We propose a method to calculate scattering amplitudes using the Bethe-Salpeter wave function inside the interaction range on the lattice. For an exploratory study of this method, we evaluate a scattering length of $I=2$ S-wave two pions by the use of the on-shell scattering amplitude. Our result is c...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 011501(R)] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>A persistent challenge in practical classification tasks is that labeled training sets are not always available. In particle physics, this challenge is surmounted by the use of simulations. These simulations accurately reproduce most features of data, but cannot be trusted to capture all of the comp...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 011502(R)] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>In the framework of the perturbative QCD (PQCD) approach we study the direct $CP$ asymmetry for the decay channel ${\overline{B}}_{s}\to P{\pi}^{+}{\pi}^{-}$ around the resonance range via the $\rho -\omega $ mixing mechanism (where $P$ refers to pseudoscalar meson). We find that the $CP$ asymmetry can be enhanced by $\rho -\omega $ mixing when the masses of the...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 013004] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>We incorporate recent calculations of one-loop corrections for the reduced Ioffe-time pseudo-distribution $\mathfrak{M}(\nu ,{z}_{3}^{2})$ to extend the leading-logarithm analysis of lattice data obtained by Orginos *et al.* We observe that the one-loop corrections contain a large term reflecting the fact that effective dist...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 014019] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>We analyze the restoration pattern of the members of the scalar and pseudoscalar meson nonets under chiral $O(4)$ and $U(1{)}_{A}$ symmetries. For that purpose, we exploit QCD Ward identities (WI), which allow one to relate susceptibilities with quark condensates, as well as susceptibility differences with m...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 014020] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>We study the structure of heavy quark spin (HQS) multiplets for heavy meson-baryon molecular states in a coupled system of ${\overline{P}}^{(*)}{\mathrm{\Sigma}}_{Q}^{(*)}$, constructing the one-pion exchange potential with S-wave orbital angular momentum. Using the light cloud spin basis, we find that there are four types of HQS multipl...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 014021] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>We formulate the quantum field theory description of neutron-antineutron oscillations in the framework of canonical quantization, in analogy with the Bardeen–Cooper–Schrieffer theory and the Nambu–Jona-Lasinio model. The physical vacuum of the theory is a condensate of pairs of *would-be neutrons and...*

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 015019] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>We consider the extension of the Standard Model with a light inflaton where both the unitarity problem in Higgs inflation and the vacuum instability problem are resolved. The linear nonminimal coupling of the inflaton to gravity leads to a significant kinetic mixing between the inflaton and the grav...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 015020] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>When building $CP$-symmetric models beyond the Standard Model, one can impose $CP$ symmetry of higher order. This means that one needs to apply the $CP$ transformation more than two times to get the identity transformation, but still the model is perfectly $CP$-conserving. A multi-Higgs-doublet model based ...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 015021] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>We propose a new model of five-dimensional $SU(3)\otimes U(1{)}_{X}$ gauge-Higgs unification with a successful electroweak symmetry breaking and a realistic Higgs boson mass. In our model, the representations of the fermions are very simple, the $\mathbf{3},\overline{\mathbf{3}}$ and $\overline{\mathbf{15}}$ representations of $SU(3)$ gauge group. Employing the ant...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 015022] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>We study the off-shell production of the Higgs boson at the LHC to probe Higgs physics at higher energy scales utilizing the process $gg\to {h}^{*}\to ZZ$. We focus on the energy scale dependence of the off-shell Higgs propagation, and of the top quark Yukawa coupling, ${y}_{t}({Q}^{2})$. Extending our recent study [D. Gonc...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 015023] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>We investigate the production and decays of doubly-charged Higgs bosons for the Type-II seesaw mechanism at an ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}$ collider with two center of mass energies, $\sqrt{s}=380\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{GeV}$ and 3 TeV, and analyze the fully hadronic final states in detail. Lower mass ranges can be probed during the 380 GeV run of the co...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 015024] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>Quantum mechanical interactions between neutrinos and matter along the path of propagation, the Wolfenstein matter effect, are of particular importance for the upcoming long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiments, specifically the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE). Here, we explore spec...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 015025] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>We systematically study quantum effect on chiral and ${U}_{A}(1)$ symmetry breaking under external electromagnetic fields in the frame of equal-time Wigner function formalism. We derive the transport and constraint equations for the quark distribution functions and the chiral and pion condensates in a Namb...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 016007] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>We prove that all connected $n$-point Green functions of four-dimensional topological Yang-Mills theories quantized in the (anti-)self-dual Landau gauges are tree-level exact, i.e., there are no radiative corrections in this gauge choice.

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 021701(R)] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>The Sydney University Giant Air-shower Recorder (SUGAR) measured the energy spectrum of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays reconstructed from muon-detector readings, while the Pierre Auger Observatory, looking at the same Southern sky, used the calorimetric fluorescence method for the same purpose. Compa...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 023014] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>In this paper we place observational constraints on the well-known $\gamma $-gravity $f(R)$ model using the latest cosmological data, namely we use the latest growth rate, Cosmic Microwave Background, Baryon Acoustic Oscillations, Supernovae type Ia and Hubble parameter data. Performing a joint likelihood ana...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 023516] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>High precision astrometry now enables us to measure the time drift of astrophysical observables in real time, hence providing new ways to probe different cosmological models. This article presents a general derivation of the redshift and direction drifts for general observers. It is then applied to ...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 023517] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>Gravitons are the quantum counterparts of gravitational waves in low-energy theories of gravity. Using Feynman rules one can compute scattering amplitudes describing the interaction between gravitons and other fields. Here, we consider the interaction between gravitons and photons. Using the quantum...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 023518] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>We study statistical anisotropies generated in the observed two-point function of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) fluctuations if the primordial statistics are non-Gaussian. Focusing on the dipole modulations of the anisotropies, we find that the hemispherical power asymmetry observed in the C...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 023520] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>We consider the static domain wall braneworld scenario constructed from the Palatini formalism $f(\mathcal{R})$ theory. We check the self-consistency under scalar perturbations. By using the scalar-tensor formalism we avoid dealing with the higher-order equations. We develop the techniques to deal with the coup...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 024027] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>Transient gravitational-wave searches can be divided into two main families of approaches: modeled and unmodeled searches, based on matched filtering techniques and time-frequency excess power identification respectively. The former, mostly applied in the context of compact binary searches, relies o...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 024028] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>Gravitational waves detected by advanced ground-based detectors have allowed studying the Universe in a way which is fully complementary to electromagnetic observations. As more sources are detected, it will be possible to measure properties of the local population of black holes and neutron stars, ...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 024029] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>We investigate the stability analysis of a Schwarzschild black hole in Einstein-scalar-Gauss-Bonnet theory because the instability of the Schwarzschild black hole without scalar hair implies the Gauss-Bonnet black hole with scalar hair. The linearized scalar equation is compared to the Lichnerowicz-...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 024030] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>We show how a suitably prepared set of clocks can be used to determine all components of the gravitational field in general relativity. We call such an experimental setup a clock compass, in analogy to the usual gravitational compass. Particular attention is paid to the construction of the underlyin...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 024032] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>Starting from a real scalar quantum field theory with quartic self-interactions and nonminimal coupling to classical gravity, we define four equal-time, spatially covariant phase-space operators through a Wigner transformation of spatially translated canonical operators within a $3+1$ decomposition. A...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 025010] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>We discuss the connection between the integer moments of the Fermi distribution function that occur in the Sommerfeld expansion and the coefficients that occur in anomalous conservation laws for chiral fermions. For an illustration, we extract the chiral magnetothermal energy current from the mixed ...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 025012] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>The membrane paradigm is a powerful tool to study the properties of black hole horizons. We first explore the properties of the nonlinear electromagnetic membrane of black holes. For a general nonlinear electrodynamics field, we show that the conductivities of the horizon usually have off-diagonal c...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 026021] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>In this paper, we find and explore the correspondence between quivers, torus knots, and combinatorics of counting paths. Our first result pertains to quiver representation theory—we find explicit formulas for classical generating functions and Donaldson-Thomas invariants of an arbitrary symmetric qu...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 026022] Published Mon Jul 16, 2018

]]>We study the cross section $\sigma $ and forward-backward asymmetry (${A}_{\mathrm{FB}}$) in the process $pp\to {\gamma}^{*},Z\to {\ell}^{+}{\ell}^{-}$ (with $\ell =e$, $\mu $) for determinations of parton distribution functions (PDFs) of the proton. We show that, once mapped in the invariant mass of the dilepton final state, $M(\ell \ell )$, both observables, $\sigma $ and ${A}_{\mathrm{FB}}$, displ...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 013003] Published Fri Jul 13, 2018

]]>We calculate all those QCD $N$-point functions which are relevant for a three-loop QCD thermodynamics calculation with finite quark masses within the hard thermal loop approximation. Using the effective quark propagator, we also calculate second-order quark and baryon number susceptibilities within th...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 014013] Published Fri Jul 13, 2018

]]>We present and compare several cosmological constraints on the cross section for elastic scattering between dark matter (DM) and baryons, for cross sections with a range of power-law dependences on the DM-baryon relative velocity $v$, especially focusing on the case of $\sigma \propto {v}^{-4}$. We study constraints span...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 023013] Published Fri Jul 13, 2018

]]>We derive cosmological constraints from the probability distribution function (PDF) of evolved large-scale matter density fluctuations. We do this by splitting lines of sight by density based on their count of tracer galaxies, and by measuring both gravitational shear around and counts-in-cells in o...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 023507] Published Fri Jul 13, 2018

]]>We present density split statistics, a framework that studies lensing and counts-in-cells as a function of foreground galaxy density, thereby providing a large-scale measurement of both 2-point and 3-point statistics. Our method extends our earlier work on trough lensing and is summarized as follows...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 023508] Published Fri Jul 13, 2018

]]>It was recently pointed out that semiannihilating dark matter (DM) may experience a novel temperature evolution dubbed as *self-heating*. Exothermic semiannihilation converts the DM mass to the kinetic energy. This yields a unique DM temperature evolution, ${T}_{\chi}\propto 1/a$, in contrast to ${T}_{\chi}\propto 1/{a}^{2}$ for free-strea...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 023509] Published Fri Jul 13, 2018

]]>Studies of dark energy at advanced gravitational-wave (GW) interferometers normally focus on the dark energy equation of state ${w}_{\mathrm{DE}}(z)$. However, modified gravity theories that predict a nontrivial dark energy equation of state generically also predict deviations from general relativity in the propaga...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 023510] Published Fri Jul 13, 2018

]]>We propose a consistency test of gravity based on the weak lensing signal of cosmic voids. For a given void profile, as traced by galaxies, the lensing signal can vary in different gravity theories. Thus the comparison of the lensing shear profile of such voids with the general relativistic predicti...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 023511] Published Fri Jul 13, 2018

]]>The inflationary paradigm is extremely successful regarding predictions of temperature anisotropies in the CMB. However, inflation also makes predictions for a CMB B-mode polarization, which has *not* been detected. Moreover, the standard inflationary paradigm is unable to accommodate the evolution fr...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 023512] Published Fri Jul 13, 2018

]]>Recently, there has been much interest in light dark matter, especially ultralight axions, as they may provide a solution to the core-cusp problem at the center of galaxies. Since very light bosons can have a de Broglie wavelength that is of astrophysical size, they can smooth out the centers of gal...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 023513] Published Fri Jul 13, 2018

]]>We construct a family of models with negative gravitational mass in the context of Newtonian gravity. We focus, in particular, on a model that reproduces the features of the so-called Dirac-Milne universe, a matter-antimatter symmetric universe that was recently proposed as an alternative cosmologic...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 023514] Published Fri Jul 13, 2018

]]>Motivated by applications to the study of self-force effects in scalar-tensor theories of gravity, we calculate the self-force exerted on a scalar charge in a circular orbit about a Reissner-Nordström black hole. We obtain the self-force via a mode-sum calculation and find that our results differ fr...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 024024] Published Fri Jul 13, 2018

]]>We consider a massless, minimally coupled quantum scalar field on a Reissner-Nordström black hole background, and we study the leading asymptotic behavior of the expectation value of the stress energy tensor operator $\u27e8{\widehat{T}}_{\mu \nu}{\u27e9}_{\mathrm{ren}}$ and of $\u27e8{\widehat{\mathrm{\Phi}}}^{2}{\u27e9}_{\mathrm{ren}}$ near the inner horizon, in both the Unruh and the Hartle-...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 024025] Published Fri Jul 13, 2018

]]>It is well known that a spinning body moving in a fluid suffers a force orthogonal to its velocity and rotation axis—it is called the Magnus effect. Recent simulations of spinning black holes and (indirect) theoretical predictions, suggest that a somewhat analogous effect may occur for purely gravit...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 024026] Published Fri Jul 13, 2018

]]>We calculate the one-loop divergences for different vector field models in curved spacetime. We introduce a classification scheme based on their degeneracy structure, which encompasses the well-known models of the nondegenerate vector field, the Abelian gauge field, and the Proca field. The renormal...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 025009] Published Fri Jul 13, 2018

]]>The $\mathrm{AdS}/\mathrm{CFT}$ correspondence has provided new and useful insights into the nonperturbative regime of strongly coupled gauge theories. We construct a class of models meant to mimic Yang-Mills theory using the superpotential method. This method allows us to efficiently address the problem of solving all...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 026019] Published Fri Jul 13, 2018

]]>Recently, it was observed that the first law of entanglement leads to the linearized Einstein equation. In this paper, we point out that the gravity dual of an relative entropy expression is equivalent to the full nonlinear Einstein equation. We also construct an entanglement vector field ${V}_{E}$ whose f...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 026020] Published Fri Jul 13, 2018

]]>We study the dynamics of inhomogeneous scalar and pseudoscalar chiral order parameters within the framework of the time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau equations. We utilize a nonlocal chiral quark model to obtain the phase diagram of the model as a function of temperature and baryon chemical potential an...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 014015] Published Thu Jul 12, 2018

]]>We calculate the cross section for the production of $D$ mesons and ${\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{c}$ baryons in proton-proton collisions at the LHC. The cross section for production of $c\overline{c}$ pairs is calculated within the ${k}_{T}$-factorization approach with the Kimber-Martin-Ryskin unintegrated gluon distributions obtained on the basis o...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 014016] Published Thu Jul 12, 2018

]]>We consider the effects of an external magnetic field on rotating fermions in $1+2$ and $1+3$ dimensions. The dual effect of a rotation parallel to the magnetic field causes a net increase in the fermionic density by centrifugation, which follows from the sinking of the particle lowest Landau level in t...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 014017] Published Thu Jul 12, 2018

]]>We provide a first calculation of the complete next-to-leading order QCD corrections for heavy flavor contributions to the inclusive structure function ${g}_{1}$ in longitudinally polarized deep-inelastic scattering. The results are derived with largely analytical methods and retain the full dependence on ...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 014018] Published Thu Jul 12, 2018

]]>We conduct a two-flavor (${N}_{f}=2$) lattice QCD calculation of the elastic phase shifts for pion-pion scattering in the scalar, isoscalar channel (the $\sigma $-meson). The calculation is performed for two quark masses corresponding to pion masses of 315 and 227 MeV. The $\sigma $-meson parameters are extracted using va...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 014507] Published Thu Jul 12, 2018

]]>An explicit expression for the finite-volume energy shift of shallow three-body bound states for nonidentical particles is obtained in the unitary limit. The inclusion of the higher partial waves is considered. To this end, the method of Meißner, Rìos, and Rusetsky [Phys. Rev. Lett. **114**, 091602 (201...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 014508] Published Thu Jul 12, 2018

]]>We perform the combined analysis of the double Higgs production via gluon fusion in the $b\overline{b}\gamma \gamma $ and $b\overline{b}{\tau}^{+}{\tau}^{-}$ decay channels at the High-Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC). To validate our analysis, we reproduce the ATLAS result of the $b\overline{b}\gamma \gamma $ process including all contributions from fakes. For the $b\overline{b}{\tau}^{+}{\tau}^{-}$ decay cha...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 015016] Published Thu Jul 12, 2018

]]>We establish model-independent sensitivity on the anomalous magnetic and electric dipole moments of the $\tau $-lepton using the two-photon processes $\gamma \gamma \to {\tau}^{+}{\tau}^{-}$ and $\gamma \gamma \to {\tau}^{+}{\tau}^{-}\gamma $. We use $\mathcal{L}=10$, 50, 100, 300, 500, 1000, 1500, 2000, $3000\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\mathrm{fb}}^{-1}$ data collected with the future ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}$ linear collider such as the CLIC at $\sqrt{s}...$

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 015017] Published Thu Jul 12, 2018

]]>Sannomiya *et al.* have recently studied an extension of the Nicolai supersymmetric fermion lattice model, which is named “the extended Nicolai model.” The extended Nicolai model is parametrized by an adjustable constant $g\in \mathbb{R}$ in its defining supercharge and satisfies $\mathcal{N}=2$ supersymmetry. We show that for...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 015018] Published Thu Jul 12, 2018

]]>We propose that neutrino masses can be zero *in vacuo* and may be generated by the local distribution of dark matter through a feeble long range scalar force. We discuss potential phenomenological constraints and implications of this framework. Our model typically implies that the cosmic neutrino back...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 021301(R)] Published Thu Jul 12, 2018

]]>Gravitational waves have only two polarization modes in general relativity. However, there are six possible modes of polarization in a generic metric theory of gravity. Thus, tests of gravitational-wave polarization can be tools for pursuing the nature of space-time structure. The observations of gr...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 022008] Published Thu Jul 12, 2018

]]>The study of the cosmic-ray deuteron and antideuteron flux is receiving increasing attention in current astrophysics investigations. For both cases, an important contribution is expected from the nuclear interactions of primary cosmic rays with intergalactic matter. In this work, deuteron and antide...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 023012] Published Thu Jul 12, 2018

]]>Electromagnetic radiation emitted by a charged particle plunging from slightly below the innermost stable circular orbit into a Schwarzschild black hole is examined. Both even- and odd-parity electromagnetic perturbations are considered. They are described by using gauge invariant master functions a...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 024021] Published Thu Jul 12, 2018

]]>We study weak gravitational lensing around a compact object with arbitrary quadrupole moment in the presence of plasma. The studied compact objects are considered to be spherically symmetric. The additional parameter $\epsilon $ regulating the quadrupole moment in the metric alters the deflection angle of lig...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 024022] Published Thu Jul 12, 2018

]]>The ability to directly detect gravitational waves has enabled us to empirically probe the nature of ultracompact relativistic objects. Several alternatives to the black holes of classical general relativity have been proposed which do not have a horizon, in which case a newly formed object (e.g., a...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 024023] Published Thu Jul 12, 2018

]]>We consider the effect of including a nonminimal coupling between a $U(1)$ vector gauge field and the graviton Regge trajectory in holographic QCD models. This coupling describes the QCD interaction between the quark bilinear electromagnetic current and the Pomeron. We test this new coupling against D...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 026016] Published Thu Jul 12, 2018

]]>We study deformations of the quantum conformal mechanics of de Alfaro-Fubini-Furlan with a rational additional potential term generated by applying the generalized Darboux-Crum-Krein-Adler transformations to the quantum harmonic oscillator and by using the method of dual schemes and mirror diagrams....

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 026017] Published Thu Jul 12, 2018

]]>We define the stretched future light cone, a timelike hypersurface composed of the worldlines of radially accelerating observers with constant and uniform proper acceleration. By attributing temperature and entropy to this hypersurface, we derive Einstein’s equations from the Clausius theorem. Moreo...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 026018] Published Thu Jul 12, 2018

]]>The models with the gauge group $SU(3{)}_{c}\times SU(3{)}_{L}\times U(1{)}_{X}$ (331 models) have been advocated to explain why there are three fermion generations in nature. As such, they can provide partial understanding of the flavor sector. The hierarchy of Yukawa couplings in the Standard Model is another puzzle that rema...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 011701(R)] Published Wed Jul 11, 2018

]]>We explore the existence of $D\mathrm{\Xi}$ and ${D}^{*}\mathrm{\Xi}$ molecular states within the one boson exchange model. We regularize the potential derived in this model with a form factor and a cutoff of the order of 1 GeV. To determine the cutoff, we use the condition that the $X(3872)$ is reproduced as a pole in the ${J}^{PC}={1}^{++}$ ${\mathrm{...}}^{}$

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 014014] Published Wed Jul 11, 2018

]]>We present numerical results showing how our recently proposed relativistic three-particle quantization condition can be used in practice. Using the isotropic (generalized s-wave) approximation, and keeping only the leading terms in the effective range expansion, we show how the quantization conditi...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 014506] Published Wed Jul 11, 2018

]]>In this paper, the production of the charged Higgs pair associated with the ${Z}^{0}$ boson is analyzed in the minimal extension of the standard model, the so-called two-Higgs-doublet model. The process ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}\to {H}^{+}{H}^{-}{Z}^{0}$ is calculated at the tree level including all the possible diagrams in the two-Higgs-doublet...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 015015] Published Wed Jul 11, 2018

]]>Thunderstorm ground enhancements (TGEs) comprise large particle fluxes coming from the clouds that usually coincide with thunderstorms. Most of TGEs observed at the Aragats research station in Armenia during the last ten years originated from “beams of the electron accelerator” operating in the thun...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 022007] Published Wed Jul 11, 2018

]]>The EDGES experiment recently announced evidence for a broad absorption feature in the sky-averaged radio spectrum around 78 MHz, as may result from absorption in the 21 cm line by neutral hydrogen at $z\sim 15\u201320$. If confirmed, one implication is that the spin temperature of the 21 cm line is coupled to...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 023011] Published Wed Jul 11, 2018

]]>Systems of integration-by-parts identities play an important role in simplifying the higher-loop Feynman integrals that arise in quantum field theory. Solving these systems is equivalent to reducing integrals containing numerator products of irreducible invariants to a small set of master integrals....

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 025008] Published Wed Jul 11, 2018

]]>We smear quenched lattice QCD ensembles with lattice volume $3{2}^{3}\times 8$ by using Wilson flow. Six ensembles at temperature near the critical temperature ${T}_{c}$ corresponding to the critical inverse coupling ${\beta}_{c}=6.06173(49)$ are used to investigate the localization of topological charge density. If the effective...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 014504] Published Tue Jul 10, 2018

]]>We present an overview of a program to understand the low-energy physics of quantum Yang-Mills theory from a quantum-information perspective. Our setting is that of the Hamiltonian formulation of pure Yang-Mills theory in the temporal gauge on the lattice. Firstly, inspired by recent constructions f...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 014505] Published Tue Jul 10, 2018

]]>An analytical result for Euler-Heisenberg effective action, valid for electron spin $g-$factor $|g|<2$, was extended to the domain $|g|>2$ via discovered periodicity of the effective action. This allows for a simplified computation of vacuum instability modified by the electron’s measured $g=2.002319$...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 016006] Published Tue Jul 10, 2018

]]>The Large Area Telescope onboard the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope has collected the largest ever sample of high-energy cosmic-ray electron and positron events. Possible features in their energy spectrum could be a signature of the presence of nearby astrophysical sources or of more exotic sources...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 022006] Published Tue Jul 10, 2018

]]>We study the nature of phase transitions between dilute and dense axion stars interpreted as self-gravitating Bose-Einstein condensates. We develop a Newtonian model based on the Gross-Pitaevskii-Poisson equations for a complex scalar field with a self-interaction potential $V(|\psi {|}^{2})$ involving an attr...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 023009] Published Tue Jul 10, 2018

]]>Gravitational waves perturb the paths of photons, impacting both the time of flight and the arrival direction of light from stars. Pulsar timing arrays can detect gravitational waves by measuring the variations in the time of flight of radio pulses, while astrometry missions such as Gaia can detect ...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 024020] Published Tue Jul 10, 2018

]]>We use the isomorphism between the ${\mathrm{BMS}}_{3}$ and the $W(2,2)$ algebras to reconsider some generic aspects of conformal field theories (CFTs) with the ${\mathrm{BMS}}_{3}$ algebra defined as a chiral symmetry. For unitarity theories, it is known that the extended symmetry generator acts trivially, and the resulting theory ...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 026014] Published Tue Jul 10, 2018

]]>Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) or embedded random ensembles are models of $N$ fermions with random k-body interactions. They play an important role in understanding black hole dynamics, quantum chaos, and thermalization. We study out-of-equilibrium scenarios in these systems and show how they display perfect...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 026015] Published Tue Jul 10, 2018

]]>In this paper, we analyze the exclusive vector meson photoproduction in the recent run using xenon ions at energy of 5.44 TeV performed by the Large Hadron Collider. We focus on the ultraperipheral collisions and provide theoretical predictions for coherent and incoherent cross sections within the c...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 014010] Published Mon Jul 09, 2018

]]>We study the $Y(2175)$ using the method of QCD sum rules. There are two independent $ss\overline{s}\overline{s}$ interpolating currents with ${J}^{PC}={1}^{--}$, and we calculate both their diagonal and their off-diagonal correlation functions. We obtain two new currents that do not strongly correlate to each other, so they may couple...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 014011] Published Mon Jul 09, 2018

]]>In this work we investigate the impact of intrinsic charm on the prompt atmospheric neutrino flux. The color dipole approach to heavy quark production is generalized to include the contribution of processes initiated by charm quarks. The prompt neutrino flux is calculated assuming the presence of in...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 014012] Published Mon Jul 09, 2018

]]>In the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM), the bino-wino coannihilation provides a feasible way to accommodate the observed cosmological dark matter (DM) relic density. However, such a scenario usually predicts a very small DM-nucleon scattering cross section that is below the neutrino flo...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 015010] Published Mon Jul 09, 2018

]]>We propose a new window to detect axionlike particle dark matter from electrically charged fermions, such as electrons and quarks. We specifically consider a direct interaction between the axion and the electron and find that the nonrelativistic quantum dynamics induces a spin precession due to the ...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 015011] Published Mon Jul 09, 2018

]]>Dark matter scenarios with spin-0 mediators in the $s$ channel have be tested in well-established processes with missing energy, such as top-pair- and mono-jet-associated production. We suggest electroweak single top production in association with a dark matter pair as an alternative channel. Based on...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 015012] Published Mon Jul 09, 2018

]]>Within the supersymmetric $SO(10)$ grand unified theory (GUT), a new mechanism giving the light Higgs doublet as a pseudo-Goldstone mode is suggested. Realizing this mechanism, we present an explicit model with fully realistic phenomenology. In particular, desirable symmetry breaking and natural all-o...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 015013] Published Mon Jul 09, 2018

]]>By assuming a dynamical source of $CP$ violation, the tension between sufficient $CP$ violation for successful electroweak baryogenesis and strong constraints from current electric dipole moment measurements could be alleviated. We study how to explore such scenarios through gravitational wave detection...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 015014] Published Mon Jul 09, 2018

]]>Weak equivalence principle (WEP) is, for the first time, tested by astrometry on quasars in the sky measured in two wavelengths. Compared to previous WEP tests based on the Shapiro time delay of massless particles, this one has profound superiority that nearly 1 700 quasars with best measured positi...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 021501(R)] Published Mon Jul 09, 2018

]]>We present, in an explicit form, the metric for all spherically symmetric Schwarzschild-Bach black holes in Einstein-Weyl theory. In addition to the black hole mass, this complete family of spacetimes involves a parameter that encodes the value of the Bach tensor on the horizon. When this additional...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 021502(R)] Published Mon Jul 09, 2018

]]>The flux of galactic cosmic rays (GCRs) is isotropic in the interstellar space. However, in the heliosphere, the ram pressure of outward-moving solar wind convects the GCRs away from the Sun, thereby producing a density gradient in the radial direction. The diffusion of GCRs due to this gradient and...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 022004] Published Mon Jul 09, 2018

]]>The absolute accuracy of the estimated parameters of gravitational wave sources will be fundamentally limited by the calibration uncertainties of the detectors in upcoming observation runs with the increased number of source statistics. Photon calibrators have so far been the primary tools for the a...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 022005] Published Mon Jul 09, 2018

]]>The cosmological evolution can be described in terms of directly measurable cosmological scalar parameters (deceleration $q$, jerk $j$, snap $s$, etc...) constructed out of high order derivatives of the scale factor. Their behavior at the critical temperature of the quantum chromodynamics (QCD) phase tran...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 023007] Published Mon Jul 09, 2018

]]>We revisit the problem of a spinning black hole immersed in a uniformly magnetized plasma within the context of force-free electrodynamics. Such configurations have been found to relax to stationary jetlike solutions that are powered by the rotational energy of the black hole. We write down an analy...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 023008] Published Mon Jul 09, 2018

]]>The main contribution to the pulsar power can be calculated by assuming a rotating magnetically dominated magnetosphere described by the force-free approximation. Although this simple model has been used thoroughly to study pulsar magnetospheres in the flat spacetime regime, only a few works have co...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 023010] Published Mon Jul 09, 2018

]]>This paper provides a comprehensive study of general Poincare gauge theories of gravity, of both even and odd parity, investigating its Hamiltonian structure, obtaining the mass eigenvalues of its linearized modes, identifying the associated positivity and reality conditions and establishing that not all the modes are dynamic. This is a rather detailed and significant study of an alternative theory of gravity.

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 024014] Published Mon Jul 09, 2018

]]>We study the critical values of the quintessential and spin parameters, to distinguish a rotating Kiselev black hole from a naked singularity. For any value of the dimensionless quintessential parameter ${\omega}_{q}\in (-1,-1/3)$, when increasing the value of the quintessential parameter $\alpha $, the size of the event ...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 024015] Published Mon Jul 09, 2018

]]>The Birkhoff theorem is a well-known result in general relativity, and it is used in many applications. However, its most general version, due to Bona, is almost unknown and presented in a form less accessible to the relativist and cosmologist community. Moreover, many wield it mistakenly as a simpl...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 024016] Published Mon Jul 09, 2018

]]>We show that not all quasinormal modes of a massless scalar field in the Schwarzschild metric are encoded in the corresponding characteristic equation expressed by means of a continued fraction. We provide an analytical formula for these new hitherto missing quasinormal modes, and in doing that we a...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 024017] Published Mon Jul 09, 2018

]]>We give the formulation and the general analysis of the rotational accretion problem on $D$-dimensional spherical spacetime and investigate sonic points and critical points. First, we construct the simple two-dimensional rotating accretion flow model in general $D$-dimensional static spherically symmetr...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 024018] Published Mon Jul 09, 2018

]]>Detections of gravitational waves emitted by binary black holes allow for tests of general relativity in the strong-field regime. In particular, deviations from general relativity can be observed by comparing incoming signals to waveform templates that include parametrized deviations from general re...

[Phys. Rev. D 98, 024019] Published Mon Jul 09, 2018

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