We describe the propagation of charm quarks in the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) by means of a Boltzmann transport approach. Nonperturbative interaction between heavy quarks and light quarks have been taken into account through a quasiparticle approach in which light partons are dressed with thermal mass...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044905] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>Fluctuations of conserved quantities are believed to be sensitive observables to probe the signature of the QCD phase transition and critical point. It was argued recently that measuring the genuine correlation functions (CFs) could provide cleaner information on possible nontrivial dynamics in heav...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044906] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

]]>**Background:** Challenging questions of the $\alpha $-particle optical-model potential (OMP) are still pointed out by recent high-precision measurements of $\alpha $-induced reaction data below the Coulomb barrier. Moreover, the reliability of a previous OMP for $\alpha $ particles on nuclei within the mass number range $45\le A\le \mathrm{...}$

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044610] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>The average angular momenta and widths of the spin distributions of reaction products are calculated within the dinuclear system model. The thermal excitation of rotational bearing modes is considered in the dinuclear system. The calculated fragment spins ($\gamma $ multiplicities) and their variances in th...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044611] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>Motivated by the precise measurement of the $1S$ level shift of kaonic hydrogen, we perform accurate three-body calculations for the spectrum of kaonic deuterium using a realistic antikaon-nucleon $\left(\overline{K}N\right)$ interaction. In order to describe both short- and long-range behaviors of the kaonic atomic states,...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 045204] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

]]>The exotic decay process of $\beta $-delayed fission ($\beta \mathrm{DF}$) has been studied in the neutron-deficient isotope ${}^{230}\mathrm{Am}$. The ${}^{230}\mathrm{Am}$ nuclei were produced in the complete fusion reaction ${}^{207}\mathrm{Pb}({}^{27}\mathrm{Al},4n){}^{230}\mathrm{Am}$ and separated by using the GARIS gas-filled recoil ion separator. A lower limit for the $\beta \mathrm{DF}$ probability ${P}_{\beta \text{DF}}...$

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044315] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

]]>The low-lying dipole strength in ${}^{52}\mathrm{Cr}$ was measured in nuclear resonance fluorescence experiments using a quasimonochromatic, linearly polarized photon beam. The parities of the excited dipole states were determined by the intensity asymmetry of resonantly scattered $\gamma $ rays with respect to the polariz...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044316] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

]]>The beam-energy scan at RHIC aims to discover whether a critical point exists in the phase diagram of QCD. This paper reports on the most comprehensive measurement of single-particle spectra for a multitude of hadrons from the first run, taken with the STAR experiment. From these the authors infer the kinetic and chemical freeze-out temperatures and the baryon chemical potential as functions of beam energy and centrality. The results provide an opportunity for the beam-energy scan program at RHIC to enlarge the ($T,\mu \phantom{\rule{0}{0ex}}B$) region of the phase diagram to search for the QCD critical point.

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044904] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

]]>**Background:** The $(\alpha ,n)$, and $(\alpha ,\gamma )$ reactions on ${}^{17,18}\mathrm{O}$ have significant impact on the neutron balance in the astrophysical $s$ process. In this scenario stellar reaction rates are required for relatively low temperatures below ${T}_{9}\lesssim 1$.

**Purpose:** The uncertainties of the ${}^{17,18}\mathrm{O}(\alpha ,n){}^{20,21}\mathrm{Ne}$ reactions are inve...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 045808] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

]]>**Background:** The isoscalar monopole response of neutron-rich nuclei is sensitive to both the incompressibility coefficient of symmetric nuclear matter and the density dependence of the symmetry energy. For exotic nuclei with a large neutron excess, a low-energy component emerges that is driven by tra...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044314] Published Thu Oct 12, 2017

]]>Annual modulation of $\gamma $ rays from ($\alpha ,\gamma $) reactions in the Soudan Underground Laboratory was observed using a 12-liter scintillation detector. This significant annual modulation, measured over 4 years, can mimic the signature for dark matter and can also generate potential background events for neutrin...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044609] Published Thu Oct 12, 2017

]]>As the hot and dense matter created in relativistic heavy-ion collisions expands and cools, theory must accurately treat its thermodynamic properties as well as its transport behavior. Because gradient terms probe the local environment within the evolving system, they are important in modeling the growth of thermal fluctuations, especially near a critical point, where knowledge of the size and spread of correlations is crucial. This paper demonstrates how gradient terms can be incorporated into the hydrodynamic equations of motion and how those modifications can be consistently applied to all thermodynamic quantities.

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044903] Published Thu Oct 12, 2017

]]>By means of the Salgado-Wiedemann (SW) quenching weights and the analytic parametrizations of quenching weights based on the Baier-Dokshitzer-Mueller-Peigné-Schiff (BDMPS) formalism, the leading-order computations for nuclear Drell-Yan differential cross section ratios as a function of the quark mom...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 045203] Published Thu Oct 12, 2017

]]>The $\alpha +d\to {\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}}^{6}\mathrm{Li}+\gamma $ radiative capture is studied in order to predict the ${}^{6}\mathrm{Li}$ primordial abundance. Within a two-body framework, the $\alpha $ particle and the deuteron are considered the structureless constituents of ${}^{6}\mathrm{Li}$. Five $\alpha +d$ potentials are used to solve the two-body problem: four of them are taken from the ...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 045807] Published Thu Oct 12, 2017

]]>**Background:** The angular distribution of fission fragments or products is a sensitive probe to investigate non-compound-nucleus (NCN) fission. However, the gross angular distribution cannot distinguish between different NCN fission processes. Both preequilibrium fission and quasifission contribute to...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044608] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

]]>We show that in a central nucleus-nucleus collision, the variation of the mean transverse mass with the multiplicity is determined, up to a rescaling, by the variation of the energy over entropy ratio as a function of the entropy density, thus providing a direct link between experimental data and th...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044902] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

]]>Lifetimes of excited states in the neutron-deficient nucleus ${}^{61}\mathrm{Zn}$ were measured employing the recoil-distance Doppler-shift (RDDS) and the electronic fast-timing methods at the University of Cologne. The nucleus of interest was populated as an evaporation residue in ${}^{40}\mathrm{Ca}({}^{24}\mathrm{Mg},n2p){}^{61}\mathrm{Zn}$ and ${}^{58}\mathrm{Ni}(\alpha ,n)\mathrm{Z...}$

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044313] Published Tue Oct 10, 2017

]]>The thick target neutron yield from a ${}^{16}{\mathrm{O}}^{6+}$ beam on a thick ${}^{27}\mathrm{Al}$ target at 120- and 142-MeV (7.5- and 8.8-MeV/nucleon, respectively) incident energies is presented and compared with theoretical calculations. The theoretical estimates for the yield of a high-energy neutron was obtained using a preequ...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044607] Published Tue Oct 10, 2017

]]>In this work we study the implications of light quark pionic matter at finite temperatures on the properties of open and hidden charm mesons. Meson-meson interactions are described by means of a chiral unitary approach accounting for coupled-channel effects. The in-medium Lippmann-Schwinger equation...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 045201] Published Tue Oct 10, 2017

]]>A generalization of the quantum van der Waals equation of state for a multicomponent system in the grand-canonical ensemble is proposed. The model includes quantum statistical effects and allows us to specify the parameters characterizing repulsive and attractive forces for each pair of particle spe...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 045202] Published Tue Oct 10, 2017

]]>It is crucial to measure reaction cross sections relevant to the astrophysical $\gamma $ process so that theoretical reaction rates can be tested and validated with experimental data. The total cross sections for the ${}^{162}\mathrm{Er}(p,\gamma ){}^{163}\mathrm{Tm}$ and the ${}^{162}\mathrm{Er}(p,n){}^{162}\mathrm{Tm}$ reactions have been measured by the activation meth...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 045805] Published Tue Oct 10, 2017

]]>In this work we present a newly constructed equation of state (EoS), applicable to stellar core collapse and neutron star mergers including the entire baryon octet. Our EoS is compatible with the main constraints from nuclear physics and, in particular, with a maximum mass for cold $\beta $-equilibrated ne...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 045806] Published Tue Oct 10, 2017

]]>The production cross sections of several isotopes of Hs and their properties are considered. The optimal reactions are predicted for producing ${}^{268\u2013271}\mathrm{Hs}$. The possible $\alpha $-decay chains including these isotopes are analyzed and compared with the available experimental data. The number of new isomeric st...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044310] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>Half-lives and energies of $\gamma $ rays emitted in the decay of isomeric states of nuclei in the vicinity of the doubly magic ${}^{100}\mathrm{Sn}$ were measured in a decay spectroscopy experiment at Rikagaku Kenkyusho (The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research) of Japan Nishina Center. The measured half-lives, som...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044311] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>We explore spin and pseudospin symmetries in the single-$\mathrm{\Lambda}$ spectrum within the framework of relativistic mean-field theory. We find that the spin symmetry of the single-$\mathrm{\Lambda}$ spectrum maintains, which is consistent with experimental results of small spin-orbit splitting, whereas the approximate pseudospi...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044312] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>Pion production in nucleus-nucleus collisions at intermediate energies was modeled in the framework of the isospin-dependent Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck transport model. The effects of nucleon-nucleon short-range correlations in initialization and mean-field potential, isospin-dependent in-medium ba...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044605] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>There is a serious well-known problem of noticeable disagreements between the partial photoneutron cross sections obtained in various experiments. Such data were mainly determined using quasimonoenergetic annihilation photon beams and the method of neutron multiplicity sorting at Lawrence Livermore ...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044606] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>We have investigated under which conditions hyperons (particularly $\mathrm{\Lambda}\mathrm{s}$ and ${\mathrm{\Sigma}}^{-}\mathrm{s}$) can be found in the nuclear pasta phase. As the density and temperature are larger and the electron fraction is smaller, the probability is greater that these particles appear, but always in very small amounts. $\mathrm{\Lambda}$ hyperons...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 045803] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>The total cross section of the ${}^{12}\mathrm{C}+{}^{16}\mathrm{O}$ fusion reaction has been measured at low energies to investigate the role of this reaction during late stellar evolution burning phases. A high-intensity oxygen beam, produced by the 5 MV pelletron accelerator at the University of Notre Dame, impinged on a thic...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 045804] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

]]>The masses of nuclei between the experimentally known region and the neutron drip line are key inputs for a variety of astrophysical applications. Particularly near the drip lines, unstable nuclei are also at the core of fundamental questions about the limits of nuclear binding. The authors use two existing mass models that capture the essential underlying physics and then refine their predictions by training an artificial neural network. The results significantly reduce the root-mean-square deviation relative to experiment. These newly refined mass tables are used to map the neutron drip lines and to study a few critical $r$-process nuclei.

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044308] Published Fri Oct 06, 2017

]]>The accurate computation of nuclear matter properties, such as its binding energy, is still a challenge to nuclear theory, largely because the quark substructure of nucleons creates a strong repulsion at short distances that renders a straightforward perturbative calculation impossible. In this work, the authors study the Brueckner-Bethe-Goldstone expansion of dense Fermi systems in terms of hole-line contributions, of the associated Goldstone diagrams, to the binding energy of nuclear matter. They use various modern nucleon-nucleon potentials of high precision. In all cases the three-hole-line contributions are sufficiently small suggesting that the expansion converges. Yet, the empirical saturation properties of nuclear matter are not reproduced for any potential. This means that very strong nuclear three-body forces are required in order to achieve satisfactory saturation properties of nuclear matter, and that such forces are essential for all considered potentials.

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044309] Published Fri Oct 06, 2017

]]>Photoneutron cross sections were measured in the ${}^{209}\mathrm{Bi}$($\gamma ,xn$) reaction with $x=1\u20134$ at energies from the neutron threshold to 40 MeV using quasimonochromatic laser Compton-scattering $\gamma $-ray beams. A novel technique of direct neutron-multiplicity sorting with a flat-efficiency detector was used. Results...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044604] Published Fri Oct 06, 2017

]]>We study the system-size dependence of Knudsen number, a measure of degree of thermalization, for hadron resonance gas that follows the lattice quantum chromodynamics equation of state at zero chemical potential. A comparison between Knudsen numbers for the $\mathrm{AuAu}$ collisions at RHIC and the hadron gas...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044901] Published Fri Oct 06, 2017

]]>In this work we have studied the lithium problem in nonstandard cosmological models. In particular, by using the public code alterbbn, we have included in the computation of the primordial light nuclei abundances, the effects of the inclusion of dark energy and dark entropy, along with the variation...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 045802] Published Fri Oct 06, 2017

]]>The nonmesonic weak decay of $\mathrm{\Lambda}$ hypernuclei is studied within a microscopic diagrammatic approach which is extended to include the $\mathrm{\Lambda}N-\mathrm{\Sigma}N$ strong interaction coupling. We adopt a nuclear matter formalism which, through the local density approximation, allows us to model finite hypernuclei. One-meson-ex...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044303] Published Thu Oct 05, 2017

]]>The electric-octupole $E3$ transition strengths from the first ${3}^{-}$ state to the ground-state transition in $sd$ shell even-even nuclei with $A=16$ to 40 are investigated within the shell model framework using the effective (0+1)$\hslash \omega $ PSDPF interaction. For this type of transition, new effective charges for pr...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044304] Published Thu Oct 05, 2017

]]>The lifetime of the ${2}_{1}^{+}$ state of ${}^{212}\mathrm{Po}$ was measured in the ${}^{208}\mathrm{Pb}$(${}^{12}\mathrm{C},{}^{8}\mathrm{Be}$)${}^{212}\mathrm{Po}$ transfer reaction by $\gamma $-ray spectroscopy employing the recoil distance Doppler shift (RDDS) method. The derived absolute $B\left(E2\right)$ value of 2.6(3) W.u. indicates a low collectivity and contradicts previous claims of $\alpha $-cluster ...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044305] Published Thu Oct 05, 2017

]]>In this paper we study the monopole pairing correlation in ${0}^{+}$ states of semimagic nuclei under random interactions. We calculate overlaps between $S$-pair wave functions and exact shell-model wave functions. No dominance of the $S$-pair components is shown: In a single-$j$ shell ${0}^{+}$ states have random over...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044306] Published Thu Oct 05, 2017

]]>**Background:** Weakly bound and unbound nuclear states appearing around particle thresholds are prototypical open quantum systems. Theories of such states must take into account configuration mixing effects in the presence of strong coupling to the particle continuum space.

**Purpose:** To describe structu...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044307] Published Thu Oct 05, 2017

]]>Nuclear spins and precise values of the magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments of the ground states of neutron-rich ${}^{73\text{\u2013}78}\mathrm{Cu}$ isotopes were measured using the Collinear Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy (CRIS) experiment at the CERN On-Line Isotope Mass Separator (ISOLDE) facility. The nuclea...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 041302(R)] Published Wed Oct 04, 2017

]]>**Background:** In our recent work [M. J. Ermamatov *et al.*, Phys. Rev. C **94**, 024610 (2016)], the two-neutron transfer induced by the $({}^{18}\mathrm{O},{}^{16}\mathrm{O})$ reaction was studied for ${}^{16}\mathrm{O}$ nucleus. Theoretical analysis of the low-lying states of ${}^{18}\mathrm{O}$ indicates that the transfer to the ground state proceeds predominantly...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044603] Published Wed Oct 04, 2017

]]>The rate of the $T=1,{2}^{+}$ to $T=1,{0}^{+}$ transition in ${}^{10}\mathrm{B}$ ($T=1,{T}_{z}=0$) is compared to the analog transitions in ${}^{10}\mathrm{Be}$ ($T=1,{T}_{z}=-1$) and ${}^{10}\mathrm{C}$ ($T=1,{T}_{z}=+1$) to provide constraints on *ab initio* calculations using realistic nuclear forces. The relevant state in ${}^{10}\mathrm{B}$, at ${E}_{x}=5.164$ MeV, is particle unbound. Therefore...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 041301(R)] Published Tue Oct 03, 2017

]]>The structure of the low- and medium-spin levels of the ${}^{211}\mathrm{Po}$ nucleus have been studied with in-beam $\gamma $-ray spectroscopy with the ${}^{208}\mathrm{Pb}(\alpha ,n){}^{211}\mathrm{Po}$ fusion-evaporation reaction. The level scheme was further extended with levels of the configurations $\pi {\left({h}_{9/2}\right)}_{{2}^{+}-{4}^{+}}^{2}\otimes \nu {g}_{9/2}$, $\pi {\left({h}_{9/2}\right)}_{{8}^{+}}^{2}\otimes \nu {g}_{9/2}$, $\pi {\left({h}_{9/2}\right)}_{{2}^{+}-{4}^{+}}^{2}\otimes \nu {\mathrm{...}}_{}$

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044302] Published Tue Oct 03, 2017

]]>The bremstrahlung-induced fission of ${}^{234}\mathrm{U}$ and ${}^{232}\mathrm{Th}$ has been studied at the superconducting Darmstadt linear accelerator (S-DALINAC) in the excitation energy region close to the fission barrier. Fission-fragment mass and total kinetic energy (TKE) distributions from ${}^{234}\mathrm{U}$ were studied for the first t...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044301] Published Mon Oct 02, 2017

]]>We analyze recent ${K}^{+}$ meson photoproduction data from the CLAS collaboration for the reactions $\gamma p\to {K}^{+}\mathrm{\Lambda}$ and $\gamma p\to {K}^{+}{\mathrm{\Sigma}}^{0}$, fitting measured forward-angle differential cross sections to the form $A{e}^{Bt}$. We develop a quantitative scheme for determining the kinematic region where the fit is to be done, and, from ...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044601] Published Mon Oct 02, 2017

]]>The decay of $\alpha $ particle from a nucleus is viewed as a quantum resonance state of a two-body scattering process of the $\alpha $+daughter nucleus pair governed by a novel nucleus-nucleus potential in squared Woods-Saxon form. By the application of the rigorous optical model (OM) potential scattering ($S$-matri...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 044602] Published Mon Oct 02, 2017

]]>The thermonuclear rate of the ${}^{46}\mathrm{Cr}(p,\gamma ){}^{47}\mathrm{Mn}$ reaction has been determined using a newly evaluated proton separation energy of ${S}_{p}\left({}^{47}\mathrm{Mn}\right)=380\pm 30\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}\mathrm{keV}$ and nuclear structure information from the mirror nucleus ${}^{47}\mathrm{Ti}$. The astrophysical impact of this new rate and previously available rates has been investigat...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 045801] Published Mon Oct 02, 2017

]]>The ${}^{15}\mathrm{O}(\alpha ,\gamma ){}^{19}\mathrm{Ne}$ reaction is expected to trigger the initial path for breakout from the CNO hydrogen-burning cycles to the rapid proton capture $\left(rp\right)$ process in type I x-ray bursts on accreting neutron stars. The thermonuclear reaction rate has a major impact on models of type I x-ray burst observabl...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 032801(R)] Published Fri Sep 29, 2017

]]>The isotope ${}^{35}\mathrm{Mg}$ was spectroscopically studied via nucleon-removal reactions from ${}^{36}\mathrm{Mg}$ and ${}^{37}\mathrm{Al}$ secondary beams at intermediate energies. The experiment's aim was to clarify the level structure of this nucleus located in between the $N=20$ and 28 shell quenchings. De-excitation $\gamma $-ray energies, exclusi...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034328] Published Fri Sep 29, 2017

]]>We study the binary mass distribution for the recently predicted thermally fissile neutron-rich uranium and thorium nuclei using a statistical model. The level density parameters needed for the study are evaluated from the excitation energies of the temperature-dependent relativistic mean field form...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034623] Published Fri Sep 29, 2017

]]>The two-particle Green's function and $T$ matrix including pphh correlations in infinite nuclear matter are evaluated by a diagonalization of the effective total Hamiltonian. This diagonalization procedure corresponds to the same eigenvalue problem as for the pphh Random Phase Approximation. The effec...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034327] Published Thu Sep 28, 2017

]]>The effects of finite particle number sampling on the net baryon number cumulants, extracted from fluid dynamical simulations, are studied. The commonly used finite particle number sampling procedure introduces an additional Poissonian (or multinomial if global baryon number conservation is enforced...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034907] Published Thu Sep 28, 2017

]]>We study the scattering of dark matter particles off various light nuclei within the framework of chiral effective field theory. We focus on scalar interactions and include one- and two-nucleon scattering processes whose form and strength are dictated by chiral symmetry. The nuclear wave functions a...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 035805] Published Thu Sep 28, 2017

]]>**Background:** One of the primary objectives of the field of Nuclear Astrophysics is the study of the elemental and isotopic abundances in the universe. Although significant progress has been made in understanding the mechanisms behind the production of a large number of nuclides in the isotopic chart,...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 035806] Published Thu Sep 28, 2017

]]>Decay of the ${8}^{+}$ isomer in fully stripped ions ${}^{94}\mathrm{Ru}^{44+}$ is observed during its circulation in the experimental Cooler Storage Ring (CSRe) at the Heavy Ion Research Facility in Lanzhou (HIRFL). The ${}^{94}\mathrm{Ru}^{44+}$ ions were produced via projectile fragmentation and stored in CSRe tuned into the isochronous ion...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 031303(R)] Published Wed Sep 27, 2017

]]>The transfer reaction between two nuclei in the superfluid phase is studied with the time-dependent Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (TDHFB) theory. To restore the symmetry of the relative gauge angle, a set of independent TDHFB trajectories is taken into account. Then, the transfer probability is computed u...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 031602(R)] Published Wed Sep 27, 2017

]]>The evaporation residue cross section, the anisotropy of the fission fragments angular distribution, the fission probability, the mass-energy distribution of the fission fragments, and the average prescission neutron multiplicity have been calculated for the compound nucleus ${}^{210}\mathrm{Rn}$ by using four-dime...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034621] Published Wed Sep 27, 2017

]]>The systems ${}^{32}\mathrm{S}+{}^{40,48}\mathrm{Ca}$ and ${}^{32}\mathrm{S}+{}^{48}\mathrm{Ti}$ at 17.7 MeV/nucleon were investigated with the setup general array for fragment identification and for emitted light particles in dissipative collisions (GARFIELD) plus ring counter (RCo) at Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro (LNL) of Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nu...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034622] Published Wed Sep 27, 2017

]]>The formation of large size clusters and/or their relative motion as possible excitation mode are suggested to be closely related to the origin of deformation in specific cases. In ${}^{32}\mathrm{S}$, the consideration of some excitations in this nucleus as based on the existence of two doubly magic ${}^{16}\mathrm{O}$ clusters o...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034326] Published Tue Sep 26, 2017

]]>Fusion cross sections for the ${}^{11}\mathrm{B}+{}^{197}\mathrm{Au}$ system have been measured at energies around and deep below the Coulomb barrier, to probe the occurrence of fusion hindrance in case of asymmetric systems. A deviation with respect to the standard coupled channels calculations has been observed at the lowest e...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034620] Published Tue Sep 26, 2017

]]>We study the nature of the low-lying resonance states in mirror nuclei ${}^{9}\mathrm{Be}$ and ${}^{9}\mathrm{B}$. Investigations are performed within a three-cluster model. The model makes use of the hyperspherical harmonics, which provides a convenient description of the three-cluster continuum. The dominant three-cluster config...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034322] Published Mon Sep 25, 2017

]]>The $\gamma $-rigid solution of the Bohr Hamiltonian with the $\beta $-soft potential and ${0}^{\circ}\le \gamma \le {30}^{\circ}$ is worked out. The resulting model, called T(4), provides a natural dynamical connection between the X(4) and the Z(4) critical-point symmetries, which thus serves as the critical-point symmetry of the spherical to $\gamma $...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034323] Published Mon Sep 25, 2017

]]>We present the formalism for consistently transforming transition operators within the in-medium similarity renormalization group framework. We implement the operator transformation in both the equations-of-motion and valence-space variants, and present first results for electromagnetic transitions ...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034324] Published Mon Sep 25, 2017

]]>We report the results of a study of rotational bands in ${}^{219}\mathrm{Ra}$ via the ${}^{208}\mathrm{Pb}({}^{14}\mathrm{C},3n)$ reaction to look for evidence that this nucleus is statically octupole deformed. We add 19 $\gamma $ rays not previously observed to the level scheme and extend the two most strongly populated alternating parity bands to $J=\mathrm{5...}$

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034325] Published Mon Sep 25, 2017

]]>Half-life predictions have been performed for the proton emitters with $Z>50$ in the ground state and isomeric state using the Coulomb and proximity potential model for deformed nuclei (CPPMDN). The agreement of the calculated values with the experimental data made it possible to predict some proto...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034619] Published Mon Sep 25, 2017

]]>Multiparticle azimuthal cumulants, often used to study collective flow in high-energy heavy-ion collisions, have recently been applied in small collision systems such as $pp$ and $p+A$ to extract the second-order azimuthal harmonic flow ${v}_{2}$. Recent observation of four-, six-, and eight-particle cumulants...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034906] Published Mon Sep 25, 2017

]]>The recent data on $B\left(E2\right)$ values, deduced from the multi-Coulex excitation of the low spin states in the decay of ${}^{152}\mathrm{Sm}$, and other experimental findings in the last two decades are compared with the predictions from the microscopic dynamic pairing plus quadrupole model of Kumar and Baranger. The 1292...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034321] Published Fri Sep 22, 2017

]]>The photonuclear reaction in the multi-GeV region occurs because of the electromagnetic and hadronic interactions. The latter originates due to the hadronic fluctuation, i.e., vector meson, of the photon. The total cross section of the reaction is shadowed because of the vector meson–nucleus (hadron...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034616] Published Fri Sep 22, 2017

]]>A novel method for measuring nuclear reactions in inverse kinematics with stored ion beams was successfully used to extract the nuclear-matter radius of ${}^{58}\mathrm{Ni}$. The experiment was performed at the experimental heavy-ion storage ring at the GSI facility using a stored ${}^{58}\mathrm{Ni}$ beam at energies of 100 and 1...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034617] Published Fri Sep 22, 2017

]]>We investigate the $\varphi $ meson nuclear transparency using some recent theoretical developments on the $\varphi $ in medium self-energy. The inclusion of direct resonant $\varphi N$ scattering and the kaon decay mechanisms leads to a $\varphi $ width much larger than in most previous theoretical approaches. The model has been conf...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034618] Published Fri Sep 22, 2017

]]>We systematically investigate the neutron-skin thickness of neutron-rich nuclei within a compressible droplet model, which includes several parameters characterizing the surface tension and the equation of state (EOS) of asymmetric nuclear matter as well as corrections due to the surface diffuseness...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 035804] Published Fri Sep 22, 2017

]]>**Background:** Inner fission barriers of actinide nuclei have been known for a long time to be unstable with respect to the axial symmetry. On the other hand, taking into account the effect of the relevant adiabatic mass parameter reduces or even may wash out this instability. A proper treatment of the...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034320] Published Thu Sep 21, 2017

]]>The light-particle emission probability from an excited compound nucleus depends explicitly on the time-evolution of the system as the available internal excitation energy and, consequently, the particle decay widths depend on the instantaneous deformation of the nucleus. The Langevin dynamical mode...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034614] Published Thu Sep 21, 2017

]]>The complete set of open channels for the ${}^{7}\mathrm{Li}+p$ system, namely elastic scattering, inelastic scattering, breakup, the ${}^{7}\mathrm{Li}+p\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}\to \phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}{}^{7}\mathrm{Be}+n$ charge exchange reaction, and the ${}^{7}\mathrm{Li}+p\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}\to \phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}{}^{4}\mathrm{He}+{}^{4}\mathrm{He}$ reaction, was measured in the same experiment in inverse kinematics at an energy of 5.44 MeV/u. Data were also obtained fo...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034615] Published Thu Sep 21, 2017

]]>Neutron-rich ${}^{107}\mathrm{Mo}$ has been reinvestigated by analyzing the large statistics $\gamma -\gamma -\gamma $ and $\gamma -\gamma -\gamma -\gamma $ coincidence data from the spontaneous fission of ${}^{252}\mathrm{Cf}$ at the Gammasphere detector array. Two new bands have been identified. The potential-energy surface calculations of this nucleus have been performed. ...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034319] Published Wed Sep 20, 2017

]]>**Background:** A significant research effort is currently aimed at understanding the synthesis of heavy elements. For this purpose, heavy ion induced fusion reactions are used and various experimental observations have indicated the influence of shell and deformation effects in the compound nucleus (CN...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034613] Published Wed Sep 20, 2017

]]>The $\gamma N\to {\pi}^{0}N$ and $\gamma N\to \eta N$ reactions at photon beam energies above 4 GeV are investigated within Regge models. The models include $t$-channel exchanges of vector ($\rho $ and $\omega $) and axial-vector (${b}_{1}$ and ${h}_{1}$) mesons. Moreover, Regge cuts of $\rho \mathbb{P},\phantom{\rule{0.28em}{0ex}}\rho {f}_{2},\phantom{\rule{0.28em}{0ex}}\omega \mathbb{P}$, and $\omega {f}_{2}$ are investigated. A good description of differential cro...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 035207] Published Wed Sep 20, 2017

]]>The spectroscopic electric quadrupole moment of the neutron-deficient francium isotope ${}^{203}\mathrm{Fr}$ was measured by using high-resolution collinear resonance ionization spectroscopy (CRIS) at the CERN Isotope Separation On-Line Device (ISOLDE) facility. A remeasurement of the ${}^{207}\mathrm{Fr}$ quadrupole moment was al...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034317] Published Tue Sep 19, 2017

]]>We propose a new scheme for constructing an effective-field-theory-based interaction to be used in the energy-density-functional (EDF) theory with specific assumptions for defining a power counting. This procedure is developed through the evaluation of the equation of state (EOS) of symmetric and pu...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034318] Published Tue Sep 19, 2017

]]>Measurements of charge distributions of fragments in the spontaneous fission of ${}^{252}\mathrm{Cf}$ have been performed using a unique detector setup consisting of a typical grid-ionization chamber coupled with a $\mathrm{\Delta}E-E$ charged particle telescope. We find that the fragment mass dependency of the kinetic-energy-aver...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034611] Published Tue Sep 19, 2017

]]>Systematics from 2001, describing prompt-fission $\gamma $-ray spectra (PFGS) characteristics as a function of mass and atomic number of the fissioning system, was revisited and parameters were revised, based on recent experimental results. Although originally expressed for spontaneous and thermal-neutron i...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034612] Published Tue Sep 19, 2017

]]>At Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL) and Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), we have measured the losses and depolarization probabilities of ultracold neutrons on various materials: (i) nickel-molybdenum alloys with weight percentages of 82/18, 85/15, 88/12, 91/9, and 94/6 and natural nickel Ni100, (ii) nicke...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 035205] Published Tue Sep 19, 2017

]]>The high-precision cross section data for the reaction $\gamma p\to {K}^{*+}\mathrm{\Lambda}$ reported by the CLAS Collaboration at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility have been analyzed based on an effective Lagrangian approach in the tree-level approximation. Apart from the $t$-channel $K,\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}\kappa ,\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}{K}^{*}$ exchanges, the $s$-chann...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 035206] Published Tue Sep 19, 2017

]]>The emissions of $\alpha $ particles and protons are the dominant decay channels in the neutron-deficient nuclei corresponding to the $sdg$ major shell. The possibility of cluster emission is explored here. It is shown that the cluster decay mode has a small yet sizable branching ratio.

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 031302(R)] Published Mon Sep 18, 2017

]]>Recently, I proposed a fast computing scheme for generalized seniority on a spherical single-particle basis [J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. **42**, 115105 (2015)]. This work redesigns the scheme to make it applicable to deformed single-particle basis. The algorithm is applied to the rare-earth-metal nucl...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034313] Published Mon Sep 18, 2017

]]>**Background:** The nuclear Coulomb form factor $|{F}_{C}{\left(q\right)|}^{2}$ is a useful tool to study nuclear structure. For spherical nuclei, $|{F}_{C}{\left(q\right)|}^{2}$ can be calculated by combining the spherical relativistic mean-field (RMF) model and the distorted wave Born approximation (DWBA) method.

**Purpose:** In a previous paper, the...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034314] Published Mon Sep 18, 2017

]]>An experimental scheme combining the mass resolving power of a Penning trap with contemporary decay spectroscopy has been established at GSI Darmstadt. The Universal Linear Accelerator (UNILAC) at GSI Darmstadt provided a ${}^{48}\mathrm{Ca}$ beam impinging on a thin ${}^{170}\mathrm{Er}$ target foil. Subsequent to velocity filter...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034315] Published Mon Sep 18, 2017

]]>If the mass excess of neutron-deficient nuclei and their neutron-rich mirror partners are both known, it can be shown that deviations of the isobaric mass multiplet equation (IMME) in the form of a cubic term can be probed. Such a cubic term was probed by using the atomic mass of neutron-rich magnes...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034316] Published Mon Sep 18, 2017

]]>The synthesis of superheavy element $Z=119$ in the fusion evaporation reactions ${}^{42,44,46,48}\mathrm{Ca}+{}^{252-255}\mathrm{Es}$ and ${}^{46-50}\mathrm{Ti}+{}^{246-249}\mathrm{Bk}$ in the $3n$-, $4n$-, and $5n$-channels leading to ${}^{294-303}119$ and ${}^{292-299}119$, respectively, is evaluated. It is observed that the $3n$-channel (952.173 fb) cross section is larger for t...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034610] Published Mon Sep 18, 2017

]]>The quasifree $\gamma d\to {\pi}^{-}p\left(p\right)$ differential cross section has been measured with CLAS at photon beam energies ${E}_{\gamma}$ from 0.445 to 2.510 GeV (corresponding to $W$ from 1.311 to 2.366 GeV) for pion center-of-mass angles $cos{\theta}_{\pi}^{c.m.}$ from $-0.72$ to 0.92. A correction for final state interactions has been applied to th...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 035204] Published Mon Sep 18, 2017

]]>Statistical models based on different ensembles are very commonly used to describe the nuclear multifragmentation reaction in heavy ion collisions at intermediate energies. Canonical model results are more appropriate for finite nuclei calculations while those obtained from the grand canonical ones ...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034609] Published Fri Sep 15, 2017

]]>**Background:** All elements above atomic number 113 have been synthesized using hot fusion reactions with calcium beams on statically deformed actinide target nuclei. Quasifission and fusion-fission are the two major mechanisms responsible for the very low production cross sections of superheavy elemen...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034608] Published Thu Sep 14, 2017

]]>The recent shell-model results of even-even chains of nuclei: ${}^{134,136,138}\mathrm{Te},{}^{136,138,140}\mathrm{Xe},{}^{138,140,142}\mathrm{Ba},{}^{140,142,144}\mathrm{Ce}$, and ${}^{142,144,146}\mathrm{Nd}$ are explored in this manuscript. The low-lying states energies, E2 and M1 transitions, are investigated using the $same$ effective interaction based on the realistic...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034312] Published Wed Sep 13, 2017

]]>The inclusive spectra of pre-equilibrium nucleons produced in low-energy antiproton-nucleus collisions are thoroughly investigated within the the Lanzhou quantum molecular dynamics transport approach for the first time. The reaction channels of elastic scattering, annihilation, charge exchange, and ...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034607] Published Wed Sep 13, 2017

]]>A comparison study of world data for the structure function ${F}_{2}$ for iron, as measured by both charged lepton and neutrino scattering experiments, is presented. Consistency of results for both charged lepton and neutrino scattering is observed for the full global data set in the valence regime. Consis...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 032201(R)] Published Tue Sep 12, 2017

]]>The existence of two close-lying nuclear states in ${}^{73}\mathrm{Ga}$ has recently been experimentally determined: a $1/{2}^{-}$ spin-parity for the ground state was measured in a laser spectroscopy experiment, while a ${\mathrm{J}}^{\pi}=3/{2}^{-}$ level was observed in transfer reactions. This scenario is supported by Coulomb excitation stu...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034311] Published Tue Sep 12, 2017

]]>The role of relativistic corrections in heavy-ion Coulomb scattering at intermediate energies (${E}_{\text{lab}}\gtrsim 50$ MeV/nucleon) is investigated by numerically solving a full set of coupled equations. We compare two methods: (a) one involving an exact account of interaction retardation and (b) a method based on ...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034605] Published Tue Sep 12, 2017

]]>It is not physically obvious why one can calculate with similar accuracy, as compared to the experimental data, the absolute cross section associated with two-nucleon transfer processes between members of pairing rotational bands, making use of simple BCS (constant matrix elements) or of many-body [...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034606] Published Tue Sep 12, 2017

]]>Higher moments of multiplicity fluctuations of hadrons produced in central nucleus-nucleus collisions are studied within the hadron-resonance gas model in the canonical ensemble. Exact conservation of three charges, baryon number, electric charge, and strangeness is enforced in the large volume limi...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034905] Published Mon Sep 11, 2017

]]>In this work the energetics and strength distributions of isovector spin-dipole and spin-quadrupole transitions from the ground states of the pairs (${}^{76}\mathrm{Ge},{}^{76}\mathrm{Se}$), (${}^{82}\mathrm{Se},{}^{82}\mathrm{Kr}$), (${}^{96}\mathrm{Zr},{}^{96}\mathrm{Mo}$), (${}^{100}\mathrm{Mo},{}^{100}\mathrm{Ru}$), (${}^{116}\mathrm{Cd},{}^{116}\mathrm{Sn}$), (${}^{128}\mathrm{Te},{}^{128}\mathrm{Xe}$), (${}^{130}\mathrm{Te},{}^{130}\mathrm{Xe}$), and (${}^{136}\mathrm{Xe},{}^{136}\mathrm{Ba}$), of double-$\beta $-decay initial ...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 034308] Published Fri Sep 08, 2017

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