Inspirals of stellar-mass compact objects into supermassive black holes are known as extreme mass ratio inspirals. In the simplest approximation, the motion of the compact object is modeled as a geodesic in the space-time of the massive black hole with the orbit decaying due to radiated energy and a...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 024037] Published Fri Jan 17, 2020

]]>We present a calculation of the transverse momentum broadening of a high-energy fundamental-representation particle, as calculated nonperturbatively within EQCD using the technique proposed by Caron-Huot and pioneered by Panero, Schäfer, and Rummukainen. Our results are continuum extrapolated and pr...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 014505] Published Thu Jan 16, 2020

]]>Motivated by the recent work of Chigusa, Moroi, and Shoji, we propose a new simple gradient flow equation to derive the bounce solution which contributes to the decay of the false vacuum. Our discussion utilizes the discussion of Coleman, Glaser, and Martin, and we solve a minimization problem of th...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 016012] Published Thu Jan 16, 2020

]]>We derive all hairy stealth black holes in the most general second-order, shift symmetric, scalar-tensor theory with luminally propagating gravitational waves, often called kinetic gravity braiding. Our approach exploits a loophole in a recently obtained no-go statement which claims shift symmetry b...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 024036] Published Thu Jan 16, 2020

]]>We apply the DDC formalism [proposed by Dalibard, Dupont-Roc and Cohen-Tannoudji] to study the average rate of change of energy of two identical two-level atoms interacting with the vacuum massless scalar field in synchronized motion along stationary trajectories. By separating the contributions of ...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 025009] Published Thu Jan 16, 2020

]]>We investigate the singularity structure of the $(-1{)}^{F}$ graded partition function in QCD with ${n}_{f}\ge 1$ massive adjoint fermions in the large-$N$ limit. Here, $F$ is fermion number and $N$ is the number of colors. The large $N$ partition function is made reliably calculable by taking space to be a small three-sphe...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 014012] Published Wed Jan 15, 2020

]]>We propose a simple $SU(5)$ model that connects the neutrino mass generation mechanism to the observed disparity between the masses of charged leptons and down-type quarks. The model is built out of 5-, 10-, 15-, 24-, and 35-dimensional representations of $SU(5)$ and comprises two (three) $3\times 3$ ($3\times 1$) Yuka...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 015009] Published Wed Jan 15, 2020

]]>In the framework of the Einstein-Maxwell-axion theory, we consider a static field configuration in the outer zone of a magnetic star. We assume that this field configuration is formed by the following interacting quartet: a spherically symmetric gravitational field of the Reissner-Nordström type, ps...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 023009] Published Wed Jan 15, 2020

]]>We develop a parameter-free velocity-dependent one-scale model for the evolution of the characteristic length $L$ and root-mean-square velocity ${\sigma}_{v}$ of standard domain wall networks in homogeneous and isotropic cosmologies. We compare the frictionless scaling solutions predicted by our model, in the con...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 023514] Published Wed Jan 15, 2020

]]>Using the time evolution equations of (cosmological) general relativity in the first order Fischer-Marsden form, we construct an integral that measures the amount of nonstationary energy on a given spacelike hypersurface in $D$ dimensions. The integral vanishes for stationary spacetimes; and with a fu...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 024035] Published Wed Jan 15, 2020

]]>In this paper we study generic features of nonlocal charges obtained from marginal deformations of Wess-Zumino-Novikov-Witten models. Using free-field representations of CFTs based on simply laced Lie algebras, one can use simple arguments to build the nonlocal charges; but for more general Lie alge...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 025008] Published Wed Jan 15, 2020

]]>The COMPASS collaboration published precise data on production cross section of charged hadrons in lepton-hadron semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering, showing almost an order of magnitude larger than next-to-leading order QCD calculations when ${P}_{{h}_{T}}$ and ${z}_{h}$ are sufficiently large. We explore the ro...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 014008] Published Tue Jan 14, 2020

]]>Using the general form of the generalized Bethe-Salpeter wave functions for four-quark states describing the meson-meson molecular structure given in our previous work, we obtain the general formulas for the decay widths of molecular states composed of two vector mesons with arbitrary spin and parit...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 014009] Published Tue Jan 14, 2020

]]>The phase diagram of the two-dimensional Nambu–Jona-Lasinio model with isospin is explored in the large ${N}_{c}$ limit with semiclassical methods. We consider finite temperature and include chemical potentials for all conserved charges. In the chiral limit, a full analytical solution is presented, express...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 014010] Published Tue Jan 14, 2020

]]>We study Cabibbo-favored (CF) and singly Cabibbo-suppressed (SCS) two-body hadronic weak decays of the antitriplet charmed baryons ${\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{c}^{+}$, ${\mathrm{\Xi}}_{c}^{0}$, and ${\mathrm{\Xi}}_{c}^{+}$ with more focus on the last two. Both factorizable and nonfactorizable contributions are considered in the topologic diagram approach. The estimation o...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 014011] Published Tue Jan 14, 2020

]]>Hints for the existence of a sterile neutrino at nuclear reactors are reexamined using two updated predictions for the fluxes of antineutrinos produced in fissions. These new predictions diverge in their preference for the rate deficit anomaly, relative to previous analyses, but the anomaly in the r...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 015008] Published Tue Jan 14, 2020

]]>We show that the coherent axion field spontaneously decays by emitting axion particles via quantum tunneling if axion potential has more than one minimum. By employing the $\hslash $ expansion and mean field approximation, we develop a formalism to trace the real-time dynamics of the axion particle productio...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 016011] Published Tue Jan 14, 2020

]]>The quasispherical Szekeres metric is an exact solution to Einstein’s equations describing an inhomogeneous and anisotropic cosmology. Though its governing equations are well known, there are subtle, often-overlooked details in how the model’s functions relate to its physical layout, including the s...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 023511] Published Tue Jan 14, 2020

]]>The late integrated Sachs-Wolfe (ISW) effect correlates the cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature anisotropies with foreground cosmic large-scale structures. As the correlation depends crucially on the growth history in the era of dark energy, it is a key observational probe for constraining...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 023512] Published Tue Jan 14, 2020

]]>We investigate the formation of primordial black holes (PBHs) from the collapse of spherically symmetric domain wall bubbles, which spontaneously nucleate via quantum tunneling during inflation. Since the tension of domain walls changes with time and so domain walls nucleate in a short time interval...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 023513] Published Tue Jan 14, 2020

]]>Gravitational-wave (GW) observations of binary black holes offer the best probes of the relativistic, strong-field regime of gravity. Gravitational radiation in the leading order is quadrupolar. However, nonquadrupole (higher order) modes make appreciable contribution to the radiation from binary bl...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 024032] Published Tue Jan 14, 2020

]]>Novel wormholes are obtained in Einstein-scalar-Gauss-Bonnet theory for several coupling functions. The wormholes may feature a single- or a double-throat geometry and do not demand any exotic matter. The scalar field may asymptotically vanish or be finite, and it may possess radial excitations. The...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 024033] Published Tue Jan 14, 2020

]]>This paper is a companion of J. M. Fernández Tío and G. Dotti, Phys. Rev. D **95**, 124041 (2017), in which, following a program on black hole nonmodal linear stability initiated in G. Dotti, Phys. Rev. Lett. **112**, 191101 (2013), odd perturbations of the Einstein-Maxwell equations around a Reissner-Nords...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 024034] Published Tue Jan 14, 2020

]]>We extend previous work on quantum stress tensor operators which have been averaged over finite time intervals to include averaging over finite regions of space as well. The space and time averaging can be viewed as describing a measurement process for a stress tensor component, such as the energy d...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 025006] Published Tue Jan 14, 2020

]]>In this paper two issues are addressed. First, we discuss renormalization properties of a class of gauged linear sigma models (GLSM), which reduce to $\mathbb{W}\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}(\mathit{N},\tilde{\mathit{N}})$ nonlinear sigma models (NLSM) in the low-energy limit. Sometimes they are referred to as the Hanany-Tong models. If supersymmetry is $\mathcal{N}=(2,2)$...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 025007] Published Tue Jan 14, 2020

]]>The full description of a superconductor requires that it has an infinite dc conductivity (or zero electrical resistivity) as well as expels the external magnetic fields. Thus, for any holographic superconductor which is dual to a real superconductor, it is necessary to examine, simultaneously, thes...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 026012] Published Tue Jan 14, 2020

]]>In a previous paper we proposed a factorization principle for the correlation functions of Berenstein-Maldacena-Nastase (BMN) operators in free $\mathcal{N}=4$ super-Yang-Mills theory. These correlators are conjectured to described physical string amplitudes in an infinitely curved Ramond-Ramond pp-wave backgro...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 026013] Published Tue Jan 14, 2020

]]>We elucidate a cancellation mechanism for the electric dipole moment of the electron in the general two Higgs doublet model. The impressive improvement by the ACME Collaboration in 2018 suggests the presence of a new electron Yukawa coupling that brings in exquisite cancellations among dangerous dia...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 011901(R)] Published Mon Jan 13, 2020

]]>A search for decay-time-dependent charge-parity ($CP$) asymmetry in ${D}^{0}\to {K}^{+}{K}^{-}$ and ${D}^{0}\to {\pi}^{+}{\pi}^{-}$ decays is performed at the LHCb experiment using proton-proton collision data recorded at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $5.4\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\text{fb}}^{-1}$. The ${D}^{0}$ mesons are required to...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 012005] Published Mon Jan 13, 2020

]]>In this paper, we calculate the inclusive rate of ${W}^{+}{W}^{-}$ pair production through leptonic decay channels ${W}^{+}{W}^{-}\to {l}^{+}{\nu}_{l}+{l}^{\prime -}{\nu}_{{l}^{\prime}}$ in the ${k}_{t}$-factorization framework. We also consider the exclusive ${W}^{+}{W}^{-}$ pair production through the one-loop induced $gg\to H\to {W}^{+}{W}^{-}$ channel that is important for the study of new physics...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 014007] Published Mon Jan 13, 2020

]]>The density of state approach has recently been proposed as a potential route to circumvent the sign problem in systems at finite density. In this study, using the linear logarithmic relaxation (LLR) algorithm, we extract the generalized density of states, which is defined in terms of the imaginary ...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 014504] Published Mon Jan 13, 2020

]]>We present a direct computation of the full color two-loop five-point all-plus Yang-Mills amplitude using four dimensional unitarity and recursion. We present the $SU({N}_{c})$ amplitudes in compact analytic forms. Our results match the explicit expressions previously computed but do not require full two-l...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 016009] Published Mon Jan 13, 2020

]]>We find in one-loop calculations and spectator models that twist-3 generalized parton distributions exhibit discontinuities. In the forward limit, these discontinuities grow into Dirac delta functions which are essential to satisfy the sum rules involving twist-3 parton distribution functions (PDFs)...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 016010] Published Mon Jan 13, 2020

]]>We present the results of an all-sky search for continuous gravitational wave signals with frequencies in the 200–600 Hz range and frequency derivative (spindown) from $-1\times {10}^{-8}$ through $1.11\times {10}^{-9}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{Hz}/\mathrm{s}$. Together with the results from [ Phys. Rev. Lett. **123**, 101101 (2019)], this search completes the al...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 022001] Published Mon Jan 13, 2020

]]>We use 7 years of electron and positron Fermi-LAT data to search for a possible excess in the direction of the Sun in the energy range from 42 GeV to 2 TeV. In the absence of a positive signal we derive flux upper limits which we use to constrain two different dark matter (DM) models producing ${e}^{+}{e}^{-}$ ...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 022002] Published Mon Jan 13, 2020

]]>Data from the *Gaia* satellite show that the solar neighborhood of the Milky Way’s stellar halo is imprinted with substructure from several accretion events. Evidence of these events is found in “the shards,” stars clustering with high significance in both action space and metallicity. Stars in the sh...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 023006] Published Mon Jan 13, 2020

]]>Neutrinos emitted deep within a supernova explosion experience a self-induced index of refraction. In the stationary, one-dimensional (1D) supernova “bulb model,” this self-induced refraction can lead to a collective flavor transformation which is coherent among different neutrino momentum modes. Su...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 023007] Published Mon Jan 13, 2020

]]>If the symmetry breaking leading to the origin of the axion dark matter field occurs after the end of inflation and is never restored, then overdensities in the axion field collapse to form dense objects known in the literature as axion miniclusters. The estimates of the typical minicluster mass and...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 023008] Published Mon Jan 13, 2020

]]>One of the challenging questions in cosmology is the nature of dark matter particles. Fuzzy dark matter (FDM) is one of the candidates which is made of very light (${m}_{\mathrm{FDM}}\simeq {10}^{-22}\u2013{10}^{-21}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{eV}$) bosonic particles with no self-interaction. It is introduced by the motivation to solve the core-cusp problem in t...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 023508] Published Mon Jan 13, 2020

]]>Recent observations of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) indicate that a successful theory of cosmological inflation needs to have flat potential of the inflaton scalar field. Realizing the inflaton to be a pseudo-Nambu Goldstone boson (pNGB) could ensure the flatness and the sub-Planckian scale...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 023509] Published Mon Jan 13, 2020

]]>Clustering properties and peculiar velocities of halos in large-scale structure carry a wealth of cosmological information over a wide range of scales from linear to nonlinear scales. We use halo catalogs in a suite of high-resolution $N$-body simulations to construct mock catalogs of galaxies that re...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 023510] Published Mon Jan 13, 2020

]]>Ginzburg-Landau vortices in superconductors attract or repel depending on whether the value of the coupling constant $\lambda $ is less than 1 or larger than 1. At critical coupling $\lambda =1$, it was previously observed that a strongly localized magnetic impurity behaves very similarly to a vortex. This remains tr...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 025004] Published Mon Jan 13, 2020

]]>We consider ($0+1$) and ($1+1$) dimensional Yukawa theory in various scalar field backgrounds, which are solving classical equations of motion: ${\ddot{\varphi}}_{\mathrm{cl}}=0$ or $\square {\varphi}_{\mathrm{cl}}=0$, correspondingly. The ($0+1$)–dimensional theory we solve exactly. In ($1+1$)–dimensions we consider background fields of the form ${\varphi}_{\mathrm{cl}}=Et$ and ${\varphi}_{\mathrm{cl}}=E\mathrm{...}$

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 025005] Published Mon Jan 13, 2020

]]>Quantum field theory in zero spatial dimensions has a rich infrared landscape and a universal ultraviolet, inverting the usual Wilsonian paradigm. For holographic theories this implies a rich landscape of asymptotically ${\mathrm{AdS}}_{2}$ geometries. Isolating the interiors of these spacetimes suggests a study of...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 026011] Published Mon Jan 13, 2020

]]>We study the $J/\psi \to \gamma {\pi}^{+}{\pi}^{-}$, $\gamma {\pi}^{0}\eta $ reactions from the perspective that they come from the $J/\psi \to \varphi (\omega ){\pi}^{+}{\pi}^{-},{\rho}^{0}{\pi}^{0}\eta $ reactions, where the ${\rho}^{0}$, $\omega $, and $\varphi $ get converted into a photon via vector meson dominance. Using models successfully used previously to study the $J/\psi \to \omega (\varphi )\pi \pi $ reactions, we make determinations of the ...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 014005] Published Fri Jan 10, 2020

]]>We revisit the ${\mathrm{U}(1)}_{A}$ anomaly in the holographic model of low-energy QCD by Witten, Sakai, and Sugimoto, presenting a new and direct derivation of the Witten-Veneziano mechanism for generating the mass of the ${\eta}^{\prime}$ through an anomalous mixing of the Ramond-Ramond ${C}_{1}$ field with the singlet component of t...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 014006] Published Fri Jan 10, 2020

]]>The fermionic $Z$-portal dark matter model suffers from severe constraints from direct detection experiments. However, a narrow parameter space around the $Z$-funnel region is beyond the present reach due to the resonance annihilation. In this paper, we provide an intriguing collider prospect for probin...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 015007] Published Fri Jan 10, 2020

]]>The inclusion of finite-size effects in the gravitational waveform templates allows one not only to constrain the internal structure of compact objects, but to test deviations from general relativity. Here, we address the problem of tidal effects in massless scalar-tensor theories. We introduce the ...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 021501(R)] Published Fri Jan 10, 2020

]]>Theories with a pole in the kinetic term have been used to great effect in studying inflation, owing to their quantum stability and attractor properties. We explore the use of such pole kinetic terms in dark energy theories, finding an interesting link between thawing and freezing models, and the po...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 023506] Published Fri Jan 10, 2020

]]>We study a model of inflation based on $\mathcal{N}=1$ supergravity essentially depending on one effective parameter. Under a field transformation we show that this model turns out to be equivalent to a previously studied supergravity model known to be ruled out with the original choice of the parameter. Such p...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 023507] Published Fri Jan 10, 2020

]]>One of the most triumphant predictions of the theory of general relativity was the recent LIGO-Virgo detection of gravitational-wave (GW) signals produced in binary black hole (BH) mergers. However, it is suggested that exotic compact objects, proposed in quantum gravity models of BHs, may produce s...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 024031] Published Fri Jan 10, 2020

]]>In this paper, I propose a strategy to measure vector-boson scattering (VBS) at the LHCb experiment. The typical VBS topology at hadron colliders features two energetic back-to-back jets with large rapidities and two gauge bosons produced centrally. In this article, I show that such a topology can a...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 013002] Published Thu Jan 09, 2020

]]>In the type II seesaw mechanism, the neutrino mass generation could be tested experimentally if the Higgs triplet is at the TeV scale and has a small cubic coupling to the standard model Higgs doublet. We show such small triplet-doublet coupling and the cosmic baryon asymmetry can be simultaneously ...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 015006] Published Thu Jan 09, 2020

]]>We study the production of gravitational waves from primordial scalar perturbations in double-inflection-point inflation, in which one of the inflection points leads to a primordial power spectrum consistent with CMB observations at large scales and the other generates a large peak in the power spec...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 023505] Published Thu Jan 09, 2020

]]>In this work, based on the constant for the equation of state $\omega $, we obtain the Schwarzschild-like black hole solutions in some dark matter halos. We also generalize these black hole metrics to Kerr-like black hole solutions with Newman-Janis algorithm. For an example, we derive the specific black ho...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 024029] Published Thu Jan 09, 2020

]]>In this article, we reflect on a problem of a black hole entropy. The main point of the article is that the black hole horizon should be treated as a boundary as well as the boundary at infinity. To make things more concrete, we apply the general ideas to the extremal Oliva-Tempo-Troncoso black hole...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 024030] Published Thu Jan 09, 2020

]]>The SU(3)-flavor violating decay $J/\psi \to \mathrm{\Xi}(1530{)}^{-}{\overline{\mathrm{\Xi}}}^{+}+\mathrm{c}.\mathrm{c}.$ is studied using $(1310.6\pm 7.0)\times 1{0}^{6}$ $J/\psi $ events collected with the BESIII detector at BEPCII, and the branching fraction is measured to be $\mathcal{B}(J/\psi \to \mathrm{\Xi}(1530{)}^{-}{\overline{\mathrm{\Xi}}}^{+}+\mathrm{c}.\mathrm{c}.)=(3.17\pm 0.0{2}_{\text{stat}}\pm 0.0{8}_{\text{syst}})\times 1{0}^{-4}$. This result is consistent with previous measurements wi...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 012004] Published Wed Jan 08, 2020

]]>In the present work, we investigate the production of $P$-wave charmed or charmed-strange mesons in the pion or kaon induced reactions on a proton target. The total cross sections as well as the differential cross sections depending on the scattering angle are evaluated in an effective Lagrangian appr...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 014003] Published Wed Jan 08, 2020

]]>Recent studies reveal that at high energies, collisions of a small system such as $p+p$ gives signatures similar to that widely observed in heavy ion collisions hinting toward the possibility of forming a medium with collective behavior. With this motivation, we have used the Glauber model, which is t...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 014004] Published Wed Jan 08, 2020

]]>We report on the computation of the connected light-quark vacuum polarization with $2+1+1$ flavors of highly improved staggered quarks [Follana *et al.*, Phys. Rev. D **75**, 054502 (2007).] fermions at the physical point and its contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment. Three ensembles, generated...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 014503] Published Wed Jan 08, 2020

]]>Proton decay, and the decay of nucleons in general, constitutes one of the most sensitive probes of high-scale physics beyond the Standard Model. Most of the existing nucleon decay searches have focused primarily on two-body decay channels, motivated by grand unified theories and supersymmetry. Howe...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 015005] Published Wed Jan 08, 2020

]]>The momentum spectrum and the number density of created electron-positron pairs in a frequency modulated laser field are investigated using the quantum kinetic equation. It is found that the momentum spectrum presents an obvious interference pattern. This is an imprint of the frequency modulated fie...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 016008] Published Wed Jan 08, 2020

]]>WIMPs are promising dark matter candidates. A WIMP occasionally collides with a mirror equipped with interferometric gravitational wave detectors such as LIGO, Virgo, KAGRA and the Einstein Telescope (ET). When WIMPs collide with a mirror of an interferometer, we expect that characteristic motions o...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 023005] Published Wed Jan 08, 2020

]]>We investigate infrared dynamics of four-dimensional Einstein gravity in de Sitter space. We set up a general framework to investigate dynamical scaling relations in quantum/classical gravitational theories. The conformal mode dependence of Einstein gravity is renormalized to the extent that general...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 023504] Published Wed Jan 08, 2020

]]>We study relativistic stars in Hordenski theories that evade the gravitational wave constraints and exhibit the Vainshtein mechanism, focusing on a model based on the cubic Galileon Lagrangian. We derive the scalar field profile for static spherically symmetric objects in asymptotically de Sitter sp...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 024026] Published Wed Jan 08, 2020

]]>We study static, spherically symmetric vacuum solutions to quadratic gravity, extending considerably our previous rapid communication [Phys. Rev. D **98**, 021502(R) (2018)] on this topic. Using a conformal-to-Kundt metric ansatz, we arrive at a much simpler form of the field equations in comparison wit...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 024027] Published Wed Jan 08, 2020

]]>The center of mass (c.m.) and spin for isolated sources of gravitational radiation that move at relativistic speeds are defined. As a first step we also present these definitions in flat space. This contradicts some general wisdom given in textbooks claiming that such definitions are not covariant a...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 024028] Published Wed Jan 08, 2020

]]>The random matrix theory (RMT) can be used to classify both topological phases of matter and quantum chaos. We develop a systematic and transformative RMT to classify the quantum chaos in the colored Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) model first introduced by Gross and Rosenhaus. Here we focus on the two-colo...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 026009] Published Wed Jan 08, 2020

]]>We examine the five-region holographic entropy cone inequalities for the special case of the ${\mathrm{AdS}}_{3}$-Vaidya metric for a variety of boundary configurations. This is done by numerically solving the geodesic equation in the bulk for various boundary configurations. In all the cases we examine, we find th...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 026010] Published Wed Jan 08, 2020

]]>We compute the next-to-leading order QCD and electroweak corrections to $Z$ and $W$ pole observables using the dimension-6 Standard Model effective field theory (SMEFT) and present numerical results that can easily be included in global fitting programs. Limits on SMEFT coefficient functions are present...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 013001] Published Tue Jan 07, 2020

]]>In the absence of a genuine solution to the sign problem, lattice studies at imaginary quark chemical potential are an important tool to constrain the QCD phase diagram. We calculate the values of the tricritical quark masses in the Roberge-Weiss plane, $\mu =\U0001d6a4\pi T/3$, which separate mass regions with chir...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 014502] Published Tue Jan 07, 2020

]]>No-scale supergravity provides a successful framework for Starobinsky-like inflation models. Two classes of models can be distinguished depending on the identification of the inflaton with the volume modulus, $T$ (C models), or a matterlike field, $\varphi $ (WZ models). When supersymmetry is broken, the infla...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 015002] Published Tue Jan 07, 2020

]]>Searches for new astrophysical phenomena often involve several sources of nonrandom uncertainties that can lead to highly misleading results. Among these, model uncertainty arising from background mismodeling can dramatically compromise the sensitivity of the experiment under study. Specifically, ov...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 015003] Published Tue Jan 07, 2020

]]>We explore the possibility that lepton family numbers and baryon number are such good symmetries of Nature because they are the global remnant of a spontaneously broken gauge symmetry. An almost arbitrary linear combination of these symmetries (together with a component of global hypercharge) can be...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 015004] Published Tue Jan 07, 2020

]]>“Twisted particles” refer to non-plane-wave states of photons, electrons, hadrons, or any other particles which carry nonzero, adjustable orbital angular momentum with respect to their average propagation direction. Twisted photons and electrons have already been experimentally demonstrated, and one...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 016007] Published Tue Jan 07, 2020

]]>We study spherically symmetric strongly gravitating configurations supported by nonlinear spinor fields and non-Abelian SU(2) Yang-Mills/Proca magnetic fields. Regular asymptotically flat solutions describing objects with positive Arnowitt-Deser-Misner masses are obtained numerically. When the mass ...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 024023] Published Tue Jan 07, 2020

]]>The self-force program aims at accurately modeling relativistic two-body systems with a small mass ratio (SMR). In the context of the effective-one-body (EOB) framework, current results from this program can be used to determine the effective metric components at linear order in the mass ratio, resu...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 024024] Published Tue Jan 07, 2020

]]>We prove the stability of the critical hypersurfaces associated with the three-dimensional general relativistic Poynting-Robertson effect. The equatorial ring configures to be as a stable attractor and the whole critical hypersurface as a basin of attraction for this dynamical system. We introduce a...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 024025] Published Tue Jan 07, 2020

]]>Based on the systematic Hamiltonian and superfield approaches, we construct the deformed $\mathcal{N}=4$, 8 supersymmetric mechanics on Kähler manifolds interacting with a constant magnetic field and study their symmetries. First, we construct the deformed $\mathcal{N}=4$, 8 supersymmetric Landau problem via the minimal co...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 025003] Published Tue Jan 07, 2020

]]>The authors study a certain class of irrelevant deformations of $(2,2)$ supersymmetric field theories in two dimensions generated by the determinant of the stress-energy tensor. Under certain conditions, they find that the deformed theory is solvable, and it exhibits poles in the physical potential which modify the vacuum structure. This suggests that irrelevant deformations of this type might also affect infrared physics.

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 026008] Published Tue Jan 07, 2020

]]>We study the hidden-charm pentaquark states $udsc\overline{c}$ with spins $1/2$, $3/2$, and $5/2$ within the QCD sum-rule approach. First, we construct the currents for the particular configuration of pentaquark states that consist of the flavor singlet three-quark cluster $uds$ of spins $1/2$ and $3/2$ and the two-quark c...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 014002] Published Mon Jan 06, 2020

]]>One reason for the well-known fact that the complex Langevin (CL) method sometimes fails to converge or converges to the wrong limit has been identified long ago: it is insufficient decay of the probability density either near infinity or near poles of the drift, leading to boundary terms that spoil...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 014501] Published Mon Jan 06, 2020

]]>We discuss a minimal flavor model with twin modular symmetries, leading to trimaximal ${\mathrm{TM}}_{1}$ lepton mixing in which the first column of the tri-bimaximal lepton mixing matrix is preserved. The model involves two modular ${S}_{4}$ groups, one acting in the neutrino sector, associated with a modulus field value...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 015001] Published Mon Jan 06, 2020

]]>We discuss the subleading power corrections to one-jet production processes in $N$-jettiness subtraction using vector-boson plus jet production as an example. We analytically derive the next-to-leading power (NLP) leading logarithmic corrections through $\mathcal{O}({\alpha}_{S})$ in perturbative QCD and outline the calcul...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 016005] Published Mon Jan 06, 2020

]]>We present an exactly solvable example of coherent quantum interference effects in the creation of electron-positron pairs from the collision of a photon with ultrashort laser pulses. Being characterized entirely by null, or lightlike, directions, this setup realizes an all-optical double-slit in th...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 016006] Published Mon Jan 06, 2020

]]>The hadron-quark phase transition in the core of heavy neutron star (NS) has been studied. For the hadronic sector, we have used the lowest-order constraint variational method by employing $A{V}_{18}$, $A{V}_{14}$, $U{V}_{14}$, and Reid 68 two-body nucleon-nucleon forces supplemented by the phenomenological Urbana-type ...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 023004] Published Mon Jan 06, 2020

]]>We study neutrino oscillations within the framework of extended theories of gravity. Based on the covariant reformulation of Pontecorvo’s formalism, we evaluate the oscillation probability of neutrinos propagating in static spacetimes described by gravitational actions quadratic in the curvature inv...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 024016] Published Mon Jan 06, 2020

]]>We consider a recently proposed class of extended teleparallel theories of gravity, which entail a scalar field which is nonminimally coupled to the torsion of a flat, metric-compatible connection. This class of scalar-torsion theories of gravity is constructed in analogy to and as a direct extensio...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 024017] Published Mon Jan 06, 2020

]]>Due to the nonindependence of entropy and thermodynamic volume for spherically symmetric black holes in the anti–de Sitter (AdS) spacetime, when applying the Ruppeiner thermodynamic geometry theory to these black holes, we often encounter an unavoidable problem of the singularity about the line elem...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 024018] Published Mon Jan 06, 2020

]]>In the presence of an ultralight bosonic field, spinning black holes are unstable to superradiance. The rotational energy of the black hole is converted into a nonaxisymmetric, oscillating boson cloud which dissipates through the emission of nearly monochromatic gravitational radiation. Thus, gravit...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 024019] Published Mon Jan 06, 2020

]]>The nonextremal Kerr black holes have been considered to be holographically dual to two-dimensional (2D) conformal field theories (CFTs). In this paper, we extend the holography to the case of an asymptotically anti–de Sitter (AdS) rotating charged black holes in $f(T)$ gravity, where $f(T)=T+\alpha {T}^{2}$, wher...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 024020] Published Mon Jan 06, 2020

]]>We present a covariant approach to the problem of light beam propagation in a spacetime. We develop our considerations within the framework of classical geometric optics in general relativity. Using the concept of a screen surface orthogonal to the observer velocity and to the bundle of geodesics, w...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 024021] Published Mon Jan 06, 2020

]]>We demonstrate that the anisotropic stress energy supporting the Kiselev black hole can be mimicked by being split into a perfect fluid component plus either an electromagnetic component or a scalar field component, thereby quantifying the precise extent to which the Kiselev black hole fails to repr...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 024022] Published Mon Jan 06, 2020

]]>We analyze the response of a spatially extended direction-dependent local quantum system, a detector, moving on the Rindler trajectory of uniform linear acceleration in Minkowski spacetime, and coupled linearly to a quantum scalar field. We consider two spatial profiles: i) a profile defined in the ...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 025002] Published Mon Jan 06, 2020

]]>We study the Kibble-Zurek mechanism in a 2d holographic $p$-wave superconductor model with a homogeneous source quench on the critical point. We derive, on general grounds, the scaling of the Kibble-Zurek time, which marks breaking-down of adiabaticity. It is expressed in terms of four critical expone...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 026003] Published Mon Jan 06, 2020

]]>We present a systematic procedure to compute complete, analytic form factors of gauge-invariant operators at loop level in pure Yang-Mills. We consider applications to operators of the form $\mathrm{Tr}{F}^{n}$ where $F$ is the gluon field strength. Our approach is based on an extension to form factors of the dimensi...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 026004] Published Mon Jan 06, 2020

]]>Gravity gradient is known as a serious systematic effect in atomic tests of the universality of free fall, where the initial central position and velocity of atoms need to be exactly controlled. In this paper, we study quantum free fall with high-order gravity gradients. It is shown that the cubic t...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 026005] Published Mon Jan 06, 2020

]]>The pure spinor formulation of superstring theory includes an interacting sector of central charge ${c}_{\lambda}=22$, which can be realized as a curved $\beta \gamma $ system on the cone over the orthogonal Grassmannian $O{G}^{+}(5,10)$. We find that the spectrum of the $\beta \gamma $ system organizes into representations of the $\mathfrak{g}={\mathfrak{e}}_{6}$ affine a...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 026006] Published Mon Jan 06, 2020

]]>We use the path integral optimization approach of Caputa, Kundu, Miyaji, Takayanagi, and Watanabe to find the time slice of geometries dual to vacuum, primary, and thermal states in the $T\overline{T}$-deformed two-dimensional conformal field theories (CFTs). The obtained optimized geometries actually capture t...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 026007] Published Mon Jan 06, 2020

]]>Combined measurements of Higgs boson production cross sections and branching fractions are presented. The combination is based on the analyses of the Higgs boson decay modes $H\to \gamma \gamma $, $Z{Z}^{*}$, $W{W}^{*}$, $\tau \tau $, $b\overline{b}$, $\mu \mu $, searches for decays into invisible final states, and on measurements of off-shell Higgs boson pro...

[Phys. Rev. D 101, 012002] Published Fri Jan 03, 2020

]]>