We present nonperturbative correlation functions in Landau-gauge Yang-Mills theory at finite temperature. The results are obtained from the functional renormalisation group within a self-consistent approximation scheme. In particular, we compute the magnetic and electric components of the gluon prop...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 054015] Published Fri Mar 16, 2018

]]>Inclusive jet production in p-p and $\overline{p}\text{\u2212}p$ collisions shows many of the same kinematic systematics as observed in single-particle inclusive production at much lower energies. In an earlier study (1974) a phenomenology, called radial scaling, was developed for the single-particle inclusive cross sectio...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 054016] Published Fri Mar 16, 2018

]]>Quasi- and pseudodistributions provide a new approach to determining parton distribution functions from first principles’ calculations of QCD. Here, I calculate the flavor nonsinglet unpolarized quasidistribution at one loop in perturbation theory, using the gradient flow to remove ultraviolet diver...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 054507] Published Fri Mar 16, 2018

]]>We study the vacua of an $SU(3)\times SU(3)$-symmetric model with a bifundamental scalar. Structures of this type appear in various gauge theories such as the renormalizable coloron model, which is an extension of QCD, or the trinification extension of the electroweak group. In other contexts, such as chira...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 055024] Published Fri Mar 16, 2018

]]>We study discovery prospects for long-lived sterile neutrinos at the LHC with multitrack displaced vertices, with masses below the electroweak scale. We reinterpret current displaced vertex searches making use of publicly available, parametrized selection efficiencies for modeling the detector respo...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 055025] Published Fri Mar 16, 2018

]]>Precise predictions are needed to study rare decays in meson physics. In this paper, the full next-to-leading order (NLO) corrections to double-Dalitz decays are completed using the soft-photon approximation.

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 056010] Published Fri Mar 16, 2018

]]>We derive the exact analytical solutions to the symmetron field theory equations in the presence of a one- or two-mirror system. The one-dimensional equations of motion are integrated exactly for both systems and their solutions can be expressed in terms of Jacobi elliptic functions. Surprisingly, i...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 064015] Published Fri Mar 16, 2018

]]>Observations of gravitational radiation from compact binary systems provide an unprecedented opportunity to test general relativity in the strong field dynamical regime. In this paper, we investigate how future observations of gravitational radiation from binary neutron star mergers might provide co...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 064016] Published Fri Mar 16, 2018

]]>Using a convolutive field-theoretic product, it is shown here that the “square” of an Abelian $D=6$, $\mathcal{N}=(2,0)$ theory yields the free $D=6$, $\mathcal{N}=(4,0)$ theory constructed by Hull, together with its generalized (super)gauge transformations. This offers a new perspective on the (4,0) theory and chiral theories...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 066014] Published Fri Mar 16, 2018

]]>The entropy and effective string tension of the moving heavy quark-antiquark pair in the strongly coupled plasmas are calculated by using a deformed an anti–de Sitter/Reissner-Nordström black hole metric. A sharp peak of the heavy-quarkonium entropy around the deconfinement transition can be realize...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 066015] Published Fri Mar 16, 2018

]]>The electrical neutrality of the neutron is linked to the electric charge quantization. It is not understood yet if the electric charge is quantized or not. Since the discovery of the neutron, many attempts have been made to measure its electric charge ${q}_{n}$ directly and indirectly. We present a method...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 052004] Published Thu Mar 15, 2018

]]>By analyzing a data sample of $2.93\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\mathrm{fb}}^{-1}$ collected at $\sqrt{s}=3.773\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{GeV}$ with the BESIII detector operated at the BEPCII storage rings, we measure the branching fractions $\mathcal{B}({D}^{0}\to \omega \eta )=(2.15\pm 0.1{7}_{\mathrm{stat}}\pm \phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}0.1{5}_{\mathrm{sys}})\times {10}^{-3}$, $\mathcal{B}({D}^{0}\to \eta {\pi}^{0})=(0.58\pm 0.0{5}_{\mathrm{stat}}\pm 0.0{5}_{\mathrm{sys}})\times {10}^{-3}$, $\mathcal{B}({D}^{0}\to {\eta}^{\prime}{\pi}^{0})=(0.93\pm 0.1{1}_{\mathrm{stat}}\pm \phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}0.0{9}_{\mathrm{sys}})\times {10}^{-3}$, $\mathcal{B}({D}^{0}\to \eta \eta )=(2.20\pm \mathrm{...}$

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 052005] Published Thu Mar 15, 2018

]]>We elucidate that the phase diagram of massless $N$-flavor QCD under a ${\mathbb{Z}}_{N}$ flavor-twisted boundary condition (massless ${\mathbb{Z}}_{N}$-QCD) is constrained by a ’t Hooft anomaly involving two-form gauge fields. As a consequence, massless ${\mathbb{Z}}_{N}$-QCD turns out to realize persistent order at any temperature and quark chemi...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 054012] Published Thu Mar 15, 2018

]]>We present a strong coupling constant extraction at next-to-leading order QCD accuracy using ATLAS $Z+2$,3,4 jets data. This is the first extraction using processes with a dependency on high powers of the coupling constant. We obtain values of the strong coupling constant at the $Z$ mass compatible with...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 054013] Published Thu Mar 15, 2018

]]>We study the semileptonic decays of the ${B}_{c}$ meson into final charmonium states within the standard model and beyond. The relevant hadronic transition form factors are calculated in the framework of the covariant confined quark model developed by us. We focus on the tau mode of these decays, which may...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 054014] Published Thu Mar 15, 2018

]]>Using Monte Carlo simulations with overrelaxation, we have equilibrated lattices up to $\beta =2.928$, size $6{0}^{4}$, for pure SU(2) lattice gauge theory with the Wilson action. We calculate topological charges with the standard cooling method and find that they become more reliable with increasing $\beta $ values and...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 054506] Published Thu Mar 15, 2018

]]>We point out that 7 keV axino dark matter (DM) in the R-parity violating (RPV) supersymmetric (SUSY) Dine-Fischler-Srednicki-Zhitnitsky axion model can simultaneously reproduce the 3.5 keV x-ray line excess and evade stringent constraints from the $\mathrm{Ly}\text{\u2212}\alpha $ forest data. Peccei-Quinn symmetry breaking nat...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 055019] Published Thu Mar 15, 2018

]]>In the general Higgs portal-like models, the extra neutral scalar, $S$, can mix with the Standard Model (SM) Higgs boson, $H$. We perform an exploratory study focusing on the direct search for such a light singlet $S$ at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). After careful study of the SM background, we find th...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 055020] Published Thu Mar 15, 2018

]]>The LEP experiment at CERN provided accurate measurements of the $Z$ neutral gauge boson properties. Although all measurements agree well with the standard model (SM) predictions, the forward backward asymmetry of the bottom-quark remains almost $3\sigma $ away from the SM value. We proposed that this anomaly...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 055021] Published Thu Mar 15, 2018

]]>We analyze neutrino mass matrices having one texture zero, assuming that the neutrino mixing matrix has either its first (${\mathrm{TM}}_{1}$) or second (${\mathrm{TM}}_{2}$) column identical to that of the tribimaximal mixing matrix. We found that all six possible one texture-zero neutrino mass matrices are compatible with the pr...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 055022] Published Thu Mar 15, 2018

]]>Dark matter that interacts with the Standard Model by exchanging photons through higher multipole interactions occurs in a wide range of both strongly and weakly coupled hidden sector models. We study the collider detection prospects of these candidates, with a focus on Majorana dark matter that cou...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 055023] Published Thu Mar 15, 2018

]]>With developing a scheme to determine the thermal width of a pion in a medium, we investigate the shear and bulk viscosities and their ratios to entropy density. We calculate the temperature ($T$)-dependence of the pion mass and decay constant via the Dyson-Schwinger equations of QCD and get the pion ...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 056011] Published Thu Mar 15, 2018

]]>During a de Sitter stage of expansion, the spectator fields of different spin are constrained by the critical density bound and by further requirements determined by their specific physical nature. The evolution of spectator electric fields in conformally flat background geometries is occasionally c...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 061301(R)] Published Thu Mar 15, 2018

]]>The axionlike particle (ALP)-photon mixing in the magnetic field around $\gamma $-ray sources or along the line of sight could induce oscillation between photons and ALPs, which then causes irregularities in the $\gamma $-ray spectra. In this work we search for such spectral irregularities in the spectrum of PKS $\mathrm{21...}$

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 063009] Published Thu Mar 15, 2018

]]>It is well known that the flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker metric is a special case of Bianchi type I spacetime. In this paper, we use 38 Hubble parameter, $H(z)$, measurements at intermediate redshifts $0.07\le z\le 2.36$ and its joint combination with the latest “joint light curves” (JLA) sample, comprising ...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 063515] Published Thu Mar 15, 2018

]]>A fundamental prediction of inflation is a nearly scale-invariant spectrum of gravitational wave. The features of such a signal provide extremely important information about the physics of the early universe. In this paper, we focus on several topics about warm inflation. First, we discuss the stabi...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 063516] Published Thu Mar 15, 2018

]]>By considering the Einstein-Vlasov system for static spherically symmetric distributions of matter, we show that configurations with constant anisotropy parameter $\beta $, leading to asymptotically flat spacetimes, have necessarily a distribution function (DF) of the form $\mathcal{F}={l}^{-2\beta}\xi (\u03f5)$, where $\u03f5=E/m$ and $l=L/m$...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 064012] Published Thu Mar 15, 2018

]]>In scalar-tensor theories, spontaneous scalarization is a phase transition that can occur in ultradense environments such as neutron stars. The scalar field develops a nontrivial configuration once the stars exceeds a compactness threshold. We recently pointed out that, if the scalar exhibits some a...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 064013] Published Thu Mar 15, 2018

]]>We consider the Arnowitt-Deser-Misner formalism as a tool to build bouncing cosmologies. In this approach, the foliation of the spacetime has to be fixed in order to go beyond general relativity modifying the gravitational sector. Once a preferred slicing, which we choose based on the matter content...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 064014] Published Thu Mar 15, 2018

]]>The vacuum modular Hamiltonian $K$ of the Rindler wedge in any relativistic quantum field theory is given by the boost generator. Here we investigate the modular Hamiltonian for more general half-spaces which are bounded by an arbitrary smooth cut of a null plane. We derive a formula for the second de...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 065011] Published Thu Mar 15, 2018

]]>We derive analytical results for unintegrated color dipole gluon distribution function at small transverse momentum. By Fourier transforming the $S$-matrix for large dipoles we derive the results in the form of a series of Bells polynomials. Interestingly, when resumming the series in leading log accu...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 054009] Published Wed Mar 14, 2018

]]>Baryon chiral perturbation theory combined with the $1/{N}_{c}$ expansion is implemented for three flavors. Baryon masses, vector charges and axial vector couplings are studied to one-loop and organized according to the $\xi $-expansion, in which the $1/{N}_{c}$ and the low-energy power countings are linked according ...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 054010] Published Wed Mar 14, 2018

]]>We present an improved study of the electromagnetic form factors of the nucleon and of the Roper-nucleon transition using an extended version of the effective action of soft-wall AdS/QCD. We include novel contribution from additional nonminimal terms, which do not renormalize the charge and do not c...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 054011] Published Wed Mar 14, 2018

]]>Motivated by multiple phenomenological considerations, we perform the first search for the existence of a $\overline{b}\overline{b}bb$ tetraquark bound state with a mass below the lowest noninteracting bottomonium-pair threshold using the first-principles lattice nonrelativistic QCD methodology. We use a full $S$-wave colo...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 054505] Published Wed Mar 14, 2018

]]>An analysis of distortions in the cosmic microwave background reveals information about the gas inside large voids in space.

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 063514] Published Wed Mar 14, 2018

]]>General Relativity is known to produce singularities in the potential generated by a point source. Our universe can be modeled as a de Sitter (dS) metric and we show that ghost-free infinite derivative gravity (IDG) produces a nonsingular potential around a dS background, while returning to the GR p...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 064011] Published Wed Mar 14, 2018

]]>We clarify the relation between the Noether charge associated to an arbitrary vector field and the equations of motion by revisiting Wald formalism. For a timelike Killing vector, aspects of the Noether charge suggest that it is dual to the heat current in the boundary for general holographic theori...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 066013] Published Wed Mar 14, 2018

]]>We report a measurement of the cross section for ${K}_{S}^{0}$ pair production in single-tag two-photon collisions, ${\gamma}^{*}\gamma \to {K}_{S}^{0}{K}_{S}^{0}$, for ${Q}^{2}$ up to $30\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\mathrm{GeV}}^{2}$, where ${Q}^{2}$ is the negative of the invariant mass squared of the tagged photon. The measurement covers the kinematic range $1.0\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{GeV}<W<2.6\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{GeV}$ and $|\mathrm{cos}{\theta}^{*}|\&l...$

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 052003] Published Tue Mar 13, 2018

]]>Lattice QCD calculations including the effects of one or more nondegenerate sea quark flavors are conventionally performed using the rational hybrid Monte Carlo (RHMC) algorithm, which computes the square root of the determinant of ${\mathcal{D}}^{\u2020}\mathcal{D}$, where $\mathcal{D}$ is the Dirac operator. The special case of two degenera...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 054503] Published Tue Mar 13, 2018

]]>We examine the possibility of dynamical supersymmetry breaking in two-dimensional $\mathcal{N}=(2,2)$ supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. The theory is discretized on a Euclidean spacetime lattice using a supersymmetric lattice action. We compute the vacuum energy of the theory at finite temperature and take the ...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 054504] Published Tue Mar 13, 2018

]]>We suggest that the exclusive $\mathrm{Higgs}+\text{light}$ (or b)-jet production at the LHC, $pp\to h+j({j}_{b})$, is a rather sensitive probe of the light-quarks Yukawa couplings and of other forms of new physics (NP) in the Higgs-gluon $hgg$ and quark-gluon $qqg$ interactions. We study the Higgs ${p}_{T}$-distribution in $pp\to h+j({j}_{b})\to \gamma \gamma ...$

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 055014] Published Tue Mar 13, 2018

]]>We discuss spontaneous supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking in a model with an anomalous $U(1{)}_{A}$ symmetry. In this model, the size of the each term in the superpotential is controlled by the $U(1{)}_{A}$ charge assignment and SUSY is spontaneously broken via the Fayet-Iliopoulos of $U(1{)}_{A}$ at the metastable vacuum. I...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 055015] Published Tue Mar 13, 2018

]]>We consider the possibility of neutron-antineutron ($n-\overline{n}$) conversion, in which the change of a neutron into an antineutron is mediated by an external source, as can occur in a scattering process. We develop the connections between $n-\overline{n}$ conversion and $n-\overline{n}$ oscillation, in which a neutron spontaneousl...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 056008] Published Tue Mar 13, 2018

]]>Applications of machine learning tools to problems of physical interest are often criticized for producing sensitivity at the expense of transparency. To address this concern, we explore a data planing procedure for identifying combinations of variables—aided by physical intuition—that can discrimin...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 056009] Published Tue Mar 13, 2018

]]>Twistor string models have been known for more than a decade now but have come back under the spotlight recently with the advent of the scattering equation formalism which has greatly generalized the scope of these models. A striking ubiquitous feature of these models has always been that, contrary ...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 061902(R)] Published Tue Mar 13, 2018

]]>The study of the anisotropy of the arrival directions is an essential tool to investigate the origin and propagation of cosmic rays primaries. A pentagon array has been designed to collect data around the knee region of cosmic ray spectrum. The experimental results of this array obtained from Octobe...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 062001] Published Tue Mar 13, 2018

]]>Sub-GeV halo dark matter that enters the Sun can potentially scatter off hot solar nuclei and be ejected much faster than its incoming velocity. We derive an expression for the rate and velocity distribution of these reflected particles, taking into account the Sun’s temperature and opacity. We furt...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 063007] Published Tue Mar 13, 2018

]]>Recent direct measurements of Galactic cosmic ray spectra by balloon/space-borne detectors reveal spectral hardenings of all major nucleus species at rigidities of a few hundred GV. The all-sky diffuse $\gamma $-ray emissions measured by the Fermi Large Area Telescope also show spatial variations of the int...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 063008] Published Tue Mar 13, 2018

]]>We explore the homogeneous background dynamics and the evolution of generated perturbations of cosmological inflation that is driven by multiple scalar fields interacting with a perfect fluid. Then we apply the method to warm inflation driven by two scalar fields and a radiation fluid, and present g...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 063510] Published Tue Mar 13, 2018

]]>We reexamine interactions between the dark sectors of cosmology, with a focus on robust constraints that can be obtained using only mildly nonlinear scales. While it is well known that couplings between dark matter and dark energy can be constrained to the percent level when including the full range...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 063511] Published Tue Mar 13, 2018

]]>We investigate gravitational redshifts (signals of gravitational potential) in measurements of the redshifts of cosmological objects, i.e., central and satellite galaxies in clusters of galaxies, intracluster gas, as well as galaxies associated with voids by developing simple theoretical models. In ...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 063512] Published Tue Mar 13, 2018

]]>We perform adiabatic regularization of power spectrum in nonminimally coupled general single-field inflation with varying speed of sound. The subtraction is performed within the framework of earlier study by Urakawa and Starobinsky dealing with the canonical inflation. Inspired by Fakir and Unruh’s ...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 063513] Published Tue Mar 13, 2018

]]>The membrane paradigm approach adopts a timelike surface, stretched out off the null event horizon, to study several important black hole properties. We use this powerful tool to give a direct derivation of the black hole mass formula in the static and stationary cases without and with electric fiel...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 064008] Published Tue Mar 13, 2018

]]>We describe supersymmetric A-branes and B-branes in open $\mathcal{N}=(2,2)$ dynamically gauged nonlinear sigma models (GNLSM), placing emphasis on toric manifold target spaces. For a subset of toric manifolds, these equivariant branes have a mirror description as branes in gauged Landau-Ginzburg models with ne...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 066010] Published Tue Mar 13, 2018

]]>We investigate production and decay of the ${\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{c}^{+}$ hyperon. The production considered is through the ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}$ annihilation channel, ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}\to {\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{c}^{+}{\overline{\mathrm{\Lambda}}}_{c}^{-}$, with summation over the ${\overline{\mathrm{\Lambda}}}_{c}^{-}$ antihyperon spin directions. It is in this situation that the ${\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{c}^{+}$ decay chain is identified. Two kinds of sequential decays are studi...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 053002] Published Mon Mar 12, 2018

]]>We investigate the origin of the quark-hadron duality-violating terms in the expansion of the QCD two-point vector correlation function at large energies in the complex ${q}^{2}$ plane. Starting from the dispersive representation for the associated polarization, the analytic continuation of the operator pr...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 054007] Published Mon Mar 12, 2018

]]>We extend the chromomagnetic model by further considering the effect of color interaction. The effective mass parameters between quark pairs (${m}_{qq}$ or ${m}_{q\overline{q}}$) are introduced to account for both the effective quark masses and the color interaction between the two quarks. Using the experimental masses of ...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 054008] Published Mon Mar 12, 2018

]]>We identify new astrophysical signatures of dark matter that implodes neutron stars (NSs), which could decisively test whether NS-imploding dark matter is responsible for missing pulsars in the Milky Way galactic center, the source of some $r$-process elements, and the origin of fast-radio bursts. Fir...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 055016] Published Mon Mar 12, 2018

]]>We study the phenomenology of neutrino decay together with neutrino oscillations in the context of eV-scale sterile neutrinos. We review the formalism of visible neutrino decay in which one of the decay products is a neutrino that potentially can be observed. We apply the formalism developed for dec...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 055017] Published Mon Mar 12, 2018

]]>In the type-I seesaw model, the lepton-flavor-mixing matrix (Pontecorvo-Maki-Nakagawa-Sakata matrix) and the quark-flavor-mixing matrix [Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) matrix] may be connected implicitly through a relation between the neutrino Dirac Yukawa coupling ${Y}_{D}$ and the quark Yukawa couplings...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 055018] Published Mon Mar 12, 2018

]]>The authors compute the lifetime of the universe in the Standard Model at next to leading order, obtaining ${10}^{139}$ years. This involves regularization of the dilatation zero mode.

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 056006] Published Mon Mar 12, 2018

]]>We derive all possible symmetry breaking patterns for all possible Higgs fields that can occur in intersecting brane models: bifundamentals and rank-2 tensors. This is a field-theoretic problem that was already partially solved in 1973 by Ling-Fong Li [1]. In that paper the solution was given for ra...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 056007] Published Mon Mar 12, 2018

]]>We demonstrate the existence of a universal transition from a continuous scale invariant phase to a discrete scale invariant phase for a class of one-dimensional quantum systems with anisotropic scaling symmetry between space and time. These systems describe a Lifshitz scalar interacting with a back...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 061701(R)] Published Mon Mar 12, 2018

]]>We consider the possibility that the primordial fluctuations (scalar and tensor) might have been standing waves at their moment of creation, whether or not they had a quantum origin. We lay down the general conditions for spatial translational invariance, and isolate the pieces of the most general s...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 063509] Published Mon Mar 12, 2018

]]>Gravitational perturbations due to a point particle moving on a static black hole background are naturally described in Regge-Wheeler gauge. The first-order field equations reduce to a single master wave equation for each radiative mode. The master function satisfying this wave equation is a linear ...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 064007] Published Mon Mar 12, 2018

]]>Following up on our recent study, we consider the regime of graviton masses and gravitational wave propagation distances at which decoherence of the wave packets plays a major role for phenomenology. This regime is of particular interest, as it can lead to very striking phenomena of echo events in t...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 064009] Published Mon Mar 12, 2018

]]>We discuss the effects of the black holes’ spin-multipole structure in the orbital dynamics of binary black holes according to general relativity, focusing on the leading-post-Newtonian-order couplings at each order in an expansion in the black holes’ spins. We first review previous widely confirmed...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 064010] Published Mon Mar 12, 2018

]]>We consider theories with fermionic degrees of freedom that have a fixed point of Wilson–Fisher type in noninteger dimension $d=4-2\epsilon $. Due to the presence of *evanescent* operators, i.e., operators that vanish in integer dimensions, these theories contain families of infinitely many operators that can m...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 065007] Published Mon Mar 12, 2018

]]>Integrating out high energy degrees of freedom to yield a low energy effective field theory leads to a loss of information with a concomitant increase in entropy. We obtain the effective field theory of a light scalar field interacting with heavy fields after tracing out the heavy degrees of freedom...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 065008] Published Mon Mar 12, 2018

]]>In this paper, we first propose the bosonic (fermionic) modified Wigner equations for continuous spin particle (CSP). Secondly, starting from the (Fang-)Fronsdal-like equation, we will reach to the modified action of bosonic (fermionic) continuous spin gauge field in flat spacetime, presented recent...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 065009] Published Mon Mar 12, 2018

]]>We show that massive particles created in a relativistically accelerated reference frame, as predicted by the Unruh effect, can only be found in a tiny layer above the Rindler horizon, whose thickness corresponds to a single Compton wavelength. This is beyond the reach of any detector and suggests t...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 065010] Published Mon Mar 12, 2018

]]>We derive the time scale for two initially pure subsystems to become entangled with each other through an arbitrary Hamiltonian that couples them. The entanglement timescale is inversely proportional to the “correlated uncertainty” between the two subsystems, a quantity which we will define and anal...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 066008] Published Mon Mar 12, 2018

]]>We study asymptotic charges associated with a spin-zero analog of Weinberg’s soft photon and graviton theorems in even dimensions. Simple spacetime expressions for the charges are given, but unlike gravity or electrodynamics, the symmetry interpretation for the charges remains elusive. This work is ...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 066009] Published Mon Mar 12, 2018

]]>We present how to construct a soft collinear effective theory (SCET) for gravity at the leading and next-to-leading powers from the ground up. The soft graviton theorem and decoupling of collinear gravitons at the leading power are manifest from the outset in the effective symmetries of the theory. ...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 066011] Published Mon Mar 12, 2018

]]>We study a single-channel Kondo effect using a recently developed [1–4] holographic large-$N$ technique. In order to obtain resistivity of this model, we introduce a probe field. The gravity dual of a localized fermionic impurity in $1+1$-dimensional host matter is constructed by embedding a localized t...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 066012] Published Mon Mar 12, 2018

]]>Using the entire Belle data sample of $980\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\mathrm{fb}}^{-1}$ of ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}$ collisions, we present the results of a study of excited ${\mathrm{\Omega}}_{c}$ charmed baryons in the decay mode ${\mathrm{\Xi}}_{c}^{+}{K}^{-}$. We show confirmation of four of the five narrow states reported by the LHCb Collaboration: the ${\mathrm{\Omega}}_{c}(3000)$, ${\mathrm{\Omega}}_{c}(3050)$, ${\mathrm{\Omega}}_{c}(3066)$, and ${\mathrm{\Omega}}_{c}(3090)$.

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 051102(R)] Published Fri Mar 09, 2018

]]>Muonium is a purely leptonic system, but the accuracy of the theoretical QED prediction for its hyperfine interval is limited in part by hadronic effects. Here we consider radiative corrections to the leading hadronic vacuum polarization term, since their size is larger than the uncertainty in the c...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 053001] Published Fri Mar 09, 2018

]]>We present nonperturbative first-principle results for quark, gluon, and meson 1PI correlation functions of two-flavor Landau-gauge QCD in the vacuum. These correlation functions carry the full information about the theory. They are obtained by solving their functional renormalization group equation...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 054006] Published Fri Mar 09, 2018

]]>We present results of a lattice QCD calculation of $B\to {D}^{*}$ and ${B}_{s}\to {D}_{s}^{*}$ axial vector matrix elements with both states at rest. These zero recoil matrix elements provide the normalization necessary to infer a value for the CKM matrix element $|{V}_{cb}|$ from experimental measurements of ${\overline{B}}^{0}\to {D}^{*+}{\ell}^{-}\overline{\nu}$ and ${\overline{B}}_{s}^{0}\to {D}_{s}^{*...}$

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 054502] Published Fri Mar 09, 2018

]]>Dark matter in the halos surrounding galaxy groups and clusters can annihilate to high-energy photons. Recent advancements in the construction of galaxy group catalogs provide many thousands of potential extragalactic targets for dark matter. In this paper, we outline a procedure to infer the dark m...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 063005] Published Fri Mar 09, 2018

]]>We construct analytical Lifshitz massive black brane solutions in massive Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton gravity theory. We also study the thermodynamics of these black brane solutions and obtain the thermodynamical stability conditions. On the dual nonrelativistic boundary field theory with Lifshitz symm...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 066006] Published Fri Mar 09, 2018

]]>We investigate the behavior of small subsets of causal sets that approximate Minkowski space in three, four, and five dimensions, and show that their effective dimension decreases smoothly at small distances. The details of the short distance behavior depend on a choice of dimensional estimator, but...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 066007] Published Fri Mar 09, 2018

]]>We present double-differential measurements of antineutrino charged-current quasielastic scattering in the MINERvA detector. This study improves on a previous single-differential measurement by using updated reconstruction algorithms and interaction models and provides a complete description of obse...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 052002] Published Thu Mar 08, 2018

]]>We present a scenario for nonthermal production of dark matter from evaporation of primordial black holes. A period of very early matter domination leads to formation of black holes with a maximum mass of $\simeq 2\times {10}^{8}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{g}$, whose subsequent evaporation prior to big bang nucleosynthesis can produce all of th...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 055013] Published Thu Mar 08, 2018

]]>The holographic distribution amplitudes (DAs) for the $K$ pseudoscalar meson are derived. For this aim, the light-front wave function (LFWF) of the $K$ meson is extracted within the framework of the anti–de Sitter/quantum chromodynamics (AdS/QCD) correspondence. We consider a momentum-dependent (dynamic...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 056005] Published Thu Mar 08, 2018

]]>If dark energy (DE) is a dynamical field rather than a cosmological constant, an interaction between DE and the neutrino sector could exist, modifying the neutrino oscillation phenomenology and causing $CP$ and apparent Lorentz violating effects. The terms in the Hamiltonian for flavor propagation ind...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 063006] Published Thu Mar 08, 2018

]]>We study critical phenomena in the collapse of rotating ultrarelativistic perfect fluids, in which the pressure $P$ is related to the total energy density $\rho $ by $P=\kappa \rho $, where $\kappa $ is a constant. We generalize earlier results for radiation fluids with $\kappa =1/3$ to other values of $\kappa $, focusing on $\kappa <1/9$. For $1/9...$

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 064006] Published Thu Mar 08, 2018

]]>The analogy between black hole radiation and accelerating mirror radiation (the dynamical Casimir effect) is particularly strong for mirror trajectories giving rise to a constant thermal flux of particles. We present new ways to achieve such thermal plateaus, and customize their finite, semi-infinit...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 065006] Published Thu Mar 08, 2018

]]>The authors show a surprising connection between seemingly unrelated ideas, the weak gravity conjecture (a quantum gravity concept) and the cosmic censorship (physical solutions in classical general relativity are essentially deterministic). Counter examples to the latter are known, however, imposing the weak gravity conjecture these solutions become unstable and the cosmic censorship is preserved exactly above the weak gravity bound.

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 066005] Published Thu Mar 08, 2018

]]>In a recent paper [Q. Wang, Z. Zhu, and W. G. Unruh, Phys. Rev. D **95**, 103504 (2017)] it was argued that, due to the fluctuations around its mean value, vacuum energy gravitates differently from what was previously assumed. As a consequence, the Universe would accelerate with a small Hubble expansion...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 068301] Published Thu Mar 08, 2018

]]>We reply to Mazzitelli and Trombetta’s comment [1] on our cosmological constant paper [2].

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 068302] Published Thu Mar 08, 2018

]]>Using ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}$ collision data collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $5.2\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\mathrm{fb}}^{-1}$ at center-of-mass energies ($\sqrt{s}$) from 4.009 to 4.600 GeV, the process ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}\to {\pi}^{0}{\pi}^{0}\psi (3686)$ is studied for the first time. The corresponding Born cross sections are mea...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 052001] Published Wed Mar 07, 2018

]]>We investigate the Sivers asymmetry in the pion-induced single polarized Drell-Yan process in the theoretical framework of the transverse momentum dependent factorization up to next-to-leading logarithmic order of QCD. Within the TMD evolution formalism of parton distribution functions, the recently...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 054005] Published Wed Mar 07, 2018

]]>The R-parity conserving minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) in light of the decay ${B}_{s}\to {\mu}^{+}{\mu}^{-}$ with near-standard model branching ratio is an interesting platform for studying the complementarity between direct and indirect searches for beyond the standard model physics. Based on this, we have a...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 055010] Published Wed Mar 07, 2018

]]>We propose a strategy for distinguishing the Dirac/Majorana character of heavy neutrinos with masses below the $W$-boson mass, using purely leptonic decays at the LHC. The strategy makes use of a forward-backward asymmetry of the opposite-charge lepton in the ${W}^{+}\to {l}^{+}{l}^{+}{l}^{\prime -}\nu $ decay. In order to check the e...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 055011] Published Wed Mar 07, 2018

]]>We explore the potential of a selected model of radiative neutrino masses to be implemented in a renormalizable SU(5) unification framework. The Zee-type model under consideration uncovers the SU(5) representations in which the new fields are embedded and which may contain also other light states le...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 055012] Published Wed Mar 07, 2018

]]>We consider the prospects for multiple dark matter direct detection experiments to determine if the interactions of a dark matter candidate are isospin-violating. We focus on theoretically well-motivated examples of isospin-violating dark matter (IVDM), including models in which dark matter interact...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 056004] Published Wed Mar 07, 2018

]]>Axionlike particles (ALPs) are one promising type of dark matter candidate particle that may generate detectable effects on $\gamma $-ray spectra other than the canonical weakly interacting massive particles. In this work we search for such oscillation effects in the spectra of supernova remnants caused by ...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 063003] Published Wed Mar 07, 2018

]]>We study viable small-field Coleman-Weinberg (CW) inflation models with the help of nonminimal coupling to gravity. The simplest small-field CW inflation model (with a low-scale potential minimum) is incompatible with the cosmological constraint on the scalar spectral index. However, there are possi...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 063004] Published Wed Mar 07, 2018

]]>We study tidal stripping of fuzzy dark matter (FDM) subhalo cores using simulations of the Schrödinger-Poisson equations and analyze the dynamics of tidal disruption, highlighting the differences with standard cold dark matter. Mass loss outside of the tidal radius forces the core to relax into a le...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 063507] Published Wed Mar 07, 2018

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