We present measurements of long-range angular correlations and the transverse momentum dependence of elliptic flow ${v}_{2}$ in high-multiplicity $p+\mathrm{Au}$ collisions at $\sqrt{{s}_{{}_{\mathit{NN}}}}=200$ GeV. A comparison of these results to previous measurements in high-multiplicity $d+\mathrm{Au}$ and ${}^{3}\mathrm{He}+\mathrm{Au}$ collisions demonstrates a relation be…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034910] Published Fri Mar 24, 2017

]]>The unpolarized semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering (SIDIS) differential cross sections in ${}^{3}\mathrm{He}(e,{e}^{\prime}{\pi}^{\pm})X$ have been measured for the first time in Jefferson Lab experiment E06-010 with a $5.9\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}\mathrm{GeV}\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}{e}^{-}$ beam on a ${}^{3}\mathrm{He}$ gas target. The experiment focuses on the valence quark region, covering a kinematic ra…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 035209] Published Fri Mar 24, 2017

]]>[Phys. Rev. C 95, 039907] Published Fri Mar 24, 2017

]]>**Background:** The possibility that an unconventional depletion (referred to as a “bubble”) occurs in the center of the charge density distribution of certain nuclei due to a purely quantum mechanical effect has attracted theoretical and experimental attention in recent years. Based on a mean-field rat…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034319] Published Thu Mar 23, 2017

]]>We extend the cascade-exciton model (CEM), and the Los Alamos version of the quark-gluon string model (LAQGSM), event generators of the Monte Carlo $N$-particle transport code version 6 (MCNP6), to describe production of energetic light fragments (LF) heavier than ${}^{4}\mathrm{He}$ from various nuclear reactions in…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034613] Published Thu Mar 23, 2017

]]>We extend our recent study of chiral magnetic effect in relativistic heavy ion collisions based on an anomalous transport model by including also the chiral vortical effect. We find that although vorticities in the chirally restored quark matter, which result from the large angular momentum in nonce…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034909] Published Thu Mar 23, 2017

]]>[Phys. Rev. C 95, 039906] Published Thu Mar 23, 2017

]]>The high spin excited states of ${}^{169}\mathrm{Tm}_{}$ have been studied via the ${}^{169}\mathrm{Tm}_{}$(${}^{32}\mathrm{S}_{}$, ${}^{32}\mathrm{S}^{\prime}$)${}^{169}{\mathrm{Tm}}^{*}_{}$ reaction at a beam energy of 164 MeV. The $\gamma $ rays were detected using an array of 19 Compton-suppressed clover HPGe detectors. The band based on the $\left[411\right]1/{2}^{+}$ Nilsson orbital has been extended to observe the band c…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 031304(R)] Published Wed Mar 22, 2017

]]>Spin-orbit splitting is an essential ingredient for our understanding of the shell structure in nuclei. One of the most important advantages of relativistic mean-field (RMF) models in nuclear physics is the fact that the large spin-orbit (SO) potential emerges automatically from the inclusion of Lor…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034318] Published Wed Mar 22, 2017

]]>The availability of realistic potential energy landscapes in restricted deformation space is the prerequisite starting point for modeling several nuclear properties and reactions, namely large-amplitude phenomena. The achievement of a macroscopic-microscopic approach, employing an innovative four-di…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034612] Published Wed Mar 22, 2017

]]>The Dalitz decays $\eta \to {e}^{+}{e}^{-}\gamma $ and $\omega \to {\pi}^{0}{e}^{+}{e}^{-}$ have been measured in the $\gamma p\to \eta p$ and $\gamma p\to \omega p$ reactions, respectively, with the A2 tagged-photon facility at the Mainz Microtron. The value obtained for the slope parameter of the electromagnetic transition form factor of $\eta ,{\mathrm{\Lambda}}_{\eta}^{-2}=(1.97\pm 0.{11}_{\mathrm{tot}})\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}{\mathrm{GeV}}^{-2}$, is in good agr…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 035208] Published Wed Mar 22, 2017

]]>We analyze the spin flip loss for ultracold neutrons in magnetic bottles of the type used in experiments aiming at a precise measurement of the neutron lifetime, extending the one-dimensional field model used previously by Steyerl *et al.* [Phys. Rev. C **86**, 065501 (2012)] to two dimensions for cylindr…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 035502] Published Wed Mar 22, 2017

]]>An experiment using the electronic $\gamma -\gamma $ fast-timing technique was performed to measure lifetimes of the yrast states in ${}^{170}\mathrm{Yb}$. The lifetime of the yrast ${2}^{+}$ state was determined using the slope method. The value of $\tau =2.33\left(3\right)$ ns is in good agreement with the lifetimes measured using other techniques. T…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034316] Published Tue Mar 21, 2017

]]>The boson-fermion interaction in the interacting boson-fermion model-2 (IBFM-2) is derived in a systematic and general form from a quadrupole-quadrupole force using several nondegenerate levels. The boson-fermion quadrupole operator employed is obtained from the boson-fermion image of the one nucleo…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034317] Published Tue Mar 21, 2017

]]>[Phys. Rev. C 95, 039905] Published Tue Mar 21, 2017

]]>I discuss the elliptic flows of $\psi \left(2S\right)$ with different production mechanisms in $\sqrt{{s}_{NN}}=2.76$ TeV Pb-Pb collisions. If the final $\psi \left(2S\right)\mathrm{s}$ are mainly from the recombination of uncorrelated charm and anticharm quarks at $T\approx {T}_{c}$, charm and anticharm quarks will carry large collective flows of the bulk medium, whic…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034908] Published Mon Mar 20, 2017

]]>We study the Kondo effect for ${\overline{D}}_{s}$ and ${\overline{D}}_{s}^{*}$ mesons as impurity particles in nuclear matter. The spin-exchange interaction between the ${\overline{D}}_{s}$ or ${\overline{D}}_{s}^{*}$ meson and the nucleon induces the enhancement of the effective coupling in the low-energy scattering in the infrared region, whose energy scale of singular…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 035204] Published Mon Mar 20, 2017

]]>**Background:** Knowledge of nucleon structure is today ever more of a precision science, with heightened theoretical and experimental activity expected in coming years. At the same time, a persistent gap lingers between theoretical approaches grounded in Euclidean methods (e.g., lattice QCD, Dyson-Schw…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 035205] Published Mon Mar 20, 2017

]]>Beam-target double-spin asymmetries and target single-spin asymmetries were measured for the exclusive ${\pi}^{+}$ electroproduction reaction ${\gamma}^{*}p\to n{\pi}^{+}$. The results were obtained from scattering of 6-GeV longitudinally polarized electrons off longitudinally polarized protons using the CEBAF Large Acceptance Sp…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 035206] Published Mon Mar 20, 2017

]]>Beam-target double-spin asymmetries and target single-spin asymmetries were measured for the exclusive ${\pi}^{0}$ electroproduction reaction ${\gamma}^{*}p\to p{\pi}^{0}$, expanding an analysis of the ${\gamma}^{*}p\to n{\pi}^{+}$ reaction from the same experiment. The results were obtained from scattering of 6-GeV longitudinally polarized electrons …

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 035207] Published Mon Mar 20, 2017

]]>A new empirical parametrization is developed for calculating the fragment cross sections in projectile fragmentation reactions at high energies ($>100$ MeV/nucleon). The new parametrization, FRACS, consists of two main parts, i.e., the mass yield and the isobaric distribution, on the basis of previ…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034608] Published Fri Mar 17, 2017

]]>**Background:** Formation of the compound nucleus (CN) is highly suppressed by quasifission in heavy-ion collisions involving massive nuclei. Though considerable progress has been made in the understanding of fusion-fission and quasifission, the exact dependence of fusion probability on various entrance…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034610] Published Fri Mar 17, 2017

]]>$\alpha $ decay and spontaneous fission half-lives of 81 superheavy nuclei with $Z=104\u2013112$ and $N=158\u2013166$ have been calculated with simple formulas extracted from the systematics of measured and calculated half-lives. Half-life calculations are performed within the shell model and one-body rate theories for $\alpha $…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034611] Published Fri Mar 17, 2017

]]>Delayed emission of protons following $\beta $ decay of neutron deficient nuclei ${}^{26}\mathrm{P}$ and ${}^{27}\mathrm{S}$ was investigated at the ACCULINNA separator in the Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions at Dubna. Ions of interest, identified in flight, were implanted into the active volume of the gaseous optical time projecti…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034315] Published Thu Mar 16, 2017

]]>The transfer reaction ${}^{13}\mathrm{C}({}^{11}\mathrm{B},{}^{7}\mathrm{Li}){}^{17}\mathrm{O}$ leading to the ground and several excited states of ${}^{17}\mathrm{O}$ was investigated at an incident boron beam energy of 45 MeV. The experimental data were analyzed by means of coupled-channel Born approximation calculations and ${}^{17}\mathrm{O}=\alpha +{}^{13}\mathrm{C}$ spectroscopic factors were extracte…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034607] Published Thu Mar 16, 2017

]]>**Background:** Reactions involving weakly bound nuclei require formalisms able to deal with continuum states. The majority of these formalisms struggle to treat collective excitations of the systems involved. For continuum-discretized coupled channels (CDCC), extensions to include target excitation hav…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034609] Published Thu Mar 16, 2017

]]>Very neutron-rich $Z\sim 60$ isotopes produced by in-flight fission of a 345 MeV/nucleon ${}^{238}\mathrm{U}$ beam at the RI Beam Factory, RIKEN Nishina Center, have been studied by delayed $\gamma $-ray spectroscopy. New isomers were discovered in the neutron-rich $N=100$ isotones ${}^{162}\mathrm{Sm},{}^{163}\mathrm{Eu}$, and ${}^{164}\mathrm{Gd}$. Half-lives, $\gamma $-ray energi…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034313] Published Wed Mar 15, 2017

]]>An influence of the phonon-phonon coupling (PPC) on the $\beta $-decay half-lives and multi-neutron emission probabilities is analyzed within the microscopic model based on the Skyrme interaction with tensor components included. The finite-rank separable approximation is used in order to handle large two-q…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034314] Published Wed Mar 15, 2017

]]>**Background:** A previous measurement of the $\beta -\gamma $ directional coefficient in ${}^{22}\mathrm{Na}\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}\beta $ decay was used to extract recoil-order form factors. The data indicate the requirement of a significant induced-tensor matrix element for the decay. This conclusion largely relies on a standard-model-allowed weak magnetis…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 035501] Published Wed Mar 15, 2017

]]>With a Yang-Mills flux-tube initial state and a high-resolution (3+1)D particle-in-cell relativistic (PICR) hydrodynamics simulation, we calculate the $\mathrm{\Lambda}$ polarization for different energies. The origination of polarization in high energy collisions is discussed, and we find linear impact parameter de…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 031901(R)] Published Tue Mar 14, 2017

]]>Exact solution of the nuclear mean-field plus separable pairing model is reexamined. New auxiliary constraints for solving the Bethe ansatz equations of the model are proposed. By using these auxiliary constraints, the Bethe ansatz form of eigenvectors of the mean-field plus separable pairing Hamilt…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034308] Published Mon Mar 13, 2017

]]>**Background:** The hyperon impurity effect in nuclei has been extensively studied in different mean-field models. Recently, there is a controversy about whether the $\mathrm{\Lambda}$ hyperon is more tightly bound in the normal deformed (ND) states than that in the superdeformed (SD) states.

**Purpose:** This article is ai…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034309] Published Mon Mar 13, 2017

]]>Two-photon optical pumping of the 7.6-eV nuclear isomer in the singly ionized atoms of ${}^{229}\mathrm{Th}$ is considered. Differences between two mechanisms of the pumping, nuclear excitation in the electronic transition (NEET) and bound internal conversion (BIC), are derived and analyzed numerically. The BIC mec…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034310] Published Mon Mar 13, 2017

]]>The nuclear $\alpha $ decay of heavy nuclei is investigated based on the nuclear energy density functional, which leads to the $\alpha $ potential inside the parent nucleus in terms of the proton and neutron density profiles of the daughter nucleus. We use the Skyrme force model, Gogny force model, and relativistic…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034311] Published Mon Mar 13, 2017

]]>Photon-nuclear reaction in a transport model frame, namely an extended quantum molecular dynamics model, has been realized at the photon energy of 70–140 MeV in the quasi-deuteron regime. For an important application, we pay a special focus on photonuclear reactions of ${}^{12}\mathrm{C}(\gamma ,np){}^{10}\mathrm{B}$ where ${}^{12}\mathrm{C}$ is cons…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034606] Published Mon Mar 13, 2017

]]>We present measurements of elliptic flow (${v}_{2}$) of electrons from the decays of heavy-flavor hadrons (${e}_{\mathrm{HF}}$) by the STAR experiment. For Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{{s}_{NN}}=200$ GeV we report ${v}_{2}$, for transverse momentum (${p}_{T}$) between 0.2 and 7 $\mathrm{GeV}/c$, using three methods: the event plane method (${v}_{2}\left\{\mathrm{EP}\right\}$), two-particle …

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034907] Published Mon Mar 13, 2017

]]>We determine the root-mean-square proton charge radius, ${R}_{p}$, from a fit to low-${Q}^{2}$ electron-proton elastic-scattering cross-section data with the higher moments fixed (within uncertainties) to the values predicted by chiral perturbation theory. We obtain ${R}_{p}=0.855\left(11\right)$ fm. This number falls between the …

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 035203] Published Mon Mar 13, 2017

]]>**Background:** Recent years have seen considerable effort in associating the shell evolution (SE) for a chain of isotones or isotopes with the underlying nuclear interactions. In particular, it has been fairly well established that the tensor part of the Skyrme interaction is indispensable for understa…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034307] Published Fri Mar 10, 2017

]]>The aim of this work is to provide a precise and accurate measurement of the ${}^{238}\mathrm{U}$($n,\gamma $) reaction cross section in the energy region from 1 eV to 700 keV. This reaction is of fundamental importance for the design calculations of nuclear reactors, governing the behavior of the reactor core. In particul…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034604] Published Fri Mar 10, 2017

]]>**Background:** While diproton emission was first theorized in 1960 and first measured in 2002, it was first observed only in 2012. The measurement of ${}^{14}\mathrm{Be}$ in coincidence with two neutrons suggests that ${}^{16}\mathrm{Be}$ does decay through the simultaneous emission of two strongly correlated neutrons.

**Purpose:** In th…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034605] Published Fri Mar 10, 2017

]]>We use quasiparticle anisotropic hydrodynamics to study an azimuthally symmetric boost-invariant quark-gluon plasma including the effects of both shear and bulk viscosities. In quasiparticle anisotropic hydrodynamics, a single finite-temperature quasiparticle mass is introduced and fit to the lattic…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034906] Published Fri Mar 10, 2017

]]>The cross section of the exclusive $\eta $ electroproduction reaction $ep\to {e}^{\prime}{p}^{\prime}\eta $ was measured at Jefferson Laboratory with a 5.75 GeV electron beam and the CLAS detector. Differential cross sections ${d}^{4}\sigma /dtd{Q}^{2}d{x}_{B}d{\varphi}_{\eta}$ and structure functions ${\sigma}_{U}={\sigma}_{T}+\epsilon {\sigma}_{L},\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}{\sigma}_{TT}$, and ${\sigma}_{LT}$, as functions of $t$, were obtained over a wide …

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 035202] Published Fri Mar 10, 2017

]]>[Phys. Rev. C 95, 039904] Published Fri Mar 10, 2017

]]>We calculate the low-lying spectrum of the ${}^{16}\mathrm{O}$ nucleus using an $\alpha $-cluster model which includes the important tetrahedral and square configurations. Our approach is motivated by the dynamics of $\alpha $-particle scattering in the Skyrme model. We are able to replicate the large energy splitting that is obse…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 031303(R)] Published Thu Mar 09, 2017

]]>A quantal and a semiclassical analysis of two-nucleon transfer intensities is done within the framework of the interacting boson model. The expected features of these quantities for the quantum phase transition (QPT) between spherical, U(5), and axially deformed, SU(3), shapes are discussed. Experim…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034306] Published Thu Mar 09, 2017

]]>The ${}^{13}\mathrm{C}({}^{18}\mathrm{O},{}^{16}\mathrm{O}){}^{15}\mathrm{C}$ reaction is studied at 84 MeV incident energy. Excitation energy spectra and absolute cross-section angular distributions for the strongest transitions are measured with good energy and angular resolutions. Strong selectivity for two-neutron configurations in the states of the re…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034603] Published Thu Mar 09, 2017

]]>The PHENIX Collaboration has measured the ratio of the yields of $\psi \left(2S\right)$ to $\psi \left(1S\right)$ mesons produced in $p+p$, $p+\mathrm{Al}$, $p+\mathrm{Au}$, and ${}^{3}\mathrm{He}+\mathrm{Au}$ collisions at $\sqrt{{s}_{{}_{\mathit{NN}}}}=200$ GeV over the forward and backward rapidity intervals $1.2<\left|y\right|<2.2$. We find that the ratio in $p+p$ collisions is consistent with measurements at oth…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034904] Published Thu Mar 09, 2017

]]>Measurement of four-particle symmetric cumulants has been considered to be a good tool to study the correlations between amplitudes of different orders of anisotropic flow harmonics in heavy-ion collisions. These new observables have not yet been measured at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. Usin…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034905] Published Thu Mar 09, 2017

]]>The ${}^{58}\mathrm{Ni}(n,\gamma ){}^{59}\mathrm{Ni}$ cross section was measured with a combination of the activation technique and accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). The neutron activations were performed at the Karlsruhe 3.7 MV Van de Graaff accelerator using the quasistellar neutron spectrum at $kT=25$ keV produced by the ${}^{7}\mathrm{Li}(p,n)\mathrm{B\dots}$

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 035803] Published Thu Mar 09, 2017

]]>The ${}^{2}\mathrm{H}(d,p){}^{3}\mathrm{H}$ bare nucleus astrophysical $S\left(E\right)$ factor has been measured indirectly at energies from about 500 keV down to several keV by means of the Trojan-horse method applied to the ${}^{2}\mathrm{H}({}^{6}\mathrm{Li},pt){}^{4}\mathrm{He}$ quasifree reaction induced at 11 MeV. The obtained results are compared with direct data as well as wi…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 035804] Published Thu Mar 09, 2017

]]>[Phys. Rev. C 95, 039903] Published Thu Mar 09, 2017

]]>Theoretical predictions need quantified uncertainties for a meaningful comparison to experimental results. This is an idea which presently permeates the field of theoretical nuclear physics. In light of the recent progress in estimating theoretical uncertainties in *ab initio* nuclear physics, I here …

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034002] Published Wed Mar 08, 2017

]]>We investigate the mass fractions and in-medium properties of heavy nuclei in stellar matter at characteristic densities and temperatures for supernova (SN) explosions. The individual nuclei are described within the compressible liquid-drop model taking into account modifications of bulk, surface, a…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 035802] Published Wed Mar 08, 2017

]]>[Phys. Rev. C 95, 039901] Published Wed Mar 08, 2017

]]>[Phys. Rev. C 95, 039902] Published Wed Mar 08, 2017

]]>The $\stackrel{\u20d7}{p}p\to p{K}^{+}\mathrm{\Lambda}$ reaction has been measured with the COSY-TOF detector at a beam momentum of $2.7\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}\mathrm{GeV}/c$. The polarized proton beam enables the measurement of the beam analyzing power by the asymmetry of the produced kaon $\left({A}_{N}^{K}\right)$. This observable allows the $p\mathrm{\Lambda}$ spin triplet scattering length to be extracted f…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034001] Published Tue Mar 07, 2017

]]>We employ a collective vibration coupled-channel model to describe the nucleon-${}^{16}\mathrm{O}$ cluster systems, obtaining low-excitation spectra for ${}^{17}\mathrm{O}$ and ${}^{17}\mathrm{F}$. Bound and resonance states of the compound systems have been deduced, showing good agreement with experimental spectra. Low-energy scattering cross se…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034305] Published Tue Mar 07, 2017

]]>The excitation functions for the production of ${}^{262}\mathrm{Rf}$, ${}^{261}\mathrm{Rf}$, and ${}^{260}\mathrm{Rf}$ isotopes via $4n$-, $5n$-, and $6n$-decay channels from the ${}^{266}\mathrm{Rf}^{*}$ compound nucleus are studied within the dynamical cluster-decay model (DCM), including deformations ${\beta}_{2i}$ and so-called hot-optimum orientations ${\theta}_{i}$ which support symmetri…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034602] Published Tue Mar 07, 2017

]]>We study the formation of domain structures due to spontaneous breakdown of center symmetry at high temperatures in quenched QCD. We develop a phenomenological model for the explicit propagation of the Polyakov loop as the relevant order parameter of the deconfinement phase transition. The surface t…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034903] Published Tue Mar 07, 2017

]]>An analytical solution based on the Laplace transformation technique for the Dokshitzer-Gribov-Lipatov-Altarelli-Parisi (DGLAP) evolution equations is presented at next-to-leading order accuracy in perturbative QCD. This technique is also applied to extract the analytical solution for the proton str…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 035201] Published Tue Mar 07, 2017

]]>In this work, we introduce a new approach which is meant to be a first step towards complete self-consistent low-lying spectroscopy of odd nuclei. So far, we essentially limit ourselves to the description of a double-magic core plus an extra nucleon. The model does not contain any free adjustable pa…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034303] Published Mon Mar 06, 2017

]]>Relatively neutron-rich thorium isotopes lie at the heart of a nuclear region of nuclei exhibiting octupole correlation effects. The detailed level structure of ${}^{223}\mathrm{Th}$ has been investigated in measurements of $\gamma $ radiation following the fusion-evaporation channel of the ${}^{208}\mathrm{Pb}({}^{18}\mathrm{O},3n){}^{223}\mathrm{Th}$ reaction at 8…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034304] Published Mon Mar 06, 2017

]]>In the proximity of the QCD critical point the bulk viscosity of quark-gluon matter is expected to be proportional to nearly the third power of the critical correlation length, and become significantly enhanced. This work is the first attempt to study the phenomenological consequences of enhanced bu…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034902] Published Mon Mar 06, 2017

]]>The ${}^{16}\mathrm{O}(\alpha ,{\alpha}^{\prime})$ reaction was studied at ${\theta}_{\mathrm{lab}}={0}^{\circ}$ at an incident energy of ${E}_{\mathrm{lab}}=200$ MeV using the K600 magnetic spectrometer at iThemba LABS. Proton decay and $\alpha $ decay from the natural parity states were observed in a large-acceptance silicon strip detector array at backward angles. The coincident charge…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 031302(R)] Published Fri Mar 03, 2017

]]>Lifetimes of excited states in ${}^{99}\mathrm{Y},{}^{101}\mathrm{Y},{}^{101}\mathrm{Nb},{}^{103}\mathrm{Nb}$, and ${}^{105}\mathrm{Nb}$ were measured in an experiment using the recoil distance Doppler shift method at GANIL (Grand Accélérateur National d'Ions Lourds). The neutron-rich nuclei were produced in fission reactions between a ${}^{238}\mathrm{U}$ beam and a ${}^{9}\mathrm{Be}$ target. Prompt $\gamma $…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034302] Published Fri Mar 03, 2017

]]>The Pauli exclusion principle induces a repulsion between composite systems of identical fermions such as colliding atomic nuclei. Our goal is to study how heavy-ion fusion is impacted by this “Pauli repulsion.” We propose a new microscopic approach, the density-constrained frozen Hartree-Fock metho…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 031601(R)] Published Thu Mar 02, 2017

]]>The present experimental study illustrates how large deformations attained by nuclei due to cluster formation are perceived through the giant dipole resonance (GDR) strength function. The high energy GDR $\gamma $ rays have been measured from ${}^{32}\mathrm{S}$ at different angular momenta ($J$) but similar temperatures in …

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034301] Published Thu Mar 02, 2017

]]>In this study, the role of bombarding energy in analyzing the interaction potentials and describing the densities of interacting nuclei during fusion is investigated. For this purpose, the fusion cross sections of the ${}^{40}\mathrm{Ca}+{}^{48}\mathrm{Ca},{}^{16}\mathrm{O}+{}^{92}\mathrm{Zr}$, and ${}^{40}\mathrm{Ca}+{}^{90}\mathrm{Zr}$ systems are calculated by the use of potentials…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034601] Published Thu Mar 02, 2017

]]>Nucleon capture cross sections enter various astrophysical processes. The measurement of proton capture on nuclei at astrophysically relevant low energies is a challenge, and theoretical computations in this long-wavelength regime are sensitive to the long-distance asymptotics of the wave functions.…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 031301(R)] Published Wed Mar 01, 2017

]]>Recent measurements of Pb+Pb collisions at the CERN LHC have provided correlations between different characteristics of the flow of matter at such high energies. An analysis with a hydrodynamic model of these event-by-event measurements of correlated particle distributions leads to predictions for similar measurements that could be carried out in Au+Au collisions at a lower energy at BNL RHIC. The combined results might help pin down the initial states in high-energy heavy-ion collisions as well as the temperature dependence of transport coefficients.

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034901] Published Wed Mar 01, 2017

]]>For the first time the astrophysical factor of the ${}^{10}\mathrm{B}(p,{\alpha}_{0}){}^{7}\mathrm{Be}$ reaction has been measured over a wide energy range, from 5 keV to 1.5 MeV, via the Trojan horse method (THM) applied to the quasifree ${}^{2}\mathrm{H}({}^{10}\mathrm{B},\alpha {}^{7}\mathrm{Be})n$ reaction. Therefore, the $S\left(E\right)$ factor has been recast into absolute units by scaling in …

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 035801] Published Wed Mar 01, 2017

]]>Effective values of the axial-vector coupling constant ${g}_{\mathrm{A}}$ have lately attracted much attention due to the prominent role of ${g}_{\mathrm{A}}$ in determining the half-lives of double $\beta $ decays, in particular their neutrinoless mode. The half-life method, i.e., comparing the calculated half-lives to the corresponding…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 024327] Published Tue Feb 28, 2017

]]>The properties of excited states in the neutron-rich nucleus ${}^{194}\mathrm{Os}$ have been investigated using the ${}^{192}\mathrm{Os}\left({}^{18}\mathrm{O},{}^{16}\mathrm{O}\right){}^{194}\mathrm{Os}$ reaction with an 80 MeV beam provided by the IFIN-HH Laboratory, Bucharest. Discrete $\gamma $-ray decays from excited states have been measured using the hybrid HPGe-${\mathrm{LaBr}}_{3}\left(\mathrm{Ce}\right)$ array RoSPH…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 024328] Published Tue Feb 28, 2017

]]>**Background:** The nature of oscillations or excitations around the equilibrium deformed nuclear shape remains an open question in nuclear structure. The ${}^{162}\mathrm{Dy}$ nucleus is one of the most extensively studied nuclei with the $\left(n,\gamma \right)$, $\left(n,{e}^{-}\right)$, $\left(\alpha ,2n\right)$ reactions and most recently the $\left(p,t\right)$ pickup reaction addi…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 024329] Published Tue Feb 28, 2017

]]>The cross sections of the ${}^{70}\mathrm{Zn}\left(n,\gamma \right)\phantom{\rule{0.28em}{0ex}}{}^{71}\mathrm{Zn}^{\mathrm{m}}\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}\left({T}_{1/2}=3.96\pm 0.05\text{\u2212}\mathrm{h}\right)$ reaction have been measured relative to the ${}^{197}\mathrm{Au}\left(n,\gamma \right){}^{198}\mathrm{Au}$ cross sections at 0.96 and 1.69 MeV using a ${}^{7}\mathrm{Li}\left(p,n\right)\phantom{\rule{0.28em}{0ex}}{}^{7}\mathrm{Be}$ neutron source and activation technique. The cross section of this reaction has been measured for the first time in the MeV r…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 024619] Published Tue Feb 28, 2017

]]>For a general two-body bound state in quantum mechanics, both in the stable and decaying cases, I establish a way to extract its two-body wave function in momentum space from the scattering amplitude of the constituent two particles. For this purpose, I first show that the two-body wave function of …

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 025206] Published Tue Feb 28, 2017

]]>A beyond-mean-field approach consisting of angular momentum projection techniques and generator coordinate method based on Skyrme–Hartree-Fock calculations is employed to investigate single- and double-$\mathrm{\Lambda}$ hypernuclear systems. The density-dependent $N\mathrm{\Lambda}$ interactions derived from the Nijmegen soft-core …

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 024323] Published Mon Feb 27, 2017

]]>We present a generalized Richardson solution for fermions interacting with the pairing interaction in both discrete and continuum parts of the single-particle (s.p.) spectrum. The pairing Hamiltonian is based on the rational Gaudin model which is formulated in the Berggren ensemble. We show that sol…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 024324] Published Mon Feb 27, 2017

]]>I have investigated the possibility that the near vanishing of the proton strength of the 9.17-MeV state in ${}^{14}\mathrm{N}$ could be due to isospin mixing. If the two levels involved are at 9.17 and 8.98 MeV, the mixing intensity is 0.41(9) with a $T$-mixing matrix element of 94(10) keV. Some consequences of such…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 024325] Published Mon Feb 27, 2017

]]>We discuss the formulation of a nonadiabatic approach to study the rotational states in triaxially deformed odd-$A$ nuclei. The rotation-particle coupling is treated microscopically by coupling the triaxial rotor states of the even-even core with the states of the valence particle in order to obtain t…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 024326] Published Mon Feb 27, 2017

]]>**Background:** The study of evolution of asymmetric dinuclear systems (DNSs) formed in heavy ion collisions is a topic of intense research. The DNS evolution leads to a variety of reaction channels such as deep inelastic, complete fusion, quasifission, fast fission, fusion-fission, and evaporation of p…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 024617] Published Mon Feb 27, 2017

]]>The authors treat the nuclear shape evolution as a random walk on a multidimensional potential-energy surface using shape-dependent microscopic level densities. The resulting fission-fragment mass distributions agree remarkably well with data, and the gradual disappearance of pairing and shell effects with increasing energy is accounted for without additional parameters.

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 024618] Published Mon Feb 27, 2017

]]>**Background:** The deuteron plays a pivotal role in nuclear and hadronic physics, as both the simplest bound multinucleon system and as an effective neutron target. Quasielastic electron scattering on the deuteron is a benchmark reaction to test our understanding of deuteron structure and the propertie…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 024005] Published Fri Feb 24, 2017

]]>Studies of the $\gamma $-ray strength functions can reveal useful information concerning underlying nuclear structure. Accumulated experimental data on the strength functions show an enhancement in the low $\gamma $ energy region. We have calculated the $M1$ strength functions for the ${}^{49,50}\mathrm{Cr}$ and ${}^{48}\mathrm{V}$ nuclei in the ${f}_{7\dots}$

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 024322] Published Fri Feb 24, 2017

]]>We perform a detailed analysis of the fundamental mode of nonradial pulsations of color flavor locked strange stars. Solving the general relativistic equations for nonradial pulsations for an equation of state derived within the MIT bag model, we calculate the frequency and the gravitational damping…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 025808] Published Fri Feb 24, 2017

]]>We investigate the influences of the nuclear composition on the weak interaction rates of heavy nuclei during the core collapse of massive stars. The nuclear abundances in nuclear statistical equilibrium (NSE) are calculated by some equation of state (EOS) models including in-medium effects on nucle…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 025809] Published Fri Feb 24, 2017

]]>It is argued that final state enhancements in production reactions at large momentum transfers, such as $pp\to {K}^{+}\mathrm{\Lambda}p$, are primarily sensitive to the position of a virtual bound state pole in the $\mathrm{\Lambda}p$ system rather than the $\mathrm{\Lambda}p$ scattering length and effective range. These arguments are supported by a study o…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 024004] Published Thu Feb 23, 2017

]]>We construct a simple model of heavy-ion collisions, local in the impact parameter plane, and appropriate for energies available at the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS). This model can be regarded as a new realization of the “fire-streak” approach, originally applied to studies of lower-energy nu…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 024908] Published Thu Feb 23, 2017

]]>Modern experimental facilities have provided a tremendous volume of reaction data, often with wide energy and angular coverage, and with increasing precision. For reactions with two hadrons in the final state, these data are often presented as multiple sets of panels, with angular distributions at n…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 025205] Published Thu Feb 23, 2017

]]>[Phys. Rev. C 95, 029902] Published Thu Feb 23, 2017

]]>Excited levels of ${}^{88}\mathrm{Br}$ populated in the $\beta $ decay of ${}^{88}\mathrm{Se}$ have been studied by means of $\beta \gamma $ and $\gamma \gamma $ spectroscopy methods. Neutron-rich parent ${}^{88}\mathrm{Se}$ nuclei were produced with proton-induced fission of ${}^{238}\mathrm{U}$ using the Ion Guide Isotope Separator On-Line (IGISOL) method and separated from contaminants using …

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 024321] Published Wed Feb 22, 2017

]]>The multinucleon transfer reaction has been investigated within the dinuclear system model. The nucleon transfer is coupled to the dissipation of relative motion energy and angular momentum by solving a set of microscopically derived master equations. A barrier distribution approach is implemented i…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 024615] Published Wed Feb 22, 2017

]]>By using the $R$-matrix approach we calculate the radiative width for a resonance decaying to a bound state through electric-dipole $E1$ transitions. The total radiative width is determined by the interference of the nuclear internal and external radiative width amplitudes. For a given channel radius th…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 024616] Published Wed Feb 22, 2017

]]>The lifetime of the recently discovered $2p$ emitter ${}^{67}\mathrm{Kr}$ was found to be considerably below the lower limit predicted theoretically. This communication addresses this issue. Different separation energy systematics are analyzed and different mechanisms for $2p$ emission are evaluated. We find that the m…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 021601(R)] Published Tue Feb 21, 2017

]]>We investigate the decay of ${}^{87,88}\mathrm{Br}$ and ${}^{94}\mathrm{Rb}$ using total absorption $\gamma $-ray spectroscopy. These important fission products are $\beta $-delayed neutron emitters. Our data show considerable $\beta \gamma $ intensity, so far unobserved in high-resolution $\gamma $-ray spectroscopy, from states at high excitation energy. We also fi…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 024320] Published Tue Feb 21, 2017

]]>**Background:** Although uncertainty quantification has been making its way into nuclear theory, these methods have yet to be explored in the context of reaction theory. For example, it is well known that different parameterizations of the optical potential can result in different cross sections, but th…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 024611] Published Tue Feb 21, 2017

]]>**Background:** The isobaric ratio difference scaling phenomenon, which has been found for the fragments produced in projectile fragmentation reactions, is related to the nuclear density change in reaction systems.

**Purpose:** To verify whether the isobaric ratio difference scaling exists in the fragments …

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 024612] Published Tue Feb 21, 2017

]]>The internal excitation of nuclei after multinucleon transfer is estimated by using the time-dependent mean-field theory. Transfer probabilities for each channel as well as the energy loss after reseparation are calculated. By combining these two pieces of information, we show that the excitation en…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 024613] Published Tue Feb 21, 2017

]]>Nuclear modification factors ${R}_{\mathrm{cp}}$ of protons and pions are investigated by simulating Au+Au collisions from $0.8A$ to $1.8A$ GeV in a framework of an isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics (IQMD) model. The ${R}_{\mathrm{cp}}$ of protons rise with an increase in the transverse particle momentum ${p}_{T}$ at different bea…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 024614] Published Tue Feb 21, 2017

]]>We present a dynamical scheme for hadronization with first-order confinement phase transition. The thermodynamical conditions of phase equilibrium, the fluid velocity profile, and the dissipative effect determine the macroscopic changes of the parton volume and the corresponding hadron volume during…

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 024907] Published Tue Feb 21, 2017

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