair production of semi-invisibly decaying resonances. For definiteness, we consider the two-body decay of a generic resonance to a visible particle from the Standa...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 116007] Published Tue Jun 11, 2019

]]>[Phys. Rev. D 99, 119901] Published Tue Jun 11, 2019

]]>The ANtarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA) NASA long-duration balloon payload completed its fourth flight in December 2016, after 28 days of flight time. ANITA is sensitive to impulsive broadband radio emission from interactions of ultrahigh-energy neutrinos in polar ice (Askaryan emission). ...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 122001] Published Tue Jun 11, 2019

]]>We continue exploring the constraining capabilities of x-ray reflection spectroscopy to test the Kerr-nature of astrophysical black holes, and we present the results of our analysis of two *NuSTAR* observations of Cygnus X-1 in the soft state. We find that the final measurement can strongly depend on ...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123007] Published Tue Jun 11, 2019

]]>We continue to study the second-order cosmological perturbations in synchronous coordinates in the framework of general relativity (GR) during the radiation dominated (RD) stage and to focus on the scalar-tensor and tensor-tensor couplings. The first-order curl velocity and the associated first-orde...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123008] Published Tue Jun 11, 2019

]]>The model-independent reconstruction of the energy spectra of ${\overline{\nu}}_{e}$, ${\nu}_{e}$, and ${\nu}_{x}$ (i.e., ${\nu}_{\mu}$, ${\nu}_{\tau}$, and their antiparticles) from the future observation of a galactic core-collapse supernova (SN) is of crucial importance to understand the microscopic physics of SN explosions. To this end, we propose a prac...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123009] Published Tue Jun 11, 2019

]]>We analyze the feasibility of low-scale leptogenesis where the inverse seesaw (ISS) and linear seesaw (LSS) terms are not simultaneously present. In order to generate the necessary mass splittings, we adopt a minimal lepton flavor violation (MLFV) hypothesis where a sterile neutrino mass degeneracy ...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 123508] Published Tue Jun 11, 2019

]]>To understand the dynamics of loop quantum gravity, the deparametrized model of gravity coupled to a scalar field is studied in a simple case, where the graph underlying the spin network basis is one loop based at a single vertex. The Hamiltonian operator ${\widehat{H}}_{v}$ is chosen to be graph-preserving, and th...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 124012] Published Tue Jun 11, 2019

]]>Blandford and Znajek discovered a process by which a spinning black hole can transfer rotational energy to a plasma, offering a mechanism for energy and jet emissions from quasars. Here we describe a version of this mechanism that operates with only vacuum electromagnetic fields outside the black ho...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 124013] Published Tue Jun 11, 2019

]]>Regularity of the horizon radius ${r}_{g}$ of a collapsing body constrains a limiting form of a spherically symmetric energy-momentum tensor near it. Its nonzero limit belongs to one of four classes that are distinguished only by two signs. As a result, close to ${r}_{g}$ the geometry can always be described by e...

[Phys. Rev. D 99, 124014] Published Tue Jun 11, 2019

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