We review the electro-magnetic energy at axion haloscopes and find that the electric and the corresponding magnetic energy stored in the cavity modes or, equivalently, the mode dependent electric and magnetic form factors are the same regardless of the position of the cavity inside the solenoid. Fur…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 111702(R)] Published Fri Dec 09, 2016

]]>The ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}\to {K}^{+}{K}^{-}$ cross section is measured in the center-of-mass energy range 1.05–2.00 GeV at the SND detector. The measurement is based on data with an integrated luminosity of $35\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\mathrm{pb}}^{-1}$ collected at the VEPP-2000 ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}$-collider. The obtained results are consistent with the previous most accurate data …

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 112006] Published Fri Dec 09, 2016

]]>The QCD string model is employed to evaluate the masses of orbitally and radially excited heavy-light mesons and lightest hybrids in the spectrum of charmonium and bottomonium. The number of parameters of the model is reduced to only seven which are the string tension, the two values of the strong c…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 114007] Published Fri Dec 09, 2016

]]>We investigate the valence quark distribution function of the pion ${v}^{\pi}(x,{Q}^{2})$ in the framework of the chiral constituent quark model and evaluate the meson cloud effects on ${v}^{\pi}(x,{Q}^{2})$. We explicitly demonstrate how the meson cloud effects affect ${v}^{\pi}(x,{Q}^{2})$ in detail. We find that the meson cloud correctio…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 114008] Published Fri Dec 09, 2016

]]>A picture of confinement in QCD based on a condensate of thick vortices with fluxes in the center of the gauge group (center vortices) is studied. Previous concrete model realizations of this picture utilized a hypercubic space-time scaffolding, which, together with many advantages, also has some di…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 114506] Published Fri Dec 09, 2016

]]>We investigate the critical endline of the finite temperature phase transition of QCD around the SU(3)-flavor symmetric point at zero chemical potential. We employ the renormalization-group improved Iwasaki gauge action and nonperturbatively $O(a)$-improved Wilson-clover fermion action. The critical e…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 114507] Published Fri Dec 09, 2016

]]>In this paper we describe a new integration method for the groups $U(N)$ and $SU(N)$, for which we verified numerically that it is polynomially exact for $N\le 3$. The method is applied to the example of one-dimensional QCD with a chemical potential. We explore, in particular, regions of the parameter space …

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 114508] Published Fri Dec 09, 2016

]]>We analyze a new class of FCNC processes, the $f\to {f}^{\prime}\overline{\gamma}$ decays of a fermion $f$ into a lighter (same-charge) fermion ${f}^{\prime}$ plus a *massless* neutral vector boson, a *dark photon* $\overline{\gamma}$. A massless dark photon does not interact at tree level with observable fields, and the $f\to {f}^{\prime}\overline{\gamma}$ decay presents a characteristic sig…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 115013] Published Fri Dec 09, 2016

]]>We analyze the testability of the type II radiative seesaw in which neutrino mass and dark matter (DM) are related at one-loop level. Under the constraints from DM relic density, direct and indirect detection, and invisible Higgs decays, we find three possible regions of DM mass ${M}_{{s}_{1}}$ that can survive…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 115014] Published Fri Dec 09, 2016

]]>We consider dark matter physics in a model for the dark sector with extra dark ${\mathrm{U}(1)}_{X}$ gauge symmetry. The dark sector is composed of exotic fermions that are charged under both dark ${\mathrm{U}(1)}_{X}$ and the standard model ${\mathrm{SU}(3)}_{C}\times \mathrm{U}(1{)}_{Y}$ gauge groups, as well as standard model singlet complex scalars $\mathrm{\Phi}$ and $X$ with …

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 115015] Published Fri Dec 09, 2016

]]>The isotropic gamma-ray background arises from the contribution of unresolved sources, including members of confirmed source classes and proposed gamma-ray emitters such as the radiation induced by dark matter annihilation and decay. Clues about the properties of the contributing sources are imprint…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 123005] Published Fri Dec 09, 2016

]]>Correlations between intrinsic galaxy shapes on large scales arise due to the effect of the tidal field of the large-scale structure. Anisotropic primordial non-Gaussianity induces a distinct scale-dependent imprint in these tidal alignments on large scales. Motivated by the observational finding th…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 123507] Published Fri Dec 09, 2016

]]>To study the effect of the anti–de Sitter/conformal field theory correspondence (AdS/CFT) on the primordial inflationary era, we consider a universe filled with a tachyon field in a slow-roll regime. In this context, the background and perturbative parameters characterizing the inflationary era are …

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 123508] Published Fri Dec 09, 2016

]]>In this article, we derive the geodesic equations in the ${\mathrm{U}(1)}^{2}$ dyonic rotating black hole spacetime. We present their solutions in terms of the Kleinian $\sigma $ function and in special cases in terms of the Weierstraß $\wp $, $\sigma $, and $\zeta $ functions. To give a list of all possible orbits, we analyze the geodesic mo…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 124013] Published Fri Dec 09, 2016

]]>The $\mathcal{O}({\partial}^{2})$ background-independent flow equations for conformally reduced gravity are shown to be equivalent to flow equations naturally adapted to scalar field theory with a wrong-sign kinetic term. This sign change is shown to have a profound effect on the renormalization group properties, broadly r…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 124014] Published Fri Dec 09, 2016

]]>We investigate, in the context of a real massless scalar field in $1+1$ dimensions, models of partially reflecting mirrors simulated by Dirac $\delta -{\delta}^{\prime}$ point interactions. In the literature, these models do not exhibit full transparency at high frequencies. In order to provide a more realistic feature for …

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 125007] Published Fri Dec 09, 2016

]]>$\mathcal{N}=1$ $SU(N)$ super-Yang-Mills theory on ${\mathbb{R}}^{3}\times {\mathbb{S}}^{1}$ is believed to have a smooth dependence on the circle size $L$. Making $L$ small leads to calculable nonperturbative color confinement, mass gap, and string tensions. For finite $N$, the small-$L$ low-energy dynamics is described by a three-dimensional effective th…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 125008] Published Fri Dec 09, 2016

]]>The scotogenic mechanism for radiative neutrino mass is generalized to include neutron-antineutron oscillation as well as proton decay. Dark matter is stabilized by extending the notion of lepton parity to matter parity. Leptogenesis is also a possible byproduct. This framework unifies the descripti…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 111701(R)] Published Thu Dec 08, 2016

]]>Measurements are presented of the cross section for the production of at least four jets, of which at least two originate from $b$ quarks, in proton-proton collisions. Data collected with the CMS detector at the LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV are used, corresponding to an integrated luminosit…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 112005] Published Thu Dec 08, 2016

]]>Neutral long-lived particles (LLPs) are highly motivated by many beyond the Standard Model scenarios, such as theories of supersymmetry, baryogenesis, and neutral naturalness, and present both tremendous discovery opportunities and experimental challenges for the LHC. A major bottleneck for current …

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 113003] Published Thu Dec 08, 2016

]]>We derive the massive Wilson coefficients for the heavy flavor contributions to the nonsinglet charged current deep-inelastic scattering structure functions ${F}_{L}^{{W}^{+}}(x,{Q}^{2})-{F}_{L}^{{W}^{-}}(x,{Q}^{2})$ and ${F}_{2}^{{W}^{+}}(x,{Q}^{2})-{F}_{2}^{{W}^{-}}(x,{Q}^{2})$ in the asymptotic region ${Q}^{2}\gg {m}^{2}$ to 3-loop order in quantum chromodynamics at general values of t…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 114006] Published Thu Dec 08, 2016

]]>We investigate whether the stationary solution of the Fokker-Planck equation of the complex Langevin algorithm reproduces the correct expectation values. When the complex Langevin algorithm for an action $S(x)$ is convergent, it produces an equivalent complex probability distribution $P(x)$ which ideall…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 114505] Published Thu Dec 08, 2016

]]>Conventional supersymmetry searches rely on large missing momentum and, on that account, are unsuitable for discovering superpartners nearly degenerate with the LSP. Such “compressed regions” are best probed by dedicated strategies that exploit their unique kinematic features. We consider a case stu…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 115010] Published Thu Dec 08, 2016

]]>We evaluate radiative corrections to the Higgs boson couplings in the inert doublet model, in which the lightest component of the ${Z}_{2}$ odd scalar doublet field can be a dark matter candidate. The one-loop contributions to the $hVV$, $hff$, and $hhh$ couplings are calculated in the on-shell scheme, where $h$ i…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 115011] Published Thu Dec 08, 2016

]]>Inflation occurring at energy densities less than $({10}^{14}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{GeV}{)}^{4}$ produces tensor perturbations too small to be measured by cosmological surveys. However, we show that it is possible to probe low scale inflation by measuring the mass of the inflaton in low energy experiments. Detection prospects and co…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 115012] Published Thu Dec 08, 2016

]]>In single-field slow-roll inflation models, the height and slope of the potential are made to satisfy certain conditions to match with observations. This in turn translates into bounds on the number of $e$-foldings and the excursion of the scalar field during inflation. In this work we consider broad …

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 123506] Published Thu Dec 08, 2016

]]>Rapidly rotating neutron stars are promising sources of continuous gravitational wave radiation for the LIGO and Virgo interferometers. The majority of neutron stars in our galaxy have not been identified with electromagnetic observations. All-sky searches for isolated neutron stars offer the potent…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 124010] Published Thu Dec 08, 2016

]]>In conventional general relativity without torsion, high-frequency gravitational waves couple to the chiral number density of spin one-half quanta: the polarization of the waves is rotated by $2\pi {N}_{5}{\ell}_{\mathrm{Pl}}^{2}$, where ${N}_{5}$ is the chiral column density and ${\ell}_{\mathrm{Pl}}$ is the Planck length. This means that if a primordia…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 124011] Published Thu Dec 08, 2016

]]>Electromagnetic field configurations with vanishing Lorentz force density are known as *force-free* and appear in terrestrial, space, and astrophysical plasmas. We explore a general method for finding such configurations based on formulating equations for the field *lines* rather than the field itself. …

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 124012] Published Thu Dec 08, 2016

]]>The dissipative dynamics of an expanding massless gas with constant cross section in a spatially flat Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) universe is studied. The mathematical problem of solving the full nonlinear relativistic Boltzmann equation is recast into an infinite set of nonlinear ord…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 125006] Published Thu Dec 08, 2016

]]>Results are presented of a search for heavy stable charged particles produced in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{TeV}$ using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $2.5\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\mathrm{fb}}^{-1}$ collected in 2015 with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. The search is conducted using signatures of anoma…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 112004] Published Wed Dec 07, 2016

]]>The change in holographic entanglement entropy (HEE) for small fluctuations about pure anti–de Sitter is given by a perturbative expansion of the area functional in terms of the change in the bulk metric and the embedded extremal surface. However, it is known that changes in the embedding appear at …

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 126005] Published Wed Dec 07, 2016

]]>By analyzing $482\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\mathrm{pb}}^{-1}$ of ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}$ collision data collected at $\sqrt{s}=4.009\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{GeV}$ with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider, we measure the absolute branching fractions for the semileptonic decays ${D}_{s}^{+}\to \eta {e}^{+}{\nu}_{e}$ and ${D}_{s}^{+}\to {\eta}^{\prime}{e}^{+}{\nu}_{e}$ to be $B({D}_{s}^{+}\to \eta {e}^{+}{\nu}_{e})=(2.30\pm 0.31\pm 0.08)\%$ and $B({D}_{s}^{+}\to {\eta}^{\prime}{e}^{+}{\nu}_{e})=\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}(0.93\pm 0.30\pm 0.05)\%$, respecti…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 112003] Published Tue Dec 06, 2016

]]>This paper presents a full simulation study of the measurement of the production cross section (${\sigma}_{ZH}$) of the Higgsstrahlung process ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}\to ZH$ and the Higgs boson mass (${M}_{\mathrm{H}}$) at the International Linear Collider (ILC), using events in which a Higgs boson recoils against a $Z$ boson decaying into a pair of m…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 113002] Published Mon Dec 05, 2016

]]>We study the interplay between the Kondo effect and (color) superconductivity in doped Dirac metals with magnetic impurities and in quark matter with colorful impurities. We first point out that the overscreened Kondo effect arises in the normal state of these systems. Next the (color) superconducti…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 114005] Published Mon Dec 05, 2016

]]>The Adler-Weisberger sum rule for the nucleon axial-vector charge, ${g}_{A}$, offers a unique signature of chiral symmetry and its breaking in QCD. Its derivation relies on both algebraic aspects of chiral symmetry, which guarantee the convergence of the sum rule, and dynamical aspects of chiral symmetry b…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 116002] Published Mon Dec 05, 2016

]]>We study the influence of external parallel electric and magnetic fields and a chiral chemical potential ${\mu}_{5}$ on the chiral phase transition of quantum chromodynamics. Our theoretical framework is a Nambu–Jona-Lasinio model with a contact interaction. Within this model we compute the critical temperat…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 116003] Published Mon Dec 05, 2016

]]>One of the primary gravitational wave (GW) sources for pulsar timing arrays (PTAs) is the stochastic background formed by supermassive black holes binaries (SMBHBs). In this paper, we investigate how the environments of SMBHBs effect the sensitivity of PTAs by deriving scaling laws for the signal-to…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 123003] Published Mon Dec 05, 2016

]]>It has been shown that a self-gravitating system of massive keV fermions in thermodynamic equilibrium correctly describes the dark matter (DM) distribution in galactic halos (from dwarf to spiral and elliptical galaxies) and that, at the same time, it predicts a denser quantum core towards the cente…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 123004] Published Mon Dec 05, 2016

]]>Various theories that aim at unifying gravity with quantum mechanics suggest modifications of the Heisenberg algebra for position and momentum. From the perspective of quantum mechanics, such modifications lead to new uncertainty relations that are thought (but *not* proven) to imply the existence of …

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 123505] Published Mon Dec 05, 2016

]]>An analytical solution for the light trajectory in the near zone of the gravitational field of one pointlike body in arbitrary slow motion in the post-post-Newtonian approximation is presented in harmonic gauge. Expressions for total light deflection and time delay are given. The presented solution …

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 124007] Published Mon Dec 05, 2016

]]>Previous work on the anti–de Sitter (AdS) instability problem within the two-time framework (TTF) has found an “oscillating singularity” whose presence depends on the gauge choice. We give a physical interpretation of this singularity as a diverging redshift between the boundary and the center of Ad…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 124008] Published Mon Dec 05, 2016

]]>In general relativity, relativistic gravity gradiometry involves the measurement of the relativistic tidal matrix, which is theoretically obtained from the projection of the Riemann curvature tensor onto the orthonormal tetrad frame of an observer. The observer’s 4-velocity vector defines its local …

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 124009] Published Mon Dec 05, 2016

]]>Classification of jets as originating from light-flavor or heavy-flavor quarks is an important task for inferring the nature of particles produced in high-energy collisions. The large and variable dimensionality of the data provided by the tracking detectors makes this task difficult. The current st…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 112002] Published Fri Dec 02, 2016

]]>The presence of a zero texture in the neutrino mass matrix can indicate the presence of an underlying symmetry which can generate neutrino mass and mixing. In this paper, for the first time, we study the four-zero textures of the low energy neutrino mass matrix in the presence of an extra light-ster…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 113001] Published Fri Dec 02, 2016

]]>The decuplet baryons, $\mathrm{\Delta}$, ${\mathrm{\Sigma}}^{*}$, ${\mathrm{\Xi}}^{*}$, and ${\mathrm{\Omega}}^{-}$, are studied in nuclear matter by using the in-medium QCD sum rules. By fixing the three-momentum of the particles under consideration at the rest frame of the medium, the negative energy contributions are removed. It is obtained that the parameters of the $\mathrm{\Delta}$ b…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 114002] Published Fri Dec 02, 2016

]]>We provide analytical results for the $O({\alpha}_{s})$ corrections to the double-spin density matrix elements in the reaction ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}\to t\overline{t}$. These concern the elements $ll$, $lt$, $ln$, $tt$, $tn$, and $nn$ of the double-spin density matrix elements where $l$, $t$, $n$ stand for longitudinal, transverse and normal orientations with …

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 114003] Published Fri Dec 02, 2016

]]>We perform the first iterative Monte Carlo (IMC) analysis of fragmentation functions constrained by all available data from single-inclusive ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}$ annihilation into pions and kaons. The IMC method eliminates potential bias in traditional analyses based on single fits introduced by fixing parameters n…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 114004] Published Fri Dec 02, 2016

]]>We consider the $2+1$-dimensional massive Thirring model with one flavor at finite density. Two numerical methods, the fermion bag approach and complex Langevin dynamics, are used to calculate the chiral condensate and fermion density of this model. The numerical results obtained by the fermion bag ap…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 114501] Published Fri Dec 02, 2016

]]>We demonstrate the applicability of a recently proposed multiscale thermalization algorithm to two-color quantum chromodynamics (QCD) with two mass-degenerate fermion flavors. The algorithm involves refining an ensemble of gauge configurations that had been generated using a renormalization group (R…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 114502] Published Fri Dec 02, 2016

]]>We discuss the thermodynamics of the O(3) nonlinear sigma model in $1+1$ dimensions at nonzero chemical potential (equivalent to a magnetic field). In its conventional field theory representation the model suffers from a sign problem. By dualizing the model, we are able to fully access the nonzero den…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 114503] Published Fri Dec 02, 2016

]]>We present a chiral solution of the Ginsparg-Wilson equation. This work is motivated by our recent proposal for nonperturbatively regulating chiral gauge theories, where five-dimensional domain wall fermions couple to a four-dimensional gauge field that is extended into the extra dimension as the so…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 114504] Published Fri Dec 02, 2016

]]>More than $3\sigma $ deviations from the standard model are observed in the angular observable ${P}_{5}^{\prime}$ of $B\to {K}^{*}{\mu}^{+}{\mu}^{-}$ and muon $g-2$. To resolve these anomalies, we extend the standard model by adding two leptoquarks. It is found that the signal strength of the diphoton Higgs decay can exhibit a significant deviatio…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 115005] Published Fri Dec 02, 2016

]]>In December 2015, the ATLAS and CMS collaborations presented a possible signal in the diphoton channel. Although more data have shown that the signal was likely to be only a statistical fluctuation, it is interesting to ask what can be learned if any diphoton excess would show up in future data. Her…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 115006] Published Fri Dec 02, 2016

]]>We derive corrections to atomic energy levels from disformal couplings in Galileon theories. Through Bayesian inference, we constrain the cutoff radii and Galileon scale via these corrections. To connect different atomic systems, we assume the various cutoff radii related by a one-parameter family o…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 115007] Published Fri Dec 02, 2016

]]>We study constraints on one-loop neutral naturalness at the LHC by considering gluon partners which are required to ameliorate the tuning in the Higgs mass-squared arising at two loops. This is done with a simple orbifold model of folded supersymmetry which not only contains color-neutral stops but …

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 115008] Published Fri Dec 02, 2016

]]>We present a parity-doublet theorem for the representation of the intrinsic parity of Majorana fermions, which is expected to be useful also in condensed matter physics, and it is illustrated to provide a criterion of neutron-antineutron oscillation in a Bardeen–Cooper–Schrieffer type of effective t…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 115009] Published Fri Dec 02, 2016

]]>We of $Q$-balls in Dirac-Born-Infeld type $k$ field theory, whose action includes a nonlinear kinetic term, $\sqrt{1-b{g}^{\mu \nu}{\partial}_{\mu}{\varphi}^{a}{\partial}_{\nu}{\varphi}^{a}}/b$. Specifically, for two potentials, ${V}_{3}={m}^{2}{\varphi}^{2}/2-\mu {\varphi}^{3}+\lambda {\varphi}^{4}$ and ${V}_{4}={m}^{2}{\varphi}^{2}/2-\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}\lambda {\varphi}^{4}+{\varphi}^{6}/{M}^{2}$, we survey equilibrium solutions for the whole parameter space and analyze their stability through the…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 116001] Published Fri Dec 02, 2016

]]>N-body simulations predict that galaxies at the Milky Way scale host a large number of dark matter (DM) subhalos. Some of these subhalos, if they are massive enough or close enough to the Earth, might be detectable in $\gamma $ rays due to the DM annihilation. 3FGL $\mathrm{J}2212.5+0703$, an unidentified gamma-ray so…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 123002] Published Fri Dec 02, 2016

]]>We investigate the interplay between moduli dynamics and inflation, focusing on the Kachru-Kallosh-Linde-Trivedi scenario and cosmological $\alpha $-attractors. General couplings between these sectors can induce a significant backreaction and potentially destroy the inflationary regime; however, we demonstr…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 123503] Published Fri Dec 02, 2016

]]>We present the results of the search for decaying dark matter with particle mass in the 6–40 keV range with NuSTAR deep observations of COSMOS and ECDFS empty sky fields. We show that the main contribution to the decaying dark matter signal from the Milky Way galaxy comes through the aperture of the…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 123504] Published Fri Dec 02, 2016

]]>The precession of a test gyroscope along unbound equatorial plane geodesic orbits around a Kerr black hole is analyzed with respect to a static reference frame whose axes point towards the “fixed stars.” The accumulated precession angle after a complete scattering process is evaluated and compared w…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 124002] Published Fri Dec 02, 2016

]]>We investigate the growth factor for subhorizon modes during late times in $f(T,\mathcal{T})$ gravity, where $T$ is the torsion scalar and $\mathcal{T}$ is the trace of the stress-energy tensor. This is achieved by obtaining the modified Mészáros equation, which describes the evolution of the perturbations of the matter ener…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 124004] Published Fri Dec 02, 2016

]]>We investigate how baryogenesis can occur by the presence of an $f(T)$-related gravitational term. We study various cases of $f(T)$ gravity, and we discuss in detail the effect of the novel terms on the baryon-to-entropy ratio. Additionally, we study the constraints imposed by the observational values o…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 124005] Published Fri Dec 02, 2016

]]>We obtain a family of regular static, spherically symmetric solutions in Einstein-Cartan theory with an electromagnetic field and a nonminimally coupled scalar field with the correct sign of kinetic energy density. At different values of its parameters, the solution, being asymptotically flat at lar…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 124006] Published Fri Dec 02, 2016

]]>We consider an asymptotically free vectorial gauge theory, with gauge group $G$ and ${N}_{f}$ fermions in a representation $R$ of $G$, having an infrared (IR) zero in the beta function at ${\alpha}_{\mathrm{IR}}$. We present general formulas for scheme-independent series expansions of quantities, evaluated at ${\alpha}_{\mathrm{IR}}$, as powers of an ${N}_{f}$…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 125005] Published Fri Dec 02, 2016

]]>The Schwinger pairs production rate is calculated numerically in the soft-wall model with the help of a simpler method in determining the soft-wall’s position beyond which probe strings connecting the Schwinger pairs do not fall into. The critical behavior of the production rate and linear part in t…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 126004] Published Fri Dec 02, 2016

]]>We analyze a $37\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\mathrm{pb}}^{-1}$ data sample collected with the SND detector at the VEPP-2000 ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}$ collider in the center-of-mass energy range 1.05–2.00 GeV and present an updated measurement of the ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}\to \omega {\pi}^{0}\to {\pi}^{0}{\pi}^{0}\gamma $ cross section. In particular, we correct the mistake in radiative correction calculation made in …

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 112001] Published Thu Dec 01, 2016

]]>The large ${N}_{c}$ limit provides relations that can be used to calculate the ${\gamma}^{*}N\to \mathrm{\Delta}(1232)$ quadrupole form factors at low and intermediate ${Q}^{2}$ under the assumption of the pion cloud dominance. There are two limitations in those parametrizations. First, the parametrization of the Coulomb quadrupole form fact…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 114001] Published Thu Dec 01, 2016

]]>Many new physics models contain a neutral scalar resonance that can be predominantly produced via gluon fusion through loops. In such a case, there could be important effects of additional particles, that in turn may hadronize before decaying and form bound states. This interesting possibility may l…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 115001] Published Thu Dec 01, 2016

]]>For the general two-Higgs-doublet model, we present conditions for having spontaneous $CP$ violation, in terms of physical masses and couplings. These relations involve the charged Higgs mass, its cubic couplings with neutral scalars and quartic coupling, and become particularly simple in the alignmen…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 115002] Published Thu Dec 01, 2016

]]>Different models based on the extended $SU(3{)}_{C}\times SU(3{)}_{L}\times U(1{)}_{X}$ (331) gauge group have been proposed over the past four decades. Yet, despite being an active research topic, the status of lepton number in 331 models has not been fully addressed in the literature, and furthermore many of the original prop…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 115003] Published Thu Dec 01, 2016

]]>The anarchy principle leading to the seesaw ensemble is studied analytically with the usual tools of random matrix theory. The probability density function for the seesaw ensemble of $N\times N$ matrices is obtained in terms of a multidimensional integral. This integral involves all light neutrino masses, l…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 115004] Published Thu Dec 01, 2016

]]>Neutrino oscillations are a widely observed and well-established phenomenon. It is also well known that deviations with respect to flavor conversion probabilities in vacuum arise due to neutrino interactions with matter. In this work, we analyze the impact of new interactions between neutrinos and t…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 123001] Published Thu Dec 01, 2016

]]>General features of spontaneous baryogenesis are studied. The relation between the time derivative of the (pseudo) Goldstone field and the baryonic chemical potential is revisited. It is shown that this relation essentially depends upon the representation chosen for the fermionic fields with nonzero…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 123501] Published Thu Dec 01, 2016

]]>By absorbing fluctuations into a local background, separate universe simulations provide a powerful technique to characterize the response of small-scale observables to the long-wavelength density fluctuations, for example those of the power spectrum and halo mass function which lead to the squeezed…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 123502] Published Thu Dec 01, 2016

]]>Observations of gravitational lenses in strong gravitational fields give us a clue to understanding dark compact objects. In this paper, we extend a method to obtain a deflection angle in a strong deflection limit provided by Bozza [Phys. Rev. D **66**, 103001 (2002)] to apply to ultrastatic spacetimes.…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 124001] Published Thu Dec 01, 2016

]]>We derive the complete set of geodesic equations for massive and massless test particles of a five-dimensional, charged, rotating black hole solution of the Einstein-Maxwell-Chern-Simons field equations in five-dimensional minimal gauged supergravity and present their analytical solutions in terms o…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 124003] Published Thu Dec 01, 2016

]]>We calculate the quark self-energy in a quark-gluon plasma that possesses an ellipsoidal momentum-space anisotropy in the local rest frame. By introducing additional transverse-momentum anisotropy parameters into the parton distribution functions, we generalize previous results which were obtained f…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 125001] Published Thu Dec 01, 2016

]]>We study an interesting relevant deformation of the simplest interacting $\mathcal{N}=2$ superconformal field theory (SCFT)—the original Argyres-Douglas (AD) theory. We argue that, although this deformation is not strictly speaking Banks-Zaks–like (certain operator dimensions change macroscopically), there are …

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 125002] Published Thu Dec 01, 2016

]]>In Molnár *et al.* Phys. Rev. D **93**, 114025 (2016) the equations of anisotropic dissipative fluid dynamics were obtained from the moments of the Boltzmann equation based on an expansion around an arbitrary anisotropic single-particle distribution function. In this paper we make a particular choice for …

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 125003] Published Thu Dec 01, 2016

]]>We study a generalization of the loosely bound Skyrme model which consists of the Skyrme model with a sixth-order derivative term—motivated by its fluidlike properties—and the second-order loosely bound potential—motivated by lowering the classical binding energies of higher-charged Skyrmions. We us…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 125004] Published Thu Dec 01, 2016

]]>We use the intertwining properties of integral transformations to provide a compact proof of the holographic equivalence between the first law of entanglement entropy and the linearized gravitational equations in the context of the $\mathrm{AdS}/\mathrm{CFT}$ correspondence. We build upon the framework developed by Fau…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 126001] Published Thu Dec 01, 2016

]]>We study the universal conditions for quantum nonperturbative stability against bubble nucleation for pertubatively stable AdS vacua based on positive energy theorems. We also compare our analysis with the preexisting ones in the literature carried out within the thin-wall approximation. The aforeme…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 126002] Published Thu Dec 01, 2016

]]>We use gauge or string duality to estimate the Debye screening mass at nonzero temperature and baryon chemical potential. We interpret this mass as the smallest one in the open string channel. Comparisons are made with the results from holography and lattice QCD.

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 126003] Published Thu Dec 01, 2016

]]>A study of ${B}_{c}^{+}\to {K}^{+}{K}^{-}{\pi}^{+}$ decays is performed for the first time using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $3.0\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\mathrm{fb}}^{-1}$ collected by the LHCb experiment in $pp$ collisions at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV. Evidence for the decay ${B}_{c}^{+}\to {\chi}_{c0}(\to {K}^{+}{K}^{-}){\pi}^{+}$ is reported with a significance of 4.0 s…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 091102(R)] Published Wed Nov 30, 2016

]]>Employing the so-called hybrid formalism, we calculate the cross section of inclusive hadron production in proton-proton collisions at forward rapidity in small-$x$ formalism at one-loop order. For the case of hadron production at forward rapidity, we can use collinear parton distributions for the pro…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 094046] Published Wed Nov 30, 2016

]]>The dark photon (${A}^{\prime}$) production through the mixing with the bremsstrahlung photon from the electron scattering off nuclei can be accompanied by the dominant invisible ${A}^{\prime}$ decay into dark-sector particles. In this work we discuss the missing energy signature of this process in the experiment NA64 aimi…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 095025] Published Wed Nov 30, 2016

]]>Several experiments reported hints for the violation of lepton flavor or lepton flavor universality in processes involving muons. Most prominently, there is the hint for a nonzero rate of the flavor violating Higgs decay $h\to \tau \mu $ at the LHC, as well as the hint for lepton flavor universality violation i…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 095026] Published Wed Nov 30, 2016

]]>Identifying signatures of dark matter at indirect-detection experiments is generally more challenging for scenarios involving nonminimal dark sectors such as Dynamical Dark Matter (DDM) than for scenarios involving a single dark particle. This additional difficulty arises because the partitioning of…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 095027] Published Wed Nov 30, 2016

]]>In this article, we focus on new scalar $\varphi $ mediated scalar/vectorial weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) with $\varphi $’s mass slightly below the WIMP mass. To explain the Galactic center 1–3 GeV gamma-ray excess, here we consider the case that a WIMP pair predominantly annihilates into an on-shell $\dots $

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 095028] Published Wed Nov 30, 2016

]]>We study the decay mode of the ${a}_{1}(1260)$ into a ${\pi}^{+}$ in $p$ wave and the ${f}_{0}(980)$ that decays into ${\pi}^{+}{\pi}^{-}$ in $s$ wave. The mechanism proceeds via a triangular mechanism where the ${a}_{1}(1260)$ decays into ${K}^{*}\overline{K}$, the ${K}^{*}$ decays to an external ${\pi}^{+}$ and an internal $K$ that fuses with the $\overline{K}$ producing the ${f}_{0}(980)$ resonance…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 096015] Published Wed Nov 30, 2016

]]>[Phys. Rev. D 94, 099907] Published Wed Nov 30, 2016

]]>Observations by the *Fermi*-LAT have uncovered a bright, spherically symmetric excess surrounding the center of the Milky Way Galaxy. The spectrum of the $\gamma $-ray excess peaks sharply at an energy $\sim 2\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{GeV}$, exhibiting a hard spectrum at lower energies, and falls off quickly above an energy $\sim 5\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{GeV}$. The sp…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 103013] Published Wed Nov 30, 2016

]]>It is proved that spherically symmetric compact reflecting objects cannot support static bound-state configurations made of scalar fields whose self-interaction potential $V({\psi}^{2})$ is a monotonically increasing function of its argument. Our theorem rules out, in particular, the existence of massive scal…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 104073] Published Wed Nov 30, 2016

]]>In this paper, we examine the behavior of modes of the Kerr geometry when the mode’s frequency is purely imaginary. We demonstrate that quasinormal modes must be polynomial in nature if their frequency is purely imaginary, and present a method for computing such modes. The nature of these modes, how…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 104074] Published Wed Nov 30, 2016

]]>We apply the technique of the spinfoam to study space-time, which, classically, contains a curvature singularity. We derive from the full covariant loop quantum gravity (LQG) that the region near curvature singularity has to be of the strong quantum gravity effect. We show that the spinfoam configur…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 104075] Published Wed Nov 30, 2016

]]>We study the quantum mechanics of self-gravitating thin shell collapse by solving the polymerized Wheeler-DeWitt equation. We obtain the energy spectrum and solve the time-dependent equation using numerics. In contradistinction to the continuum theory, we are able to consistently quantize the theory…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 104076] Published Wed Nov 30, 2016

]]>[Phys. Rev. D 94, 109901] Published Wed Nov 30, 2016

]]>Knowledge of the neutrino flux produced by the Neutrinos at the Main Injector (NuMI) beamline is essential to the neutrino oscillation and neutrino interaction measurements of the MINERvA, $\mathrm{MINOS}+$, NOvA and MicroBooNE experiments at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. We have produced a flux predi…

[Phys. Rev. D 94, 092005] Published Tue Nov 29, 2016

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